Steve Sachs

Environmental Activities

         Andrea Germanos, "450+ Climate Scientists Demand PR Industry Drop Fossil Fuel Clients: 'To put it simply, advertising and public relations campaigns for fossil fuels must stop,' states an open letter to ad agencies and major firms," Common Dreams, January 19, 2022,, reported, "         In a new letter ( stressing the need for an 'immediate and rapid transition" away from planet-heating fuels, a group of over 450 scientists on Wednesday called on public relations and advertising agencies to no longer work with fossil fuel clients.
         'Greenwashing is a primary tactic in what I call the 'New War' on climate action and it must be called out for what it is— denial under another name.'
        'As scientists who study and communicate the realities of climate change,' they wrote, 'we are consistently faced with a major and needless challenge: overcoming advertising and PR efforts by fossil fuel companies that seek to obfuscate or downplay our data and the risks posed by the climate crisis.'
        'In fact,' the scientists continued, 'these misinformation campaigns represent one of the biggest barriers to the government action science shows is necessary to mitigate the ongoing climate emergency."

        Green New Deal Network stated in an April 13, 2022 E-mail, "Millions of us voted, organized, and mobilized during the 2020 election so that we could finally elect leaders who will address the climate crisis at the scale this emergency demands. For months, we’ve waited for President Biden and Congress to keep their promise and pass a bill to make bold climate action a reality. But special interests have continued to block progress, steamrolling the will of the people.
        It’s clear that it’s going to take a wave of grassroots pressure to make sure President Biden and Congress listen to our demands and make climate action a top
        That’s why this Earth Day weekend, we’re planning a national day of action on Saturday, April 23 ( to rally for climate action, care, green jobs, and environmental justice. Our goal is to have dozens of #FightForOurFuture events around the country and display the strength of our climate movement."

        "Support bold climate action and Sara Aviel’s candidacy!" Friends of the Earth, January 26, 2022,, stated, "Right now, the IMF is using crisis loans and policy advice to enable coal, oil and gas projects. But in order to prevent worsening climate change, the IMF needs to help countries develop their economies in a way that is sustainable.
         The only way the IMF will stop supporting fossil fuels is if its 190 member countries force it to. The United States has significant influence at the IMF, and we need a progressive U.S. leader like Sara Aviel to make this happen. She has extensive public service experience at the intersection of finance and policy, and has always worked to promote social inclusion and environmental justice. She worked as the U.S. Executive Director to the World Bank Group under President Obama and as an advisor to the US Treasury during the 2008 financial crisis. Before she can get started, Biden must nominate and the Senate must confirm her nomination – and in order to do so your Senators need to hear from constituents like you.
        Demand the Senate support Sara Aviel’s candidacy for U.S. ED at the IMF!"

         The Russian war in Ukraine has been leading to calls for a switch to all non-nuclear green energy. The nuclear issue was raised directly in the war by Russian tanks firing on the Zaporizhzhia nuclear plant , the largest in Europe. Though better built than the plant at Chernobyl, one wrong hit by an artillery shell, a bomb, a missile or other high explosive, or a crashing plane could cause a massive melt down, and a hit on stored nuclear fuel rods or atomic waste could also spread deadly radioactivity over a vast area, causing death, immediate and future serious illness - often cancer - while making a vast area unlivable, and agricultural lands and facilities and factories unproductive for a huge number of years. A country with no nuclear weapons can pose a nuclear threat to any nation with nuclear power plants. Even small arms fire, if it took place inside the plant, might impact the nuclear reactor's controls or systems, possibly causing a meltdown, while an armed force seizing control of a plant could cause one, or undertake nuclear blackmail by threatening to do so. ( Juan Cole, "Russia's War Crime in Targeting Nuclear Plant Makes Clear the Urgency for Renewable Energy: Green Party officials in Germany, part of the ruling coalition, are calling wind and solar 'Freedom Energy' because they help the nation escape Putin's vise," Common Dreams, March 4, 2022,
        At the same time, much of Europe relying heavily on Russian gas and oil makes it vulnerable both to Russian demands, and slow to shutdowns of delivery from Russia. Indeed, virtually no country is truly energy independent, which has led to demands to switch to wind, solar, or other non-fossil fuel energy (in appropriate, environmentally sound locations, with minimal negative environmental side effects).

         Abdul El-Sayed. " Make renewable energy part of the defense budget: America’s inability to sanction Russian oil and gas is a direct result of our failure to invest in renewable energy decades ago," The Incision on Subtrack, March 7, 2021,, stated, “America is addicted to oil, which is often imported from unstable parts of the world. The best way to break this addiction is through technology.”
        Before I tell you who said that and when, I want to explain why I’m sharing it. It’s been more than a week since Russian despot Vladimir Putin attacked his neighbors in Ukraine, more than a week since Europe and the United States imposed some of the heaviest sanctions we’ve ever seen on Russia. Yet the sanctions, however costly, have one glaring omission: Russian oil and gas.
        Global energy markets are woefully intertwined with the Russian energy sector. On one day last week alone, Europe paid Russia $720 million for gas. In the United States, Russian oil and gas account for about 8% of fuel imports in 2021. As effective as sanctions have been in crippling the Russian economy in the wake of Putin’s invasion of Ukraine, America and the world’s reliance on Russian oil and gas has left Russia hanging on to a powerful, lucrative lifeline

        A so far, at the beginning of March 2022, small group of climate scientists are calling for climate scientists to strike until the world responds with sufficient global warming action (Raymond Zhong, '"These Climate Scientists Are Fed Up and Ready to Go on Strike: Evidence on global warming is piling up. Nations aren’t acting. Some researchers are asking what difference more reports will make," The New York Times, March 1, 2022,

        Earth Justice wrote in a May 3, 2022 E-mail, " Mining for precious metals can scar the earth, contaminate vital habitats for wildlife, and harm Indigenous communities. Ha ‘Kamwe, a hot spring sacred to the Hualapai Tribe in Northern Arizona, is under attack by a lithium mining project by Hawkstone Mining that threatens their land, water, and heritage sites. The Hualapai and other tribes have used the spring for centuries for healing, prayer, and rites of passage, such as childbirth and coming-of-age ceremonies for young women.
         Tell the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) to protect this sacred spring from extractive lithium drilling by conducting a proper Environmental Impact Statement! (
        Hawkstone Mining, an Australian company, has conducted exploratory drilling on federal BLM land just yards away from Ha ‘Kamwe. Hawkstone has been drilling on three sides of Hualapai land in Arizona’s Big Sandy River Valley and plans to create an open-pit lithium mine, putting the Ha ‘Kamwe at risk.
        The BLM failed to follow federal law by allowing exploratory drilling without a required analysis of impacts on the Hualapai cultural, historic and spiritual resources. The BLM issued a draft environmental assessment but failed to properly analyze the impacts of drilling on cultural resources and threatened species in addition to failing to consult with the Tribe prior to issuing the assessment.
        The Hualapai are not the only tribe threatened by mining interests. The majority of untapped reserves of critical minerals considered key for the clean energy transition—nickel, copper, cobalt and lithium—are all within 35 miles of Native American reservations
        While the demand for lithium and other critical minerals is expected to grow given their role in the transition to clean energy, legal rights and cultural resources for Indigenous tribes like the Hualapai must be respected. We do not need dirty mining to get to our clean energy future. We have the opportunity to do what the fossil fuel industry never did – set out from the beginning to better protect the communities and environments impacted by energy development.
        Indigenous groups around the country and Earthjustice support a fast transition to clean energy and understand that critical minerals are needed, but they want legal rights and cultural resources to be protected and federal agencies to follow the law. Both Indigenous groups and Earthjustice believe that alternatives to mining must be explored, such as incentivizing and strengthening the circular economy to reuse and recycle existing minerals.
        The Bureau of Land Management did a superficial environmental assessment for the drilling project. A thorough analysis of impacts on land, water, and cultural resources is needed for this project. Help protect this sacred spring by demanding the Bureau of Land Management conduct a full Environmental Impact Statement! ("

         The Paiute Tribe in Nevada is opposing an 18,000 acre open pit lithium mine at Thacker Pass which would destroy one of the few remaining places where tribal citizens can gather traditional foods (Chris Aadland, "Green Energy's Hidden Costs Spark Opposition," ICT, April 14, 2022,

         David Crouch, "Greta Thunberg condemns ‘racist’ decision to let UK firm mine on Sami land: Climate campaigner says Swedish government is violating indigenous rights and waging ‘war on nature,’" Guardian, March 22, 2022,, reported, "Environmental campaigner Greta Thunberg denounced as 'racist' and 'colonial' the decision by the Swedish government on Tuesday to allow a British company [Beowulf Mining] to dig an open-cast iron ore mine on land belonging to the indigenous Sami people."
        "The Gállok site, 30 miles from the town of Jokkmokk in Swedish Sápmi, commonly known as Lappland, has become a symbol of the tension between business and government on one hand, and the protected status of Sami culture."

        "Thousands protest against Brazil’s ‘death combo’ of anti-environment bills: Demonstration against what activists call a historic assault floods capital after musician Caetano Veloso’s call for action," The Guardian, March 9, 2022,, reported, " Thousands of demonstrators have gathered in Brazil’s capital after one of the country’s leading musicians, Caetano Veloso , called a major protest to denounce what environmentalists call a historic assault on the Brazilian environment under President Jair Bolsonaro."
        "If approved, the proposals would greenlight commercial mining on indigenous lands and jeopardize the land rights of tens of thousands of indigenous people; loosen environmental licensing requirements and regulations over pesticide use; and boost land grabbers and illegal loggers in the Amazon, where deforestation has soared under Brazil’s far-right president."

        Amazon Watch stated in an April 22, 2022, E-mail, "Last week , 7,000 Indigenous people gathered at the Free Land Camp (ATL) to celebrate 'Indigenous April' and launch several actions to secure land demarcations and Indigenize politics in Brazil. With the Amazon at a tipping point, this Earth Day we must take direction from Indigenous peoples to meet the urgency of the climate crises and threats facing the rainforest."
        "Amazon Watch supported Indigenous delegations’ travel to and participation in ATL and amplified their calls to protect their territories and recognize their rights throughout the event. Your support will build on this momentum and ensure that we can continue to resist threats to the Amazon and Earth Defenders.
         Join us in celebrating Earth Day in action by recognizing Indigenous rights and leadership and amplifying Indigenous calls to permanently protect the Amazon. Your donation will be doubled through April 30 in recognition that now is the moment to move to a livable, climate-just future for the rainforest and our entire planet."

        "Amazon Watch stated in a May 6, 2022 E-mail, "This week, a delegation of Brazilian Indigenous leaders from the Amazon arrived in Europe to meet with officials and investors to denounce the impacts by mining companies and illegal miners in their territories.
        Canadian mining company Belo Sun still hasn’t canceled plans for its proposed open-pit gold mine that would impact the rainforest, even though our partners recently secured a win against it in Brazilian court. The delegation will meet with the company's investors to stop them from financing the genocide of Indigenous peoples and ecocide of the Amazon
         Can you take action in solidarity with Indigenous communities and call on Belo Sun's investors to hold it accountable?
         Yes, I’ll take action to demand an end to mining on indigenous lands! (
         Please tweet at Belo Sun and its investors to let them know you’re on the side of the Amazon and Indigenous rights and you demand an end to the harm its project will cause.
As the mining company attempts to construct the largest open-pit gold mine in Brazil, we must do everything we can to stop it. Let’s make sure our collective actions get their attention!"

        "Students at Top Universities Push 'Legal Imperative' of Fossil Fuel Divestment: 'Their investments in the fossil fuel industry—an industry whose actions place the health and future of students and the entire planet at risk—amount to nothing less than complicity in the climate crisis,'" Common Dreams, February 16, 2022,", reported, " Student-led divestment campaigns at five top U.S. universities on Wednesday employed a tactic that has proven effective at a few other schools: They filed legal complaints accusing their institutions of breaking the law by investing in the climate-wrecking fossil fuel industry.
        'We are calling on our attorneys general to compel our schools to do the right thing and divest.'
         With assistance from Climate Defense Project (CDP), students at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Princeton , Stanford , Vanderbilt , and Yale filed complaints with the attorneys general of their states—Massachusetts, New Jersey, California, Tennessee, and Connecticut.
        'By filing these complaints, the students and alumni of these institutions are making it clear that our universities have not only a moral responsibility but a legal imperative to cut financial ties with the fossil fuel industry and its exploitative practices,' said Miguel Moravec, a Ph.D. student at Vanderbilt, in a statement. 'We are calling on our attorneys general to compel our schools to do the right thing and divest.'
        The students—supported by alumni, campus groups, climate scientists, community members, elected officials, environmental organizations, and professors— accuse their universities of violating the Uniform Prudent Management of Institutional Funds Act (UPMIFA), which is law in every state except Pennsylvania, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. Virgin Islands."

        "Take Action: Line 5 Hearings," Honor the Earth, January 26, 2021,, stated, "Following a year of on the ground opposition to the dirty tar sands oil pipeline Line 3, Winona LaDuke, Executive Director of Honor the Earth knows alot about Enbridge Energy Enbridge practices and history. Between the madly rushed construction of the Line 3 pipeline expansion, before pending court cases could stop it, Enbridge violated treaties, polluted pristine waters, broke aquifers, funded over 1000 water-protector arrests, and locked in deeper climate chaos in a manic sprint for profits at the end of the fossil-fuel era.
        Now, Enbridge is rushing toward a repeat performance at Line 5 in Wisconsin, threatening Indigenous rights, waterways and wild rice, forests and climate.
        Winona LaDuke invites water protectors to testify at or watch the WI Department of Natural Resources (DNR) February 2nd virtual public hearing on its inadequate draft Environmental Impact Statement (dEIS) for the proposed relocation of Line 5, and to submit a written comment by March 4th
        You can learn the basics on Enbridge's latest pipeline expansion and how to comment or testify at the January 27th Tips and Tricks for Testifying on Line 5.
         Let's take action to #RejectLine5!"

        Chase Iron Eyes, Co-Director and Lead Counsel, The Lakota People’s Law Project, reported via an E-mail, February 26, 2021, "This Wednesday, tribal leaders from across the Great Sioux Nation will have an opportunity to sit down with the U.S. Army Civil Works and relay our concerns about the Dakota Access pipeline (DAPL). After years of our #NoDAPL resistance falling on deaf ears — as highlighted by Standing Rock Chairwoman Janet Alkire in our new video, co-produced with the tribe ( — the Army finally reached out to Standing Rock. This is a potential turning point, though we are keeping our expectations modest.
        We originally expected the Army Corps of Engineers to release its DAPL Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) earlier this month. But that’s now on hold, pending our coming conversation about this dangerous pipeline. This opportunity to have the appropriate government officials really listen to our concerns is long overdue.
        Of course, given the long history of broken promises by the U.S. government to Native People, I take everything with a grain of salt and won’t celebrate prematurely. We must continue to stand ready to protest the EIS, should it eventually be released in any form that doesn’t fully address our concerns.
        Right now, I’m happy to say we have some additional leverage. The meeting with Civil Works will happen against the backdrop of a huge win for Standing Rock in the Supreme Court this past week. Justices shut down DAPL’s attempt to make an end-run around the environmental oversight process.
        Solidarity remains paramount if we are to achieve our goal of ending DAPL once and for all. As people from many nations gathered for our original NoDAPL stand in 2016 and ‘17, Wednesday’s meeting will bring together leaders from throughout the Oceti Sakowin — our Great Sioux Nation. We will, of course, report on the results of that conversation to you. So, please continue to stay with us. We must remain vigilant, united, and ready to act.
        Wopila tanka — my deep gratitude to you for your friendship!"

        Janet Alkire, Chairwoman, Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, stated via E-mail, May 12,2022, "Lakota Tribes Unite To End DAPL," Aŋpétu wašté. I bring you an update today about our fight to stop the Dakota Access pipeline (DAPL). As you’ll see in our new video (, the Tribes of the Oceti Sakowin are united in this mission, and with organizing help from the Great Plains Tribal Water Alliance, we recently gathered to strategize about the best way to achieve our goal of stopping DAPL before it spills and poisons our water. I also recently met with Assistant Secretary of the Army Michael Connor to discuss the disturbing lack of progress and demand transparency with DAPL’s environmental process.
         So far, none of our concerns are being addressed, and the process is compromised by secrecy. Standing Rock has requested a number of basic documents and plans, such as DAPL’s oil spill response plan for the Missouri River. We have received no information whatsoever, and the failure to cooperate with our Tribe and our emergency managers is unacceptable. DAPL, of course, continues to operate illegally, with no permit for its crossing under Lake Oahe on Standing Rock Nation’s doorstep.
         I also called upon the Army to consider the Notice of Violation issued by federal regulators against the pipeline’s parent company, Energy Transfer LP, for its repeated violations of pipeline safety rules with DAPL. The only right course of action is for the Army Corps of Engineers to shut down the pipeline now and properly address these violations in the upcoming Environmental Impact Statement (EIS).
         For now, the EIS is mysteriously stalled, even as Energy Transfer and its related companies continue to display a distressing pattern of oil spills and safety violations. Over a recent 8-year period, nine pipelines owned and controlled by these companies experienced nearly 300 spills — including 50 large spills in High Consequence Areas such as Lake Oahe.
        You can see why Tribal leaders are unified in our concern about protecting our water and our resolve to do something about it. I ask you, as a friend in this fight, to stay connected with us and ready to take action as soon as the EIS is released. You’ll be hearing more from me soon. By staying strong together, can we still win justice for Standing Rock and all of the Oceti Sakowin. Mni wiconi — water is life.
        Wopila tanka — thank you for staying united with us!"

         Jessica Corbett, "'Cancel This Project': Price Tag of Trans Mountain Expansion Nearly Doubles: One campaigner called on Canada's government to instead 'put all of our energy and political will into a just transition that leaves fossil fuels in the ground and supports people, communities, and workers,'" Common Dreams, February 18, 2022,, reported, " Climate activists on Friday renewed calls for canceling the expansion of the Trans Mountain oil pipeline after the Canadian government responded to the project's soaring cost by pledging not to put any more public money into it."

        Sum of US wrote in a May 21, 2022 E-mail, "We are passing on this important message from our friend Sleydo’, spokesperson of Gidimt’en Checkpoint and Wet’suwet’en land defender (also known as Molly Wickham). Please read, RSVP, and share widely.
        Dear friends, allies and comrades,
         While we try to live out our daily lives and conduct cultural practices with our elders and children, police barge into our homes without permission — everyday, with at least six officers — intimidating us, surveilling us, illegally arresting, and detaining people on our own lands.
        It's a story as old as the colonial violence against Indigenous peoples to steal land, resources, and wealth. The sad truth is, it’s what’s happening right now: They want to intimidate us off our land so Coastal GasLink can start drilling in less than one month under our sacred headwaters, Wedzin Kwa
        In March 2020, thousands of you took to the streets, railways, ports and highways to stand with Wet’suwet’en and demand Coastal GasLink cease construction. We made global headlines — forcing Justin Trudeau and John Horgan to commit to entering into discussions with Wet’suwet’en Hereditary chiefs.
        But they haven’t made any progress with us on those title discussions, haven’t stopped construction and haven’t pulled RCMP or CIRG off of our territories
. In fact, things have gotten worse. The UN has issued yet another letter to the so-called governments of Canada and BC, calling for an end to police violence and to halt construction.
        We need your help to stop the drilling and make them listen, and we want to give you an update with all the information you need to act. Will you join me and Sound the Alarm for Wet’suwet’en on Thursday May 26 at 4 pm on Zoom? ( In this call, you’ll hear from me and other Wet’suwet’en hereditary chiefs and learn about what you can do to support us in our fight against CGL."
        "What: Sound The Alarm For Wet’suwet’en
When: Thursday May 26, 4 pm PT / 7 pm ET
        The Supreme Court of Canada, under the Delgamuukw v. British Columbia legal case, recognized that the Wet’suwet’en people never ceded our title to our land. Yet over and over, both the so-called governments of British Columbia and Canada have paid lip service to reconciliation, claiming they respect Indigenous peoples’ rights.
        And now, we face losing our land, our water, our way of life. It’s why I’m reaching out now, because we need to raise the alarm so people everywhere know what is at stake, and rise up in massive opposition to help stop the drilling.
         Will you join the call to Sound the Alarm for Wet’suwet’en on Thursday May 26 at 4pm PT / 7pm ET to learn how you can help stop the drilling and stand with Wet’suwet’en?
The amount of pressure and stress I feel everyday knowing that my people and our land is under threat is made worse by the constant police presence — showing up at my house unannounced and questioning us for living our lives. My children are 2, 6 and 10 years old. They shouldn’t have to bear this burden — and they’ve done nothing to deserve this treatment.
At the same time, I feel immense hope. I believe in the thousands of people who have shared their outpouring of love and support for Wet’suwet’en. I’m energized by the beauty I see in the Wedzin Kwa river, everyday, and grateful for how the land provides for me, my family, and my community. Will you stand with me and join the call to Sound the Alarm for Wet’suwet’en on Thursday May 26.
        With gratitude,
Sleydo’, Spokesperson for Gidimt’en Checkpoint, Cas Yikh House, Wet’suwet’en
        More Information:
        UN Committee issues 3rd rebue to B.C. and Canada over policing of Indigenous land defenders (
         Trudeau urges patience as Wet'suwet'en consider proposed land and title deal
CBC. 3 March 2020 (

        Stop the Money Pipeline wrote in a May 3, 2022 E-mail, " Last month, we distributed over 20,000 giant street art images to activists in 46 states and 6 Canadian provinces. The art was pasted up on walls, displayed at public pop-up art shows, and used as giant visuals at actions across North America.
        Now, in two weeks time, two of the largest drivers of climate chaos have their annual shareholder meetings: JPMorgan Chase, the world’s largest funder of fossil fuels, has its biggest meeting of the year on Tuesday, May 17th. Two days later, on May 19th, it’s the turn of Chubb, the coal, oil, and gas industry’s favorite insurance company.
        We’re calling for activists across the country to use the #DefundClimateChaos art at actions at Chase branches or Chubb offices that week
         Order #DefundClimate Chaos art to use at a Chase branch or a Chubb office at the same time as their most important meetings of the year ("

        Veterans For Peace wrote in a December 19, 2021 E-mail,, "On December 6, Hawai'i’s Governor Ige and the Hawaiʻi Department of Health ordered the Navy to defuel the tanks at Red Hill. While we wish it didn’t take families and pets being poisoned to get Hawaiʻi’s leaders finally on board with shutting down Red Hill, this is a strong and much needed shift in action that should have happened years ago.
        While the Governor and Department of Health do, indeed, have legal authority to protect us from the Red Hill Fuel Facility, we already know that the Navy has done very little on taking this concern seriously. And now, they are requesting a contested case hearing to delay having to comply with the order.
        This is it. We NEED YOU AND EVERYONE YOU KNOW to make sure the Navy does not defy the law while contaminating our water and poisoning thousands of people—as they have in other places time and again.
Write to President Biden and the Department of Defense, demanding that the Navy comply with the emergency order and immediately shut down Red Hill to protect Oʻahu’s water and public health."

        "Tell EPA To Strengthen The Cross-State Air Pollution Rule Share," Climate Reality Project, visited June 15, 2022,, stated, "We all deserve access to clean air. Full stop.
         For decades, dirty fossil fuel power plants and industrial facilities have spewed dangerous nitrous oxide (NOx) and other pollutants into the atmosphere and counted on the wind to carry these chemicals far away.
But out of sight isn’t out of the air. Too often, this pollution just blows downwind to another state, contributing to asthma, heart and lung disease, and other respiratory issues in a community that had nothing to do with the facility.
        It’s not right. It’s not fair. And now the Environmental Protection Agency’s proposed update to the Cross-State Air Pollution Rule will help protect our communities from dangerous air pollution.
        The proposed rule update ensures upwind states limit their pollution to protect people in downwind states that often can do nothing to curb these emissions to protect their residents. It would also expand the scope of the current rule to include additional industrial sources of air pollution and expand the rule's coverage to even more states
        Ozone and smog-forming pollution can sicken millions of people. Even worse, this pollution inevitably hits communities of color and frontline families hardest. It’s critical that this proposed rule is enacted.
        EPA is open to comments until June 21, and we need you to join us. Tell EPA to finalize this proposal to ensure that we can all live healthier and breathe easier."

