Environmental Activities

     The Sierra Club stated, July 1, 2021, https://www.facebook.com/SierraClub/posts/10158882287477572, " This week, youth and Indigenous leaders held two nonviolent direct actions at the White House to say: There is no room for compromise when it comes to the very survival of our planet.
     Dozens were arrested, putting their bodies on the line to demand President Biden put an end to dirty fossil fuel projects like Line 3, and that Congress pass a big and bold climate infrastructure bill prioritizing racial and economic justice.
      These acts of courage reflect the urgency of this moment. As Biden and Congress negotiate over infrastructure plans, the stakes couldn't be higher. It's going to take all of us -- supporting and showing up however we can over the coming months -- to push through the kind of transformative legislation we need to safeguard our communities and our climate.
      Youth and Indigenous leaders are putting themselves on the line. Make sure their demands for a bold climate infrastructure plan are heard far and wide by sharing this post on social media. "

      Susan Dunlap, "Native groups protest fossil fuels in Washington, D.C.," New Mexico Political Report, October 13, 2021, https://nmpoliticalreport.com/2021/10/13/native-groups-protest-fossil-fuel-to-bring-attention-to-violence-against-native-women/, reported that beginning on Indigenous Peoples Day, " Native American groups have been protesting fossil fuel production this week in Washington, D.C., in order to help shine a light on the connection between fossil fuel extraction and violence against Women."
     Matthew Daly and Padmananda Rama, "Climate activists resume weeklong protest at Capitol: Speakers said President Joe Biden was not following through on his promises to act on climate change," ICT, October 15,2021, https://indiancountrytoday.com/news/climate-activists-resume-weeklong-protest-at-capitol, reported, " Indigenous groups and other environmental activists marched to the Capitol Friday as they continued a weeklong protest demanding that Congress and the Biden administration stop new fossil fuel projects and act with greater urgency on climate change.
     Nearly 80 people were arrested on the fifth day of the “People vs. Fossil Fuels” protest. That brings the total arrested during the week to more than 600, organizers said."

     350.org stated in an October 25, 2021 E-mail, " 655 people were arrested at the Capitol as part of Indigenous-led demonstrations demanding that our leaders take urgent action to phase out fossil fuels.
     Throughout the week, thousands took peaceful action to demand that Biden keep the promises he made to be a champion for our climate and communities. Indigenous leaders also delivered one million petition signatures asking Biden to stop the Line 3 pipeline.
     As negotiations about the Build Back Better Act in Congress drag on – there’s another key climate action that Biden can take with or without Congress: appoint a climate champion to the Federal Reserve to ensure the Fed accounts for climate risk immediately.
     That’s why on Friday, October 29, our movement is taking action outside Federal Reserve branches and banks across the country – and we need you there, Stephen.
Will you check out the map of actions on Friday, October 29 and join an action near you to stop the flow of money to big oil? Map of actions
     If there’s not an event near you, you can sign up to host your own.
     During the Fossil Free Future day of action, hosted alongside our partners at the Future Coalition, we’ll not only target the Federal Reserve, but also big banks like Chase and BlackRock who are the top funders of fossil fuel projects.
      Central banks like the Federal Reserve are the referees of the financial system, holding power to enforce new rules and cut the flow of money to fossil fuels. It’s the Fed's responsibility to assess and account for risks to the U.S. economy, and that includes climate risk.
     These actions will amplify our core demands:Ahead of COP26, we are calling on the Federal Reserve to phase out all fossil fuel financing by 2030.
     Biden must appoint a Chair to the Fed who will take the mandate of climate risks seriously.Encourage and support banks to make investments aimed at limiting global temperature rise to 1.5°C, with a particular emphasis on lending to low-income communities and communities of color

     Winona LaDuke, Honor the Earth wrote in a December 15, 2021 E-mail, "Today, December 14th, Stop Line 3 and Defend the Gulf are teaming up to deliver messages to US Army Corps offices from North to South and East to West, holding the Corps accountable for two emergencies we need addressed:
     A federal Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for Line 3
     A regional EIS for the Permian and Gulf South

     Here is our map of actions (https://actionnetwork.org/event_campaigns/dec-14-day-of-action-to-stop-line-3)(find or create one!), a couple letters you can deliver to Stop Line 3 (https://docs.google.com/document/d/1EQDLQCxeocDxjEa5UcmKWHFD1QOzvotJQxcdoL5WF9c/edit?link_id=6&can_id=2304a48b2891e77b9b6c14d1ce535f4f&source=email-1214-national-day-of-action-to-stopline3&email_referrer=email_1384907&email_subject=1214-national-day-of-action-to-stopline3) and Defend the Gulf (https://uploads-ssl.webflow.com/5c6dfd87a0f418f496062988/619be5668d0e8c2dcd7d4a2a_USACE+LETTER+FROM+DEFEND+THE+GULF+ORGANIZING+GROUP.pdf?link_id=7&can_id=2304a48b2891e77b9b6c14d1ce535f4f&source=email-1214-national-day-of-action-to-stopline3&email_referrer=email_1384907&email_subject=1214-national-day-of-action-to-stopline3), plus a toolkit with more ideas! (https://docs.google.com/document/d/1m9c_ILTpA_4ygytDHbOc_h5jmUshLFQLAvKdsRMY81M/edit?link_id=8&can_id=2304a48b2891e77b9b6c14d1ce535f4f&source=email-1214-national-day-of-action-to-stopline3&email_referrer=email_1384907&email_subject=1214-national-day-of-action-to-stopline3) Events can be simple and small; our superpower is working together. Please share your actions with the hashtags #StopLine3 and #DefendTheGulf (You can watch Line 3 and Gulf South water protectors discuss the issues on last week’s hype call!: https://www.facebook.com/WinonaLaDukeHonorTheEarth/videos/609504123621468?link_id=9&can_id=2304a48b2891e77b9b6c14d1ce535f4f&source=email-1214-national-day-of-action-to-stopline3&email_referrer=email_1384907&email_subject=1214-national-day-of-action-to-stopline3) join an action today! (https://actionnetwork.org/event_campaigns/dec-14-day-of-action-to-stop-line-3?link_id=10&can_id=2304a48b2891e77b9b6c14d1ce535f4f&source=email-1214-national-day-of-action-to-stopline3&email_referrer=email_1384907&email_subject=1214-national-day-of-action-to-stopline3)
      The need for a Line 3 federal EIS has reached an emergency level. Rushed construction caused severe, ongoing permanent environmental damage. Sooner or later, tar sands oil is likely to spill and sink in these pristine waterways, poisoning the drinking water of millions. The Line 3 expansion was built using old, weathered pipes , and Enbridge lines are infamous for their accidents .
      let’s make this big!
     Line 3 + Gulf South = 1 Fight. Now that the expanded Line 3 is running tar sands from Alberta across Minnesota to Wisconsin, leaving three known artesian aquifer breaches and at least 28 toxic frac-outs in its path, plus countless manoomin and treaty violations and over 1,000 arrests, Enbridge has announced plans to expand onward capacity to the Texas Gulf Coast. Proposals include building a 200-mile pipeline from Houston to the Port of Corpus Christi, where the Canadian oil giant recently acquired the largest crude-exporting hub in the United States.
     Referring to the Line 3 and Southern Access expansions, Enbridge CEO Al Monaco told Platts, 'Returning the line to full capacity sets us up for downstream expansion to the US Gulf Coast,' promoting 'full path access for Canadian [tar sands] to the US Gulf Coast.'
     In response, Indigenous Peoples of the Coastal Bend promised 'the same resistance from tribal communities in Texas as they did with Line 3.'
     Together, connected by the power and beauty of the Mighty Mississippi, we can stop the black snake from North to South, protecting the water, treaties and climate we all share. Please support today’s actions, whether in person or online. Honor the Earth is pleased to be co-organizing this nationwide action day plus a special Vigil for Water this evening at the US Army Corps headquarters in DC.
     Honor the Earth is pleased to be co-organizing this nationwide action day plus a special Vigil for Water this evening at the US Army Corps headquarters in DC, as well as co-hosting and livestreaming portions of Saint Paul's action starting 5pm CT!
     Winona LaDuke".

     "AFN BULLETIN – AFN Calls for urgent action and more equitable participation of Indigenous Peoples Following COP26: UN Climate Change Conference 2021," Assembly of First Nations, November 17, 2021, https://www.afn.ca/afn-bulletin-afn-calls-for-urgent-action-and-more-equitable-participation-of-indigenous-peoples-following-cop26-un-climate-change-conference-2021/, stated,
      The AFN sent a small delegation to the 26th Conference of the Parties (COP26) for the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) taking place in Glasgow, Scotland, October 31, 2021 to November 12, 2021.
     The AFN participated in many discussions highlighting First Nations climate leadership, including through a moderated discussion, Turtle Island Climate Action: Declaring Indigenous climate emergencies, which was livestreamed from the Indigenous Peoples Pavilion on November 4, 2021.
      The AFN continues to call on the Government of Canada to include First Nations governance, laws and priorities in their climate plan.The AFN urges all parties to the UNFCCC to push for full and effective participation for Indigenous Peoples in all future sessions, including COP 27 in Egypt.
     First Nations are uniquely positioned to lead efforts to protect, conserve and sustainably manage the environment. We are the first to experience the impacts of climate change and we can be first responders in this global emergency.
     COP26 was an important opportunity to advance the leadership of First Nations in addressing the global climate crisis, consistent with the recent resolution: Declaring a First Nations Climate Emergency (AGA 2019), and in line with the findings of the most recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report."
     " As we emerge from the COVID-19 pandemic, priority attention must return internationally to addressing climate change, biodiversity loss, and its structural drivers in order to rebalance the relationship with all of Creation. With record heatwaves, wildfires and floods around the world, there is no issue more pressing for all of humanity.
     The AFN continues to call on the Government of Canada to include First Nations governance, laws and priorities in their climate plan. First Nations are uniquely positioned to lead efforts to protect, conserve and sustainably manage the environment due to our longstanding reciprocal relationship with all of Creation. COP26 was an important opportunity to advance the leadership of First Nations in addressing the global climate crisis, consistent with the recent resolution: Declaring a First Nations Climate Emergency (AGA 2019), and in line with the findings of the most recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report.
     As we move forward in our work domestically, the AFN also urges all parties to the UNFCCC to take urgent and transformative climate action, and push for the full and effective participation of Indigenous Peoples. Canada is one of the few countries that offers delegation badges to organizations outside the federal government such as the AFN. Even with badges, participation in negotiation meetings is challenging, exacerbated by the health pandemic.
     Representing the AFN at COP26 were Nova Scotia/Newfoundland Regional Chief Paul Prosper, Union of BC Indian Chiefs (UBCIC) Secretary-Treasurer Kukpi7 Judy Wilson, UBCIC Climate Policy Analyst Josh Kioke and AFN Senior Policy Advisor of Environment, Lands, & Water Branch Graeme Reed.
      Highlights included:
     Participating in the Indigenous Peoples Caucus, including the Preparatory meetings, and confirming an updated three-year workplan at the Indigenous Peoples Platform negotiation.Attending the Indigenous Clean Energy event on renewable energy leadership by Indigenous Peoples, with Regional Chief Prosper speaking on the importance of a First Nations Climate Lens
     Leading a moderated discussion, Turtle Island Climate Action: Declaring Indigenous climate emergencies, which was livestreamed from the Indigenous Peoples Pavilion on November 4, 2021. Regional Chief Prosper was joined at the discussion by United Tribes of Michigan Executive Director, Frank Ettawageshik and National Congress of American Indians President, Fawn Sharp, which was moderated by Graeme Reed.
     Witnessing the first-ever Annual Knowledge Keepers Gathering, which supported 28 Knowledge Keepers from all seven UN Indigenous socio-cultural regions and enabled them to address state parties.
     As the AFN develops a National Climate Strategy, COP26 provided an opportunity to call on Environment and Climate Change Minister Steven Guilbeault to ensure that First Nations governance, laws and priorities breathe life into the Government of Canada’s climate plan committing to “position Indigenous climate leadership as a cornerstone of a strengthened climate plan.” COP26 also provided an opportunity for Regional Chief Prosper to meet with Minister Guilbeault, while sharing our priorities and seeking a commitment to continue the constructive dialogue at a domestic and international level.
      COP26 Priorities
      The AFN continues to advance several priorities related to First Nations climate leadership, rooted in our resolution: Declaring a First Nations Climate Emergency (AGA 2019)
     Our priorities at COP26 were to:Amplify First Nations’ and other Indigenous Peoples’ voices and climate leadership on the international stage, while supporting efforts for full and effective participation of Indigenous Peoples in the UNFCCC (UN Framework Convention on Climate Change);Urge Canada to re-commit to urgent and transformative climate action in line with the Chiefs-in-Assembly resolution from 2019 and to advance these priorities in the international setting and;
     Communicate the utility of a First Nations Climate Lens to help reconceptualize the root causes driving climate change and offer reimagined Indigenous-led solutions

     Food and Water Watch, "Tell Your Representative: Support the Future Generations Protection Act," December 24, 2021, https://secure.foodandwateraction.org/act/tell-your-representative-support-future-generations-protection-act, stated, "If we hope to avoid the worst impacts of climate change, we have to drastically cut greenhouse gases by stopping the extraction and burning of fossil fuels.
     Yet Big Oil & Gas continues to push for ways to build dangerous new infrastructure like power plants and export facilities in order to artificially prop up its dying industry
. Its goal is to drill for every penny of profit — no matter how much greenhouse gas it spews into the atmosphere and pushes the planet toward irreversible climate change.
     Representative Jan Schakowsky (D-IL) and Nanette Diaz Barragán (D-CA) have introduced legislation that would move us toward a future without fossil fuels. The Future Generations Protection Act would ban greenhouse gas emissions from all new power plants, ban fracking, and ban crude oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids exports.
     Tell your representative to cosponsor the Future Generations Protection Act! "

      Brett Wilkins, "220+ Medical Journals Unite to Demand Urgent Action on Climate Emergency, 'The greatest threat to global public health is the continued failure of world leaders to keep the global temperature rise below 1.5°C and to restore nature,' warn journals in unprecedented joint editorial," Common Dreams, September 6, 2021, https://www.commondreams.org/news/2021/09/06/220-medical-journals-unite-demand-urgent-action-climate-emergency, reported, " Asserting that humanity 'cannot wait for the pandemic to pass' before acting to rapidly reduce carbon emissions fueling the climate emergency, more than 220 health journals around the world on Sunday published an unprecedented joint editorial calling for 'urgent action to keep average global temperature increases below 1.5°C, halt the destruction of nature, and protect health.'"
      Jessica Corbett, "Over 700 Groups Demand 'Real Climate Solutions, Not Net-Zero Promise:' 'The only way to avoid climate catastrophe is to undertake… deep, systemic, and just transformations of our energy, food, transport, and industrial systems,'" Common Dreams, November 1, 2021, https://www.commondreams.org/news/2021/11/01/over-700-groups-demand-real-climate-solutions-not-net-zero-promises, reported, " As world leaders gathered in Glasgow, Scotland on Monday for a United Nations climate summit, more than 700 organizations from nearly 100 countries took aim at net-zero pledges 'premised on the notion of canceling out emissions in the atmosphere rather than eliminating their causes.'
     'We are concerned that rich countries and polluting corporations will push ahead with 'false solutions' at COP26.'
     The groups' case for 'real climate solutions, not net-zero promises' came in an open letter (https://www.realsolutions-not-netzero.org ) to governments and international institutions arguing that 'to address the current climate emergency, we need real plans, real solutions, real finance, and real zero for an urgent, just transition.'
      Net-zero schemes pushed by polluters "blithely rely on assumptions that carbon offsets, tree plantations, bioenergy, and dangerous distractions such as hydrogen and carbon capture and storage will somehow keep or take emissions out of the air after polluters have done their damage,' explains the letter. 'Unproven technologies that have repeatedly failed, have yet to be realized, and remain nonviable at scale are being imagined as supposed solutions for continued emissions.'
      'We don't want to read about your promises to supposedly balance the emissions budget by mid-century, using techno-fixes, geoengineering, carbon markets, and accounting tricks,' the letter tells governments. 'We want to know what you are doing today to eliminate the major sources of emissions—fossil fuel production and use, deforestation, and industrial agriculture—which are not only warming the planet, but also poisoning frontline and fenceline communities and polluting our collective environment.'
      And we want to know what you will do from now on, tomorrow, and every year to come,' the letter continues, 'to strengthen resilience, center justice, and support communities in a just and equitable transition to a fossil-free future that secures human rights, livelihoods, work, and a safe, clean, healthy, and sustainable environment for present and future generations.'
     The letter contains 11 specific demands, beginning with: 'Show us your climate plans, concrete steps, and specific programs that center just transitions, human rights, racial, gender, social, economic, and environmental justice, safety and secure livelihoods for workers, Indigenous peoples, local communities, peasants, women, youth, and vulnerable groups.'
     The groups urge governments to demonstrate how they will rapidly cut planet-heating emissions at source to meet the Paris climate agreement's 1.5°C temperature goal and how they will phase out polluting industries while investing in sustainable replacements.
     The letter's signatories call on its targets to prove they 'recognize that there is no future for fossil fuels in a climate-safe world' and share their plans to 'protect and restore biodiverse ecosystems' as well as 'ensure real food security and food sovereignty in the face of climate threats.'
      'Show us how you will support proven alternatives and practices pioneered by smallholder farmers, women, Indigenous peoples, and local communities, and respect and protect their rights,' the letter says.
      Governments should also detail actions they will take to hold longtime corporate polluters accountable and make clear they 'understand that today's dominant growth-centered economic and development models are defunct,' the letter adds.
     The groups are also demanding that 'countries most responsible for the historic and cumulative emissions heating our planet will do their equitable, fair share,' which includes providing 'climate finance that meets the scale of the climate crisis and supports mitigation, adaptation, and loss and damage—not through loans that plunge countries deeper into debt or the trickle-down of coins from speculative carbon markets.'
      'The only way to avoid climate catastrophe,' the letter warns, 'is to undertake these kinds of deep, systemic, and just transformations of our energy, food, transport, and industrial systems.'
     Nikki Reisch, director of the Climate & Energy Program at the Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL), saidin a statement Monday that "the massive global support for this call to action is proof that the people see through the ploys to put off real change and prop up polluting industries in pursuit of a distant 'net-zero.'"
     CIEL was one of the initial signatories. Representatives for other groups that helped organize the letter expressed concerns about the impacts of governments' emissions reduction plans, which U.N. analyses have found are inadequate to meet the Paris goals.
     Dipti Bhatnagar, climate justice and energy coordinator for Friends of the Earth International in Mozambique, said that 'we are concerned that rich countries and polluting corporations will push ahead with 'false solutions' at COP26,' referring to the summit in Scotland.
     'The names and terms keep evolving, but the basic, damaging principles remain the same,' Bhatnagar added. 'They strengthen corporate power, deflect responsibility from rich historical polluters, and prevent urgent and equitable action on climate change.'
     Teresa Anderson, climate policy coordinator for ActionAid International, warned that 'net-zero targets are likely to drive devastating land grabs in the Global South, threatening the rights and food security of women, smallholder farmers, and Indigenous communities.'
     Four of the letter's more than two dozen initial signatories released a report last week detailing how 'on the road to COP26, corporations are using 'net-zero' to block effective climate policy and greenwash their image while maintaining business-as-usual.'
     The quartet—Corporate Accountability, Corporate Europe Observatory, Friends of the Earth International, and Global Forest Coalition—specifically called out BlackRock, BP, Drax, the International Emissions Trading Association (IETA), Microsoft, and Shell.
     'Big Polluters have pulled out all the stops promoting their flakey 'net-zero' plans on the road to COP26, from schmoozing decision-makers and sponsoring conferences to rubbing shoulders with the Queen of England,' said Pascoe Sabido, a researcher with Corporate Europe Observatory, in a statement last week.
     'But look behind their vague ambitions and you see a chilling future of climate chaos and continued planetary destruction,' Sabido added. 'These climate criminals should have no seat at the table while they continue to try and burn it down.'
     Our work is licensed under Creative Commons (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)."