        " UNPFII Intervention by Cultural Survival on the Impacts of Mining for Transition Minerals on Indigenous Peoples," Cultural Survival, April 29, 2022,, stated,
        "21st Session of the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (UNPFII)
April 25 - May 6, 2022
         Discussion on the six mandated areas of the Permanent Forum (economic and social development, culture, environment, education, health and human rights), with reference to the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the outcome document of the World Conference on Indigenous Peoples and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
         Intervention by Cultural Survival presented by Galina Angarova (Executive Director) on April 29, 2022.
        'Thank you Mr. Chair, dear members of the Permanent Forum, dear delegates, Indigenous sisters, and brothers. San Bainaa hundete nuheddut.'
        ' Cultural Survival · Justice In The Transition To The Green Economy - Galina Angarova At UNPFII'
        I am here to make an intervention on behalf of Cultural Survival and a coalition of Indigenous-led and allied organizations and draw your attention to so-called transition minerals that are used for electric vehicles and other new technologies. We are witnessing the acceleration of the transition to a 'green', low carbon, and clean energy economy and increasing demand for transition minerals such as nickel, lithium, cobalt, and copper. This skyrocketing demand is driving a wave of investment into new and expanded mining projects. These projects are promoted as 'green' because they aim to supply minerals used in renewable energy technologies and electric vehicles. However, these mining projects risk replicating the same harms of the fossil fuel economy: threatening Indigenous Peoples’ rights and territories, as their territories, contain the highest concentrations of these metals around the world, and destroying biodiverse ecosystems in the process. Increased mining of these minerals will also lead to conflicts between Indigenous communities and mining companies and will exacerbate climate change impacts, as well as these operations, are very energy-intensive.
         As Indigenous Peoples, we have the responsibility and commitment to intervene and make this a Just Transition not just for a select few but for everyone. Just because companies are increasing mining for sustainable outcomes does not mean there will be 'zero impacts'. In fact, the outcome will be quite the opposite, the impacts will be enormous, and we can predict that this transition will be done at the expense of Indigenous Peoples, and the process is already underway affecting many communities globally. Therefore, we urge governments, investors, and companies involved in the new green economy to observe and implement rights enshrined in the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) including the right to Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC).
        In that spirit, we present the following recommendations to the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues:
         The Permanent Forum urges governments to emphasize justice in the transition to a green economy and avoid a future where we have a green economy in some parts of the world, and moonscapes on the lands of Indigenous peoples. Therefore, it's important to operationalize the UNDRIP, and the right to their self-determination, and the right to the FPIC.
        Invest in building capacity for Indigenous communities on whose lands, territories and resources are being developed or are planned to be developed for transition minerals, including shareholder advocacy and training on the full spectrum of human and Indigenous rights. Support Indigenous Peoples to develop and implement their own FPIC protocol in order to assert their human rights.
        Strengthening mechanisms for reporting and following up on violations of individual and collective rights of Indigenous Peoples

        "Stop Mining in the Arctic," Audubon Society, February 19, 2022,, stated, "The Alaska Industrial Development and Export Authority (AIDEA) wants to construct a 211-mile gravel access road through the undeveloped southern Brooks Range foothills and Gates of the Arctic National Park & Preserve in Alaska for the future development of the Ambler Mining District.
        The Ambler Road would cross thousands of rivers and streams and impact valuable habitat that boreal birds rely on, such as the Blackpoll Warbler and Olive-sided Flycatcher. The road would also threaten the survival of the Western Arctic caribou, a critical resource for communities across Arctic and Western Alaska who rely on the region's healthy lands, waters, and animals for their food security and way of life
         Tell the Department of the Interior and the Army Corps of Engineers to protect Alaska's parklands, wildlife, and Native communities by halting plans for the Ambler mining road and committing to a new environmental review.
        The deadline to comment is February 22, 2022.
In December 2021, the National Audubon Society joined eight other agencies in filing a lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for Alaska explaining that the administration had failed to comply with several acts—including the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act, the Clean Water Act, and the National Environmental Policy Act—when pushing the project forward.
         Numerous Alaska Native tribes and tribal entities in the region have continued to bring forward their many concerns regarding the failures of the permitting process to adequately address the cultural and social impacts of the proposed road. The people of the region depend on the fisheries of the Kobuk and Koyukuk Rivers and other traditional subsistence resources for their food security and way of life—all of which are threatened by the proposed mining road and associated open pit mining district.
        It is imperative that the Department of the Interior, acting through the Bureau of Land Management and National Park Service, and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers revoke the Ambler Road permits and commit to a robust and meaningful public environmental and cultural review of the area.
        Please take action today: speak out in opposition of the harmful Ambler mining road and protect Alaska’s natural resources for the people and wildlife that live there."

        Rosana Miranda, "Indigenous Communities Need Your Solidarity as Destructive Mining Bill Advances in the Brazilian Congress: Despite massive opposition, politicians in Brazil approved expediting a bill that could lead to the loss of over 16 million hectares of forests and cause irreversible destruction to Indigenous territories," Amazon Watch, March 24, 2022,, stated, "On March 9, 2022 , while more than 15,000 Brazilians demonstrated in front of Brazil’s Congress calling for the withdrawal of the “destruction package” – a series of bills and decrees that threaten environmental rights – Deputy Chamber President Arthur Lira decided to fast-track one of those bills during a late-night session. Bill 191/2020 would allow mining inside Indigenous lands, unleashing death and devastation upon the environment and Indigenous communities.
        In our recent report Complicity in Destruction IV ( we underscored the inherent risks related to Bill 191/2020, an egregious policy that represents the vision and interests of President Bolsonaro’s political appointees and the financiers of his campaign. In addition to allowing mining on Indigenous lands and denying Indigenous peoples their veto power, the bill also seeks to authorize the planting of genetically modified seeds and the building of hydroelectric plants, ranching activities, and oil and gas projects in these locations. Mining on Indigenous Lands is currently prohibited in Brazil. The country’s Constitution has imposed highly restrictive standards on mining activities when potentially conducted on Indigenous Lands, given the inherently high-impact nature of mining. Bill 191/2020 is yet another attack on Indigenous rights and territories.
        Now, the bill has been rushed through the Lower Chamber – composed mostly of representatives of the agribusiness, mining, and extractive sectors – whose members voted 279 to 180 in favor of the “urgency” of the matter. The bill will likely be sent directly for a vote at the Deputy Chambers Plenary, skipping a number of procedural steps that this type of legislation usually follows, including a broad public discussion. The vote is expected to happen next month. If approved in the Lower Chamber, the bill would then go to the full Senate.
        We at Amazon Watch, along with our partners at APIB, have launched our
latest report ( as a tool to defeat Bill 191/2020 and any other attempts to roll back Indigenous peoples’ rights to their lands and self-determination. Vale, Anglo American, Belo Sun, Potássio do Brasil, Mineração Taboca/Mamoré Mineração e Metalurgia (both Minsur Group companies), Glencore, AngloGold Ashanti, and Rio Tinto are the mining companies highlighted in the report. These mining companies received a total of $54.1 billion in financing from investment managers and banks from the U.S. as well as France, Germany, Canada, Japan, and others. Together with APIB, we exposed their activities and are pushing them to make concrete commitments to protect these territories.
        We must all ring the alarm and halt advancements into the Amazon by mining companies and their complicit financiers. Mining destroys the land, poisons the water and everything that depends on it, and devastates surrounding communities. It imposes huge costs on all, only to generate profits concentrated in a few hands. At this time of climate crisis, where large mining companies are positioning themselves as central players in the production of renewable energy, we must recognize the impacts of this unbridled extractivism, especially on Indigenous land.
        Additionally, this mining bill contradicts the Brazilian Constitution and the internationally- recognized right to self-determination of Indigenous peoples guaranteed by Convention 169 of the ILO, by slashing the Indigenous right to Free, Prior, and Informed Consent (FPIC). It removes any opportunity for Indigenous people to veto activities on their lands. If approved, the bill will lead to an increase in deforestation, invasions of Indigenous lands, and violence against these peoples.
        After very little movement in Congress last year, the bill has since been prioritized when the government included it in a list of legislative priorities for 2022. In early March, Bolsonaro stated that a possible fertilizer shortage caused by Russia’s war on Ukraine could be remedied if Indigenous lands were opened for the exploration of minerals such as potash, or potassium, a key fertilizer ingredient. Bolsonaro and his allies claim that these lands must be opened to mineral extraction to fuel Brazil’s powerful agribusiness sector and lessen the country’s dependence on fertilizer imports. This is a pretense. While Bolsonaro claims fertilizer scarcity warrants his government’s aggressive push to promote domestic production, most of the Amazon’s main potash mines are located outside Indigenous lands, and previous analyses show that all of Brazil’s demand for potassium could be satisfied by reserves located primarily outside the Amazon, completely outside of Indigenous lands.
        Indigenous peoples have repeatedly mobilized to oppose Bill 191/2020, and polls show that 86% of Brazil’s public is against mining on Indigenous lands. The Munduruku refer to it as “the project of death that is dividing our people and bringing violence [against those who] fight to defend our land.” APIB has denounced the project as representing “manifestations of hate and visceral racism that the Bolsonaro administration has shown, routinely and publicly, against Brazilian Indigenous peoples, organizations, and leaders since its first day.” Considered an attempt at “manipulation of our desire for autonomy,” the bill was labeled by APIB as a “project of death.”
        The federal government, politicians, and private sector actors insist that the passage of Bill 191/2020 would result in economic development for Brazil and for the Amazon region and its people. Yet a study in the scientific journal One Earth ( shows the explosive impact of Bill 191 on deforestation: The policy could result in a loss of over 160,000 km2 of forests, an area larger than England. Additionally, its passage could lead to $5 billion in annual losses in ecosystem “services,” defined as benefits that people obtain from ecosystems, meaning the Amazon’s critical production of food and raw materials for the peoples who live there, its ability to capture greenhouse gases, and regulate the global climate would be compromised further.
        Among our recommendations, we are asking mining giants and their financial backers to publicly oppose Bill 191/2020. While many companies replied with attempts to challenge our data or discredit our research, none responded to our demands or positioned themselves clearly against this attack on Indigenous peoples’ rights. This shows that despite huge investments in ESG (Environmental, Social, and Governance) statements and publicity, these companies are far from taking concrete action to guarantee the future of the planet. This is why we need to keep pushing them and are inviting our supporters to sign the pledge to join us in sending a message to mining companies and financial investors: Keep mining out of the Amazon and off Indigenous lands!"

        Lakota People's Law Project stated in a May 17, 2021 E-mail, " For generations, the He Sapa (Black Hills) have been revered by the Oceti Sakowin as sacred grounds. As Indigenous Peoples, we are the original stewards of this land, and we have never relinquished that right. That’s why it’s so important for us to take a stand against harmful extraction in our homelands — like the mining interests currently tearing up and poisoning the He Sapa.
         Will you help us eliminate these threats to our water, treaty territory, and sacred sites? Right now, please join us in asking U.S. Secretary of the Interior Deb Haaland to suspend all new mining claims in the Black Hills until the Lakota’s treaty rights are properly acknowledged and honored.
        Click ... ( to read our blog, then please take action to protect the Black Hills!
        Over the past weeks, I’ve been working closely with the good people of the Black Hills Clean Water Alliance to understand and help communicate the scope and urgency of the mining problem in the Black Hills. We collaborated to create a blog for you to read, which explains the situation in more detail, and the action you can take to convince Secretary Haaland and the U.S. Department of the Interior to intervene.
         At present, 184,000 acres of mining claims litter the Black Hills, covering 15 percent of our sacred grounds, and water system contamination caused by mining represents the greatest threat to the area. And, of course, the mining companies routinely walk away after tearing up the land and contaminating the water, leaving waste behind — forcing taxpayers to cover the clean up costs.
        It’s long past time to return the sacred by honoring treaty rights with Indigenous nations and treating Unci Maka— our grandmother Earth — with utmost respect. So, please read our blog and then take action to protect the He Sapa. You can help make a huge difference for our homelands and our people.
Wopila tanka — thank you for your action and care!
        DeCora Hawk, Field Organizer, The Lakota People’s Law Project"

        "India: massive coal mining expansion in tribal forests green-lighted," Survival International, April 14, 2022,, reported, Authorities in India have approved two huge new coal projects on Adivasi (Indigenous) land, defying a vociferous Adivasi resistance movement .
        The unique
Hasdeo Forest in Chhattisgarh , home to 20,000 Adivasi people, is being targeted for a massive increase in coal mining:
        • Approval has been given for the vast Parsa mine, located in forests that are home to thousands of Gond and Oraon Adivasi, and Dalit, people. Besides the destruction of people’s lands and livelihoods,
200,000 trees will be felled .
        • The existing
PEKB mine, which has already destroyed lands vital to thousands of Adivasi people living in Hasdeo, will be expanded.
         Large numbers of Adivasi people are staging an indefinite protest in Hasdeo. Muneshwar Porte, an Adivasi man from Fatehpur village, which is now scheduled to be destroyed, said: “We are facing a critical situation now and so we are doing an indefinite protest. If our lands are taken away, our future generations will lose their identity and our existence will be lost forever.”
         Both projects will be operated by Adani, the notorious company that operates the existing PEKB coal mine in Hasdeo.
        The Parsa mine will produce 5 million tonnes of coal a year over 45 years to provide power for the state of Rajasthan – despite Rajasthan having enormous solar energy potential.
         Dr. Jo Woodman of Survival International said: “The Adivasi people of Hasdeo have spent a decade knocking with all their might on every door to protect their sacred and vital forest, including marching 300km to meet the Chief Minister. But the government has chosen to prioritise coal mining above the rights of Indigenous people and India’s Constitution and laws.
        'It’s also catastrophic for the fight against climate change. The Adivasis, the true owners of Hasdeo Forest, are stepping up their brave resistance to mining that they have not consented to. Standing with them as they defend the Forest and strive to keep the coal in the ground should be a global priority.'
        Note to Editors
        Under Indian law mines on Adivasi land should not go ahead without the people’s consent. Claims that communities have consented to the Parsa mine have been fiercely contested by the people themselves, who have labelled them 'fake.' Chhattisgarh’s Governor promised to launch an inquiry into how the “consents” were obtained, but the government has now approved the mining project anyway."

        "Global protests mark int’l day of action to #SaveHasdeo," Survival International, May 10, 2022, https://, reported. "An international day of protest is planned this Wednesday May 11 against plans by the Indian authorities to mine tribal forests for coal.
        Adivasi (Indigenous) people in the unique Hasdeo Forest in Chhattisgarh have been passionately resisting the destruction of their lands and futures for coal. Across central India, tens of thousands of Adivasi people’s lands and livelihoods are under threat from coal mining. As India gears up to increase coal mining to one billion tonnes per year, 80% of new planned mines are on Adivasi lands
        Photo opportunity/ protests:
         • London, UK: India House, Aldwych, WC2B 4NA | 9am BST – supported by South Asia Solidarity Group and London Mining Network.
        • Washington DC, USA: Embassy of India, 2107 Massachusetts Ave NW, Washington, DC 20008 | 9am EST – supported by Hindus for Human Rights & the Indian American Muslim Council.
        For details of protests in Milan, Berlin, Mexico City and other locations, please contact Survival:
        Authorities in India recently approved the vast Parsa mine in Hasdeo. Thousands of Gond and Oraon Adivasis, and Dalits, will see their lands and livelihoods destroyed by the mine. The existing PEKB coal mine in the Forest has also had a huge expansion project greenlighted. Both mines will be operated by mining giant Adani.
         In approving these mines, the Indian government has defied a vociferous and determined Adivasi protest movement, which has seen rallies, marches, and vigils to protect trees from being felled.
         Adivasi resistance movements across central India are striving to keep their forests standing and the coal in the ground. They are fighting for their rights to be respected and the law to be followed, but their leaders are under threat from police crackdowns despite their dissent being both peaceful and law-abiding.
        One Adivasi man said: 'We are facing a critical situation now and so we are doing an indefinite protest. If our lands are taken away, our future generations will lose their identity and our existence will be lost forever.'”

        Gillian Flaccus, "NW Tribe Opposes Water Release for Farmers: The Klamath Tribes said that the decision to release any water to farmers in the massive, federal agricultural project was 'perhaps the saddest chapter yet in a long history of treaty violations,'" ICT, April 21, 2022,, reported, " A tribe in Oregon said Tuesday it is assessing its legal options after learning the U.S. government plans to release water from a federally operated reservoir to downstream farmers along the Oregon-California border amid a historic drought.
        Even limited irrigation for the farmers who use Klamath River water on about 300 square miles of crops puts two critically endangered fish species in peril of extinction because the water withdrawals come at the height of spawning season, The Klamath Tribes
said. This summer's water allocation plan, released by the Bureau of Reclamation last week, will send about 50,000 acre-feet of water to farmers in the Klamath Reclamation Project — less than 15 percent of what they would get in a normal year."

        "Protest at London’s Science Museum as Indigenous peoples slam Adani sponsorship deal," Survival International, January 25, 2022,, reported, "opportunity: January 26, 2022, 5pm – 6pm, Science Museum, Exhibition Rd, South Kensington, LONDON SW7 2DD
         Protestors will gather outside the Science Museum in London on Wednesday to call for an end to the museum’s sponsorship deal with Adani , a huge conglomerate operating highly contested coal mines on Indigenous peoples’ ancestral lands.
        The protest is in solidarity with Indigenous peoples from India, Australia and Indonesia – all countries where Adani operates mines on Indigenous land. It’s supported by
Survival International , Extinction Rebellion Scientists, London Mining Network, Culture Unstained, UK Student Climate Network and Coal Action Network.
         Protesters will urge the museum to listen to Indigenous voices and drop Adani Green Energy as a sponsor of its new 'Energy Revolution' exhibition .
        Indigenous representatives from India, Australia and Indonesia have written a letter to the museum urging it to cut its ties with the Adani Group. They state: 'Indigenous communities in all these countries are experiencing land-grabs, repression, the destruction of sacred lands, pollution of air, land and water and, of course, the worsening impacts of climate change exacerbated by burning coal.' Their letter was a response to the public dismissal of Indigenous concerns by the museum’s director, Sir Ian Blatchford. Testimonies will be heard at the protest from Indigenous communities directly affected.
        In India, Adani is playing a part in a massive, government-approved coal rush focused on the forested central tribal belt in Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, and Odisha, despite fierce resistance.
        In Chhattisgarh, Adani has targeted the priceless Hasdeo Forest, home to 20,000 Adivasi (Indigenous) people. Adani already operates one mine there, and another, Parsa, has just been approved.
         Phillip, an Oraon activist from Jharkhand, said: 'We Adivasi people can save the Earth… but they [the government] see no value for this. They just want us to be dead… To Adani and Ambani: big corporations like you people need to also pay attention. We Adivasi people will not just leave our lands to you. Because, if anything can save the world, it is the worldview of the Adivasi people. There is no other way. You are destroying the environment, which is Adivasi people’s life, by mining. Hear me straight: Change yourself, or nature will change you for the better.'
         Dr Jo Woodman of Survival International said today: 'Narendra Modi again and again prioritizes the wealth of his corporate allies over the rights of the Adivasi peoples of the country. The Science Museum’s deal with Adani is the worst kind of greenwashing. Indigenous people from India to Indonesia and Australia are campaigning against the company and its mines. Coal mining is not only destroying Indigenous lands, it’s catastrophic for the fight against climate change. The museum should scrap its sponsorship deal with Adani immediately. It’s on the wrong side of history'”

        The Indigenous Environmental Network stated, March 1, 2022,, " With federal and state governments poised to provide billions in climate subsidies, policy incentives and tax breaks to dangerous and dirty energy industries such as biomass and waste incinerators; nuclear power, and carbon capture and storage (CCS) infrastructure for fossil-fuel facilities, frontline and environmental justice communities are facing increased pollution burdens and toxic threats"
        "To effectively move money away from such dangerous policy directions and towards real climate justice solutions, coalition building is needed amongst national green groups, labor unions, climate philanthropy, and policymakers to join frontline communities in opposing these schemes."

        "Forest protection must be part of U.S. climate strategy," Wild Earth Guardians, March 21, 2022,, stated, " Mature and old-growth trees and forests are some of our most powerful climate solutions. Unfortunately, they are still being chopped down on America’s public lands when they should be set aside for carbon storage, wildlife habitat, and clean water.
        Please join us in calling on the Biden administration to incorporate permanent protections for mature and old-growth trees and forests on public lands as part of our nation’s strategy to confront the climate crisis

        "Tell Charmin: Nature’s calling, and she wants her forests back!" NRDC, March 21, 2022,, stated, " Most consumers don’t know that their toilet paper probably contains pulp made from old-growth forests. That’s what Proctor & Gamble is counting on as they use hundreds of thousands of tons of clearcut forest fiber from Canada’s majestic, climate-critical boreal forest every year.
        P&G fuels a tree-to-toilet pipeline for its Charmin toilet paper brand that is impacting Indigenous communities, destroying the habitat of wildlife like the iconic boreal caribou, and eviscerating this unspoiled forest — one of our last great defenses against climate change.
         But after a landslide majority of voting shareholders — 67 percent — called on P&G to pledge to eliminate deforestation and the degradation of intact forests from its supply chain, P&G instead increased the share of boreal fiber in its products.
        If P&G won’t listen to its own shareholders, then we’ll drum up a major consumer backlash so large they’ll be forced to pay attention
. Help raise a resounding public outcry in defense of the boreal and demand that P&G stop flushing our last old-growth forests."

        "TO: DEP Secretary Patrick McDonnell: Keep ALL Oil & Gas Wastewater Off Our Roads!" Campaign created by Karen Feridun, MoveOn,Org, Accessed January 7, 2021,,stated, " More than 2.2 million gallons of toxic, radioactive oil & gas drilling wastewater were spread on PA roads between 2018 when the DEP declared a moratorium on the practice and the end of 2020. A ban of the spreading of fracking wastewater in 2016 has been effective in stopping road spreading of unconventional wastewater, but conventional drillers are using a loophole called Coproduct Determination to continue spreading their waste legally in spite of the moratorium. The conventional drillers' industry association PIOGA states very clearly that conventional drillers now frack and that some even use horizontal drilling. The only difference now is that conventional wells are drilled in limestone layers that sit atop the shale. Studies have shown, however, that there is a relationship between the limestone layers and the shale rock below and that, in some cases, higher levels of concerning chemicals have been found in the limestone layers than in the shale rock. The threats to public health and the environment are too grave to allow this further road spreading. It's time to ban ALL road spreading.
         Why is this important?
        When the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection's (DEP) Oil and Gas division put a moratorium on road spreading in 2018, conventional drillers turned to a different arm of the agency, the Bureau of Waste Management, to find a loophole that would allow them to keep spreading toxic, radioactive drilling wastewater on unpaved roads in PA.
         The loophole is called Coproduct Determination. Owners of any waste product can legally make determinations that their waste is essentially a product capable of performing the same function a commercially-available product performs. And then they can start using it. At no time are they required to tell the DEP.
        Should the DEP find out and request a copy of the determination report, the waste owner must provide a copy. In early 2021, for the first time since drillers started availing themselves of the loophole, the Bureau of Waste Management requested determination reports from 17 drillers.
        The Better Path Coalition requested copies of the reports and put together our own list of companies reporting road spreading in the DEP's Oil & Gas Waste Report. We came up with 29 companies. DEP provided copies of 8 reports that included one that wasn't on our list because the company had not reported road spreading after the moratorium.
        What we found in the so-called determination reports was alarming. Not one driller came close to doing a proper determination following guidance laid out in 25 PA Code Section 287.8. Some just turned in random lab tests. Others submitted reports filled with extraneous information.
        When we tried to do our own tracking of the waste, we found the DEP's reporting system to be seriously flawed and missing critically important information.
        We chronicled all of this in our new brief, The Moratorium Morass. You can read it here,
         Public health and the environment won't be protected until there's an outright ban on spreading dangerous drilling waste."

         Hannah Grover, "Study finds Native American communities face greater air pollution burdens," New Mexico Political Report, April 8, 2022,, reported, A study [in the American Journal of Public Health,] from the Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health found that, while air pollution has been decreasing nationally, Native American communities are less likely to see those reductions." In the county by county by study found that counties in the lower 48 states with high American Indian populations had higher levels of fine particles than did counties with lower or no Native populations.

        Honor the Earth wrote in a February 16, 2022 E-mail, " One mile outside the Leech Lake Reservation, Huber Engineered Woods LLC, based in Charlotte NC, plans to build a 750,000 square foot wood-processing mill in Cohasset, MN. An Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) has not been completed, raising significant concerns among local residents, tribes, and businesses. Tell Gov. Walz and Director of City Operations for Cohasset, Max Peters, that Minnesotans demand a comprehensive EIS be conducted on the proposed Huber Mill project (!
        Huber Mill threatens the immediate and long-term wellbeing of the people, plants, and animals of this place we call home. Overharvested forests, drained wetlands, increased air pollution and destruction of bald eagle nesting sites are just a few of the dangers that must be addressed through an EIS. Additionally, the absence of tribal consultation violates Gov. Walz’s 2019 executive order I9-24, which encourages “government to government” relations between Tribes and the State of Minnesota. Huber plans to build their massive polluting plant one mile from the Leech Lake Reservation and in 1855 Treaty Territory. This project would impact the forests of all Northern Minnesota tribes because Huber intends to harvest wood within a 70-100 mile radius of the mill."

        Friends ofthe Earth stated in an April 22, 2022 E-mail, " Our most beautiful forests are literally being FLUSHED down our toilets as they are cut down to create household products like Charmin tissue paper and Head & Shoulders shampoo. Procter & Gamble, the company that makes these products, is ignoring the devastating impacts of its business model on the environment, Indigenous communities, and wildlife. Protect critical forests like Canada’s “Amazon of the North” and make your Earth Day contribution of $27 or more before midnight tonight to have your gift matched dollar-for-dollar, up to $74,000.
Procter & Gamble is contributing to the destruction of the world’s oldest forests, like those in Canada and Indonesia, in order to source 100% virgin tissue pulp and conflict palm oil for its products -- adding to the almost 24 million acres of forests razed a year, globally. We need to call this out for what it is: utter carelessness.
        If Procter & Gamble’s sourcing of unsustainable ingredients for products like Charmin and Head & Shoulders continues to go unchecked, we could lose some of the most iconic and ecologically important forests on our planet. We can’t allow profit to dictate the irreversible loss of unique ecosystems. Don't let our critical forests go down the drain -- there is too much at stake!
        Don’t let Charmin production keep fueling the tree-to-toilet pipeline. Protect forests and our planet."

        Friends of the Earth stated, March 20, 2022,, " Tell Alaska’s Department of Natural Resources to block new mining projects in Bristol Bay!, "Bristol Bay is home to wolves, bears, endangered beluga whales, and more wild sockeye salmon than anywhere else on Earth. Its unique ecosystem supports Indigenous communities who have relied on the land for generations.
The proposed Groundhog Mountain mining project would drill 21 new sites, risking earthquakes and groundwater contamination. The mines would require enormous industrial equipment that belch fumes and dump toxic waste, putting local communities in danger
        Local people have been fighting the mining industry in Bristol Bay for decades. Now, you can help push the Alaska Department of Natural Resources and other agencies to stop this new mining project!
        Demand an end to mining and pollution in Alaska’s precious Bristol Bay!"

        Friends of the Earth petition campaign received via E-mail, February 23, 2022, stated, " URGENT ACTION NEEDED: Procter & Gamble are putting the climate, Indigenous communities, and endangered species at risk -- all so it can make Head & Shoulders shampoo.
        Procter & Gamble is one of the biggest corporate giants behind personal care cosmetics and household products marketed to make consumers feel “clean and beautiful.” But the UGLY truth is that P&G uses DIRTY practices to manufacture and sell these beauty and sanitary goods.
P&G’s supply chains destroy tropical rainforests to produce palm oil, unleashing environmental and human rights abuses in the process. We must take urgent action to STOP P&G’s corporate greed from wiping out these critical rainforests before it’s too late. Will you add your name right now, ...?
        Sign the Petition Now (
         Tropical deforestation is responsible for 18% of greenhouse gas emissions and is a major contributor to the devastating climate crisis. Rainforests serve as important carbon sinks, mitigating climate change. But when corporations like P&G recklessly raze these forests, massive amounts of carbon are released into the atmosphere fueling global warming.
         Many of the rainforests that supply P&G with palm oil are considered sacred lands to the surrounding Indigenous and local communities in Indonesia and Malaysia. These regions are rich in culture and biodiversity and are home to many endangered species, including the Sumatran tiger and the orangutan. But P&G cares more about profiting off beauty products like Head & Shoulders shampoo than keeping these globally significant forests and sensitive wildlife habitats safe.
        Dandruff-free hair is NOT as important as the survival of these critical ecosystems. We must hold Procter & Gamble accountable by demanding that they prioritize our PLANET over PROFIT."

        Global Citizen wrote June 15, 2022,, " Dear World Leaders: Leaders who signed the Global Goals in 2015 are not keeping their promise to prioritize the world's most marginalized people. We must act now if we’re going to change course.
        The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic
, on top of decades of half measures to fully address systems of inequality, is staggering. The war against Ukraine - in addition to causing untold suffering and devastation - will only aggravate efforts to achieve this mission. The ongoing crisis, and its unfolding repercussions, are only a stark and violent reminder that we need more action NOW, everywhere.
        Nearly 100M more people have been pushed into extreme poverty due to COVID-19, wiping away 6 years of progress. 45M people are on the brink of starvation. Over 85M are on the move, fleeing conflict, including nearly 13 million who have fled their homes from Ukraine. There was insufficient progress from world leaders in 2021, despite numerous opportunities at the G7, G20, and COP26 meetings. Now is the time for our leaders to act.
         The poorest people on our planet continue to suffer. They lack access to food, healthcare, and education. They deal with the realities of climate change — unending drought in some places, flooding, and rising sea levels in others. They are unable to put food on the table, unable to access basic medicines, education and healthcare, unable to access financing or equity, and therefore unable to offer their children a better future. Many of these people are refugees and internally displaced fleeing conflict areas such as Ukraine, Syria and Venezuela in recent years.
        We need to improve opportunities for women and girls around the world, address the systemic barriers that keep people in poverty, and halt the climate crisis. But we can only succeed in addressing these issues by eliminating the barriers that have prevented us from ending extreme poverty and committing to financing levels that will allow for real sustainable progress - not just a temporary fix. We can’t pay for one crisis by cutting funding for another. Each and every crisis, and each and every person living in poverty, deserves to receive our support and solidarity.
        Global Citizen demands action from governments and the private sector that enables developing countries to recover from the pandemic, close the $3.5 trillion development financing gap, and help end extreme poverty, now.
        Finally, due to the ongoing absence of a globally unified approach to address the overlapping, rapidly escalating crises the world faces, we urgently call for a New Compact between citizens, businesses and governments capable of Protecting the Planet, Defeating Poverty, and Achieving Justice For All. It’s time to design a real plan that can meet human needs, address our global crises, and show our leaders the way forward.
        Our people and our planet are suffering now. So we must act now. No more pushing urgent action down the line. No more empty promises. The time to fully fund the future is today.         With hope."

        "Joining Together for a Just Transition: Indigenous Leadership in Emerging Green Economies," Cultural Survival Quarterly, March 2022, This article is co-written by members of a coalition working to protect the rights of Indigenous Peoples in the transition to the Green Economy: Cultural Survival, First Peoples Worldwide, Batani Fund, Aborigen Forum, Earthworks, and the Society for Threatened Peoples. The article states, " Indigenous communities are taking a leadership role in emerging green energy economies by holding companies accountable to human rights commitments through the supply chain. On October 28, 2021, ahead of the climate negotiations at the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change Conference of Parties (COP26) in Glasgow, Cultural Survival and 140 other organizations issued a joint statement calling on climate negotiators to make a binding commitment to source transition minerals responsibly, and for the centering of human rights of Indigenous and frontline communities and workers at mining, recycling, reclamation, manufacturing, and renewable energy projects. Transition minerals such as nickel, lithium, cobalt, and copper play a critical role in the development of a green, low carbon economy. Clean energy technologies, from electric vehicles and battery storage to wind turbines and solar panels, require a wide range of minerals and metals, and demand is skyrocketing. A report from the International Energy Agency forecasts that mineral requirements for clean energy technologies will quadruple by 2040, with electric vehicles and battery storage creating the largest industry demand. Demand for lithium, crucial for electric vehicle battery production, is estimated to increase 10-fold over the next decade, with at least one new mine needing to begin operations each year.
         The rapid increase of mining increases the danger of further displacement and dispossession of Indigenous Peoples. Indigenous territories contain significant concentrations of untapped heavy metal reserves around the world. In the United States, 97 percent of nickel, 89 percent of copper, 79 percent of lithium, and 68 percent of cobalt reserves and resources are located within 35 miles of Native American reservations. Globally, we know that mining potentially influences 50 million square kilometers of Earth’s land surface, with 8 percent coinciding with Protected Areas, 7 percent with Key Biodiversity Areas, and 16 percent with Remaining Wilderness."
        Transition mineral mining is extremely toxic, especially when extraction firms refuse to expend the time and money to do the work minimizing environmental harm. Moreover, much of the extraction on or impacting Indigenous lands has been undertaken without free prior informed consent and has caused numerous serious human rights violation. The Business and Human Rights Resources Centre has compiled 304 human rights allegations made against all 115 companies involved in transition mineral mining world-wide. Contact with miners brought in to do the mining has often caused serious disease outbreaks, including from COVID-19, in vulnerable Indigenous communities.
        " Indigenous communities are fighting back against increased mining within their homelands. In Argentina, companies started lithium mining and exploration without securing the Free, Prior and Informed Consent of Indigenous communities. Now, 33 Kolla and Atacama communities have united to oppose any lithium extraction on their lands."

         Carolyn Cowan, "Indigenous community mounts legal challenge to Thai coal mine development," Mongabay, May 27, 2022,, reported, " Local opposition to a planned coal mine in northern Thailand escalated in April when plaintiffs representing more than 600 villagers filed a lawsuit requesting the revocation of an environmental impact assessment conducted and approved more than 10 years ago.
         Members of Kabeudin village, an Indigenous Karen community in Omkoi district, Chiang Mai province, filed the lawsuit against the Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning (ONEP) and the EIA Expert Review Committee on April 4, stating that the environmental impact analysis (EIA) is outdated and was conducted and approved with little to no participation from the local communities that will be impacted."

        Environmental Action stated, March 16, 2022,, ", " Only 24 populations are left of a plant that monarch butterflies, bees and other pollinators rely on.
        The prostrate milkweed, a rare flowering plant native to Texas, is a critical food source for monarch butterflies. Its nectar supports wild bees, among other wildlife. However, habitat loss and degradation have threatened the plant's survival
. 1
        Fortunately, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) has proposed listing the prostrate milkweed as endangered, and it is currently accepting public input on its proposal. We're rallying grassroots support on behalf of this proposal and need your help, Stephen.
         Sign onto our petition in support of listing prostrate milkweed as an endangered species.,"
1. Alejandra O'Connell-Domenech, " Feds propose protection for rare plant species critical to bees, butterflies," The Hill, February 16, 2022,

        "Stop the release of billions of genetically engineered mosquitoes!" Friends of the Earth, January 17, 2022,, stated, "Up to two BILLION genetically engineered mosquitoes are proposed for release in California. No one knows what the long-term impacts of this release will be. And once these mosquitoes are released, there is no way to 'call them back.'
        If these experimental GMO mosquitoes are released into the wild, there’s no telling what the consequences might be. But you can still stop this risky experiment. The EPA can prevent this release from happening — but it won’t act unless officials hear from concerned environmentalists like you.
Tell the EPA to stop California from becoming a genetically engineered mosquito experiment

        "Urge your U.S. senators to support recovering fish and wildlife," Environment America, February 18, 2022,, stated, " Many leading experts are warning that the sixth mass extinction is currently underway. Protecting our planet's biodiversity requires urgent action.
        If passed, Recovering America's Wildlife Act would provide funding to every state, territory and the District of Columbia to proactively conserve more than 12,000 at-risk fish and wildlife species
. Call on your U.S. senators to support this legislation today."

        Environmental Action stated in a February 18 E-mail, "It's birthing season for the North Atlantic Right whale, a time of both hope and danger for the critically endangered species.
        At least nine new calves have been born so far this birthing season, which typically lasts from December to March. 1 This spring, they'll face a perilous migration northward, where fishing lines, such as the vertical lines for traditional lobster traps, could result in a painful -- and even fatal -- entanglement.
         To protect this species, we need to change the way we catch our seafood -- and rope-free lobster traps represent a whale-friendly alternative that could do real good for the Right whales. Red Lobster is one of the biggest purchasers of seafood in the world. By committing to getting lobsters only from rope-free sources, it could set a new industry standard and help protect one of the ocean's most vulnerable mammals.
         Tell Red Lobster to do its part to protect our Right whales (
One North Atlantic Right whale received a very special gift this holiday season.
The day after Christmas, researchers spotted a whale named Tripelago off Georgia's coast -- and swimming in her wake was a newborn calf. Tripelago's baby makes the ninth North Atlantic Right whale calf of this birthing season. 2
        That's good news for a species that's battling extinction, particularly in light of several bad seasons over the past decade when very few calves were born -- if any were born at all. 3
But these whales still face a gauntlet of challenges that could erase in a moment all the hope that their birth brings.
         Over the past half-century, entanglements in fishing lines, which wrap themselves around the whales like snakes and slowly constrict the animals to death, have taken a severe toll on North Atlantic Right whales. Since 2009, nearly 3 in 5 Right whale deaths with a known cause have been caused by fishing lines. 4
        Recently, we're even seeing that fishing lines are hampering the species' reproduction -- and with it, their only chance at recovery. When a young mother becomes entangled in ropes, much of the energy she would spend on raising and caring for her calf must instead be diverted to dealing with her entanglement -- towing hundreds of pounds of fishing equipment and healing from gashes caused by ropes that slowly saw into her flesh. As a result, fewer Right whales are being born, and those that are born are noticeably smaller than they were in past generations. 5,6
        One thing is clear: If North Atlantic Right whales are to survive, more calves need to be born, and more need to survive long enough to produce calves of their own. This can't happen with our current rates of entanglement.
        Luckily, new technology could dramatically reduce the danger to Right whales posed by fishing lines.
        So-called "ropeless" traps would allow fishermen to keep bringing in their catch without placing Right whales -- and other vulnerable sealife, including humpback whales and leatherback sea turtles -- in harm's way.
        These traps use wireless signals to serve as "virtual buoys," allowing fishermen to track the location of their traps on the sea bottom without needing to attach them to ropes and buoys that rise to the surface. When the time comes to bring the trap to the surface, wireless signals will release buoys to the surface, which fishermen can then grab and use immediately to reel in their catch. 7,8
        With this technology, ropes wouldn't stretch from the ocean's surface to floor for days or weeks on end, leaving Right whales at risk of entanglement.
        This technology exists right now, and little would help this technology spread throughout the industry faster than if one of the largest purchasers of seafood in the world only bought from fishermen that used ropeless traps. That's why we're calling on Red Lobster to do right by our whales and set a new industry standard for safe fishing.
        Thank you,
        The Environmental Action team
1. " Baby news! 9th endangered right whale calf born this season," Boston 25 News, December 28, 2021.
2. " Baby news! 9th endangered right whale calf born this season," Boston 25 News, December 28, 2021.
3. " North Atlantic Right Whale Calving Season 2021," NOAA Fisheries, December 22, 2021.
4. " North Atlantic Right whale, Eubalaena glacialis," Smithsonian Ocean, April 2018.
5. Seth Borenstein, " Shrinking giants: North Atlantic right whales getting tinier," AP News, June 3, 2021.
6. Eve Zuckoff, " Endangered Right Whales Are Shrinking. Scientists Blame Commercial Fishing Gear," NPR, June 3, 2021.
7. Michael Moore, Hannah Myers, " High-tech fishing gear could help save critically endangered right whales," The Conversation, May 28, 2019.
8. Mark Baumgartner, Tim Werner, Amy Knowlton, Michael Moore, and Scott Kraus, " Rope-less Fishing: A vision for how it can work," Ropeless Consortium, last accessed January 4, 2022."

        First Nations Development Institute, "Supporting Native Ecological Stewardship and Land Protection, 2022," new report released,
         Download Publication
        To download this file, go to:
         2012-2020 Outcomes Report
        Based on a review of First Nations’ grants and projects completed during 2012-2020 through our Nourishing Native Foods & Health, Strengthening Tribal & Community Institutions, and Stewarding Native Lands programs
, this report shares outcomes and activities associated with Native American ecological stewardship and protection of Native lands.
         The report highlights:
        Emerging models that assert Native control and protection of natural resources to safeguard tribal members’ health, lands, sacred sites, cultural traditions, foodways, and sustainable economic development.
        First Nations’ community-based research and publications to inspire and encourage the adaptation of successful models and practices.
        Issues and key takeaways affecting Native communities’ natural resource management and protection."

        "Māori-led conservation projects across Canterbury receive 'jobs for nature' funding boost," Te Ao Maori News, January 9, 2022,, reported from New Zealand, " Six conservation projects, including several led by Māori, have received funding boosts for 'jobs for nature' across Canterbury."
        "Te Hapū o Ngāti Wheke has received $4.5 million to employ 20 people over the next three years to restore their ancestral harbour Whakaraupō/Lyttelton. Work will involve restoring three main sites through planting and the control of predators, pests and weeds."

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U.S. Activities

         Kolby Kickingwoman, "‘Let's get to work:' State of Indian Nations highlights progress, advocacy plans for the future," ICT, February 15, 2022,, reported on National Congress of American Indian President Fawn Sharp giving the State of Indian Nations Address on February 14, 2022. She noted, "Since the first time I stood here to deliver this address much has changed in the world around us, yet when reality remains the 574 Tribal Nations, dozens of state recognized tribal nations and millions of Native peoples across the United States are as strong and resilient as ever.'"
        "Sharp commended the Biden administration for enhancing partnerships in Indian Country and making a concerted effort in building stronger communication and listening to the priorities of tribes." “Doors that were once closed are starting to open, doors that we open have become more welcoming in ways that neither we nor our ancestors have ever witnessed.” This is an important start, but it's up to us fellow tribal leaders to show up and walk through those doors so we can continue to push for meaningful consultation, for a stronger government to government relationship and ultimately, for free, prior and informed consent.”
         The annual Congressional response was presented by Representative Sharice Davids, Ho-Chunk, Democrat of Kansas. Davids agreed with Sharp on both the positive steps of the Biden Administration and the need for strong and expanding Indian advocacy. The Congresswoman said, “I want to make sure that you know, your message is definitely being heard in Washington, D.C. amongst my colleagues on Capitol Hill and certainly across the administration.”
        As for nest steps, both speakers advocated for a Congressional Truth and Healing Commission to investigate and document assimilation practices during the boarding school era. Davids has worked particularly for two pieces of legislation. The first is the Native American Voting Rights Act of 2021, which reintroduced in the House. The second, of which she is a is a co-sponsor, is the Urban Indian Health Confer Act, passed the House and awaiting consideration in the Senate. It would move toward insuring that rural and urban Native communities health systems would have sufficient needed resources, while helpline recruit and retain healthcare providers.
        The State of Indian Nations Address can be viewed at:

        NCAI "ECWS 2022: Executive Council Winter Session Report, National Congress of American Indians (NCAI), February 14, 2022, stated, "On February 14, 2022, the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) convened Tribal Nations across the United States for the 2022 State of Indian Nations (SOIN) Address and its legislative conference, the 2022 Executive Council Winter Session. With a newly condensed and virtual format, tribal delegates were able to hear members of Congress and the Biden-Harris Administration outline their priorities for tackling key challenges facing tribal communities. For the first time in NCAI history, registration to attend the virtual conference was free with the intent of providing an inclusive dialogue for all tribal governments and citizens across Indian Country.
State of Indian Nations
        The 20th Annual State of Indian Nations (SOIN) began in a good way with a Mohawk thanks-giving address delivered by Alma Ransom, former Tribal Chief of the Saint Regis Mohawk and former NCAI Treasurer. NCAI Chief Executive Officer (CEO) Dante Desiderio (Sappony) then gave opening remarks and welcomed members of Congress, government officials, tribal leaders, citizens, and thousands of others watching from across the nation. NCAI CEO Desiderio also specifically applauded the Native youth in attendance and highlighted this year’s first- ever Youth of Indian Nations address.
        In their debut, NCAI Youth Commission Co- Presidents Jessica Lambert (Choctaw Nation and Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians) and Simon Friday (Organized Village of Kake) gave a powerful speech discussing solutions to the unique challenges Native youth face in their communities. Lambert and Friday highlighted the Youth Commission’s priorities of education, climate change, and mental health, and discussed how the youth can be aided to take charge of these issues for future generations."

        " NCAI Announces Sovereignty Institute as Part of a Renewed Vision that 'Goes Beyond Self-Determination'," National Congress of American Indians (NCAI), March 22, 2022,, stated, "On March 22, 2022, the Executive Committee announced its 2022 Mid-Year Conference & Marketplace theme, ‘Thinking Beyond Self-Determination,’ and announced the development of the NCAI Sovereignty Institute as part of the organization’s renewed strategic vision to enhance and support tribal governance in Indian Country.
As tribal leaders and members of NCAI’s Executive Committee, we realized the times have called for us to embrace a new era in which we are thinking beyond self-determination and beginning to define a Nation-to-Nation period of tribal governance,” said NCAI President Fawn Sharp. '‘ Thinking Beyond Self-Determination’ is a way to set the stage and usher in a time of proactive strategy, advocacy, and governance. The formation of the Sovereignty Institute at NCAI will provide innovative tools and resources to support Tribal Nations as they work to define this new era on their own terms.'
        The announcements come at the conclusion of the NCAI Executive Committee’s strategic planning retreat, held over the weekend on the Gila River Indian Community Reservation. Elected representatives from each of the 12 NCAI regions gathered in person to map out a renewed vision for the 78-year-old organization, which includes providing Tribal Nations a platform for consensus-based policy development and advocacy.
         The Sovereignty Institute will help develop usable data and resources to support the ability of Tribal Nations to seize expanded opportunities for self-governance through a range of innovative programs.
        The Sovereignty Institute will include
NCAI Policy Research Center - The NCAI Policy Research Center ( is a national tribal research center that leads, conducts, and translates high-quality policy research and data to improve outcomes for Indian Country.
         Leadership Development and Tribal Programs - NCAI will soon be announcing two new, interconnected initiatives to support tribal leaders in developing strategic approaches to their leadership roles and media relations. NCAI will also continue its existing programming, including: the NCAI Youth Commission , Tribal Food Sovereignty Advancement Initiative , supporting the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) Special Domestic Violence Criminal Jurisdiction (SDVCJ) Intertribal Technical Assistance Working Group (ITWG) and providing technical assistance to Tribal Nations on VAWA, providing Victim Services microgrants, and more.
         Civic Engagement - Civic Engagement includes long-standing initiatives such as Native Vote, Indian Country Counts census work, and Ending the Era of Harmful 'Indian' Mascots.
        'New initiatives like the Sovereignty Institute are a result of building a grounded yet forward-thinking plan for NCAI, informed by the priorities of tribal leaders representing every corner of Indian Country. We have many exciting things planned this year and we look forward to doing our part to help shape tribal governance in the 21st Century and to chart a new and prosperous path forward for Native peoples,' said President Sharp.
        More information about NCAI’s new initiatives within the Sovereignty Institute will be released at a later date. NCAI’s 2022 Mid-Year Conference & Marketplace is set to take place June 12-16, in Anchorage, Alaska."