      Brett Wilkins, "Letter Accusing World Leaders of Climate 'Betrayal' Signed by 1 Million People—And Growing: 'There is still time to avoid the worst consequences if we are prepared to change. It will take determined, visionary leadership. And it will take immense courage—but know that when you rise, billions will be right behind you,'" Common Dreams, November 1, 2021, https://www.commondreams.org/news/2021/11/01/letter-accusing-world-leaders-climate-betrayal-signed-1-million-people-and-growing, reported, " As activists gathered Monday outside the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Glasgow, Scotland to protest world leaders' collective failure to address the worsening planetary emergency, a petition led by four young women at the center of the fight for climate action quickly gathered over a million signatures.
     'This is not a drill. It's code red for the Earth.'
     The open letter (https://secure.avaaz.org/campaign/en/climate_action_now_loc/) —led by Sweden's Greta Thunberg, Dominika Lasota of Poland, Ugandan Vanessa Nakate, and Mitzi Tan of the Philippines— called world governments' climate failures a 'betrayal.' As of Monday afternoon, more than 1.2 million people around the world had signed the urgent call to action."

     Stop the Money Pipeline stated in a November 1, 2021 E-mail, " The Glasgow Climate Talks begin today. What the world’s governments agree to over the next twelve days is incredibly important ― it is not hyperbole to say that the fate of humanity is on the line.
     But it isn’t only governments that are responsible for the climate crisis. That’s why three months ago we launched the Deadline Glasgow: Defund Climate Chaos campaign, setting the start of COP26 as a deadline for US financial institutions to pass new climate policies. With the talks starting today, we wanted to share what we have achieved so far:
     Collectively, over the past three months we have
     Delivered 154,000 petition signatures to branch offices around the country
     Swamped bank executives with hundreds of thousands of emails, demanding that they phase out fossil fuel financing
     Made more than 3,000 phone calls to CEOs offices Organized nearly 8,000 customers to join the Customers for Climate Justice campaign Supported nearly 200 in-person actions at bank branches, insurance offices and asset manager headquarters

     On Friday, hundreds of youth-led activists around the world called out financial institutions for their role in the climate crisis and enabling Indigenous rights abuses
. In San Francisco, community groups painted a block-long mural outside of BlackRock’s headquarters. In Seattle, hundreds enacted a die-in outside of Chase’s regional HQ. On the anniversary of Hurricane Sandy, New Yorkers marched on the Federal Reserve and Citibank’s global headquarters.
     In addition to bringing attention to the failure of financial institutions to take action to stem their financing of fossil fuels, the youth-led day of action also brought attention to the continued violation of Indigenous rights enabled by the “net zero” framework. Net Zero opens the door to false solutions like carbon offsets and Indigenous rights violations.
      Click here to spread the word that the current Net Zero proposals leave the door open for fossil fuel expansion: https://twitter.com/intent/tweet?text=%23COP26%20targets%20are%20meaningless%20if%20we%20don’t%20abandon%20fossil%20fuels.%20%0D%0A%0D%0ANet%20Zero%20needs%20to%20mean%20no%20more%20fossil%20fuels%20and%20no%20more%20fossil%20fuel%20funding.%20Otherwise%20it’s%20just%20greenwashing.%0D%0A%0D%0Ahttps%3A%2F%2Fwww.nbcnews.com%2Fscience%2Fenvironment%2Funs-cop26-climate-summit-indigenous-voices-are-calling-lip-service-rcna3453&link_id=0&can_id=2304a48b2891e77b9b6c14d1ce535f4f&source=email-deadline-passed&email_referrer=email_1342911&email_subject=deadline-passed.
     To every one of you who has participated in the Deadline Glasgow campaign ― whether you made a phone call, sent an email or took to the streets to make our demands heard ― we wanted to take a moment to express our deep gratitude.
     Thanks to all of you, the message to banks, insurance companies and asset managers could hardly have been clearer. Yet, unfortunately we are sorry to report that US financial institutions have failed to rise to the moment.
      We have had some wins over the last three months but only time will tell if they are more than symbolic. AXIS Capital became the first North American insurance company to commit to phasing out coverage for all coal businesses. After hundreds of you swamped its phone lines, Chubb publicly committed to stop insuring tar sands extraction (though we are still waiting on an official policy). Most recently, Chase, Wells Fargo and Goldman Sachs joined the Net Zero Banking Alliance (which still has loopholes as we covered in a recent blog post ).
      Click here to tell the founder of the Net Zero Banking Alliance, Mark Carney, and UN Special Climate Envoy John Kerry, that net zero requires Wall Street to abandon fossil fuels: https://twitter.com/intent/tweet?text=It%27s%20true%20that%20banks%20wouldn%27t%20have%20joined%20the%20UN%20Net%20Zero%20Banking%20Alliance%20without%20%40MarkJCarney%20and%20%40JohnKerry.%0D%0A%0D%0ABut%20Net%20Zero%20needs%20to%20mean%20no%20more%20fossil%20fuels.%20Otherwise%20it%27s%20just%20greenwashing.%20%23COP26%0D%0A%0D%0Ahttps%3A%2F%2Fwww.wsj.com%2Farticles%2Fmark-carney-ex-banker-wants-banks-to-pay-for-climate-change-11635519625%20&link_id=3&can_id=2304a48b2891e77b9b6c14d1ce535f4f&source=email-deadline-passed&email_referrer=email_1342911&email_subject=deadline-passed.
     These are important steps and without pressure from all of you, they never would have happened. But, we have to be real, we are deeply disappointed that we didn’t see more progress ahead of Glasgow.
     There is still a chance that we’ll see some new policies from US financial institutions during the talks, but whatever happens in Glasgow over the next two weeks, one thing is already crystal clear: In the years ahead, we are going to need a movement more powerful than ever to hold Wall Street accountable for its torching of the planet.
     Over the next two weeks, we will be sending regular digests for you with all the latest from Glasgow, including plenty of updates about all the actions our partners are hosting. Keep an eye out for those updates."
      Megan Specia and Stephen Castle, "Young Activists Want Action as Protesters Rally at COP26: For many, the climate conference has inspired mixed emotions: concern that their voices were not really being listened to, but also hope that their presence would help drive change," The New York Times, November 5, 2021, https://www.nytimes.com/2021/11/05/world/europe/cop-protests.html, reported " Thousands of climate activists from across the world have descended this week on the Scottish city of Glasgow, demanding that nations gathering for a global climate conference produce real, meaningful change."
     "They have spent the week disrupting talks held by gas giants, and staging theatrical spectacles on the fringes of the international event, known as COP26. But the protests will crescendo on Friday and Saturday in two days of demonstrations expected to draw up to 100,000 people."