        " National Week of Action for Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls, April 29 to May 5," First Nations Development Institute, April 28, 2022,, stated, 'The abuse of women is known in history, and tells you a lot about what is happening to our earth.'
―LaDonna Brave Bull Allard
        Social media platforms are tattered with posts saying, 'No More Stolen Sisters,' 'This is Why We Wear Red,' 'Invisible No More,' and 'Justice for X' in remembrance of National Week of Action for Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls, April 29 to May 5. This unseen and ignored epidemic has plagued our Tribal nations since colonizers first stepped foot in the 'new world.'
        Missing and murdered Indigenous women is not a new concept to Indigenous peoples. Our grandmothers, mothers, daughters, sisters, and aunties have been disappearing for the last 530 years.
        Destroying a people starts with annihilating the life-givers
        If you no longer want a plant to grow and spread its seed, you pull it out by its roots. The loss of our sacred women, their uprooting, has created an imbalance to our Mother Earth and universe. And when the people who colonized you continue to perpetuate their disdain for you, it is hard to achieve that balance.
        When I talk about balance, I am referring to the government and laws meant to protect us. However, when those laws favor colonizers, it throws off that equilibrium.
        Many perpetrators murder, assault, and rape Indigenous women with impunity. These imbalanced laws have made it easy for outsiders to come onto our Tribal lands and get away with their crimes. The federal government is uninterested in the affairs of Tribes and has made it harder for Tribal governments to take care of their citizens, limiting power and due process.
        'Am I next?'
        This disturbing thought goes through the minds of many Native women as they go out into the world. And no wonder, with these alarming statistics from the Urban Indian Health Institute:
         4 out of 5 Native women experience violence within their lifetimes
        Native women are murdered at a rate 10 times higher than the nation’s average
        Murder is the third leading cause of death for Indigenous women
        56% of Indigenous women experience sexual violence
        There are many more documented statistics like these. So, when Indigenous women ask, 'Am I next?' they sure might be
         Most missing and murdered Indigenous people are children
        In the same state, Wyoming, where Gabby Petito’s body was found, 710 missing and murdered Indigenous women and relatives, mostly girls, went missing from 2011 to 2020! A whopping 85% of these Natives were children, and almost 60% were female, according to the state’s Missing and Murdered Indigenous People Task Force.
        The most astounding statistic is that 50% of these Indigenous people who went missing were found within one week, while 21% remain missing for 30 days or longer.
        Here is the kicker: Only 11% of white people remain missing for that long. The total disregard for Indigenous life is engrained throughout the system
        We need to change the narrative
        'Disproportionate' is the term we use to describe many statistics about Indigenous people, such as, 'Natives are disproportionately affected by COVID, diabetes, suicide, murder, poverty, etc.'
        However, the words I would suggest to describe these statistics are 'absolutely devastating and unacceptable.'
        For over 500 years, settlers have committed genocide against Tribal peoples and shucked any responsibility for their role it. Instead, the federal government continues to decline policy that would protect us and sets forth policy that continues to oppress us.
         Women will persevere
        Unfortunately, the lack of sanctity toward our grandmothers, mothers, daughters, sisters, and aunties is a common phenomenon and seen throughout the world, especially within Indigenous communities.
        We have commercialized scantily clothed pretendians, and glorified tales of white saviors. Dehumanizing our people makes it easier to justify the actions of those who would hurt us.
        But there is hope because women are resilient beings. They are the beauty that make this world what it is. They are the givers of life, and they will persevere.
        We must continue the good fight to protect them and their right to life. Our society must enact laws that protect them and bring more women into the political arena to ensure that laws are made for us, not against us.
        We must make sure we are holding perpetrators accountable, and we must create a space for our women to survive, thrive, and be part of those important conversations.
        Women not only hold the memory of the past, but they also hold the key to the future, and we must do whatever is in our power to protect them.
                 How you can help
        The best way to stop these heinous crimes against Native women, girls and their relatives is to learn more about the problem and make others aware of it by spreading the word.
        The National Week of Action for Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls is April 29 to May 5.
        Also, read how First Nations is trying to 'move hearts and minds toward greater respect, inclusion, and social justice for Native Americans' through our special project, Reclaiming Native Truth."

        "NCAI Applauds Historic Tribal Provisions as President Biden Signs VAWA into Law, The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI), March 16, 2022, The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI), stated, " The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) celebrates President Biden signing the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) into law yesterday, codifying the historic tribal provisions that strengthen tribal sovereignty and safety in Indian Country. The reauthorization of VAWA, passed as part of the Omnibus Spending Package for Fiscal Year 2022, empowers Tribal Nations to exercise restored jurisdiction to prosecute non-Indian perpetrators of child violence, sexual violence, sex trafficking, stalking, crimes against tribal law enforcement and correctional officers, and obstruction of justice.
        'The historic tribal provisions in this bill attest to years of powerful, collaborative efforts between survivors, tribal leaders, and allies across Indian Country,' said NCAI President Fawn Sharp. “We commend Congress’ momentous action to reauthorize the Violence Against Women Act and now, by exercising our inherent sovereignty and jurisdiction, Tribal Nations will continue to increase safety and justice for victims who had previously seen little of either.'
        NCAI, which established the Task Force on Violence Against Women in 2003, has advocated alongside survivors, Tribal Nations, and domestic violence advocates to restore tribal jurisdiction and protect tribal communities from the highest crime victimization rates in the country. “This VAWA reauthorization goes beyond just restoring our inherent tribal jurisdiction to protect our communities, it creates another powerful tool to address the epidemic of Missing Murdered Indigenous Women across Indian Country,” said President Shannon Holsey, NCAI Treasurer and NCAI Task Force on Violence Against Women Co-Chair.
         VAWA’s tribal provisions also create an Alaska pilot project, which allows a limited number of Alaska Native Villages to exercise Special Tribal Criminal Jurisdiction and civil jurisdiction over non-Indian perpetrators. Chief Mike Williams of the Akiak Native Community, who also serves as the NCAI Alaska Region Vice-President, said, 'The Alaska pilot program and Alaska Native Village jurisdiction is pivotal to transforming the public safety crisis in Alaska. This reauthorization of VAWA empowers us to take the necessary steps to build healthier and safer tribal communities in Alaska and across Indian Country for generations to come.'
        NCAI will host a virtual Tribal Leader Town Hall on the Violence Against Women Act on March 22, 2022 to discuss this historic moment for Indian Country, review the tribal provisions in the law, and highlight the next steps for Tribal Nations."

        The Friends Committee on National Legislation stated, May 5, 2022,, " Reauthorize FVPSA with Critical Support for Tribal Domestic Violence Programs," " The Family Violence Prevention and Services Improvement Act (FVPSA) is the primary federal grant program for domestic violence shelter and supportive services. This is especially significant for tribal communities, which deal with domestic and sexual violence at unparalleled rates.
        FVPSA will help all tribes provide culturally appropriate and life-saving prevention and treatment resources for their citizens by funding domestic violence programs, shelters, hotlines, resource centers in Alaska and Hawaii, and tribal coalitions
. In short, FVPSA is a key piece of legislation to address the crisis of Missing and Murdered Indigenous People.
        The House passed their bill (H.R. 2119) in October 2021, but the Senate has yet to vote on their version (S. 1275).
        Remind your senators of their responsibility to tribal nations and urge them to pass the Family Violence Prevention and Services Improvement Act."

        Right to Health Action wrote in a May 25, 2022 E-Mail, " Our fight against COVID-19 is far from over. Although many have been able to return to everyday life, millions more are still grappling with the ramifications.
         Indigenous communities in the United States have been disproportionately and adversely affected by the pandemic. The risk of COVID-19 infections among American Indian and Alaska Native individuals is 1.6 times greater than that of white folks in America. However, tribal public health departments have been prohibited from applying for emergency federal government COVID funds.
         Right now, we have an opportunity to unlock critical public health funding for indigneous communities, but we need your help.
        Democratic members recently introduced the 'CDC and Prevention Tribal Public Health Security and Preparedness Act', that will ensure Tribal Nations have equal access to the CDC’s Public Health Emergency Preparedness (PHEP) cooperative agreement program
, which was established in 2002.
        Stephen, will you sign our petition in support? Tell Congress to pass the bipartisan Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Tribal Public Health Security and Preparedness Act (!
        Elizabeth Warren, the co-sponsor of the bill said, 'the federal government unjustly excluded Tribal Nations from public health prevention and mitigation resources that could have helped Indian Country prepare for the disproportionately devastating effects of the pandemic.'
        The CDC program funding could have provided staffing, planning, training, and supplies—-and saved lives.
        There is no justification for the U.S. government to restrict these funds from Tribal nations."

        "#ProtectICWA: ICWA and the U.S. Supreme Court - the continuing fight for our children and families," Association of American Indian Affairs," February 28, 2022,, stated, "Today - February 28, 2022 - the U.S. Supreme Court agreed to hear arguments in Brackeen v. Haaland , the federal court case challenging the constitutionality of the Indian Child Welfare Act. Read our press statement here:  
The Association on American Indian Affairs has joined with 486 Native Nations, 59 Native orgs, 11 child welfare orgs, 26 states and countless Native families, Native adoptees and others to support and #ProtectICWA.
Read our Amicus Brief in Cherokee Nation et al. v. Brackeen et al., case no. 21-377 and Haaland et al. v. Brackeen et al., case no. 21376. This brief provided the Supreme Court with important context about the history and purpose of ICWA, and to highlight its continued vitality for Native Nations today.
Casey Family Programs and 10 other child welfare organizations filed a brief in support of ICWA, which is available here : . 25 States and the District of Columbia also filed a brief in support of ICWA, which is available here :
 Copies of all of the petitions and all amicus briefs can be found on the Tribal Supreme Court Project website here :
Update on the Continuing Attack Against Indian Children and Families
The Association on American Indian Affairs is a partner with the National Indian Child Welfare Association, the National Congress of American Indians, and the Native American Rights Fund supporting the #ProtectICWA Campaign (the Campaign). Together, the Campaign works to serve and support Native children, youth, and families through upholding the Indian Child Welfare Act. The Campaign works to inform policy, legal, and communications strategies with the mission to uphold and protect ICWA - against the Goldwater Institute and others that seek to overturn ICWA and keeping Indian children and families together.
In August 2019, the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals delivered a resounding victory for Tribes, Native children, and families by striking down a Texas federal court decision that declared the Indian Child Welfare Act unconstitutional. In Brackeen v. Bernhardt, individual non-Indian plaintiffs and the States of Texas, Louisiana, and Indiana argued against ICWA, claiming that protections for Indian children and families constitute illegal racial discrimination, and that ICWA’s federally-mandated state court standards illegally “commandeer” state courts and state agencies to carry out a federal scheme. The Fifth Circuit rejected the state and individual plaintiffs’ arguments on all fronts, finding ICWA to be an appropriate exercise of the federal government’s political government-to-government relationship with Tribes and Native peoples, and that ICWA did not unconstitutionally interfere with state child welfare systems.
The victory for ICWA in the Brackeen case has been an important recognition of the interpretation of federal Indian law that Congress has constitutional authority to develop legislation to protect Indian Country. The Association, joined by 56 other Tribal organizations, 325 Indian Nations, 21 state attorneys general, 20 law schools, and 30 child welfare organizations, filed an amicus curiae (“friend of the court”) brief to the Fifth Circuit (twenty-one states also filed an amicus brief supporting ICWA), providing important context into the horrific and well-documented abuses that led to the passage of the ICWA. The Association was heavily involved in documenting those abuses since the late 1960s – collecting data, giving congressional testimony and drafting the legislation based on its efforts in state courts to return Indian children to their families.
Unfortunately, the attack against ICWA in the courts is not over and we must still fight against interests that seek to dismantle ICWA’s protections for Indian families. On November 7, 2019 the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals ordered the case to be reheard en banc(meaning that it will be heard before all the judges in the Fifth Circuit) and with oral argument. Oral argument is scheduled on January 22, 2020 (read January 21 and January 22 press releases) and a final decision is expected in the months after. Given the strength of the Fifth Circuit’s original decision, Tribes do have an advantage. The #ProtectICWA Campaign - led by the Association, Native American Rights Fund, National Congress of American Indians and National Indian Child Welfare Association - filed its amicus brief along with 486 federally recognized American Indian and Alaska Native Tribes and 55 other Native organizations to the Fifth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals defending the constitutionality of the Indian Child Welfare Act as part of the Court’s en banc proceedings. Read the press release here.
Though we celebrate how 41 years of ICWA has strengthened Indian children and families, this litigation seeking to weaken ICWA seems non-stop. The stories of adoptions to non-Indian families being delayed or interrupted can often tear at the heart strings of the public. The information not included in those stories is that it is often the state courts’ and state agencies’ mistakes in implementing ICWA that have caused these delays in the first place. ICWA does not prevent adoption of an Indian child to a non-Indian family. Instead, ICWA provides procedures for identifying an Indian child early on and involving the child’s Tribal Nation in the process to ensure that everything has been done to keep the Indian family whole, and cultural connections intact. Studies have shown that Indian children adopted to non-Indian families fair worse psychologically than white peers. Suicide rates, depression and alcoholism are higher in American Indian adoptees than in other groups. Involving the Tribal Nation in the placement or adoption is crucial to provide culturally appropriate services to support the Indian child and family.
 ICWA’s provisions apply in state child custody proceedings when there is an Indian child involved. ICWA requires that: the state must inquire into the enrollment status of a Tribal child, provide Tribes and parents notice in child welfare proceedings, and ensure that Tribes are given the opportunity to intervene in the proceedings or transfer jurisdiction to the Tribal court. The party removing a child or terminating parental rights must provide active efforts to prevent the breakup of an Indian family and present testimony of a qualified expert witness supporting such a decision before placing an Indian child in foster care or terminating the parental rights over an Indian child. Such procedures seem reasonable for any child custody proceeding to ensure that the child is not removed from family and extended family without first trying to prevent the breakup of that family. And, these procedures are considered the “gold standard” in child welfare.
 Even though the majority of child welfare organizations consider ICWA the “gold standard,” ICWA is constantly being litigated. “State courts of appeal interpret the law across the country at a rate of once every other day. There are, on average, 200 appellate cases annually.” [1] Because of the numbers, many Tribes do not have the capacity to take on these matters – especially since Tribes are often not notified by state courts properly, which increases the duration of litigation and the amount of harm on the child. Instead, many Tribes do not litigate and instead seek to support the cultural identity of the child and his or her connection with their Tribe; litigation almost always causes bitterness for the adoptive family and not healing. “In some decisions, the court’s confusion [about the Tribe’s position] is apparent and its ignorance of the Tribe’s position comes through in the opinion.” [2]
 Meanwhile, nationwide (even after 41 years of ICWA), American Indian and Alaska Native children are placed into foster care at a rate 2.7 times greater than their proportion in the general population. This disproportionality is not happening because there are higher reports of abuse or neglect in American Indian communities; in fact, these numbers are consistent with other populations. The disproportionality comes as one moves further into the state child welfare system decision-making processes: the rates of removal of Indian children from their families are disproportionate compared to non-Indian families. Studies that have researched systemic bias in the child welfare system have found that Indian families were two times more likely to be investigated and four times more likely to have their children removed and placed in foster care than their white counterparts. ICWA was meant to provide protections against this systemic bias and reduce the flow of Indian children into these systems.
The Association will continue to defend ICWA in the courts, and through education of state governments and the public."

        "NCAI Supports Oceti Sakowin Leaders, Calls on U.S. Department of Justice to Investigate Civil Rights Incident," The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI), April 1, 2022,, "The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) supports the tribal leaders of the Oceti Sakowin in their efforts to hold the Grand Gateway Hotel accountable for a recent troubling civil rights incident. These unlawful actions have no place in a country of equality and democracy and we call on the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) to investigate this gross violation of American law.
        NCAI stands alongside tribal leaders of Oceti Sakowin, advocacy groups, and allies in calling on the DOJ to investigate the Grand Gateway Hotel’s actions. In order to bring justice to all affected by this violation of civil rights, any racially-motivated measures taken to oppress or harm should be investigated to the fullest extent."

        "Native Farm Bill Coalition Seeking Tribal Priorities by April 1 for Next Farm Bill Reauthorization, Hobbs-Straus General Memorandum 22-005, March 24, 2022,, reported, " The Native Farm Bill Coalition (Coalition) is a nation-wide initiative to give Native Americans a strong, united voice to advance a common agenda for the 2023 reauthorization of the Farm Bill, which addresses everything from farming and ranching to nutrition programs, rural development and forestry. The Coalition is seeking comments on or before April 1, 2022, on tribal priorities to be included in its report to Congress.
        The Coalition is a joint project of the Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux Community’s Seeds of Native Health campaign; the Intertribal Agriculture Council; the National Congress of American Indians; and the Indigenous Food and Agriculture Initiative. Since the Coalition’s launch in October 2017, more than 170 tribes, intertribal groups, other Native organizations, and non-Native allies have become members of the Coalition. There is no cost to join the Coalition. The form to join is here.
        The Coalition’s research, education and advocacy was critical to ensuring that the 2018 Farm Bill incorporated key priorities tribal governments and producers. The 2018 Farm Bill, signed into law in December 2018 included 63 separate provisions that impact everything from strengthening tribal self-governance and the management of nutrition programs to investing in economic development opportunities.​
        With the 2023 Farm Bill on the horizon, the Coalition continues to educate policymakers on Native nutritional and agricultural issues, assisting in oversight activities and urging Congress to further expand its recognition of tribal self-determination authority."

        "NCAI Demands Accountability from Washington Commanders, NFL on Native 'Themed' Mascots," The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI), February 2, 2022,, stated, " The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) demands accountability for the harms caused by Native 'themed' mascots and imagery as the National Football League’s (NFL) Washington, DC franchise revealed its new team name, the 'Commanders.' The announcement by the Washington Commanders comes a year and a half after it retired the “R-word” name and mascot, a decision it reached following years of protest from Tribal Nations, leaders, and activists. However, following the announcement, the team released videos to promote its new identity which prominently displayed the offensive branding from its previous incarnation.
        Statement from NCAI President Fawn Sharp: 'Today, we are grateful for the end of a dark era, one in which the NFL and the Washington franchise commercially exploited and dehumanized Native people and culturally appropriated our most sacred practices.
        Make no mistake, the deep wounds and harm caused by a near century of open and celebrated racism and bigotry remains. Roger Goodell and Dan Snyder have yet to take step one, as promised to the National Congress of American Indians, toward owning the genocidal history of the former name. They have shown a lack of accountability for the unspeakable harm to our citizens that they accepted, perpetuated, and profited from.
        Without an apology, without any measure of accountability, and without fulfilling the honored commitments they made to Tribal Nations in 2020 to right this wrong, the NFL and Snyder are simply ‘Commanding’ a continued course of open, intentional and profit-driven racism and erasure.
        Until the behavior of the NFL and the franchise owners change, the league will continue to endure racism scandals, civil rights lawsuits, activist protests, and public relations embarrassments. It’s time that both we and the public at large demand more. We have every intention to do our part and aggressively hold the NFL accountable for the harm caused. Much work remains. On behalf of Tribal Nations, we stand ready to share our vision for truth, reconciliation, and national healing.'"

        "NCAI and NARF Congratulate Judge Sunshine Sykes (Navajo) on Her Confirmation to Serve as California’s First Ever Native American Federal Judge," The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI), May 18, 2022,, stated, " Today, the United States Senate confirmed the nomination of Sunshine Skyes to serve as a judge on the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California. Justice Sykes is the first Native federal judge in California, the fourth active Native American Article III federal judge in the nation, and just the seventh Native federal judge ever appointed.
        With her strong legal experience and perspective, Judge Sykes is well qualified to serve on the federal bench. Prior to her confirmation, Judge Sykes spent years working for California Indian Legal Services, as a juvenile defense attorney with the Southwest Justice Center, and as a Riverside County Attorney. She has served as a judge on the Superior Court of Riverside County for nine years, where she most recently presided over a civil litigation department and acted as the presiding judge of the appellate division.
        The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) First Vice President Mark Macarro noted that, 'Judge Sykes’ extensive knowledge and experience are vitally important for the federal judiciary, particularly in California where countless federal Indian law issues arise among the more than 100 Tribal Nations within the state.' Macarro added, 'NCAI congratulates Judge Sykes on her historic confirmation and furthering the representation of Natives in the federal judiciary. It is critical, now more than ever, that more qualified American Indians and Alaska Natives be appointed to the federal courts, especially given how much of tribal life is controlled by federal law and the courts’ interpretations of those laws.'
        'NCAI and the Native American Rights Fund (NARF) have long advocated for increased Native representation in the federal judiciary,” said NARF Executive Director John Echohawk. 'It benefits everyone when federal judges understand the unique relationship between the United States and Tribal Nations and reflect a more diverse swath of the districts that they serve.''

        Susan Montoya Bryan, "Tribes Say Los Alamos Labs Nuclear Power Line Will Cross Sacred Land," The Paper, December 29th, 2021,, " New Mexico Pueblo leaders are concerned that a proposed multimillion-dollar transmission line by the U.S. government to bring more electricity to Los Alamos National Laboratory would cross what they consider sacred lands in national forest land known as the Caja del Rio and spanning the Rio Grande at White Rock Canyon.
        "The All Pueblo Council of Governors — which represents 20 pueblos in New Mexico and Texas — recently adopted a resolution to support the preservation of the Caja del Rio. The organization says the area has a dense concentration of petroglyphs, ancestral homes, ceremonial kivas, roads, irrigation structures and other cultural resources."

        "President Cheryl Crazy Bull of American Indian College Fund: Statement About the Washington Commanders Football Team Name Change," American Indian College Fund," February 2, 2022, via E-mail, stated, " I can’t think of a better metaphor for the need for respectful visibility of Native people in America than the Washington football team’s announcement that it will be changing its name to the Commanders—on Groundhog Day.
        At the American Indian College Fund , we are relieved that the Washington team has finally changed its former offensive name. We are deeply thankful for the tireless work Native advocates and allies have done over the years to get the team to this point. But like the movie Groundhog Day, in which the protagonist is stuck in a time warp where every day is the same day and events repeat themselves, every day in Indian Country there is more work to be done eradicating racist mascots and place names. And each day at the national, college and university, and K-12 school levels, we are met with the same arguments and the same resistance.
        This important work needs our support because research shows racist mascots harm the self-image of children and have a negative impact on their education performance. We must continue to eradicate racist mascots and place names that fetishize Native people once and for all.
        We urge you to join us as we lend our voices to our Native allies and sister organizations in calling for an apology from team owner Dan Synder. An apology acknowledges harm, and there is no doubt that Native people, especially our children, were and are harmed by mascots which dehumanize and exploit us. We also encourage the Washington Commanders to consider how they can mediate the harm done (harm which continues to be done until they publicly acknowledge that harm) by providing educational support, mentoring, and internships for Native students. When we are on the football field, in the front and back offices of sports teams, and are respectfully represented in marketing, we will make headway to healing some of the harm that has been done."

         Rob Capriccioso, "Suzan Shown Harjo battles the Braves: On her 76th birthday, Native advocate takes aim at another major league franchise," Indigenous Wire, June 2, 2022,, reported, " Suzan Shown Harjo, the well-known Cheyenne and Hodulgee Muscogee advocate — who played an outsized role in getting the Washington NFL football team to ultimately change its name — is weighing in on a new effort by the Atlanta Braves MLB team to get young Native Americans involved in their club."

        Jessica Pollard, "Native families hope session brings justice for missing and murdered kin," New Mexico Political Report, February 5, 2021,, reported on a missing and murdered Native women demonstration at the New Mexico state legislature, "New Mexico has the highest rate of missing Indigenous women in the country, according to the National Indigenous Women’s Resource Center — and many at Friday’s event blamed complexities of jurisdiction over Indigenous missing person and murder cases nationwide.
         Advocates hope New Mexico lawmakers will pass two bills that would allocate more resources toward finding missing Indigenous people in the state and bridge gaps between law enforcement agencies."

        Chase Iron Eyes, Co-Director and Lead Counsel, The Lakota People’s Law Project, stated in an E-mail, " For time immemorial, we have lived along and revered our sacred relative, the Mni Sose, the Missouri River. These days, as you know, the Dakota Access pipeline (DAPL) crosses under the Missouri — just upstream from the Standing Rock Nation — without a federal permit. And yet, unlike the oil company, we are required to have a permit just to pray in our traditional sweat ceremonies in certain, sacred spots along the river’s banks.
        This bit of disturbing cognitive dissonance is the subject of our third video in the 'Water Wars' series we’re producing in partnership with Standing Rock and other tribes of the Oceti Sakowin. I hope you’ll take a few minutes to watch and share Dakota Water Wars, Chapter 3: Money Against a Prayer (
         Can we all agree that when Standing Rock’s tribal water resources administrator, Doug Crow Ghost, wants to pray at the river, it should be automatically allowed? Doug cares as much as anyone about our water, and he deeply respects our natural surroundings. In contrast, the oil company, Energy Transfer Partners, tries every means at its disposal to avoid environmental oversight. The colonizing governments occupying this land seem to be more comfortable with the potential of oil spills than prayer on sacred land.
        The historical facts back all of this up. It wasn’t until 1978 that the American Indian Religious Freedom Act was passed, permitting Native Peoples to engage in acts such as burning sage or sweat ceremony. Meanwhile, DAPL continues to operate without a valid Environmental Impact Statement (EIS), despite a court ruling that this violates the National Environmental Policy Act. Still, we remain hopeful that we can win this fight in the end.
        Earlier this year, a majority conservative Supreme Court rejected the oil company’s latest attempt to avoid environmental oversight, and now we await the (much delayed) release of the EIS, which was overseen by an oil-friendly firm hired by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Naturally, we expect the statement to be deeply flawed when we finally see it. I hope you’ll be ready to join with Lakota Law, Standing Rock, and the united tribes of the Oceti Sakowin to, once again, stand up to Big Oil and say no to the Dakota Access pipeline when the EIS is finally released. We’ll keep you posted!
        Wopila tanka — thank you, always, for your friendship and solidarity."

        DeCora Hawk, Field Organizer, The Lakota People’s Law Project Lakota People's Law Project stated in a March 29, 2022 E-mail, "Last week, racial discrimination against Native People reared its ugly head in South Dakota, once again. On Facebook, Connie Uhre, a non-Native hotel owner in Rapid City, proclaimed: “We will no longer allow any Native American on property.” Her new policy apparently went into effect right away, because Native customers were denied accommodations immediately thereafter.There’s just no room for this type of discrimination and segregation in 2022. Please join the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe and tell U.S. Attorney general Merrick Garland to initiate an investigation by the Department of Justice (DOJ) and prosecute to the full letter of the law (
        I want you to know that we expect the DOJ to do its job here. Standing Rock has submitted its own letter to AG Garland and is following up to make sure we’re being listened to. Your voice can really help make a difference! And we aren’t content just to write and call. We’re also on the ground in force.
        This past Saturday, my little family — including my unci (grandmother) Madonna Thunder Hawk — arrived at Roosevelt Park for the 'Indians Allowed' rally in Rapid City. It wasn’t very long before relatives of all ages began to fill in the spaces of green grass. Flags whipped in the wind, and I could see that everyone was here: Cheyenne River, Standing Rock, Rosebud, Crow Creek, and the American Indian Movement.
        Those who were asked to speak told of how our ancestors were guiding us and how we need to remember their sacrifices. When Tasunke Witko’s name was spoken, the song of Crazy Horse cut through the air and trills and war cries rose toward the sky. I had chills.
        Before the walk began, my sister Cante Heart handed me a megaphone. 'Let's do this, sister'” she said, and it gave me a nostalgic feeling. As we marched down Lacrosse Street, the road was lined with more relatives with their fists in the air.
I raised the megaphone to my lips. “Rapid City needs to be reminded of whose land they're on! Whose Land!?” The crowd chanted. “OUR LAND!” “WHOSE LAND?” “OUR LAND!” As we made our way toward the Grand Gateway Hotel, car horns of supporters blared. I again spoke into the megaphone: 'Rapid City you are on OCETI SAKOWIN LAND! Your racism is not welcome here!' My relatives chanted with me once again: 'No more RACISM! No more RACISM!'
        As we approached the Grand Gateway Hotel, I gave one last shout: 'Connie Uhre, you’re on Indian Land! Your eviction notice has been POSTED!' And as we filled the parking lot, I watched with pride as an eviction notice banner was hung from the Grand Gateway sign.
        It was a wonderful day, and a reminder of how strong we can be when we gather together in solidarity. So I ask you to join us, wherever you are. Please write to the Attorney General and tell him to investigate. This isn’t the 1950s, and we now have civil rights legislation — backed by years of case law — that says no business owner can discriminate based on race. We refuse to let this land slide backward to the days when the color of a person’s skin seemed to matter more than the content of their character.
        Wopila tanka — thank you for your love and solidarity!"

        Lakota People's Law Project stated in a March 21, 2022 E-mail, "Last week — in a series of events that probably won’t surprise you a Texas high school drill team brazenly mocked Native culture at a Disney theme park. After the “Indianettes” were told they wouldn’t be allowed to wear their fraudulent Native headdresses, the team replaced those costume pieces with feathers and chanted, “Scalp ‘em!” during their performance.
        This type of cultural appropriation harms Native children and perpetuates inaccurate stereotypes (scalping was first introduced to the Americas by settlers). Even the most tone-deaf professional sports leagues and franchises (e.g. the Washington NFL team) have started changing their branding under pressure from Native activists and allies. It’s long past time for community schools to do the same. Please take action today and help flood Port Neches-Groves’ superintendent, Dr. Mike Gonzales, with emails. Tell him to change the school’s nickname, mascot, and gear — and stop with the offensive and dangerous Native stereotypes! ("

        "IITC Letter to Biden Administration – Leonard Peltier. COVID-19," International Indian Treaty Council, February 2, 2022,, stated,
The Honorable Joe Biden
 President of the United States
 1600 Pennsylvania Ave NW
 Washington, DC 20500
Respectful Greetings,
  The International Indian Treaty Council (IITC) has learned that Leonard Peltier has tested positive for COVID-19 (Jan. 28, 2022), and in light of this terrible news, we are writing you today to renew our urgent request to grant our colleague and relative executive clemency and additionally request for compassionate release and COVID-19 release. Many other human rights organizations, Tribal Nations, and Tribal organizations, including the National Congress of American Indians have made the same request. Mr. Peltier is Anishinaabe, an enrolled member of the Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians, and an Indigenous Human Rights Defender.
        The IITC is extremely concerned with Mr. Peltier’s health condition and fear that it will worsen drastically, and even result in his death due to COVID-19. Mr. Peltier has several compounding health conditions, including kidney disease, diabetes, and high blood pressure. COVID-19 is a deadly virus in and of itself and the likelihood of long-COVID disabilities or death increase drastically with pre-existing conditions. A person that contracts COVID-19 with pre-existing kidney disease is twice as likely to succumb to the virus. A person that is over the age of 65 (Mr. Peltier is 77) is 80 times more likely to succumb to the virus. Diabetes and high blood pressure also drastically increase the probability that severe COVID symptoms will develop. Moreover, these statistics come from hospitals accessible to the public – prison hospitals are notoriously underfunded, understaffed, and pose dangers to people in prison.
        The IITC, and others, have been concerned about Mr. Peltier’s health for years and have requested redress on Mr. Peltier’s behalf, and have increased coordinated efforts due to the deadly COVID-19 pandemic.
         The IITC affirms the widely held view that Mr. Peltier’s conviction was an egregious miscarriage of justice and, among other things, a violation of his due process rights. He was sentenced in 1977 to two consecutive life terms in connection with the June 26, 1975, shooting and deaths of two agents of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) on the Pine Ridge Reservation, SD, after a trial which has been widely criticized over the blatant FBI and U.S. General Attorney misconduct. The incident occurred during a time of considerable violence and extreme tension on Pine Ridge, and members of the American Indian Movement such as Mr. Peltier were targeted for persecution by federal law enforcement. We are certain that had he gone to trial with his co-defendants, who were acquitted on grounds of self-defense; had he been allowed to present all of the evidence in his defense, including instances of FBI intimidation of witnesses and suborned perjury; had a racist juror exposed during trial not been allowed to remain on the panel; and had critical ballistics evidence reflecting his innocence not been withheld from defense counsel and the jury, Leonard Peltier would be a free man today.
        As a signatory to the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD), the United States of America must undertake to prohibit and eliminate racial discrimination in all its forms and to guarantee the right of everyone, including Indigenous Peoples, to equality before the law. Prohibitions against discrimination are also contained in the United Nations (UN) Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR).
        In paragraph 91 of the report on his official country visit to the United States issued on August 30, 2012, United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Professor James Anaya, made a similar recommendation:
        'Other measures of reconciliation should include efforts to identify and heal particular sources of open wounds. And hence, for example, promised reparations should be provided to the descendants of the Sands Creek massacre, and new or renewed consideration should be given to clemency for Leonard Peltier,'
        Leonard Peltier is now 77 years old and a great-grandfather. He has fulfilled his federal sentencing guideline requirements but has been repeatedly denied parole. Leonard Peltier now has tested positive for COVID-19 and his very life is at stake.
        We have seen and felt the commitment the Biden Administration has shown to Indian Country and Indigenous communities. We need to see that same commitment to repair the relationship between the U.S. and Indigenous Peoples of this land in Mr. Peltier’s case. This is an open wound for us all and it is clear now that the Biden Administration is the last presidential administration that can remedy this situation. The time to provide remedy in Leonard Peltier’s case is dwindling. We request that you remedy this wound that reverberates in Indian Country before it is too late and grant executive clemency, COVID-19 release, or compassionate release immediately or release into a hospital that can provide effective care for Leonard Peltier.
Ron Lameman, President
International Indian Treaty Council
Andrea Carmen, Executive Director
International Indian Treaty Council
        For more information, please contact Summer Blaze Aubrey, IITC Staff Attorney for Human Rights at (509) 823-6951, or via email:"

        "In Case You Missed It: First Nations’ 2021 Impact Report is Out Now," First Nations Development Institute, E-mail, March 18, 2021, reported, "This week, First Nations published our 2021 Impact Report, featuring the artwork of 2020 Luce Indigenous Knowledge Fellow Hanna Sholl. Among the highlights in this year's report: 457 grants totaling more than $8.4 million distributed to changemakers across Indian Country. We also published multiple resources on best practices and promising models and reached over 73,000 people through our programs and technical assistance offerings.
        Learn more about our impact on Native communities by reading the full report here:"

        Madonna Thunder Hawk, Lakota People’s Law Project, wrote in a May 2, 2022 E-mail, "Greetings to you from my home on the Cheyenne River Nation. Many exciting things are happening here, including our pursuit of a child welfare department and a big vote push across South Dakota between now and November! Today, however, I want you to see our Annual Report for 2021 (, which highlights many of our victories together from the last calendar year.
        As many of you know, the 501(c)3 nonprofit umbrella organization for the Lakota People’s Law Project is the Romero Institute. Home also to Let’s Geen CA!, our groundbreaking climate initiative in California, the Romero Institute continues to take on big, strategic challenges with strength and precision."

         Azee'Bee Nahagha of Navajo Nation along with other Native American Church people are working against the decriminalization of peyote, under consideration in several states. Their concern is that peyote is already in short supply for Native ceremonies, which are legal, and that if the herb is decriminalized for general public use it may become insufficiently available for ceremonies, even becoming critically endangered (Rima Krisst, "our wayu of healing:' working to protect peyote from state decriminalization," Navajo Times, May 19, 2022).

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International Activities

        " Global Indigenous Peoples Caucus Intervention at the Twenty-First Session of the UNPFII," Cultural Survival, April 27, 2022,, stated,
        " Issues
        Whereas the International Decade of Indigenous Languages recognizes that Indigenous languages are on the brink of extinction, action must be taken for the cultural survival of Indigenous communities.
        Whereas failure to respect the collective rights of Indigenous Peoples to their lands undermines their ability to protect their environment from damage caused by large-scale projects, adversely affecting Indigenous Peoples and our lands, water, air, and natural resources.
        Whereas the Doctrine of Discovery has been used to justify environmental devastation and theft of Indigenous land binding together extraction and exploitation.
        Whereas the key to sustainable development for Indigenous communities is linked to respect of Indigenous Peoples’ rights, specifically the rights to self-determination, to lands, territories, and resources, and to free, prior, and informed consent as prescribed by UNDRIP and ILO 169. However, progress has been slow or threatened.
        Therefore, the representatives of the Global Indigenous Peoples Caucus recommends that:
        A Special Rapporteur and a co-chair to oversee the decade on Indigenous Languages to address the linguicide happening globally. We further call upon UNESCO to develop a consultation process directly with Indigenous Peoples in regards to the decade on Indigenous Languages. (E/C.19/2022/5, E/C.19/2022/10)
        UNESCO advances the work to repatriate/rematriate all cultural patrimony, seeds, and language recordings. Furthermore, we call upon UNESCO to work directly with Indigenous Peoples on the preservation and revitalization of Indigenous languages as part of the sustainable development efforts. We further call upon the Permanent Forum and UN bodies to expand language translations to include Indigenous languages in order to provide full and effective participation by Indigenous Peoples. Resources are needed to support the preservation, protection, and survival of Indigenous languages. (UNDRIP Articles 11-14).
        The UNPFII call upon those Member States that have not yet ratified or acceded to the Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989 (ILO 169) to consider doing so. (Session 18 p. 133)
         UNDRIP be raised to the level of a convention to ensure the inherent rights of Indigenous Peoples including the right to Free, Prior, and Informed Consent (A/HRC/EMRIP/2019/3/REV.1; A/HRC/39/62).
         Recalling the Permanent Forum’s recommendation to develop a guide for Member States to fulfill their international obligation to consult with and obtain the free, prior, and informed consent of Indigenous peoples in accordance with the standards established in the UNDRIP and welcome The UNPFII’s invitation to the EMRIP and the Special Rapporteur to collaborate on this initiative (UNPFII session 15, p. 030).
        Recalling p. 41of the 12th UNPFII’s report affirming that Member States establish a monitoring mechanism to address violence against Indigenous Peoples including assassinations, assassination attempts, rapes, and other forms of intimidation and persecution. Welcoming the UNPFII’s recommendation that this mechanism addresses the issue of missing and murdered Indigenous Women ensuring full protection. Calling on EMRIP to address the issues of Indigenous Peoples who are disappeared, murdered, and persecuted for speaking out against Member States.
        The United Nations and Member State repudiate and reverse the Doctrine of Discovery on this twelfth anniversary of the preliminary study (E/C.19/2010/13).
        We reiterate the call for a study to be undertaken of freshwater fishing and hunting rights
and ask that it be presented to the UNPFII at its twenty-second session. (Session 16, p. 105)
        We call for a thematic dialogue about the harmful realities of oil, extractive industries, and so-called green energy technologies and corporate propaganda.
        Indigenous peoples are particularly vulnerable to forced labor and human and sex trafficking, we welcome the recommendation by the Permanent Forum that: all States install gender-sensitive action plans and independent self-reporting mechanisms that give particular attention to indigenous peoples, with the aim of protecting victims, prosecuting perpetrators and preventing human trafficking and related serious exploitation in all its forms, in accordance with the UNTOC, the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, and the Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, and the Convention on the Rights of the Child. (Session 11, p. 027).
        We call upon the UNPFII to follow up on the Sixteenth Session’s recommendation “that national and transnational corporations adhere to the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights in order to ensure the protection of the rights of Indigenous human rights defenders” (Session 16 p. 077)"

        " Intervention by Association of Fulani Women and Indigenous Peoples of Chad (AFPAT) at UNPFII21," Cultural Survival, April 29, 2022,, stated, "Mister President, dear members of the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, dear President of the Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous         Peoples, dear Special Rapporteurs, dear Indigenous brother and sister delegates:
It is an honor for us to speak on behalf of the Association of Fulani Women and Indigenous Peoples of Chad, AFPAT. I come from the Fulani Mbororo community, nomadic and semi-nomadic. We live in every corner of Chad, from the savannah in the center, to the tropical forest in the south.
        To do this, I would like to thank above all the government of Chad for the implementation of the national health program for breeders in areas of difficult access.
However, it should be noted that this program still presents challenges in its implementation, some of which are said to be due to the marginalization of this community.         That is:
        Insufficient mapping of areas with difficult access, preventing the program from reaching the Indigenous peoples living in these areas
        Members of the nursing staff not willing to live in the areas occupied by the Fulani
        Lack of recognition and valorization of the traditional knowledge of the Fulani regarding health –the pharmacopoeia
        Lack of access of Fulani women to primary health care
        To the government, to create ambulatory centers in areas of difficult access, for the Indigenous Fulani and Mbororo populations
To organize campaigns and to advocate for the access to primary health care in order to reduce the maternal and child mortality rate among the Mbororo Fulani
To assign qualified personnel for the health care of Indigenous peoples
To guarantee the recognition and uplift of the traditional knowledge of the Fulani people related to health (Indigenous pharmacopoeia)
         The Association of Fulani Women and Indigenous Peoples of Chad, through me, thanks the voluntary fund for its financial support, which has enabled me to make the voices of Indigenous Peoples of Chad heard.
        Thank you"

        "A Statement from the Asia Indigenous Peoples Caucus on UNPFII Agenda Item 6." Cultural Survival, April 28, 2022,
        Agenda Item 6: Discussion: Future work of the Permanent Forum, including issues considered by the Economic and Social Council and emerging issues
        Statement on behalf of the Asia Indigenous People’s Caucus, Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP)
        Presented by Chanchana Chakma on April 28, 2022.
         The COVID-19 pandemic and rapid shrinking of democratic space in Asia have exposed the underlying deep fractures in human society. The fragility of our world and the risks we have ignored for decades have been laid bare. It is for us to realize the urgent need to address the pre-existing inequalities, gaps in social protection, the climate crisis and the meaning crisis that has resulted from democratic deficit.
        Indigenous Peoples for a long time have been exposing the risks we are imposing on our planet and advocating for solutions based on pluralism that includes Indigenous ways of living and relationship with the land.
        Indigenous Peoples have always been in troubled relationships with the state and historically have been dispossessed of control over their lands and territories, including plundering of their resources, militarization and occupation to facilitate state agenda.
          Most Asian governments have adopted the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the core purpose of which is to initiate reforms and usher in peace and justice. However, nothing much has changed in the respective member states of the UN within which Indigenous Peoples are encapsulated and we continue to live on the margins of the states. Further, Indigenous people are not able to use political institutions and civic space to negotiate pressing political issues and resolve conflicts.
         We ask the UNPFII to undertake the issue of social contract as an emerging issue for Indigenous Peoples. We are in a meaning crisis and our struggle for self-determination is in part a response to this meaning crisis. As we struggle, we are also participating in meaning making and peace making with the global society. Equality and governance, equitable, just and sustainable societies are important perspectives, and it is important for us, Indigenous Peoples and other societies, to articulate what this means. This 'meaning' making must inform the ‘new social contract’ between Governments, Indigenous Peoples, civil society, and business in re-structuring politics, society and economy in the creation of a more just and peaceful world.
        Our call for consideration of a new social contract is because,
        Firstly, there is a need to embrace the principle of making meaningful agreements without which we will fall deeper into the abyss of chaos.
Secondly, to explore new foundations of duties and responsibilities beyond the present. Because our consciousness of life and time encompasses the past, present and future. Our ancestral wisdom guides us and we draw our strength from our children. Our future is also tied to the sustainability of the planet, so Indigenous Peoples say that we are an interrelated community with the environment. Therefore, we need an understanding of a new foundation of social contract that informs our duties and responsibilities towards our ancestors, the environment, and the future to recover our wholistic mode of being and governance.
Thirdly, to build better knowledge on the understanding and nurturing of individual and collective agency for redefining democratic civic space that encompasses pluralism and self-determination of peoples.
        Thank you!"