      Jake Johnson, "Petition From 14 Youth Leaders Says UN Must 'Declare a Systemwide Climate Emergency:' 'The climate emergency—which threatens every person on the planet into the foreseeable future—is at least as serious a threat as a global pandemic and similarly requires urgent international action,'" Common Dreams, November 10, 2021, https://www.commondreams.org/news/2021/11/10/petition-14-youth-leaders-says-un-must-declare-systemwide-climate-emergency, reported, " A group of 14 youth climate leaders including Swedish activist Greta Thunberg filed a legal petition on Wednesday imploring the United Nations to "declare a systemwide climate emergency," a push that came amid growing anger over the milquetoast pledges emerging from the COP26 summit.
     'The United Nations connects the entire world together, and we need global action on the climate crisis.'
     'The climate emergency—which threatens every person on the planet into the foreseeable future—is at least as serious a threat as a global pandemic and similarly requires urgent international action,' reads the petition, which was also signed by U.S. climate activist Alexandria Villaseñor, Ridhima Pandey of India, and Ranton Anjain and Litokne Kabua of the Marshall Islands.
     The petition specifically urges U.N. Secretary-General António Guterres—who for years has warned that climate change poses an 'existential threat" to humanity—and the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) to deem the planetary crisis a 'Level 3 Emergency.' On its website, the IASC notes that Level 3 protocols are designed to 'activate the necessary operational capacities and resources to respond to critical humanitarian needs on the ground.'
     'The countries that emit the least face the greatest risks," the youth leaders' filing notes. "UNICEF has identified 33 countries as 'extremely high risk' for children due to threats from climate change. Those countries contain half the world's children but are collectively responsible for only 9% of CO2 emissions. The 10 highest-emitting countries account for nearly 70% of global emissions, but only one, India, is ranked as 'extremely high-risk.'"

     "National Congress of American Indians’ Statement on the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change’s 26th Conference of the Parties," National Congress of American Indians, October 28, 2021, National Congress of American Indians, stated, " Tribal Nations are on the frontlines of climate change and environmental degradation, which threaten our traditional ways of life and livelihoods, as well as have countless far-reaching social and economic consequences for tribal communities. Tribal leader participation in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the 26th Conference of the Parties (COP26) in Glasgow, Scotland is essential to our continued advocacy for Tribal Nations on the global level to protect our lands and resources. In recognition of the importance of this conference, the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) President Fawn Sharp is leading an Indigenous delegation to advocate on behalf of Tribal Nations at COP26. NCAI firmly believes that by upholding global obligations to Indigenous Peoples, the international community can make significant headway towards crafting solutions to our shared climate crisis.
      The upcoming COP26 comes at a critical juncture, where all nations and communities must find consensus to address one of the world’s most serious crises – the climate crisis. Solutions cannot be developed without continued and increased Indigenous participation and inclusion, in line with the United Nation’s Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
     Tribal Nations have a different and unique sense of land and place. Our communities are rooted in, and often dependent upon, their environment and local natural resources for cultural practices, traditions, community, food, economies, and ways of life. Our Tribal Nations are responding to sea level rise, coastal erosion, ocean acidification and salinity, increased frequency and intensity of extreme weather phenomena, altered seasonal duration, economic and health impacts, and more. We also have expertise on environmental sustainability with solutions driven by our Traditional Ecological Knowledge.
     This moment demands and needs tribal leadership involved at the global level, and COP26 provides an opportunity to elevate Tribal Nations to be part of this global leadership discourse and be acknowledged with the same respect as states and special interest groups.
      NCAI recognizes the need to elevate and strengthen the voices of tribal leaders and tribal partners to coordinate, collaborate, and participate in local, national, and international climate changes strategies. With the strong delegation and inclusion of Tribal Nations, NCAI holds high expectations for the conference, and we look forward to a productive COP26 convening."

      Jessica Corbett, "Report Reveals Indigenous Resistance Disrupts Quarter of US and Canadian Emissions: 'The numbers don't lie. Indigenous peoples have long led the fight to protect Mother Earth and the only way forward is to center Indigenous knowledge and keep fossil fuels in the ground.'" Common Dreams, September 1, 2021, https://www.commondreams.org/news/2021/09/01/report-reveals-indigenous-resistance-disrupts-quarter-us-and-canadian-emissions, reported, " Indigenous resistance to fossil fuel projects in the United States and Canada over a recent decade has stopped or delayed nearly a quarter of the nations' annual planet-heating pollution, according to a report (https://www.ienearth.org/indigenous-resistance-against-carbon/) released Wednesday.
      The greenhouse gas pollution for Turtle Island, the land now known to settler nation-states as North America, totaled 6.56 billion metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent in 2019—5.83 billion metric tons CO2e for the U.S. and 727.43 million metric tons CO2e for Canada.
     Indigenous Environmental Network (IEN) and Oil Change International (OCI) examined the climate effects of several contentious projects and the impact of Indigenous protests.
     As the new report—entitled Indigenous Resistance Against Carbon (pdf: https://www.ienearth.org/indigenous-resistance-against-carbon/)—explains:
      'Total Indigenous resistance against these projects on Turtle Island—including ongoing struggles, victories against projects never completed, and infrastructure unfortunately in current operation—adds up to 1.8 billion metric tons CO2e, or roughly 28% the size of 2019 U.S. and Canadian pollution. Victories in infrastructure fights alone represent the carbon equivalent of 12% of annual U.S. and Canadian pollution, or 779 million metric tons CO2e. Ongoing struggles equal 12% of these nations' annual pollution, or 808 million metric tons CO 2e. If these struggles prove successful, this would mean Indigenous resistance will have stopped greenhouse gas pollution equivalent to nearly one-quarter (24%) of annual total U.S. and Canadian emissions.
      'That 24%, equaling 1.587 billion metric tons CO2e," the report notes, " is the equivalent pollution of approximately 400 new coal-fired power plants—more than are still operating in the United States and Canada—or roughly 345 million passenger vehicles—more than all vehicles on the road in these countries."
     The groups not only highlight how Indigenous resistance to polluters' projects has limited greenhouse gas emissions but also explain and emphasize the importance of tribal and Indigenous sovereignty, self-determination, and free, prior, and informed consent (FPIC).
     As IEN Keep It in the Ground organizer Dallas Goldtooth put it: 'The numbers don't lie.'
     'Indigenous peoples have long led the fight to protect Mother Earth,' he said Wednesday, 'and the only way forward is to center Indigenous knowledge and keep fossil fuels in the ground.'
     The new report says at the outset that it 'seeks to uplift the work of countless tribal nations, Indigenous water protectors, land defenders, pipeline fighters, and many other grassroots formations who have dedicated their lives to defending the sacredness of Mother Earth and protecting their inherent rights of Indigenous sovereignty and self-determination.'
      The report also draws attention to the criminalization of Indigenous land and water defenders, stating that "the fight against the Dakota Access Pipeline is a notable example of these threats—what happened in Standing Rock should not be seen as an anomalous incident, but rather a disturbing commonality across Indigenous resistance efforts worldwide.'
      DAPL , as the oil pipeline is known, is among several projects included in the report. Other fights include fossil fuel development in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, fracked gas pipelines like Coastal GasLink and Mountain Valley, and tar sands projects like Trans Mountain and Line 3 —which opponents are calling on President Joe Biden to block like he did the Keystone XL Pipeline shortly after taking office in January.
     'This report is predicated on a simple fact: The world is delving deeper into climate chaos, and we must change course,' according to IEN and OCI. 'In parallel to the severe threats Mother Earth is facing from climate change, the rights, well-being, and survival of Indigenous peoples throughout the world are at grave risk due to the same extractive industries driving the climate crisis.'
     'The United States and Canada must recognize their duty to consult and obtain consent from Indigenous peoples for all projects proposed on Indigenous lands,' the report says. 'In parallel, these settler nation-state governments must recognize that the fossil fuel era is rapidly coming to a close.'
     Echoing scientists' and energy industry experts' increasingly urgent warnings, the report recognizes the 'monumental challenge' of phasing out existing fossil fuel infrastructure and declares that 'our climate cannot afford new oil, gas, or coal projects of any kind.'
     OCI U.S. campaign manager Collin Rees said Wednesday that 'Indigenous communities resisting oil, gas, and coal projects across their territory are demonstrating true climate leadership.'
     'Brave resistance efforts by Indigenous land and water defenders have kept billions of tons of carbon in the ground,' he added, "showing that respecting and honoring the wisdom and sovereignty of Indigenous peoples is a key solution to the climate crisis."
     Our work is licensed under Creative Commons (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)."

      Jessica Corbett, "Global Religious Leaders, Scientists Issue Joint Call for 'Radical' Climate Action, 'It's really quite unprecedented, isn't it, for so many faith leaders to come together in this way,'" Common Dreams, October 4, 2021, https://www.commondreams.org/news/2021/10/04/global-religious-leaders-scientists-issue-joint-call-radical-climate-action, reported, " Dozens of religious leaders and scientists came together in Vatican City on Monday to demand 'urgent, radical, and responsible action' to address the climate emergency and related challenges that threaten humanity and "life on our beautiful common home.'
     'We have inherited a garden: We must not leave a desert to our children.'
—Joint appeal
      The interfaith climate meeting, hosted by the Catholic leader Pope Francis, included representatives from Buddhism, Christian denominations, Confucianism, Hinduism, Jainism, Judaism, Shi'a and Sunni Islam, Sikhism, Taoism, and Zoroastrianism."