        "UNESCO Call to Action," The International Indian Treaty Council (IITC), April 7, 2022,
March 28, 2022, stated,
Director Lazare Eloundou Assomo
World Heritage Centre
7, Place de Fontenoy
75352 Paris CEDEX07
Attached: List of Supporter and Affiliate Organizations
         The International Indian Treaty Council (IITC) calls on the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) to implement an immediate moratorium on creating new World Heritage Sites and calls upon UNESCO to monitor the activities of all parties involved in the implementation and maintenance of World Heritage Sites that are already established, and to implement a transparent, effective redress mechanism to ensure that the rights of Indigenous Peoples are fully respected, upheld and implemented on an ongoing basis. IITC also calls for full and transparent disclosure of all private, public, U.N. and NGO funding and financial transactions involved in the establishment, implementation and maintenance of Protected and Conservation Areas including World Heritage Sites and National Parks, and that this information be made available upon the request of the impacted Indigenous Peoples without delay.
        The International Indian Treaty Council is an organization of Indigenous Peoples from North, Central, South America, the Caribbean and the Pacific working for the Sovereignty and Self Determination of Indigenous Peoples and the recognition and protection of Indigenous Rights, Treaties, Traditional Cultures and Sacred Lands. In 1977, IITC became the first Indigenous Peoples’ organization to be recognized as a Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) with Consultative Status to the United Nations Economic and Social Council. In 2011, IITC was the first Indigenous organization to be upgraded to General Consultation Status in recognition of its active role in a wide range of international bodies and processes to ensure that the rights of Indigenous Peoples are recognized, respected and upheld.
         UNESCO has implemented several World Heritage Sites that violate the rights of and harm Indigenous Peoples.
UNESCO World Heritage Committee has accepted petitions from Thailand and Tanzania to list the Kaeng Krachan Forest Complex and the Ngorongoro National Park, respectively, as World Heritage Sites even though Indigenous Peoples and human rights experts have expressed their concerns over doing so.
        In Thailand, the Karen are facing mass forced evictions, mass arrests,
1 including at least one child, and their houses have been burnt. 2 Although, the World Heritage Committee denied petitions from Thailand twice, it accepted the third petition in 2021. For the Kaeng Krachan Forest Complex. 3 Additionally, independent human rights monitors have been denied access to the Forest Complex by the Thailand Government. 4
        In Tanzania, the Maasai are facing 70,000 evictions as a recommendation from the World Heritage Committee under a “fortress conservation” approach.
5 Despite nearly 500 organizations signing a letter by the Indigenous Peoples Rights International organization in February 2022 stating their concern over conservation sites in Tanzania and the treatment of the Maasai, the UNESCO Heritage Commission recommended a limit to human presence of the Ngorongoro National Park. 6
        Both of these examples show how the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, as stated by the Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Francisco Cali Tzay, “has adopted commitments towards Indigenous Peoples on paper but in practice does not have working methods that allow Indigenous Peoples to participate effectively and have their voices heard in the nomination process
.” 7
         Other examples of UNESCO ignoring human rights obligations for Indigenous Peoples in its designations of World Heritage Sites include:
        The Salonga National Park in the Democratic Republic of Congo, in which the Mongo, Mbole, and the Twa that face extreme violence from eco-guards,
8 including murder, sexual violence, torture, destruction of property and excessive and unlawful use of force. 9
        The Western Ghats in India, in which the Adivasis of Kerala face large land dispossession. UNESCO and the Indian government failed to make public requested information by the International Union for Conservation of Nature before the 35th session of the World Heritage Committee which effectively withheld information from the Adivasis of Kerala and prevented them from responding at the 35th session.
        The Chitwan National Park in Nepal, in which Chepang face destruction of homes, forced eviction, and torture.
These are but a few examp
les of many Indigenous Peoples adversely affected by UNESCO         World Heritage Site designations.
Further, Article 41 of the U.N. Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples states:
        The organs and specialized agencies of the United Nations system and other intergovernmental organizations shall contribute to the full realization of the provisions of this Declaration through the mobilization, inter alia, of financial cooperation and technical assistance. Ways and means of ensuring participation of Indigenous Peoples on issues affecting them shall be established.
        Additionally, Article 42 states:
        The United Nations, its bodies, including the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, and specialized agencies, including the country level, and States shall promote respect for and full application of the provisions of this Declaration and follow up the effectiveness of this Declaration.
         UNESCO and the World Heritage Committee are failing to ensure that Indigenous Peoples are effectively involved, including engaging in the free, prior and informed consent of Indigenous Peoples in the designation of World Heritage Sites. All U.N. bodies must implement the U.N. Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples in full force.
         Moreover, the IITC is gravely concerned over the use of para-militarized forces and eco- guards to enforce the “conservation” of World Heritage Sites, effectively dispossessing, murdering, sexually assaulting, torturing, and criminalizing Indigenous Peoples worldwide.
        Until these concerns can be fully addressed to the satisfaction of effected Indigenous Peoples, the IITC calls on UNESCO to:
        Implement an immediate moratorium on the creation of new World Heritage
Closely monitor the activities of all parties involved in the implementation and maintenance of World Heritage Sites that are already established.
        Implement a transparent, effective redress mechanism to ensure that the rights of Indigenous Peoples are fully respected, upheld and implemented on an ongoing
        The full and transparent disclosure of all private, public, N. and NGO funding and financial transactions involved in the establishment, implementation and maintenance of Protected and Conservation Areas including World Heritage Sites and National Parks. This information must be made available upon the request of the impacted Indigenous Peoples without delay.
        Signatories and Supporters of the International Indian Treaty Council’s Call to Action re: U.N. Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
        Supporters from the 47th Anniversary Treaty Conference held March 1-3, 2022
        Centro papa la autonomía y Desarrollo de los pueblos indígenas (CADPI)
Proyecto de Desarrollo Rural Integral Vicente Guerrero A.C.
Asociación de Forestería de Guatemala Utz Che’ (buen Árbol)
Asociación de Asentamientos Unidos del Área Ixil, Nebaj Quiché-ASAUNIXIL
Asociación de Abogadas Indigenas Chomija
Federación Indígena Empresarial y Comunidades Locales de México A.C. (CIELO)
Movimiento Juventud Kuna
Pueblo Terena
Asociación Ak’tenamit
Fundación Rigoberta Menchú Tum
Movimiento Nacional de Comadronas Nim Alaxik
Asociación de Mujeres Abogadas Indígenas
Instituto Mesoamericano de Permacultura IMAP
Unidad de la Fuerza Indígena y Campesina (UFIC)
Consejo de Ajq’ijab’ Oxlajuj Ajpop/Centro de Investigación de la Ciencia Maya Oxlajuj Baqtun
Asociación de Abogados y Notorios Mayas de Guatemala
Fratemid Oslajuj B’actun
Coordinadora Nacional de Viudas de Guatemala CONAVIGUA
Foro Internacional de Mujeres Indígenas
Consejo Coordinador Del Pueblo Xinka de Guatemala
Comité Pro-Mantenimiento de Bienes Comunales y Titulo Territorial
Alianza de autoridades ancestrales ajpop Tinamit
Asociación Bugete Jurídico Popular, Universidad Maya Kaqchikel/Guatemala
Jittoa Bat Nataka Weria
Caribbean Amerindian Development Organization
Consejo de Autoridad Ancestral de Santiago Sacatepépuez
Comité de unidad
Schaghticoke First Nations
Comité de Unidad Campesina/ CUC
Affiliates of IITC
Latin America Region, Central America
Defensoria Maya
Fundacion Rigoberta Menchu
Comite de la Unidad Campesina (CUC)
Centro de Proyectos para el Desarrollo Integral Indígena (CEPRODI)
Centro Pluricultural para la Democracia (CPD)
Oxlajuj Ajpop de los Ajq’ijab’ (Conferencia Nacional de Ministros de la Espiritualidad Maya de Guatemala)
Consejo de los Aj’quija’b
La Union Nacional Campesina
Coordinadora Nacional de Viudas de Guatemala (CONAVIGUA)
Asociación de Asentamientos Unidos del Área Ixil -ASAUNIXIL-
Movimiento de la Juventud Kuna Asociación Napguana
Congreso General Kuna
Fundación Para la Promoción de Conocimiento Indígena
El Salvador:
Asociación Nacional Indígena de El Salvador (ANIS)
Consejo de Ancianos de la Nación Comunitaria Moskitia
Centro para la Autonomía y Desarrollo de los Pueblos Indígenas (CADPI)
Congreso Nacional Indigena de Mexico
Asamblea Nacional Indígena Plural por la Autonomía (ANIPA),
Consejo de Pueblos Nahuas del Alto Balsas, Guerrero, A.C.
Traditional Authorities, Pueblo de Huirivis, Rio Yaqui, Sonora
Traditional Authorities, Pueblo de Potam, Rio Yaqui, Sonora
Traditional Authorities, Pueblo de Torim, Rio Yaqui, Sonora
Traditional Authorities, Pueblo de Bacum, Rio Yaqui, Sonora
Unidad De la Fuerza Indígena y Campesina (UFIC)
Red Indigena de Turismo A.C. (RITA)
Jittoa- Bat-Natika-Weria (Río Yaqui, Sonora)
Di Sugave a Nana Shimjai, San Francisco Magu
Proyecto de Desarollo Rural Integral Vicente Guerrero A.C.
Asemblea de los Pueblos Indígenas por la Soberanía Alimentaria en México (APISA)
Latin American Region, South America
Indigenous Women’s Educational Group (GRUMIN)
Asociación Indígena Argentina (AIRA)
Asociación de Mujeres Abogadas Indigenas (AMAI)
La Confederación de Nacionalidades Indígenas del Ecuador (CONAIE: Shuar, Achuar, Siona, Secoya, Cofán, Huaorani, Záparo, Chachi, Tsáchila, Awá, Epera, Manta, Wancavilca and Quichua Indigenous Peoples).
Organización Nacional Indígena de Colombia (ONIC)
Uw’a Nation
La Confederación Nacional de Naciones Indígenas Originarias de Bolivia (CONNIOB)
Caribbean Region:
United Confederation of Taino People: Borikén (Puerto Rico), Kiskeia, (Dominican Republic),
Barbados, Guyana (Arawaks), Bimini (United States)
Caribbean Amerindian Development Organisation (CADO)
North America Region
United States:
National Native American Prisoners’ Rights Coalition
White Clay Society/Blackfoot Confederacy (Montana)
Indigenous Environmental Network (IEN)
Columbia River Peoples (Washington/Oregon)
Rural Coalition Native American Task Force (Minnesota)
Yoemem Tekia Foundation, Pascua Yaqui Nation (Arizona)
Tohono O’odham Nation Traditional community (Arizona)
Pit River Tribe (California)
Wintu Nation (California)
Redding Rancheria (California)
Tule River Nation (California)
Muwekma Ohlone Nation (California)
Coyote Valley Pomo Nation (California)
Round Valley Pomo Nation (California)
Oklahoma Region Indigenous Environmental Network (Oklahoma)
Wanblee Wakpeh Oyate (South Dakota)
IEN Youth Council
Independent Seminole Nation of Florida (Florida)
Cactus Valley/Red Willow Springs Big Mountain Sovereign Dineh Community (Arizona)
Leonard Peltier Defense Committee
Eagle and Condor Indigenous Peoples’ Alliance (Oklahoma)
Seminole Sovereignty Protection Initiative (Oklahoma)
Mundo Maya (California)
Los Angeles Indigenous Peoples Alliance (California)
American Indian Treaty Council Information Center (Minnesota) Vallejo Inter-Tribal Council (California)
Three Fires Ojibwe Cultural and Education Society (Minnesota)
California Indian Environmental Alliance (CIEA)
Wicapi Koyaka Tiospaye (South Dakota)
Mvskoke Food Sovereignty Initiative (Oklahoma)
Light is Life Youth Food Sovereignty Project
Buffalo Council (Colorado/National)
Oce Vpofa/Hickory Grounds Tribal Town (Alabama/Oklahoma)
United Tribes of Michigan
Alliance of Colonial Era Tribes (ACET) (Haliwa Saponi Indian Tribe, Lenape Indian Tribe of Delaware, Lipan Apache Tribe of Texas, Lumbee Tribe, Monacan Indian Nation, MOWA
Band of Choctaw, Nanticoke Indian Tribe, Nanticoke Lenni-Lenape Tribal Nation, Pocasset Tribe, Rappahannock Tribe, United Houma Nation, Upper Mattoaponi)
Inhanktonwan Treaty Committee (Yankton Sioux Tribe)
Sicangu Lakota Treaty Council (Rosebud Sioux Tribe)
Schaghticoke First Nations
Sovereign Nations of Treaties 1 – 11 (227 Treaty Nations in Canada)
Arctic Region
Native Village of Venetie Tribal Government/Arctic Village Traditional Council
Chickaloon Village Traditional Council, Chickaloon Native Village
Stevens Village Traditional Council
Native Village of Eklutna
Pacific Region:
Sovereign Nation of Hawaii
Aloha First, Hawaii
Aotearoa/New Zealand:
Kirikiriroa Marae
Tauranga Moana Marae
Maori Women’s Resource Center
Te Whanua o te Rau Aroha
Waitangi Action Committee
Nuclear Free and Independent Pacific Network
Te Paepae Arahi Trust
Te Manu Kawe I te Matauranga
Te Rau Matatini
Bangsa AdatAlifuru in Maluku (The Indigenous Alifuru People of Maluku)
Saniri Alifuru (Alifuru Council)
West Papua
Dewan Adat Papua (Papua Customary Council)
Multi Regional/Multi-National:
North-South Indigenous Network Against Pesticides
International Indian Women’s Environmental and Reproductive Health Network
Indigenous Peoples Working Group on Toxics
5 maasai-pastoralists-in-lo-liondo-area-and-the-ngorongoro-national-park-in-tanzania
6 statement-on-the-threats-of-eviction-of-maasai-pastoralists-in-lo-liondo-area-and-the-ngorongoro- national-park-in-tanzaniaents/press-releases/media-statement-on-the-threats-of-eviction-of-maasai- pastoralists-in-lo-liondo-area-and-the-ngorongoro-national-park-in-tanzania
10, 233-241
11 hts_Compliance."

        "Assembly of First Nations Bulletin – Federal Budget 2022, " April 8, 2022,, commented,
         The federal budget was tabled in the House of Commons on April 7, 2022.
        The Budget 2022 commits a total of $11 billion over 6 years for Indigenous priorities, an average of $1.8 billion per year.
        The $11 billion is a substantial reduction from the rate of investment this government had made over its first 6 years in office and falls short in addressing the urgent and long-term needs identified by First Nations.
        The Assembly of First Nations ( AFN) is pleased to see the investment in child and family services, specifically the $4 billion to support the full application of Jordan’s Principle.
        The AFN conducted a thorough analysis of First Nations housing needs, identifying a required investment of $44 billion over 10 years. The $3 billion over five years for First Nations housing falls short of the AFN’s well-researched identified need.
         Many of the priorities identified in the AFN’s pre-budget submission, such as governance, implementing the MMIWG Calls to Justice and post-secondary education, saw no new investments. This will slow First Nations’ recovery and participation in the economy.
        The AFN will continue to advocate for consistent and sustained investments to support the ongoing healing of First Nations and to close the socio-economic gap.
        The 2022 federal budget tabled Thursday April 7, 2022 by federal Finance Minister Chrystia Freeland commits a total of $11 billion for Indigenous priorities.
        The $11 billion over six years – an average of $1.8 billion per year – is a substantial reduction from the rate of investment the federal government had made over its first 6 years in office and falls short in addressing the urgent and long-term needs identified by First Nations. For comparison, the 2018 Budget committed $18 billion to Indigenous priorities over five years.
Many of the priorities identified in the AFN’s pre-budget submission, such as governance, implementing the MMIWG Calls to Justice and First Nations post-secondary education programs, saw no new investments. This will slow First Nations’ recovery and participation in the economy.
         Much more is needed to meet current needs, account for growth and repair the systemic inequalities faced by First Nations for generations. When First Nations are strengthened, so too are Canada’s economy and its social fabric, and we can all enjoy a more prosperous future.
        The majority of the investment for Indigenous priorities is committed to child and family services, namely Jordan’s Principle, and housing.
         Child and Family Services
Budget 2022 commits to addressing past harms and discrimination related to Indigenous children and families. This commitment includes $4 billion over six years to support the full application of Jordan’s Principle.
The federal budget commits $3 billion over five years for First Nations housing. This falls short of the AFN’s well-researched identified need of $44 billion over 10 years, $60 billion when population growth is taken into account. First Nations have been living with the impacts of a housing shortage for generations – investing appropriately will empower First Nations to exercise jurisdiction over housing, and to see more positive outcomes in health, education and economic progress.
        Additional information on these commitments, along with investments for residential institutions, health, education, infrastructure, UNDRIPA, climate change, natural resources, economic development, tourism and firefighting, are detailed in the attached chart.
        The AFN will continue to advocate for consistent and sustained investments to close the socio-economic gap which widened as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. For further details on all programs included in the $11 billion investment for Indigenous peoples, please see the attached chart.
        For further information and updates, please follow @AFN_Updates or visit
Summary Chart: Federal Budget 2022 Investments in First Nations Issues





Budget Page

Child and Family Services

$4.427.3 B

Pg. 168-169

Jordan’s Principle


6 years

Includes $200M in 2021-22

W.I.N. agreement


10 years

C-92 implementation


3 years

Residential Schools


Pg. 170

Burial Sites, memorials, NCTR, documents


5 years

Special Interlocutor


2 years

Recipient -Department of Justice

RCMP support


5 years

Recipient – RCMP



3 years

Recipient – Library & Archives Canada



3 years

Recipient – Parks Canada



Pg. 171-172



1 year

Indigenous Community Support Fund


1 year

Mental Wellness


2 years



Pg. 172

Regional Education Agreement


5 years

Recipient – 22 Quebec First Nations



Pg. 172-173

Community infrastructure


2 years

Minimum $247M for water and wastewater

Atlantic First Nations Water Authority


10 years

Recipient – 17 Atlantic First Nations

Lubicon Lake Band


3 years

Settlement agreement



Pg. 174

First Nations on-reserve


5 years

SGA Holders


5 years



2 years



2 years



Pg. 175

National Action Plan


5 years

$11M ongoing

Department of Defence


5 years

Climate Change


Pg. 176

Indigenous climate leadership


3 years

Indigenous Leadership fund


Announced March 29 as part of Climate Plan

Natural Resources


Benefit Agreements


5 years

Includes $25M for engagement and capacity building

Line 3 and Trans Mountain Indigenous Advisory and Monitoring Committees


2 years

Economic Development


Pg. 177

“Shovel-ready” opportunities


5 years

Northern Economic Development Agency


5 years

Economic capacity supports


5 years



Pg. 83

New Indigenous tourism fund


2 years

Indigenous Tourism Association of Canada


2 years



Pg. 103

Equipment for First Nations


5 years

          Relevant legislative and non-monetary announcements in the budget:
         Amendments to the Children’s Special Allowances Act and to the Income Tax Act
        First Nations Land Management Act will be replaced by the Framework Agreement on First Nation Land Management Act
        Anishinabek Nation Governance Agreement Act
        Creation of an optional Fuel, alcohol, cannabis and tobacco (FACT) sales tax for Indigenous governments
        Amending the Income Tax Act to exclude from taxation income from the Safe Drinking Water Trust established class action settlement
        Re-commitment to repeal the Safe Drinking Water for First Nations Act
        Up to 50% of loans under the COVID-Indigenous Business Initiative can be forgiven
        Also of note, $2 billion over 9 years for the Oceans Protection Plan and a signal of amendments coming to the Canada Shipping Act to protect the marine environment."

        "Assembly Of First Nations Bulletin – Update on Immediate Measures on Long-Term Reform to the First Nations Child and Family Services Program and Jordan’s Principle," 1 n April 6, 2022,, stated,
         The Assembly of First Nations is leading advocacy efforts for reform of the First Nations Child and Family Services (FNCFS) Program and the full implementation of Jordan’s Principle through the ongoing negotiations towards a Final Settlement Agreement on long-term reform.
         Several immediate measures that bring much needed changes to the FNCFS Program and Jordan’s Principle took effect on April 1, 2022. These measures address significant and urgent funding gaps in service and equality for First Nations children, families and communities.
        In addition to immediate program changes, Indigenous Services Canada will fund research that rigorously tests a First Nations-led funding framework with First Nations research partners that responds to child, family and community wellbeing priorities.
        The Assembly of First Nations (AFN), along with other First Nations advocates and leaders, have fought for decades for Canada to end discrimination in the First Nations Child and Family Services (FNCFS) program and its narrow application of Jordan’s Principle. A landmark 2016 Canadian Human Rights Tribunal (CHRT) ruling, in response to a complaint launched by the AFN and its partners, found that Canada discriminates against First Nations children and families and ordered Canada to end its discrimination by reforming the FNCFS program and fully implementing Jordan’s Principle.
        On December 31, 2021, the AFN, other Parties to the CHRT, and the Government of Canada signed an historic Agreement-in-Principle (AIP). This AIP provides a roadmap for negotiations towards a final settlement agreement to be finalized later this year and earmarks $19.8 billion for the reform of the FNCFS Program and Jordan’s Principle.
        While the important work toward long-term reform of the FNCFS Program and proper implementation of Jordan’s Principle continues at the negotiation table, the AFN has also advocated for critical, immediate reforms implemented on April 1, 2022.
         Beginning April 1, 2022, First Nations young adults reaching the age of majority while in care and those who aged out of care will be eligible to continue to access services until their 26th birthday. These services range from mental health supports to financial literacy, to nutrition and cooking classes. Funding for these services is designed to meet the individual needs of First Nations young adults and will be reimbursed at actual costs to First Nations and FNCFS providers.
        Additionally, the Government of Canada has committed to assessing the resources required to support families and for young adults to navigate and access services for high-needs Jordan’s Principle recipients beyond the age of majority. This is to support youth who are transitioning into adulthood.
        Also effective April 1, 2022 is enhanced funding for prevention activities and services to First Nations and delegated agencies based on a rate of $2,500 per person on-reserve. This new funding amount was determined through First Nations-led research as the total figure needed to provide prevention services and activities in a First Nation. This means that prevention funding will cover necessary programs for every individual living in First Nations communities, not just children and families identified as at-risk or already involved with FNCFS.
        The Government of Canada will also fund ongoing research into a First Nations-led funding framework for FNCFS that emphasizes wholistic wellbeing. The funding framework is designed to support First Nations control over community wellness priorities. The results of this research will support First Nations in using their own data in order to make meaningful funding decisions. The Government of Canada will also fund research, data and needs assessments for First Nations not served by a FNCFS Agency, as well as Jordan’s Principle.
        On March 24, 2022, the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal issued an order on consent of the Parties that outlines and affirms these immediate measures (2022 CHRT 8).
        The AFN will be supporting engagement sessions on long-term reform at national and regional levels throughout 2022. These engagement sessions will provide First Nations with the opportunity to hear about long-term reform of the FNCFS Program and implementation of Jordan’s Principle and provide a venue to have their ideas, feedback and experiences heard.
        The AFN will continue to advocate for a final settlement that reflects First Nations’ priorities and is based on First Nations-led research that addresses systemic discrimination, and supports First Nations children, families and communities to thrive.
        Please visit for additional information and to sign up for updates."
1. Jordan's Principle is a child-first and needs-based principle used in public policy and administration in Canada to ensure that First Nations children living on and off reserve have equitable access to all government funded public services. It holds that First Nations children should not be denied access to public services while governments fight over who should pay. In order to ensure substantive equality, this can also include services that are not ordinarily available to other children. According to the First Nations Child & Family Caring Society of Canada, the organization that hosts the Jordan's Principle campaign:
        "Jordan’s Principle ensures that First Nations children can access all public services when they need them. Services need to be culturally-based and take into full account the historical disadvantage linked to colonization that many First Nations children live with. The government of first contact pays for the service and resolves jurisdictional/payment disputes later." ("Jordan's Principlem" Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, April 2, 2022,'s_Principle).

        "Assembly of First Nations Bulletin – Housing Priorities – National First Nations Housing and Related Infrastructure Strategy," March 11, 2022,,
         Significant investments are required urgently to address the backlog of housing in First Nations and to ensure First Nations can effectively assume care and control of housing governance, management and delivery.
        The Assembly of First Nations (AFN) is encouraging Chiefs to press the federal Minister of Finance, parliamentarians and senior federal officials to make the full housing investment required to address long-standing First Nations housing needs.
         The AFN is pursuing a number of research projects to supplement advocacy efforts and assist in advancing The National First Nations Housing and Related Infrastructure Strategy.
        The National First Nations Housing and Related Infrastructure Strategy, which was developed by a joint working group of representatives from the AFN and the Government of Canada and approved by AFN Chiefs-in-Assembly in 2018, is aimed at addressing housing needs and advancing First Nations self-determination.
        The National Housing Forum and Trade Show is taking place virtually March 22-23, 2022, welcoming Chiefs from across Canada, housing experts and public works managers and technicians to continue important discussions that will inform a National First Nations Housing and Related Infrastructure Strategy .
        The Assembly of First Nations (AFN) is sharing this bulletin to provide Chiefs with information to assist in housing advocacy efforts in advance of the 2022 Federal Budget and as an update in advance of the National Housing Forum and Trade Show taking place virtually March 22-23, 2022. The Forum will welcome Chiefs from across Canada, housing experts and public works managers and technicians to continue important discussions that will inform a National First Nations Housing and Related Infrastructure Strategy aimed at addressing housing needs and advancing First Nations self-determination.
         Federal Budget Advocacy
         Statistics show that approximately 60% of First Nations housing is in need of minor or major repairs, with 10% needing complete replacement. Overcrowding is also a problem with approximately 30% of homes being used by multi-generational occupants. This means that an estimated 133,770 housing units are required to address overcrowding, migration and population growth and approximately 80,000 housing units require major renovations, repairs and almost 14,000 units need replacement.
        As part of AFN’s pre-budget submission in preparation for Federal Budget 2022, we identified need for a $44 billion federal government investment to address current housing needs and an additional $16 billion to accommodate population growth to 2040 to address the housing crisis created by decades of federal neglect and underfunding. Work is underway on long-term solutions with the involvement of First Nations, including AFN’s efforts to co-develop a Memorandum to Cabinet that will set the terms of transformative change in the federal First Nations housing policy. The AFN also supports First Nations that are preparing to enter, or have already started, discussions with the Government of Canada on the transfer of housing services to First Nations control. First Nations must ultimately be included as key decision-makers in all discussions on solutions to address the ongoing First Nations housing crisis
        The AFN encourages Chiefs to press the Minister of Finance to make the full housing investment required. Chiefs are also urged to continue their advocacy with parliamentarians and senior federal officials to ensure the best possible supportive environment is created for a positive reception of the expected significant First Nations housing investment.
         The National First Nations Housing and Related Infrastructure Strategy & Upcoming Research Projects
        The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) places an obligation on the Government of Canada to ensure every First Nation family has an adequate home and supports the right of First Nations to determine their priorities and strategies, while exercising their right to control their own housing. Meanwhile, First Nations continue to experience a housing and infrastructure gap. Funding is required urgently to address the backlog of housing in First Nations and to ensure First Nations can effectively assume care and control of housing governance, management and delivery. This is outlined in The National First Nations Housing and Related Infrastructure Strategy which was developed by a joint working group of representatives from the AFN and the Government of Canada and approved by AFN Chiefs-in-Assembly in 2018.
        Led by First Nations, the Strategy describes the main pillars for First Nations care, control and management of housing. This includes the development of skilled First Nations labour to manage and operate housing systems that will be accountable to First Nations. It includes a 10-year implementation plan aiming to ensure all First Nations, on-and-off-reserve, have access to suitable and adequate housing. Implementing the Strategy includes, but is not limited to, building the entities that will deliver housing programs, a range of financing models, research on the costs related to the transition to First Nations control of housing delivery, and developing a National First Nations Housing and Related Infrastructure Policy and Research Centre.
        The AFN is pursuing a number of research projects to supplement our advocacy efforts and assist in advancing the National First Nations Housing and Related Infrastructure Strategy.
First Nations Housing Skills and Capacity Needs Assessment:
        AFN launched the First Nations Housing Skills and Capacity Needs Assessment, which aims to put plans in place for First Nations to effectively manage and administer their own housing systems. Findings will inform AFN’s advocacy and strategic objectives with respect to increasing First Nations skills and capacities in housing as outlined in the Strategy. Visit the AFN website for more information and to participate in the survey.
         First Nations Skills and Capacity Roundtable:
        A First Nations Housing Skills and Capacity Needs Assessment Roundtable will augment the First Nations Housing Skills and Capacity Needs Assessment by bringing together First Nations leading experts in the Housing Sector. The objective of this project is to provide a concise synopsis on the state of First Nations housing skills and capacity from the perspective of the subject matter experts and to highlight the significant gaps in the field.
First Nations Housing Governance Models:
         The Strategy includes the creation of housing authorities or similar entities that will deliver housing programs and be accountable to First Nations. The AFN is implementing this part of the Strategy by launching a research project to gather information and develop a report on various governance models to guide First Nations as they develop the structures that will oversee the management and operations of their new housing entities. Given the uniqueness of each First Nation, it is expected that a wide range of organizational structures will be adopted, each to suit the unique culture, needs and circumstances of each First Nation.
         Housing Forum and Tradeshow, March 22-23, 2022
        The AFN Housing and Homelessness Sector is hosting its 5th National First Nations Housing Forum and Tradeshow on March 22-23, 2022, that will inform the implementation of the Strategy, while helping to close the gap in housing and advancing First Nations self-determination.
        We will be hearing from and engaging with:
        Chiefs or their representative, housing and public works managers, Indigenous housing services
        Providers and individuals who are working in the field of housing management
        First Nations organizations or technicians interested in improving how housing is managed and delivered and;
        Consultants, industry, or other non-government entities involved in First Nations housing.
        The forum will include virtual presentations, workshops and a tradeshow. Input from these sessions will support and inform the implementation of the Strategy in accordance with resolution 57/2018.
        Please visit for more information or to participate in the forum."

        "Assembly of First Nations Bulletin – School Space Accommodation Standards improved through consultation with First Nations," February 22, 2022,, stated,
        " SUMMARY:
         The Assembly of First Nations (AFN) and Indigenous Services Canada (ISC) co-developed a series of improvements to the government’s School Space Accommodation Standards (SSAS), a document that regulates education infrastructure and space in First Nations communities.
         In practice, these new standards will significantly improve the quality and size of First Nations schools with spaces that meet the unique needs of students and families and are designed by First Nations.
         Notable changes include base school increases to ensure First Nations students have more space than the national average, dedicated space for language and cultural learning, outdoor classrooms, Knowledge Keeper rooms, and itinerant services such as counselling or special education support.
        The SSAS is now in effect, making First Nations a global leader in Indigenous-led education infrastructure developed specifically for Indigenous student needs.
Additional capital investments are required for long-term implementation of the SSAS—a priority for the AFN.
        The Assembly of First Nations is sharing information about a significant achievement that will improve school spaces on-reserve. Indigenous Services Canada (ISC) announced today updated educational infrastructure standards for First Nations. The new School Space Accommodation Standards (SSAS) were designed by First Nations and for First Nations and will significantly improve the quality and size of First Nations schools. Renovations and new school constructions will reflect the unique learning culture of First Nations; namely, outdoor learning, language and culture space, and support services.
        In July 2019, AFN Chiefs-in-Assembly supported Resolution 34/2019, First Nations Education Infrastructure Review, which advocated for policy or program changes to First Nations education infrastructure. The resolution indicated that a comprehensive review would be led by the AFN, the Chiefs Committee on Education (CCOE) and the National Indian Education Council (NIEC). In October 2019, the CCOE recommended this review start with the SSAS to ensure First Nations schools would begin to reflect the needs of First Nations students.
        On November 26, 2020, the CCOE provided a technical recommendation on the SSAS outlining specific areas for improvement. In collaboration with ISC, a new set of standards was drafted and reviewed with First Nations education technicians at the decision-making table. On March 25, 2021, the CCOE provided a recommendation to finalize the co-developed SSAS. Changes came into effect on April 1, 2021.
        Additional improvements across other facets of education infrastructure are currently in development. Long-term changes will include a review of the current enrollment projections, increasing space for special education students and educators, and reviewing the effectiveness of current school storage standards. The AFN estimates that in the next five years, First Nations will require $3.8 billion in capital needs for new school construction, additions and planning. Advocating for such investments is a priority for the AFN Languages and Learning Sector’s pre-budget submission and associated public awareness campaigns.
Implementation and impact
        Previous school standards caused First Nations students on average to have the smallest amount of space per student when compared to the rest of Canada. Furthermore, previous standards concluded that First Nations elementary schools not only have the smallest classrooms in Canada but are also mandated to hold the most students in their classrooms compared to provinces. AFN research states more than 200 First Nations schools—38% overall—are overcrowded and require additions to be built. These new standards will ensure First Nations schools of the future are the largest on average schools in Canada and include the spaces that are prioritized by the First Nations they serve.
        First Nations requiring new school construction or renovations should reach out to their ISC regional office and identify this need through their Infrastructure Investment Plan. It is estimated that the Federal Budget 2021 commitments from the Government of Canada will only fund 23% of First Nations school infrastructure investments required to address overcrowding, immediate replacement and necessary additions. Further funding, secured through ongoing advocacy, will broaden access to future building.
        Follow the AFN on social media to see First Nations leaders sharing stories of education infrastructure improvements in their communities. Visit for future updates on how the SSAS is positively impacting First Nations students, teachers, families and beyond.
         Next steps
        The AFN will be releasing various advocacy materials that will include research on First Nations education transportation needs, infrastructure operations and maintenance needs, and updated fact sheets as part of pre-Federal Budget 2022 advocacy efforts. The calls for capital investments are detailed further in the AFN – First Nations Education Infrastructure Capital Needs Assessment, 2021."

        "Federal Withdrawal of Judicial Review Application Respecting Canadian Human Rights Tribunal Order," Assembly of First Nations (AFN), January 26, 2022,, stated, " Assembly of First Nations (AFN) Manitoba Regional Chief Cindy Woodhouse says First Nations advocacy and leadership has been successful in securing a decision by the Government of Canada to withdraw its application for judicial review of a Canadian Human Rights Tribunal’s (Tribunal) ruling on capital assets funding for First Nations child and family services and Jordan’s Principle.
        'This is another step in the right direction. I am pleased that Canada has withdrawn its appeal of the Tribunal’s order regarding the funding of capital assets,' said AFN Regional Chief Cindy Woodhouse. '        We remain optimistic in view of Canada’s recent willingness to work with the AFN and interested parties to find the solutions needed to fix the broken child welfare system that has harmed so many First Nations children, youth and families.'
        The Government of Canada announced today that it will ensure that First Nations have access to funding for the purchase and construction of capital assets in accordance with the Tribunal’s order to support the delivery of the First Nations Child and Family Services program and Jordan’s Principle.
        'The tireless advocacy of First Nations, from coast to coast to coast, supported by the AFN through our work at the negotiation table, with all parties, has led to this decision by the federal government to withdraw its application for judicial review,' said Regional Chief Woodhouse. 'The AFN will continue working toward final agreements on compensation for the children and families impacted by Canada’s discriminatory practices, and the fundamental reforms necessary to change the system and ensure that discrimination does not happen again. The focus must now be on the children and keeping families together and connected to their cultures, languages and homelands, which will ultimately be supported by ensuring First Nations have the space they need to deliver services to families safely.'
        The AFN, the Government of Canada and other parties to the recently announced Agreements-in-Principle are currently working toward a final settlement agreement that could secure compensation to more than 200,000 First Nations children and youth who were removed from their homes and nations or denied services under Jordan’s Principle. The Parties are also working towards a final agreement on long-term reform to end the discrimination against First Nations children and families. This is expected to include lasting changes to ensure that the discrimination does not recur and emphasize First Nations participation and control over the delivery of child and family services.
        The AFN, together with the First Nations Child and Family Caring Society, filed a human rights complaint against the Government of Canada in 2007. The CHRT ruled in 2016 that the Government of Canada discriminated against First Nations children by underfunding First Nations child and family services on-reserves and in its failure to properly implement Jordan’s Principle.
        The AFN is the national organization representing First Nations people in Canada. Follow AFN on Twitter @AFN_Updates.
        For more information please contact:
Kelly Reid
Communications Officer
Assembly of First Nations
613-292-0857 (mobile)"

        "Statement By Assembly of First Nations National Chief Roseanne Archibald Following Event with His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales," Assembly of First Nations (AFN), May 18, 2022,, stated, " Assembly of First Nations (AFN) National Chief RoseAnne Archibald issued the following statement following her attendance at the Platinum Jubilee reception at Rideau Hall in Ottawa this evening as part of the Canadian Royal Tour of Their Royal Highnesses The Prince of Wales and The Duchess of Cornwall. The event brought together Canadians who have dedicated their lives to the service of their communities.
        'In my moment with His Royal Highness The Prince of Wales, I emphasized Truth and Reconciliation with First Nations peoples and the need for Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II to acknowledge and then apologize for the Crown’s ongoing failure to fulfil its Treaty agreements with its First Nations partners as well as acknowledge and apologize to Survivors and Intergenerational Trauma Survivors as leader of the Anglican faith for the role the Church played in Institutions of Assimilation and Genocide in Canada.
        The Royal Proclamation of 1763, issued with the Royal Will and Pleasure of His Majesty King George III, declared that the several Nations or Tribes of Indians with whom the Crown of the United Kingdom is connected and who live under the Protection of the Crown, should not be molested or disturbed.
        Between 1820 and 1996, the Anglican Church of Canada managed, with express authorisation of the Canadian government, close to 40 Institutions of Assimilation and Genocide.
        As leader of the AFN, it is my duty to advise His Royal Highness The Prince of Wales that the very frauds and abuses which The Royal Proclamation directed be ended have only been perpetrated and permitted and that cannot and should not occur further. It’s essential that the Sovereign now intercede to ensure that the directives of the Proclamation and the promises of Treaty be strictly observed; that full equitable restitution of the subsequent genocides, frauds, abuses, and infringements occur; and that Inherent and Treaty Rights of Indigenous Peoples are maintained, preserved, and protected.”
Media Contact:
Andrew St. Germain
Office of the National Chief"

        " AFN Yukon Regional Chief Adamek Says Independent Criminal Investigation Of Residential Institutions Still Needed," Assembly of First Nations (AFN), June 8, 2022,, stated, " Assembly of First Nations (AFN) Yukon Regional Chief Kluane Adamek says the appointment of an independent Special Interlocutor today by federal Justice Minister David Lametti does not eliminate the need for an independent investigation of crimes and human rights violations associated with Residential Institutions.
        'While the appointment of an independent Special Interlocutor is one element needed to move forward with protecting unmarked burial sites, the Assembly of First Nations will continue to press for an independent criminal investigation so those responsible for the crimes that took place are held accountable,” said Regional Chief Kluane Adamek. “Truth is required before reconciliation and having an impartial investigation of the critical violations of First Nations human rights, with the same urgency and investment as with this appointment, is required to pave the way for accountability and real justice.'
        Minister Lametti announced the appointment of Kimberly Murray to the role of Independent Special Interlocutor for Missing Children and Unmarked Graves and Burial Sites associated with Indian Residential Schools to identify needed measures and recommend a new federal framework to ensure the respectful and culturally appropriate treatment of unmarked graves and burial sites of children at former Residential Institutions. The federal Department of Justice announced in August 2021 it would appoint a Special Interlocutor and provided $10.4 million for the role over two years in the 2022 federal budget.
         AFN National Chief RoseAnne Archibald called for a United Nations (UN) Human Rights Commission Special Rapporteur to investigate crimes and human rights violations associated with Residential Institutions at the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues on April 25, 2022. UN Special Rapporteur Francisco Cali Tzay has told media he will visit Canada but is not mandated to investigate crimes related to Residential Institutions. The National Chief has requested a meeting with him during his visit to speak about other international options. The AFN has also asked the International Criminal Court to investigate and hold all parties responsible for Residential Institutions accountable for crimes against humanity.
        The Assembly of First Nations (AFN) is a national advocacy organization that works to advance the collective aspirations of First Nations individuals and communities across Canada on matters of national or international nature and concern. Follow AFN on Twitter @AFN_Updates.
Contact information:
Lori Kittelberg
Communications Officer
Assembly of First Nations
604-340-3117 (mobile)
Kelly Reid
Communications Officer
Assembly of First Nations
613-292-0857 (mobile)"

        "Papal Apology an Historic Step, Says Assembly of First Nations Regional Chief," Assembly of First Nations (AFN), April 1, 2022,, stated, " Assembly of First Nations (AFN) NWT Regional Chief Gerald Antoine is pleased with the outcome of private and public meetings with His Holiness Pope Francis at the Vatican this week and looks forward to the Head of the Catholic Church visiting Canada later this year to meet with First Nations and         'I am honoured to have led the delegation to the Vatican and to stand with survivors, youth and knowledge keepers and to be joined by our Métis and Inuit brothers and sisters,” said AFN NWT Regional Chief Gerald Antoine. “The acknowledgment of genocide and the apology offered today by Pope Francis is a significant gesture and an historic step to fulfilling the requests of the former residential school students which is supported by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s Call to Action #58. The next step is an apology to all our original nation of families in our home, Turtle Island.”
        The AFN delegation, consisting of survivors of residential institutions, leaders, Knowledge Keepers and youth met with Pope Francis at the Vatican yesterday to seek acknowledgement of the claim by the Roman Catholic Church related to the right of domination over everyone and everything and an apology for its role in the spiritual, cultural, emotional, physical and sexual violence of First Nations in Catholic-run Residential Institutions to be delivered by the Pope in Canada.
         At a public gathering at the Vatican earlier today Pope Francis offered an apology to the full Indigenous delegation (First Nations, Metis and Inuit) and committed to visiting Canada later this year.
        'The words 'I am very sorry' are for my mother who attended St. Anne’s institution and all who did not live to see this day, especially our little ones who lay in unmarked graves across Turtle Island,' said AFN National Chief RoseAnne Archibald. 'This long overdue apology by the Pope is welcomed and we must work with urgency on the next steps on our healing path forward, which includes action on reparations and revoking the Doctrine of Discovery.'
        The rescinding of the Doctrines of Discovery is the most important requirement as it is the seed that gave birth to genocidal processes which the residential institutions is one of these genocidal processes of domination.
        'We leave Rome optimistic to receive an apology offered to all our nation of families when the Pope visits Turtle Island later this year,' said AFN Regional Chief Antoine. 'I humbly stand in unity with the full AFN, Métis and Inuit delegation respecting all survivors of residential institutions and their families and encourage us to look forward, to host and welcome Pope Francis’s visit to our homeland. There is still much work to be done for the planning and decision making for this potential visit.'
        The AFN supports all 94 Calls to Action of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada (TRC) to encouragingly be aligned to support and assist all original Nations of families. TRC Call to Action #58 supports the families requests on the Pope to issue an apology to Survivors, their families, and communities for the Roman Catholic Church’s role in the spiritual, cultural, emotional, physical, and sexual abuse of First Nations, Inuit, and Métis children in Catholic-run residential schools.
        For more information on the AFN delegation please visit:"

        "AFN Stands in Solidarity With Ukraine," March 2, 2022,, stated, "Assembly of First Nations (AFN) National Chief RoseAnne Archibald offered the below statement on behalf of the AFN Executive Committee regarding the current situation in Ukraine.
        We stand in solidarity with the people of Ukraine and the many Ukrainians across Turtle Island as they respond to the attacks against their government, people and families
. Our thoughts and prayers are with all those impacted by the invasion by Russia, especially the little ones. We lift up the courageous resistance led by Ukrainians in their efforts to protect their sovereignty. We encourage First Nations, Indigenous peoples and all Canadians to keep Ukraine in their hearts and minds, now and in the difficult days ahead.'”

        "Assembly of First Nations Bulletin – AFN Special Chiefs Assembly," December 16, 2021,, stated,
" More than 900 First Nations leaders, Elders, Knowledge Keepers, Women, Youth and Veterans from across Canada virtually joined together from December 7-9, 2021 for the Assembly of First Nations (AFN) Special Chiefs Assembly (SCA) hosted by the Algonquins of Pikwakanagan First Nation. Chiefs-in-Assembly assessed progress and deliberated First Nations priorities ranging from the implementation of a national action plan to implement the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Act to the development of distinctions-based health legislation.
         Chiefs-in-Assembly passed a total of 33 resolutions, including reaffirmed support for the role and mandate of the AFN Women’s Council, amending the AFN Charter to establish a 2SLGBTQQIA+ Council, and support for the United Nations International Decade of Indigenous Languages. Final resolutions will be available on the AFN website in January 2022.
SCA delegates honoured former New Brunswick/Prince Edward Island Regional Chief Roger Augustine for his long-time leadership and advocacy and his many contributions as a member of the national AFN Executive Committee since 2008
        In her remarks, AFN National Chief RoseAnne Archibald called on all levels of government to support the Healing Path Forward agenda and identified First Nations recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic as a priority. National Chief Archibald also addressed the need for accountability following the recoveries of First Nations children from former institutions of assimilation and genocide.
        The AFN welcomed a number of special guests, including the Right Honourable Justin Trudeau, Bloc Quebecois Leader Yves-Francois Blanchet, Conservative Leader Erin O’Toole, New Democratic Party Leader Jagmeet Singh and federal ministers, including Minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations Marc Miller, Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada David Lametti and Minister of Indigenous Services Canada Patty Hajdu.
        Highlights from these guest remarks include a commitment by Prime Minister Trudeau to walk the lifelong journey of a shared path to reconciliation with First Nations and all Canadians, which includes working faster on implementing the Calls for Justice of the National Inquiry into Missing Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls, along with prioritizing implementing the Calls to Action, First Nations economic empowerment and self-determination.
        The AFN Circle of Trade Virtual Exchange welcomed SCA participants and featured six First Nations and Indigenous businesses, organizations and sponsors, offering networking opportunities with industry experts.
        The AFN thanks First Nations leadership, delegates and sponsors for their active participation in the 2021 virtual SCA and wishes everyone a safe, healthy and restful holiday season. We look forward to continuing to build a healing path forward for First Nations and all Canadians now and in the coming year."

        "Defending Wirikuta," Cultural Survival, March 28, 2022,, reported, "KOEF Grant Partner Spotlight: Consejo Regional Wixárika por la Defensa de Wirikuta (CRW), México,
         The Wixáritari are an Indigenous Peoples from the Wixárika region, who live between the western Mexican states of Jalisco, Durango, and Nayarit. Their sacred Wirikuta territory is currently threatened by 72 different extractive, ecologically-destructive mining concessions. One of the most threatening is the La Luz Silver Mine, which belongs to the Mexican company Real Bonanza, a subsidiary of Canadian company First Majestic Silver Corp. Four land defenders have been killed since 2017 for defending their territories.
         In order to protect their sacred lands, the organization Consejo Regional Wixárika por la Defensa de Wirikuta (CRW) continues to seek protection and official recognition of their territory. CRW was first founded in April 2011 in response to threats to the Wixáritari from Canadian mining companies. By creating an organization dedicated to protecting Wirikuta territory, CRW aims to consolidate, publicize, and strengthen their conservation efforts. The organization also hopes to directly benefit the estimated 11,000 inhabitants of Wirikuta territory as well as all 43,929 members of the Wixáritari.
        'We must demand that President Andrés Manuel López Obrador cancel the mining concessions, we cannot allow Wirikuta to be destroyed,' says Martín Vázquez Carrillo, President of Culture of San Sebastián Teponahuaxtlán.
        A Keepers of the Earth Fund grant from Cultural Survival has supported CRW in petitioning for federal recognition of Wirikuta territory, pursuing UNESCO World Heritage Site status, and establishing a network of allied organizations. By achieving these goals, CRW hopes to strengthen federal and cultural support for the lands as well as establish more local alliances in the state of San Luis Potosí. The grant also contributed to strengthening social media campaigns on Facebook and Twitter intended to cultivate support in the public sphere and combat disinformation.
         Keepers of the Earth Fund (KOEF) is an Indigenous Led Fund within Cultural Survival designed to support Indigenous Peoples’ community development and advocacy projects. Since 2017, through small grants and technical assistance, KOEF has supported 182 projects in 36 countries totaling $791,838. KOEF provides, on average, $5,000 grants to grassroots Indigenous-led communities, organizations, and traditional governments to support their self-determined development projects based on their Indigenous values. Predicated on the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Cultural Survival uses a rights-based approach in our grantmaking strategies to support grassroots Indigenous solutions through the equitable distribution of resources to Indigenous communities."

        "Mayan Organizations Call For International Action To Halt Violations Of Their Cultural, Spiritual And Religious Rights And The Dispossession Of Their Ceremonial Centers In Guatemala," International Treaty Council, May 9, 2022,, stated, " The Mayan Council Chilam B'alam of the K'iches, the Mayan Council Komon Ajq'ijab', the National Coordinator of the Territories of Life Network (Coordinadora Nacional Red Territories de Vida), the National Ajq'ijab' Council 'Oxlajuj Ajpop,' and the International Indian Treaty Council (IITC), inform the national and international communities that on May 4th, 2022 they presented a communication requesting urgent action by the United Nations Special Rapporteur in the field of cultural rights, the UN Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Religion or Belief, the UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) Early Warning and Urgent Action Procedure.
        The urgent communication was submitted in response to the first reading of Bill No. 5923, 'Rescue of the Pre-Hispanic Heritage', developed by the Congress of the Republic of Guatemala. Its provisions will cause the dispossession, privatization, and economic exploitation of two thousand seven hundred and fifty-four (2754) ceremonial centers, sacred sites, and other elements of Mayan spiritual, religious, and cultural heritage. Ceremonial areas in 22 Guatemalan departments will be impacted, including those surrounding Lake Atitlán in the department of Sololá which is sacred to the Maya Kaqchiles.
        The submitting organizations are calling for urgent action by these UN human rights mandate holders to address the promotion of this Bill by the Guatemala Ministry of Culture and Sports, the Cultural Commission of the Congress, and the Congress itself, which in their view represents serious human rights violations and fails to comply with Guatemala’s obligations under various international and regional instruments affirming the rights of Indigenous Peoples. Specifically, if adopted, the Bill would violate Guatemala’s obligation to carry out effective consultations for the purpose of obtaining the Free, Prior and Informed Consent of the Mayan People, and would maintain the pattern of racism and discrimination carried out against the Indigenous Peoples of Guatemalan.
        These Indigenous organizations call upon these thematic Rapporteurs and the CERD to take action in support of the Mayan People’s rights in accordance with their mandates and provide strong recommendations to address and remedy this urgent situation currently faced by the Mayan People.
        For further information related to this note, please contact or visit
For a copy of the full submission in Spanish only, click here:

        Ignacio Ochoa (, (415) 994-4590) of the Nahual Foundation / Fundación Nahual, A Think Tank by and for the Indigenous Peoples of the Americas, 2a Avenida Norte 6 B, Antigua Guatemala, Sacatepéquez. Guatemala. Of: (415) 994-4590, Cell: (502)5985-4954, wrote in a February 7, 2021 E-mail, "As new news from Guatemala, after several efforts building the base that was declared in one of our 12 Agreements of Peace (December 29, 1996), finally, out of Assemblies, gatherings, circles of Indigenous Elders and Indigenous in the Guatemalan Academia, the Maya Kaqchikel University was founded Seven Years ago, and two more sites are attending students and in the countryside (Sololá Department, and the Ixil area in El Quiché Department as well as among the Xinca Territory in Jalapa Territory.
         The Maya Kaqchikel University have asked Fundacion Nahual and me, to explore with Programs and Faculty from any university which might be interested on signing "Academic and Collaborative Agreements" to see if, perhaps, some Professors or graduate students would be interest in Guatemala, our IPJ could help in promoting this collaborative between Guatemala and the Global North.
        So far, Laval University (Dr. Martin Hebert) from the Anthropology Department is working now from his university to sign an Academic Exchange Agreement with the Maya Kaqchikel University. Interested Faculty could write to me directly to have more information about this collaborative effort.
        The Fundacion Nahual Team is working on setting up a website for the Mayan Kaqchikel University to have a better face Internationally. Any volunteer who would like to be part of it, please, welcome!"