     "President Biden: Build Back Fossil Free," Indigenous Environmental Network, E-mail, September 7, 2021, stated, "Relatives,
      Fossil fuel pollution and climate disasters are already disrupting millions of lives. We deserve a world beyond fossil fuels: a world in which workers’ rights, community health, and our shared climate come before corporate profits.
That’s why frontline black, brown and indigenous leaders are calling us to action at the White House this October to demand President Biden pick a side: People vs fossil fuels.
      Can you join the call on Thursday, September 9, to learn more about People vs Fossil Fuels?
     Here’s an excerpt from the call to action from frontline leaders:
     'We are asking you to stand with us. As representatives of communities who have carried the brunt of the harm from fossil fuels for generations, we ask you to join us in solidarity—and risk arrest—in Washington DC, October 11-15, 2021, as part of Build Back Fossil Free’s People vs Fossil Fuels Week of Action.
     If you have ever marched, rallied, called your representatives, lobbied, signed petitions to urge governmental leaders to act — we call on you to take the next step. Nonviolent civil disobedience is a time-tested tactic for change. If we all come together, put our bodies on the line in the name of climate justice, we may be able to change the course of history.'

     Indigenous people, pipeline fighters, water protectors, young people, scientists, faith leaders, and more are saying enough is enough: it's time to finally place people over fossil fuels.
     This October, thousands of people will come to DC to demand that President Biden end the fossil fuel era. He must stop approving fossil fuel projects and declare a climate emergency right now, ahead of the United Nations climate summit in November.
      Join the kick of call September 9 and find out how we’re going to take action over 5 days to highlight the damage done by fossil fuels, the climate impacts we are already facing, and the need for real solutions rooted in justice (https://us02web.zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_du8A-_E-RUyeNCmc2hoKTA)."

     "# TotalKnew: cut them off," 350.otg, October 26, 2021, https://act.350.org/sign/listr_ms_350_other98_202110_EA_total/, stated, " The oil giant knew their core business was causing global warming almost 50 years ago. They covered up the truth, funded misinformation, lied to their shareholders and the public. They made profit from pollution.Total’s fossil fuel business depends on money they get from banks. We demand that commercial banks who finance Total and its projects stop immediately. From across the world we call on banks: cut Total off."

     The Indigenous Environmental Network stated in an October 14, 2021 E-mail, Contact:
Jennifer K. Falcon, Indigenous Environmental Network, 303-242-1119 jennifer@ienearth.org, Jamie Henn, jamie@fossilfree.media, 415-601-9337, stated, "Frontline Indigenous Leaders Occupy the Bureau of Indian Affairs in D.C. for the First Time Since the 1970's,
" Frontline Indigenous leaders from various fossil fuel fights from across Turtle Island have occupied the Bureau of Indian Affairs in Washington D.C. for the first time since the 1970’s. On March 16th, 1970, t he first occupation of a Bureau of Indian Affairsoffice happened in Littleton, Colorado and led to the Indian Hiring Preference and set off a chain of occupations that ended in Washington D.C. in 1972.
      For the last week, there has been a historic surge of Indigenous resistance in the D.C. area starting on Monday, Indigenous Peoples’ Day, where 'Expect Us' was written on the Andrew Jackson statue outside of the White House ahead of 130 Indigenous leaders and allies being arrested outside of the White House on Indigenous Peoples’ Day. Despite a proclamation declaring October 11th Indigenous Peoples’ Day, Indigenous leaders were met with police violence and lrad was used on Indigenous matriarchs and youth being arrested on the White House fence.
     This was followed on Tuesday by two Water Protectors demanding Biden Stop Line 3 climbing the flagpole outside the Army Corp North Atlantic Division Office,  replac ing it with a 'Free Informed and Prior Consent' flag that read 'Consultation is not Consent.'
     The Indigenous leaders issued this statement:
     We will no longer allow the U.S. government to separate us from our relationship to the sacred knowledge of Mother Earth and all who depend on her. Her songs have no end, so we must continue the unfinished work of our ancestors who have walked on before us. Because of colonization, our mission has been passed on generation after generation- to protect the sacred. Just as those who walked before us, we continue their song and rise for our youth, for the land, and for the water. Politicians do not take care of us. Presidents will break their promises but Mother Earth has always given us what we need to thrive. We will not back down until our natural balance is restored.

      For the land, for our waters, for our future-- we must fight now so our young will thrive.

     You can arrest us, tear gas us, poison us but there will always be more hearts to continue the song until we are all free.

     Another world is possible.

     Our demands for the President of the United States are:

-Abolition of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
-Restoration of 110 million acres (450,000 km2) of land taken away from Native Nations
--Bring Home Our Children Buried At Your Residential Schools
-Restoration of treaty-making (ended by Congress in 1871).
-Establishment of a treaty commission to make new treaties (with sovereign Native Nations).
-Land Back
-Water Back
-Honor the Treaties
-No new leases for oil and gas or extractive industry on public lands
-Free, Prior, and Informed Consent
-Reclaim and affirm health, housing, employment, economic development, and education for all Indigenous people.
-Restoration of terminated rights.
-Repeal of state jurisdiction on Native Nations.
-Federal protection for offenses against Indians."
      Jessica Corbett,"Critics Warn Biden That 30% Methane Reduction by 2030 Not Good Enough: Following the new U.S.-E.U. pledge, climate campaigners called for an urgent end to fossil fuel extraction and major reforms of agricultural practices." Common Dreams, September 17, 2021, https://www.commondreams.org/news/2021/09/17/critics-warn-biden-30-methane-reduction-2030-not-good-enough, reported, " Advocates of addressing the root causes of the global climate emergency on Friday called the United States and European Union's new pledge to reduce methane emissions at least 30% by 2030 a step in the right direction but still lacking in both necessary ambition and specifics.
      'Instead of merely pledging to do better, governments around the world must put an end to the drilling and fracking that is fueling the climate emergency.'
     —Wenonah Hauter, Food & Water Watch
      'While it is encouraging to see governments' pledge to take serious action, the emissions target should be much stronger,' said Food & Water Watch executive director Wenonah Hauter in a statement. 'We know that more aggressive cuts in methane are well within reach over the next decade, and are necessary in order to deal with the climate crisis."

     The Climate Reality Project stated in a September 12, 2021 E-mail, "Tonight, we come together and raise our voices for change.
      The stakes are clear, Stephen. Relentless heatwaves baking the West. Droughts drying out rivers and reservoirs. Hurricanes and floods in the south and east. Wildfires that never seem to end. And scientists warning it only gets worse unless we act now .It’s time for Congress to go big on climate action in the upcoming budget bill. Join me tonight (September 12) from 7-8 PM ET/4-5 PM PT for an #OurClimateMoment Tweetstorm.
     Because the science is clear: The climate crisis is devastating the Earth and we must act now to prevent lasting and catastrophic changes to the planet.
     What is a 'Tweetstorm?' And how do I participate? : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WiPFtFHzTxs. This social media toolkit ( https://thesocialpresskit.com/climatereality) also has guidance on how you can tweet at your members of Congress. Let them know that this may be our last window to pass the big, bold legislation we need to cut emissions quickly enough to help stop irreversible and devastating climate change. Be sure to use #OurClimateMoment and #ActOnClimate in your tweets and follow @ClimateReality on Twitter!"

     "Day of Action: Pass the Build Back Better Act," Sierra Club E-mail, September 29, 2021, stated, " We're closer than ever to securing the biggest climate, economic, and social justice legislation in a generation. But with a key House vote looming as soon as tomorrow it’s facing a ton of push back from corporate lobbyists, the fossil fuel industry, and 'moderates' in Congress who want to shrink this transformative bill or block it all together.
      The Build Back Better Act includes transitioning our country to 100% renewable energy, creating millions of good green jobs, paid parental leave, replacing all lead pipes, funding for public transit and education, a Civilian Climate Corps, restoring protections for the Arctic Refuge, and much more. These programs are supported by voters across political parties, and are the kind of investments our communities need during these times of interconnected crises.
      To get it over the finish line, we're holding a National Day of Action TODAY to make sure Congress hears from us loud and clear that we need them to pass President Biden's transformational Build Back Better Act ahead of the smaller, inadequate bipartisan infrastructure bill.
      Check out our toolkit for sample graphics and captions, or use the links below to quickly share our posts with your networks (https://www.sierraclub.org/its-time-pass-build-back-better-act)."
     For more information go to: https://www.sierraclub.org/2021-Fed-Organizing.