        "South American Indigenous groups unite to demand urgent protection for uncontacted tribe," Survival International, February 22, 2022,, reported,
        "- Organizations representing hundreds of thousands of Indigenous people in South America make public appeal for action
        - Fate of unique uncontacted tribe now at a “tipping point” between survival and extermination
        - Paraguay’s government has stood by and watched for years as illegal deforestation threatens the group
        - Urgent call for the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and the United Nations to intervene
         Leading Indigenous organizations from across South America have made an unprecedented public appeal ( for urgent action to prevent the genocide of one of the most threatened uncontacted tribes in the world.
         Uncontacted members of Paraguay’s Ayoreo tribe are the last uncontacted Indigenous people in South America outside the Amazon.
         Vast swathes of the once-extensive Chaco forest have been cut down all around them, so the Ayoreo now live in an ever-shrinking island of forest surrounded by a sea of destruction. The area suffers the fastest rate of deforestation in the world.
         Although contacted members of the tribe submitted a formal land claim to the authorities in 1993, only some parcels of land have been returned to them (following lengthy battles). Most of the Ayoreo’s ancestral forest remains in private hands, and it is being rapidly bulldozed for beef production. The beef is exported mainly to Chile, Russia and Brazil, while most of the leather is exported to the EU, almost entirely to Italy.
        In the face of this imminent threat to the Ayoreo’s survival, leading Indigenous organizations across South America have now made an extraordinary public appeal for action.
        They include:
        - AIDESEP (inter-ethnic Association for the Development of the Peruvian Rainforest) [represents Indigenous communities across Peru’s Amazon]
- CAOI (Coordinating Body of Indigenous Organizations of the Andes)
- COIAB (Coordinating Body of Indigenous Organizations of the Brazilian Amazon)
- COICA (Coordinating Body of Indigenous Organizations of the Amazon Basin)
- CONFENIAE (Confederation of Indigenous Nations of the Ecuadorian Amazon)
- FENAMAD (Native Federation of Madre de Dios, Peru)
- ONIC (National Indigenous Organization of Colombia)
- ORPIA (Regional Organization of the Indigenous Peoples of Amazonas State, Venezuela)
- ORPIO (Regional Organization of Indigenous Peoples of the Eastern Amazon, Peru)
- UNIVAJA (Union of Indigenous Peoples of the Javari Valley, Brazil)
        In their public appeal they demand that:
- the Ayoreo’s lands be returned and titled to them as a matter of urgency;
- the ranching businesses now occupying their land be expelled;
- the territory then be properly monitored and protected to prevent future destruction.
        The organizations, and the Ayoreo, believe that only if outside bodies such as the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights intervene, will the Paraguayan government do anything to stop the destruction.
        Survival International, which has worked with the Ayoreo since the 1980s, is coordinating a worldwide email action and Twitter storm on February 23.
        One of the contacted Ayoreo leaders, Porai Picanerai, said: 'If the state refuses to act when we protest at the invasion of our territory, the cattle ranchers will occupy all our land, our relatives will die and we could soon disappear too.'
         Teresa Mayo, head of Survival’s Ayoreo campaign, said today: 'This unprecedented and unique appeal for the Ayoreo by Indigenous organizations from across South America shows how serious the situation now is. Despite the grave threats to their own survival, they can see just how urgent and desperate the Ayoreo case is.
        'For years the Paraguayan authorities have stood by and watched as the Ayoreo’s priceless forest goes up in smoke. Satellite images from recent decades show a truly horrifying rate of destruction. It’s now only major international pressure that can prevent the total destruction of the uncontacted Ayoreo people, and the forests they have cared for so long'.”
        "Thailand: Video Reveals Thai Soldiers Destroying Cross-Border Footbridge Used by Myanmar Refugees: Myanmar refugees face arbitrary arrest, alleged extortion in Thailand," Fortify Rights, May 3, 2022, stated, " The Government of Thailand should investigate the recent destruction by its soldiers of a makeshift cross-border footbridge used by refugees fleeing deadly attacks in eastern Myanmar, said Fortify Rights today. Video footage ( filmed from the Myanmar side of the border and obtained by Fortify Rights shows uniformed Thai soldiers destroying a footbridge [ used by speakers of the Karen language to escape the fighting in Karen State] over the Wa Le (also known as the Waw Lay) River, a tributary of the Moei River, which forms part of the border between Thailand and Myanmar. New evidence also implicates Thai authorities in arbitrarily arresting and allegedly extorting refugees in the border town of Mae Sot."

        " Letter of Support – AAC IITC The Crimean Tatars," The International Indian Treaty Council (IITC), March 16, 2022,, stated,
Ambassador Yevheniia Filipenko
Rue de l’Orangerie 14
1202 Geneva
Ambassador Gennady Gatilov
Avenue de la Paix 15
1211 Geneva
cc: Vladimir Putin
cc: President Volodymyr Zelenskyy
cc: U.N. Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Mr. Francisco Cali Tzay, via email,
cc: Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, via email,, Ms. Sheryl Lightfoot, via email,
cc: Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, Ms. Hannah McGlade, via email,; Mr. Aleksei Tsykarev, via email,
cc: World Public Opinion
cc: Indigenous Organizations
        Re: Urgent Call to Safeguard Indigenous Peoples Residing in Ukraine from Russia War
         The International Indian Treaty Council (IITC) and the Arctic Athabaskan Council (AAC) are gravely concerned regarding the treatment of Crimean Tatars and other Indigenous Peoples in Ukraine due to the invasion and war Russia has brought to the region. The AAC and IITC also want to address the contributions to the current situation of The Crimean Tatars by other countries and international organizations such as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
        The Arctic Athabaskan Council was established to defend the rights and further the interests internationally of its members, who represent their linguistic Athabaskan Peoples of Alaska, Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories and northern regions of Canada. The Athabaskan peoples have traditionally occupied a vast geographic area of approximately 3 million square kilometers. This region has been continuously occupied by Athabaskan Peoples for at least 10,000 years.
        The Arctic Athabaskan Council is a member of the Arctic Council along with 6 other permanent participants. The Arctic Council is also comprised of the Senior Arctic Officials and its Working Groups include Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program (AMAP); Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR); Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF); Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment (PAME); Sustainable Development Working Group (SDWG) and Arctic Contaminants Action Program (ACAP). The Arctic Council is currently chaired by the Russian Federation.
        The International Indian Treaty Council is an organization of Indigenous Peoples from North, Central, South America, the Caribbean and the Pacific working for the Sovereignty and Self Determination of Indigenous Peoples and the recognition and protection of Indigenous Rights, Treaties, Traditional Cultures and Sacred Lands. In 1977 IITC became the first Indigenous Peoples’ organization to be recognized as a Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) with Consultative Status to the United Nations Economic and Social Council. In 2011, IITC was the first Indigenous organization to be upgraded to General Consultation Status in recognition of its active role in a wide range of international bodies and processes to ensure that the rights of Indigenous Peoples are recognized, respected and upheld.
         Crimean Tatar People were recognized by the Government of Ukraine and the European Parliament as Indigenous Peoples in February 2016. As such, the AAC and IITC point to the U.N. Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (U.N. Declaration), with focus on Article 30:
         Military activities shall not take place in the lands or territories of Indigenous Peoples, unless justified by a relevant public interest or otherwise freely agreed with or requested by the indigenous peoples concerned. States shall undertake effective consultations with the Indigenous Peoples concerned, through appropriate procedures and in particular through their representative institutions, prior to using their lands or territories for military activities.
        Further, Article 7 states:
        Indigenous individuals have the rights to life, physical and mental integrity, liberty and security of person. Indigenous Peoples have the collective right to live in freedom, peace and security as distinct peoples and shall not be subjected to any act of genocide or any other act of violence, including forcibly removing children of the group to another group.
        Additionally, Article 8 states:
         Indigenous Peoples and individuals have the right not to be subjected to forced assimilation or destruction of their culture. States shall provide effective mechanisms for prevention of, and redress for: any action which has the aim or effect of depriving them of their integrity as distinct peoples, or of their cultural values or ethnic identities; any action which has the aim or effect of dispossessing them of their lands, territories or resources; any form of forced population transfer which has the aim or effect of violating or undermining any of their rights; any form of forced assimilation or integration; any form of propaganda designed to promote or incite racial ethnic discrimination directed against them.
        Similarly, Article 10 states:
         Indigenous Peoples shall not be forcibly removed from their lands or territories. No relocation shall take place without the free, prior and informed consent of the Indigenous Peoples concerned and after agreement on just and fair compensation and, where possible, with the option of return.
         Ukraine has failed to uphold and respect the rights of the Crimean Tatar People. A report by the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO) submitted to the Human Rights Committee show the centuries of genocide and discrimination the Crimean Tatar People have faced. Although, the Crimean Tatar People’s right to return to their homeland was recognized in 1989, Ukraine continues to ignore their human rights and ability to remain on their homelands. [1]
         Moreover, the Ukrainian Government fails to effectively communicate with Crimean Tatar People and declines to acknowledge their concerns. For example, the Ukrainian Government appointed a chairman to the Crimean Presidential Council of the Crimean Tatar People, a body that is supposed to represent the Crimean Tatar People within the Ukrainian Government, despite the Crimean Tatar People’s calls for an election. [2] The chairman that the Ukrainian Government appointed notoriously has poor relations with Crimean Tatar People. [3] Further, official election materials are only available in the Ukrainian language ensuring that minorities like the Crimean Tatar People are at a distinct disadvantage in effective participation in government. [4]
         Ukraine also declines to intervene in hate crimes against the Crimean Tatar People. [5] UNPO believes that hate crimes against Crimean Tatars are due to harmful stereotypes and inaccurate information in Ukrainian textbooks. [6]

         Currently, Russia’s continued aggression and current invasion against Ukraine wantonly endangers innocent lives, violates international laws, norms, and precedent – including the U.N. Declaration, and violates the human rights of the Crimean Tatar People and other Indigenous Peoples in the area.
        Crimean Tatar People have been historically persecuted and their lands threatened, by both Russia and Ukraine. In 2016, “Crimean Tatar extremism” was sought after and persecuted by “Russian de-facto authorities.” [7] Human Rights Watch reported that after the Russian occupation in 2014:
         Russian authorities and their proxies have subjected members of Crimean Tatar community and their supporters, including journalists, bloggers, activists, and others to harassment, intimidation, threats, intrusive and unlawful searches of their homes, physical attacks, and enforced disappearances. Complaints lodged with authorities are not investigated effectively. Russia has banned Crimean Tatar media and organizations that criticized Russia’s actions in Crimea, including disbanding and proscribing the Mejlis, the Crimean Tatar self-governing highest executive body. [8]
        In 2017, Human Rights Watch reported that:
        ' Russian authorities brought separatism charges against Suleiman Kadyrov, a Crimean Tatar activist, for posting a comment on social media criticizing the occupation of Crimea. The charges came several weeks after a Russian court convicted a Crimean Tatar leader, Ilmi Umerov, on separatism charges stemming from a media interview in which he criticized Russian actions in Crimea, and sentenced him to two years in prison… a Russian court in Crimea sentenced another prominent Crimean Tatar leader, Akhtem Chiygoz, to eight years in prison on bogus charges of organizing 'mass riots.” [9]
         Russia’s current invasion has resulted in the detainment of more than 50 Crimean Tatars as the result of a protest due to 5 Crimean Tatar activists being arrested and their homes raided. [10]
        The Russian invasion of Ukraine violates the U.N. Charter, Article 2(4) that states U.N. member States must refrain from 'use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state. ' [11] Russia has stated that it is justified according to Article 51; however, those claims of self-defense are unfounded. [12]
         The silence of international organizations and member States regarding Indigenous rights and specifically the Crimean Tatar People during the Russian-Ukraine war furthers and exacerbates the violence and discrimination the Crimean Tatar People face.
         NATO has expressed interest in recognizing Ukraine as an alliance member since 2008. [13] However, NATO has failed to outline specific deadlines and requirements to Ukraine to become an ally member, leaving it vulnerable, and as a result, leaving Crimean Tatar People vulnerable.
         The situation for Crimean Tatar People will only grow more dire with Russia’s increased aggression and war. The AAC and IITC call on all State and international actors to protect the Crimean Tatar People and uphold Indigenous rights, and any and all negotiations or meetings regarding the Russian-Ukraine war must meaningfully and effectively include the Crimean Tatar People.
         signature           signature
Ron Lameman   Chief Gary Harrison
Board President   International Chair
International Indian Treaty Council  Arctic Athabaskan Council
signature    signature
Andrea Carmen   Chief Bill Erasmus
Executive Director   Canadian Chair
International Indian Treaty Council  Arctic Athabaskan Council
[1]; See also
[7] Eskender Bariiev, Crimean Tatar Resource Center. Statement for side-event “Threats for Human Dimension Issues in Maritime Sector: Ukrainian Examples” Human Dimension Implementation Meeting 2019 20 September 2019 13.15-14.45 Meeting Room 3, Ongoing Violation the Indigenous Peoples` Rights on Mineral and Biologic Sources in Waters around Crimea.

        "Bangladesh: Investigate Refugee-Beatings by Police, Lift Restrictions on Movement , Fortify Rights: New research exposes beatings, abuse of Rohingya refugees by Bangladesh police," May 26, 2022,, stated, "The Bangladesh government should investigate and hold accountable police involved in beating and committing other abuses against Rohingya refugees, including children, in the Cox’s Bazar District refugee camps, said Fortify Rights today. During the Ramadan holiday in April and May 2022, Bangladesh police tightened travel restrictions, relying on abusive tactics to confine Rohingya refugees to the camp."

        Edson Naknanuk Krenak, "Indigenous Peoples Take Over Brasilia Demanding Security and Freedom," Cultural Survival, April 15, 2022,, reported, " More than 5,000 Indigenous people representing 300 Peoples in Brazil gathered during the week of April 10-14, 2022, to hold the 18th Acampamento Terra Livre (ATL - Free Land Camp) in Brasília, Brazil, to defend their rights. Every year the event becomes more representative of the Indigenous rights and social justice movements, as it gathers leaders of Indigenous Peoples and civil society with popular movements such as the Landless People's Movement, environmentalists, and other sectors.
        The ATL has a clear agenda to raise awareness of the rights and environmental security of Indigenous Peoples and forest communities. This year’s event happened amidst the prospect of voting on several anti-Indigenous bills in the Brazilian Congress related to the opening of traditional territories to mining companies, lobbied for by the government of President Jair Bolsonaro, as well as an impending ruling by the Supreme Court on the ' Marco Temporal, ' a time frame interpretation of the Constitution that, if it becomes a law, it would limit the rights of Indigenous Peoples, some lawyers call this the “time limit trick.” In short, this bill states that Indigenous Peoples are only entitled to the lands they physically occupied on the date of the 1988 Federal Constitution, scheduled for this semester.
         In a climate of insecurity and threats, the 2nd Indigenous Women's March was held in Brasilia, with more than 4,000 women from 150 Indigenous Nations fighting for their rights in areas such as health and education. With a cry against the violence of the Brazilian State and those who attack and threaten Indigenous territories, Indigenous women, the 'warrior women of ancestry,' as they call themselves, strengthened the protest with a strong voice. Many leaders affirmed that the 'attacks on Indigenous rights, the environment, and freedom, are intensifying,' as stated by Simone Karipuna (Kunana) from Juminã Indigenous land in Oiapoque, northern Amazon Forest, in an interview with Amazonia Real newspaper.
        As many of Cultural Survival’s partners have informed us, even before it is voted on, a bill like PL 191, which is moving through the House and deals with mining on Indigenous lands, has already had an impact. It is misleading Indigenous Peoples and Brazilian society with promises of development and land, but it is a lie, for it destroys sacred territories and the environment and has caused explorers sent by corporations and other groups to increase their infiltration of Indigenous territories. Gold prospectors from criminal organizations have been attacking Indigenous communities, as a French newspaper reported: “Illegal miners with links to organized crime are accused of numerous abuses in Indigenous communities, including poisoning rivers with the mercury used to separate gold from sediment, and sometimes deadly attacks on residents.” Cultural Survival and National Geographic have denounced this state of war and new form of colonialism.
        Illegal miners and some workers associated with logging and mining industries have been spreading fake news to Indigenous remote communities to convince them that mining on Indigenous territories has already been approved by Congress. They have been making erroneous interpretations of the Federal Constitution and the laws, escalating fear and insecurity. Indigenous media plays an essential role in advocacy and information sharing to deconstruct these narratives and protect the rights of Indigenous Peoples. If PL 191 passes and becomes law, this bill, which President Bolsonaro described as his “dream,” would loosen restrictions on third party activities in Indigenous Territories and permit mineral, oil, and gas exploration and extraction, as well as the implementation of large-scale infrastructure projects such as roads and hydroelectric dams.
        Other bills awaiting approval in Congress that are fully supported by Bolsonaro and the BBB political parties with the same anti-Indigenous agenda are PL 490/2007, which amends legislation on the demarcation of Indigenous lands; PL 6.299/2002 specifically dealing with authorization of pesticides that for years have been rejected by research agencies; PL 2.633/2020, called PL da Grilagem, which would allow a radical change in the size of Indigenous reserves in favor of logging and tree farming.; and PL 3.729/2004, which makes environmental licensing more flexible. PL 3.729/2004, in the context of the Amazon forest and Bolsonaro’s government, would grant permission for several mining operations, tourism explorations, large cattle ranches, construction of hydroelectric plants, highways, all of which can have a devastating impact on Indigenous communities. Indigenous Peoples, women's movements, and allies want the parliament to reject and shelve these bills and demand that the Supreme Court declare once and for all their unconstitutionality and immorality
         UPR Stakeholder Report
In March 2022, Cultural Survival and several Indigenous and Quilombola Peoples submitted a stakeholder report ( to the Human Rights Council Universal Periodic Review informing the Council about Indigenous rights violations and how the Brazilian State, as a UN member State and signatory to several human rights and Indigenous rights mechanisms, can improve the Indigenous rights situation by ceasing to undermine their guaranteed and constitutional rights.
         The report categorically states: 'The Brazilian State continues to promote policies and practices that support land-grabbing and deforestation of Indigenous territories, primarily for mining, agribusiness, and other extractive industries. Quilombola lands are currently occupied by the military. In addition to impeding Indigenous Peoples’ access to their ancestral lands and livelihoods, these actions promote disease resulting from both contamination of lands and waters with industrial waste and pesticides, and also the spread of illnesses via workers on illegal projects. The biological integrity of individuals and communities is entirely dependent on the ecological integrity of their surrounding habitat. Women and children experience particularly damaging impacts.'
         How to Support the Indigenous Rights Movement in Brazil
In support of Indigenous Peoples in Brazil, members of the Joint Parliamentary Front (, led by Indigenous congresswoman Joenia Wapichana and other environmentalist politicians of the House and Senate, participated in the ATL and published an Open Letter against PL 191. The public petition is available in Portuguese, Spanish, and English and is ready for online signatures (
         The Open Letter denounces PL 191 especially in relation to its 'evident legal and unconstitutional problems," disregarding international treaties to which Brazil is a signatory. 'The Brazilian people have a duty to know the serious economic, social, and environmental impacts that may result from the approval of Bill No. 191/2020, not only for Indigenous Peoples but for all of us,' the text emphasizes.
        Even some religious sectors have joined the ATL, as reported by the Catholic website EarthBeat, displaying photos of Catholic sisters and other important leaders of the church expressing their support. 'This is a life lesson for all of us, this incessant quest to preserve our original rights," said Archbishop Roque Paloschi of Porto Velho, secretary of the Brazilian branch of the Pan-Amazonian Church Network ( EarthBeat).
        This summer, Cultural Survival is organizing a series of virtual workshops focusing on Indigenous women's leadership and their capacity to defend their territories. Cultural Survival supports Indigenous women in media, advocacy, and capacity building. "Defending Life and Land in the Amazon Basin" is a workshop series for Indigenous women in Bolivia, Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, and Brazil, who are community leaders and the most knowledgeable about their own landscapes.
        While communities organize and protest and fight for their rights, Alessandra Munduruku synthesized the message of communities to the world. She spoke at ATL, saying, 'We expect foreigners to learn about where their countries buy gold, soybeans, meat, [and] wood, which come out of Indigenous territories. Many countries talk about sustainability, but you don't know what kills our people. You need to bring information to your schools and communities.'
        The next steps imply that we have to wait for the Brazilian parliament, under pressure from national and international public opinion, not to pass the bills that are harmful to Indigenous Peoples and the environment. The Supreme Court must likewise recognize the constitutionality and legality of the rights defended by Indigenous Peoples and favor a decision in which it can protect the environment against the projects of death and false progress announced by the denialists of climate change."

         Bong S. Sarmiento, "In round 2 of Philippine geothermal project, tribes dig in for a greater say," Mongabay, December 31, 2021,, reported, " Mount Apo National Park on the southern Philippine island of Mindanao is home to the country’s highest peak and is also a sacred area for the Manobo Indigenous people.
        Plans in the 1980s to establish a geothermal power plant there faced fierce resistance at first.
        But a royalty agreement with Manobo landowners and a long list of environmental and economic commitments by the plant developer has since seen the project become a model of success.
         Now, tribal leaders say the developer is looking to expand the project onto more ancestral lands, for which the tribes want a greater say in steering governance and development initiatives."

        Galina Angarova (Buryat) and Avexnim Cojti, "Advocating for the Inclusion of Indigenous Peoples’ Rights in European Due Diligence Laws," Cultural Survival, April 04, 2022,, stated, "In March of 2022, we — Cultural Survival’s Executive Director Galina Angarova (Buryat) and Director of Programs Avexnim Cojti (Maya K’iche’)— traveled to Brussels, Belgium, to meet with Members of the European Parliament (MEPs), environmental and civil society groups engaged in advocacy efforts around the new European Union (EU) battery regulation (original text: and the proposed horizontal due diligence law ( Our deep gratitude to our partners in Brussels - European Environmental Bureau and CATAPA, for organizing the meetings, and providing ongoing support on the ground and Transport and Environment for joint advocacy and supporting our causes. Our goal was to advocate for the inclusion of references to Indigenous Peoples, the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) , and the Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) to ensure that the rights of Indigenous Peoples are secured during the transition to a green economy and that the same mistakes linked to the extraction of fossil fuels are not repeated.
        The EU is one of the largest markets in the world with over 700 million consumers and much of what is happening in the European Union is going to dictate how the raw materials for batteries are going to be sourced, processed, and traded globally. Understanding how Indigenous Peoples have historically been on the margins, and our voices not heard, it was important for us to deliver urgent messages to the parliamentarians about the direct impacts of transition mineral mining on Indigenous communities.
         There is growing evidence that Indigenous Peoples’ lands and territories and mining for transition minerals overlap around the world. Infringements upon Indigenous Peoples’ lands, territories, and their rights in pursuit of lithium, cobalt, copper, and nickel are already happening in many parts of the world without any proper FPIC protocols. The two pieces of EU legislation are groundbreaking in the sense that they aim to provide mechanisms for accountability, transparency, human rights commitments, and environmental protection throughout global value chains. The new legislative initiatives propose stronger requirements on sustainability, performance, and labeling. According to the newly adopted position by the European Parliament, the battery producing industry should ensure that the battery value chain complies fully with human rights and environmental due diligence obligations, thus addressing risks around the sourcing, processing, and trading of raw materials.
        Cultural Survival’s delegation joined land defenders from Cajamarca, Peru, who were on a speaking tour organized by a Belgian organization CATAPA, a social movement that denounces the impact of mining. We were able to meet with a German MEP Malte Gallée, a representative from the German Green party, and a member of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health, and Food Safety, who currently serves as the Shadow Rapporteur on Batteries Regulation. In addition to presenting our concerns, we conducted an interview for Indigenous Rights Radio with Gallée on the new EU battery regulation. Malte Gallee is the youngest MEP representing his constituency. His goals are to have a positive impact on the environment and to respect and protect the rights of communities being affected by megaprojects.
         Our group also met with Lucile Falguerac, an assistant to the MEP Anna Cavazzini, who is also a German Green Party MEP and a member of the Internal Markets and Consumer Protections Committee. Falguerac led the shaping of MEP Cavazzini’s position on the battery file (a proposed draft of legislation) and is very versed in human rights and due diligence. We also met with Luxembourg Permanent Representative Jamil Claude; MEP Antonius Manders, a member of the Netherlands/European People's Party and a member of the Internal Markets and Consumer Protections Committee; and assistant to the French MEP Manon Aubry, representative of the Left and a member of the European Parliament Committee on Legal Affairs. All the MEPs and their representatives promised to keep the references to Indigenous Peoples and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples in the final version of the legislation.
         The EU Parliament voted on their position on the draft text of the new battery regulation on March 10, 2022. The improved text that was agreed upon, includes references to the rights of Indigenous Peoples and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous
        '(67) As regards the social risk categories, battery value chain due diligence policies should address the risks in the battery value chain in relation to the protection of human rights, including human health, the rights of indigenous peoples, the protection of children and gender equality, in line with international human rights law 47.'
        '47 Including The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
          A week after the European Parliament’s position was agreed upon, the European Council (which represents EU Member States), also agreed and finalized its position. Next, the two bodies together with the European Commission will undergo interinstitutional negotiations in a so-called “trialogue” period between mid-April to summer. We will continue to advocate before the trialogue so that the text adopted as a result of the negotiations among the EU parliament, EU Council, and EU Commission, is not watered down and that references the rights of Indigenous Peoples and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples are kept.
         The mention of Indigenous Peoples in the next version needs to be capitalized, as recognized by international standards in the International Labour Convention 169 (ILO 169) and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. We will also focus on the European horizontal due diligence law as there is a strong link and interplay between the two files. There is much opportunity to strengthen the language on Indigenous Peoples’ rights and to also push for the inclusion of Free, Prior and Informed Consent in the text of the horizontal due diligence law, in addition to the UNDRIP and ILO169. We will continue to engage with our partners working from Brussels on these key issues, as well as track the monitoring and implementation of these standards."

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