New Mexico 350.org stated, July 8, 2021, https://www.facebook.com/events/1780633842123333 "Jul 19 Protest Wells Fargo Funding Line 3Public · Hosted by 350 New Mexico200 Lomas Blvd NE, Albuquerque, NM 87102, United States Details
     Join 350NM for a protest at one of two Wells Fargo locations to protest their funding of the tar sands Line 3 pipeline from Canada through treaty-protected lands of northern Minnesota to Superior, Wisconsin. Let's demand that Wells Fargo stop funding climate destruction!What: Protest Wells Fargo's funding of the tar sands Line 3 pipeline
When: Monday July 19, 2021, 11:00 am
Where: Wells Fargo Bank: Two branches
-1027 Main St SE, Los Lunas
-200 Lomas Blvd NW, Albuquerque
     Bring a sign if you can. We will have some extras available.
     Line 3 is a tar sands pipeline currently under construction through northern Minnesota - violating treaty rights, risking over 200 bodies of water with the threat of an oil spill, and reversing our progress on climate change with a carbon equivalent of 50 coal-fired power plants.
     Learn more:

     "It's more clear now than ever: Biden must Stop Line 3," StopLine3,org, E-mail, August 11, 2021, stated, " Hundreds of top scientists say the most drastic effects of global warming can be staved off by global elimination of fossil fuels, according to a dire report on climate change published by the United Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). UN Secretary-General António Guterres described the report as a 'code red for humanity.'
Climate change is real, the dangers are imminent, and our future will be catastrophic if we don’t act swiftly and stand together against Line 3.
      Line 3 traverses sacred Ojibwe homelands and violates multiple treaties that reserve Indigenous rights to hunt, fish, and gather along the route. If completed, the 337-mile pipeline will cross more than 200 bodies of water, including the Mississippi river twice. It will double the flow of the pipeline up to 760,000 barrels of some of the dirtiest oil in the world - tar sand crude oil - per day. With emissions equal to nearly 50 coal power plants, Line 3’s carbon footprint would exceed the entire state of Minnesota’s.
     The battle against Line 3 isn’t over. We’re at a turning point. As Enbridge pushes forward with construction, Indigenous-led water protectors and allies are continuing the fight and we need you.
      Last week, over 200 artists, activists, and donors wrote a letter to President Biden asking him to Stop Line 3. Since then, over 20,000 people have done the same.
     Will you join them in answering the “code red” and help us in protecting our water and our communities? Start by taking these two actions:
      Tell Joe Biden to Stop Line 3
      Tell Jaime Pinkham to Stop Line 3 [Army Corps of Engineers]"

     Winona LaDuke, Honoring the Earth wrote in an E-mail, October 10, 2021, "First things first -- if you haven’t signed the petition asking President Biden to stop the Line 3 pipeline, sign the petition today . If you’ve already signed it, ask your friends to join you.
     We’re delivering this petition to the White House next week, alongside our partners in this fight -- about one million people have already put their names to paper, but we want to make as big a statement as possible, and time is short
. After seven years of resistance from Indigenous communities and climate activists, Enbridge Energy announced last Friday that they are beginning to send oil through the pipeline. The completion of the Line 3 tar sands pipeline can still be stopped by the White House, but Enbridge’s expanded tar sands pipeline is getting close to becoming fully operational -- the clock is ticking.
      We are already seeing environmental harm done by Line 3. Untreated wastewater and chemicals are seeping out from the land where the pipeline’s construction went underneath the Clearwater river. And the public just recently learned that, back in January, Enbridge breached an aquifer in rural Minnesota -- but rather than tell state regulators or environmental monitors about the breach, they just kept building.
     This isn’t the end, though. Even if our state officials won’t do their jobs, the completion of the Line 3 tar sands pipeline can still be stopped by the White House. In granting pipeline permits to Enbridge, President Biden’s predecessor failed to complete an Environmental Impact Statement -- in other words, he declared that the federal government will approve the pipeline’s construction without considering the environmental harms it will cause.
      President Biden can and should demand a full Environmental Impact Statement, for the sake of our land, water and climate. Starting on Monday, thousands of people will participate in the People vs. Fossil Fuels week action in Washington D.C. to demand that President Biden bring the era of fossil fuel extraction to an end. More that a hundred water protectors from Minnesota are traveling to Washington D.C. to take part.
     On Tuesday, October 12th, we’ll deliver the final petition demanding a full Environmental Impact Statement a the headquarters of Biden’s Army Corp of Engineers--the agency that has the power to stop Line 3.
     Please make the most of this time we have -- sign this petition, and share with your friends as well:
      Sign the Petition (https://www.stopline3.org/take-action?link_id=8&can_id=2304a48b2891e77b9b6c14d1ce535f4f&source=email-will-you-tell-joe-biden-to-stopline3&email_referrer=email_1318325&email_subject=will-you-tell-joe-biden-to-stopline3)
     Want to Do More? Help water protectors travel to Washington, D.C.
     Please donate whatever you can to help water protectors travel to the People versus Fossil Fuels week of action.
      Join Camp Firelight.
      Our partners in the Rise Coalition re-launched Camp Firelight near the Clearwater River in Bagley, Minnesota--the area where Enbridge has damaged an aquifer and still not cleaned up their mess. If you are able and willing to show in person at the camp, google 'Airport Road East of Bagley, MN' for directions. For more information visit the call to action on the Rise Coalition page. It’s not too late to stop the Line 3 pipeline, and anything we can do to slow this construction helps keep the window open for President Biden to stop the pipeline once and for all."

     Taysha Martineau, Camp Migizi, Via the Lakota People’s Law Project, E-mail, August 12, 2021, stated, " Right now, we’re in a precarious moment. Even as drilling across major waterways is near complete, several more crossings remain — and it’s no stretch to say this has been a messy, disturbing process. Two days ago, the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency announced an investigation into 28 separate releases of toxic drilling fluid at 12 river crossings along Line 3. Of course, we water protectors are well aware of these 'frac-outs' — and we’re also aware that Enbridge has unsuccessfully attempted to underreport them.
     Sadly, the U.S. government is letting a Canadian tar sands company perpetrate these evils on our homelands at the very same time that the United Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has issued its first major report in nearly a decade. This devastating critique of humanity’s responsibility for the climate emergency means we can and we must do better. That’s why we’re here. In addition to defending our own homelands, we’re trying to protect the Earth for generations to come.
      We’re not going to slow down. Just yesterday, water protectors halted two work sites for long stretches, and at Shell River, a side boom and two excavators were put on hold by protesters. Next, water protectors are organizing a live streamed benefit concert — headlined by Bon Iver — at Bayfront Festival Park in Duluth, MN on Wednesday, Aug. 18. People inspired by the concert and this movement will join a Camp Migizi-led march the following day to the Army Corps of Engineers offices in Duluth.
     We hope you can join us, either on the ground or online, for any of these actions. We need to stay strong and vigilant. P olice protecting Line 3 are guilty of gross human rights violations, including the use of gas and rubber bullets, and Enbridge is hoping everyone will keep looking the other way as its construction crews spill toxic chemicals around the headwaters of the Mississippi. The stakes are high, and time is short, but we can still make a difference!
     Miigwech —thank you for standing with us against Line 3."

     The Indigenous Environmental Network stated in a September 29, 2021 E-mail, " Indigenous Environmental Network Statement on Enbridge’s Line 3 Completion of Work," " It's with a heavy heart we receive the news that the U.S. has tragically failed once again to honor our treaties and protect the water that sustains all life on Mother Earth. The Line 3 fight is far from over, it has just shifted gears. Do not think we are going quietly into the night, we will continue to stand on the frontlines until every last tar sands pipeline is shut down and Indigenous communities are no longer targeted but our right to consent or denial is respected.
     Although Enbridge is pushing the message that the Line 3 is a done deal and that they have followed all the rules and regulations- we see even at this late date the continuing harm to our lands and waters. There have been spills, frac-outs and pierced aquifers even to this day. They are spilling millions of gallons of polluted water directly into our forests and waterways. This is far from over.
     `We promise to continue to show up each time even stronger with new voices and hearts ready to lead.
      From the belly of the beast north of the medicine line to rice beds that sustain the life-ways of the Anishinaabe all the way down to our relatives impacted in the Bayous-- we will continue to fight for the natural and spiritual knowledge of the Earth. We will continue to fight and take care of one another and our Mother because she has always taken care of us.
Respect us, or expect us."
     For more information go to: https://www.ienearth.org.

      Brett Wilkins, "Climate Activists Target Banks' Greenwashing in Nationwide #DefundLine3 Protests: 'Banks are continuing to fund massive new oil pipelines like Line 3 that would lock in vast amounts of climate pollution for decades. Even worse, they are disguising their loans as 'sustainability' measures,'" Common Dreams, August 13, 2021, https://www.commondreams.org/news/2021/08/13/climate-activists-target-banks-greenwashing-nationwide-defundline3-protests, reported, " In the wake of this week's publication of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report underscoring the imperative to quickly transition to a post-fossil fuel economy, activists in dozens of cities across the U.S. on Friday rallied outside the offices of major banks to denounce their funding of polluting projects including Enbridge's Line 3 tar sands pipeline.
      The activists targeted companies including BlackRock, JPMorgan Chase, and Liberty Mutual, which invest in, fund, and insure fossil fuel industry projects like Line 3.
     'On Monday, the IPCC released its first comprehensive study on the climate crisis since 2013. Hundreds of climate scientists collaborated on the report, synthesizing the findings of more than 14,000 studies, ' Stop the Money Pipeline—a coalition of over 150 groups whose mission is "holding the financial backers of climate chaos accountable'—said in a statement.
      'The conclusions were clear: We must immediately phase out fossil fuels,' the group continued. 'The United Nations Secretary-General, António Guterres, summed it up: 'This report must sound a death knell for coal and fossil fuels, before they destroy our planet.' Yet, Wall Street banks are continuing to fund massive new oil pipelines like Line 3 that would lock in vast amounts of climate pollution for decades. Even worse, they are disguising their loans as 'sustainability' measures.'"
     'You can't build pipelines and be sustainable,' Stop the Money Pipeline said in a tweet decrying greenwashing by JPMorgan Chase, which provided $1.5 billion in so-called "sustainability" loans to Enbridge.
      'Sustainability-linked loans sound good, but when you look more closely you'll see they’re close to meaningless,' Stop the Money Pipeline explained. 'Enbridge's 'sustainability' loans reward the company for reducing emissions from its buildings and vehicles, but do nothing to address the oil that flows through its pipelines and is responsible for 99% of its climate pollution.'
     'In other words,' the group said, 'according to Wall Street, so long as Enbridge uses electric vehicles and solar power to build their oil pipelines, that's fine.'
     Jackie Fielder, communications director for the Stop the Money Pipeline coalition, told Common Dreams that 'we're taking action to call out banks for supporting Enbridge's greenwashed 'sustainability bonds' while the Canadian-based oil company reimburses police for violent crackdowns on unarmed water protectors. These banks are now complicit in human rights abuses.'
     As Giniw Collective co-founder Tara Houska explained earlier this month:
     'Police officers are reimbursed for any costs associated with Enbridge Line 3 protests, and it seems like they welcome the opportunity. One police officer was actually grinning and smiling and said he had a great time and couldn't wait for us to come again. They've billed over $1.7 million to the Public Safety Escrow Trust, in which Enbridge is dumping millions of dollars to incentivize and encourage police officers to repress, suppress, surveil, and harass Indigenous people and our allies that are helping us try to stop this pipeline from happening in our treaty territory.'
     The Minnesota Public Utilities Commission required the trust to reimburse law enforcement when approving the project in 2018.
      If built according to plan, Line 3 will carry up to 760,000 barrels of crude tar sands oil—the world's dirtiest fuel —each day from Alberta to a port in Wisconsin. The pipeline would traverse Anishinaabe treaty land without the consent of the Indigenous peoples who live there. Line 3's route would cross more than 200 bodies of water and 800 wetlands, raising serious concerns not only about its climate impact, but also about accidents and leaks that are endemic to pipelines.
      State and local law enforcement officers have violently repressed #StopLine3 demonstrations in northern Minnesota while arresting hundreds of water protectors in recent months.
     Meanwhile, Indigenous and green groups continue to pressure the Biden administration to honor Native American treaties and protect the environment and climate by stopping the toxic project like President Joe Biden canceled the permit for the highly controversial Keystone XL Pipeline in January.
     Our work is licensed under Creative Commons (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)."

     The Water Protectors stated in a September 1, 2021 E-mail: " Something beautiful and powerful happened last Wednesday. An estimated 2,000 water protectors gathered outside the Minnesota State Capitol in St. Paul, to demonstrate against the Line 3 tar sands pipeline. Indigenous leaders, local community organizers, and state elected officials all spoke out on the need to stop Line 3.
     Wednesday’s rally began with the arrival of the Treaty People Walk for Water - a group of people who walked 250 miles over 19 days, from the pipeline cross at the Mississippi River headwaters to the Capitol. In the final miles of their walk, they were joined by hundreds more in support.
     The rally ended with organizers reading a statement of demands criticizing Minnesota Governor Tim Walz’s support of the pipeline and militarization of police in its defense.
     On Saturday, water protectors took action at the Governor’s email
     Governor Walz has not responded to the demonstrators. And hundreds of people have continued to peacefully hold space and conduct ceremony at the White House.
     If Governor Walz won’t act, it’s up to President Biden. Will you call the White House today to ask the President to stop construction of the Line 3 pipeline?

      Action is taking place all over the country. After rallying at the White House and at the Army Corps of Engineers HQ, people took action by demonstrating at the home of White House Chief of Staff Ronald Klain. Two dozen were arrested for this peaceful demonstration, but a clear signal has been sent: We are deeply committed to stopping this pipeline, and we will not be ignored. In cities all over the U.S., people held their own actions in solidarity. We want to highlight an event in Washington, D.C., where allies in both houses of Congress just sent a letter to the White House asking President Biden to revoke Line 3’s permit:
     Water protectors continue to resist on the frontlines -- in the face of increased police activity, the Giniw Collective blocked a Line 3 pump station, impeding construction and operation. Their courage is an inspiration, and we owe them our urgency. To learn about joining the frontline resistance camps visit www.stopline3.org/hub. In a recent filing from Enbridge, the oil company claimed that they believe they can have the pipeline operational and pulling tar sands across Ashininaabe land 'as soon as mid-September.' They may be bluffing on the exact date, but we don’t have the luxury of time.
     We need leadership that is willing to honor our treaties, our earth, and our climate, and will act with bravery and love. We need President Biden to revoke Enbridge’s Line 3 permit. Call the White House today to let him know (https://weprotectthewater.org/call). In solidarity, the Stop Line 3 Team."
     "The fight continues to Stop Line 3!" Stop Line 3 via the Action Team, December 3, 2021, https://actionnetwork.org/event_campaigns/dec-14-day-of-action-to-stop-line-3, stated, " December 14th marks the anniversary of the first large-scale arrest of water protectors taking nonviolent direct action to Stop Line 3. One year and over 1,000 arrests later, Enbridge is also facing criminal prosecution. Rushed construction pierced at least one artesian aquifer and caused dozens of frac-out spills, damaging waters and wetlands. Yet the pipeline is now running tar sands oil. This cannot be allowed to continue. On December 14th, we are holding a national Stop Line 3 Day of Action – can you join us?
      Sign up to join or create an action!
      The need for the Army Corps of Engineers to order a federal Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) has reached an emergency level. Why an EIS? Frac-out. Aquifer breach, frac-outs. As water protectors warned, there is severe, permanent, ongoing environmental damage.
      Enbridge has already been fined $3.32 million for failure to follow environmental laws and the case referred by the state for criminal prosecution . Millions of gallons of artesian water are being lost, while spilled drill-fluid contaminants are moving downstream, polluting everything in their path. Sooner or later, tar sands oil is likely to spill and sink in these pristine waterways, poisoning the drinking water of millions.
      Check out the toolkit to learn how to take action on December 14th!
      Violating Anishinaabe treaty territories in Minnesota, the new stretch of Line 3 was approved without full informed consent. It carries the carbon emissions equivalent of 50 new coal-fired plants in a time of ' code red' climate emergency.
     Moreover, Enbridge cannot obtain the required $200 million in 'environmental impairment liability' insurance and has not established the promised Decommissioning Trust Fund.
      Enbridge is the Canadian pipeline company responsible for the largest inland oil spill in US history . Enbridge pipelines had more than 800 spills in the US and Canada between 1999 and 2010, leaking 6.8 million gallons of oil.
     Before the Line 3 emergency becomes catastrophic, we come together on December 14th to call on the Army Corps of Engineers to order a federal EIS. Please join us."

     Chase iron Eyes, Co-Director and Lead Counsel, via the Lakota People’s Law Project, stated in an August 24, 2021 E-mail, " Today, water protectors from Standing Rock are still being prosecuted, and — in the troubling cases of Ruby Montoya and Jessica Reznicek — they’re still being labeled as terrorists. Because we cannot allow this dangerous precedent to be used against more people who care for our Grandmother Earth, we’re going to help defend Ruby. Our struggle against the Dakota Access pipeline (DAPL) didn’t end at Standing Rock in 2017, and it won’t be over until every water protector in the crosshairs of the criminal justice system is liberated.
     In 2017, Ruby and Jessica engaged in a direct action that damaged an empty section of DAPL’s pipe. Jessica was recently found guilty, given a “terrorism enhancement,” and sentenced to eight years in prison. Ruby’s fate now hangs in the balance as her trial approaches. With litigation support from Lakota Law and the National Lawyers Guild, Ruby is going to fight. Her next hearing is scheduled for Wednesday, Sept. 1.
      As Ruby says in this new video produced by our team (https://lakotalaw.org/resources/chase-ruby-interview), humanity is going through a reckoning. In the future, no one will fondly remember the names of corporations that represented the status quo; instead, many people will only wish they had fought harder to protect life on this planet. Nobody who takes a stand to stop extractive destruction should ever be charged with a felony, much less be labeled a terrorist.
     Ruby told me that Jessica has never even held a weapon in her hands, and at one point she was considering entering a monastery. And Ruby is a Waldorf School teacher, who vividly remembers kids in her classes crying and losing sleep because Australia and the Amazon were on fire. Ruby’s resistance, like my own back in 2017 that earned me a felony charge, has been motivated only by a desire to give the next generations a destiny they can believe in.
     Nothing any of us did comes close to a level of governmental coercion necessary to justify a terrorism enhancement. It’s fallacious to suggest we have that type of power. If the government is being coerced by anyone, it’s the fossil fuel barons who buy politicians to protect their profits. Ruby was invited by an Indigenous community to protect water and help safeguard sacred lands. She showed up. Now, we will have her back, just like she had ours. Please stay tuned as we continue to fight to prevent a grave miscarriage of justice.
     Wopila tanka — thank you for standing for justice!"

     StopLine3.org stated in a September 22, 2021 E-mail, " It’s Climate Week…Let’s Ride.
     Right now, at least 20 riders, including Honor the Earth Executive Director Winona LaDuke, are participating in the 8th Annual Spiritual Ride Against the Current of the Oil (https://www.honorearth.org/lwno2021). The 2021 ride is traversing the Line 3 route as both a Water Protectors protest and a personal spiritual pilgrimage.
     Participants are riding in prayer for the water and for the complete shutdown of Line 3 pipeline. The journey began on September 15 in Palisade Minnesota and will conclude on September 26 on the Red River on the North Dakota/Minnesota border. Along the way, riders are making several stops, and at each one they welcome horse nations and communities to join them for Prayers for the relatives and the water. 'Join us on Twitter
     Also this week, Governor Tim Walz tweeted about Climate Week, saying we need to 'recommit to combating climate change to protect the health and beauty of our state.' But Indigenous water protectors are already doing that!
     Along with actions like the 8th Annual Spiritual Ride, a recent report (https://www.ienearth.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/09/Indigenous-Resistance-Against-Carbon-2021.pdf) from Indigenous Environmental Network and Oil Change International found that Indigenous-led resistance to fossil fuel projects over the past decade has stopped or delayed an amount of greenhouse gas pollution equivalent to at least 25% of annual U.S. and Canadian emissions.
     On the other hand, building the new Line 3 pipeline would have the same impact as building 50 new coal-fired power plants. That’s the opposite of combating climate change - it’s exacerbating it! The person who’s not doing enough to combat climate change is Governor Walz, who could stop this pipeline if he wanted. But there’s still time for him to act - let’s respond to Governor Walz on Twitter and Facebook using the hashtag #OurMNClimate and demand he stop Line 3."

     Food and Water Watch stated in a September 23, 2021 E-mail, " President Biden called the climate crisis an existential 'threat.' Yet his administration continues to issue permits for fracking on federal lands and support fossil fuel projects from Alaska to the Gulf Coast.Fossil fuel pollution is harming millions of people across the globe, and we know things will only get worse if we don’t transition away from dirty energy immediately. President Biden could use his executive authority to stop these disastrous projects and protect the climate we all depend on. It's time he does. We can’t allow the era of fossil fuels to continue."
     "For more information about this historic protest, including COVID protocols and answers to other questions, please visit https://peoplevsfossilfuels.org/."

      Andrea Germanos, "'Tear It Down': Climate Campaigners Arrested Outside New England's Last Coal Plant: 'We came to shut this coal plant down and build a better future!'" Common Dreams, October 4, 2021, https://www.commondreams.org/news/2021/10/04/tear-it-down-climate-campaigners-arrested-outside-new-englands-last-coal-plant, reported, " Activists with 350 New Hampshire and the No Coal No Gas campaign on Sunday blockaded the entrance to New England's only remaining coal plant without a shutdown date, where they declared that they'll 'do what must be done to close Bow and stop the climate crisis.'
     Video and photos shared on social media of the event outside the Merrimack Station in Bow, New Hampshire show a row of seated protesters with their arms locked together and standing demonstrators holding a banner that read, 'Tear it down.' Between those groups were two activists with pickaxes breaking up the pavement where the group subsequently planted flowers.
     Sixteen protesters were arrested following a dispersal order from the Bow Police Department, the Concord Monitor reported. Troopers with the New Hampshire State Police, outfitted in riot gear, were also on the scene."

      Brett Wilkins, "'We Won't Stop Fighting,' Vow South African Activists After Judge OKs Shell Seismic Blasting at Sea: 'We must do everything we can to undo the destructive colonial legacy of extractivism, until we live in a world where people and the planet come before the profits of toxic fossil fuel companies,'" Common Dreams, December 6, 2021, https://www.commondreams.org/news/2021/12/06/we-wont-stop-fighting-vow-south-african-activists-after-judge-oks-shell-seismic, reported, " South African activists on Monday vowed to keep fighting after a court ruling allowing fossil fuel giant Shell to proceed with massive underwater explosions off the ecologically sensitive Wild Coast, a move environmentalists say would cause "irreparable harm" to marine life.
     'Our ancestors' blood was spilled protecting our land and sea, and we now feel a sense of duty to protect it for future generations.'
     'We won't stop fighting,' tweetedGreenpeace Africa following Sunday's nationwide protests. 'Shell must immediately stop oil and gas exploration off S.A.'s Wild Coast.'
      Demonstrators from more than 30 organizations—including 350.org, Clean Seas, Extinction Rebellion, The Green Connection, Greenpeace Africa, Oceans Not Oil, and Sea The Bigger Picture—turned out for over 70 protests nationwide, according to The Cape Argus."

      Julia Conley, "Two Climate Activists Halt Operations at World's Largest Coal Port: 'It is now our duty to defend the biosphere that gives us life and to every person that Australia has forgotten and ignored,' said Hannah Doole of the campaign group Blockade Australia," Common Dreams, November 17, 2021, https://www.commondreams.org/news/2021/11/17/two-climate-activists-halt-operations-worlds-largest-coal-port, reported, " A two-person protest halted operations at the world's largest coal port early Wednesday morning, as two women scaled the Port of Newcastle in New South Wales, Australia to protest their government's refusal to take far-reaching climate action.
     Hannah Doole and Zianna Faud—both members of the campaign group Blockade Australia—filmed themselves suspended on ropes attached to the port, where they forced the transport of coal to stop for several hours."

      Jessica Corbett, "Ahead of UK-Hosted Climate Summit, Oil Critics Arrested for Blockade Outside Downing Street: 'Johnson's failure to act has left us with petrol queues, energy companies going bust, offshore workers unemployed for months on end, and a deepening climate crisis,'" Common Dreams, October 11, 2021, https://www.commondreams.org/news/2021/10/11/ahead-uk-hosted-climate-summit-oil-critics-arrested-blockade-outside-downing-street," The Metropolitan Police arrested at least seven Greenpeace activists in London on Monday for disrupting traffic outside Downing Street by locking themselves to barrels and a 12-foot oil-splattered statue of U.K. Prime Minister Boris Johnson.
     Though Johnson is not currently at his London residence—he is vacationing with family in Spain— the action comes less than three weeks before the United Kingdom is set to host a global climate summit known as COP 26 in Glasgow, Scotland.
     Some demonstrators toted posters and banners that read 'Stop Cambo,' referring to a
new oil field near Shetland that Greenpeace expects the government to approve 'any day now,' spokesperson James Hanson told Agence France-Presse.
     A sign protesters propped up by the statue of Johnson declared the oil field his "monumental climate failure." The Conservative prime minister, Greenpeace U.K. highlighted Monday, "has said he backs 16 new North Sea oil and gas projects going ahead."
     Greenpeace U.K. also pointed to recent comments from a fellow Tory. Secretary of State for Business Kwasi Kwarteng
said last month that 'the U.K. is still too reliant on fossil fuels. Our exposure to volatile global gas prices underscores the importance of our plan to build a strong, home-grown renewable energy sector to strengthen our energy security into the future.'
     The advocacy group explained Monday that 'when it comes to Cambo, 80% of oil extracted is likely to be exported, and production won't start for a few years—so the project would do very little to shore up the U.K.'s energy supply and won't fix the current gas price crisis.'"

      Jessica Corbett, "German Groups Sue Major Carmakers for Fueling the Climate Emergency: 'While people suffer from floods and droughts triggered by the climate crisis, the car industry, despite its enormous contribution to global warming, seems unaffected," Common Dreams, September 3, 2021, https://www.commondreams.org/news/2021/09/03/german-groups-sue-major-carmakers-fueling-climate-emergency, reported, " A pair of climate advocacy groups on Friday announced lawsuits against BMW, Mercedes-Benz, and Volkswagen for fueling the climate emergency, hoping to force the German carmakers to stop selling internal combustion vehicles and cut their carbon footprints 65% by 2030.
     Greenpeace Germany and Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH) are accusing the companies of failing to decarbonize in line with the 1.5°C temperature goal of the 2015 Paris climate agreement."

     Kevin Koenig And Pendle Marshall-Hallmark, "Is Your Bank Using Your Money to Profit from Amazon Destruction? JPMorgan Chase, Goldman Sachs, Citi, and HSBC are among the banks exposed for pouring billions into Amazon crude," Amazon Watch, July 8, 2021, https://amazonwatch.org/news/2021/0708-is-your-bank-using-your-money-to-profit-from-amazon-destruction,
      The Amazon rainforest is at the tipping point – rapidly approaching an ecological point of no return when, if enough deforestation occurs, the forest will no longer be able to sustain itself, triggering a massic dieback of plant and animal species, and deregulating global climate and temperature patterns. We must take immediate action to protect the Amazon right now, and we can start by Ending Amazon Crude.
     Today, Amazon Watch and Stand.earth released a new report, Banking on Amazon Destruction (https://amazonwatch.org/news/2021/0708-banking-on-amazon-destruction) , showing that global banks are failing their own social and environmental commitments by financing and investing in the oil and gas industry in the Amazon rainforest. These banks remain highly exposed to the risk of funding corruption, human rights violations, environmental harms, and ultimately climate chaos due to their ongoing relationships with companies and traders operating in the region. And they might be using your money to do it.
     We need you to join us as we issue a new call: Banks must exclude all types of finance, including investment, for any company engaging in the oil industry in the Amazon by setting markers to end new financing by 2022 and existing financing by 2025.
     Amazon oil has a history of devastating impact on Indigenous communities. Marlon Vargas, President of the Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of the Ecuadorian Amazon (CONFENIAE) shared the following about his experience:
     'For too long, the oil industry has wreaked havoc on our Indigenous peoples, violated our rights, cut down our forests, seized our territories, and created climate chaos that is leading to the collapse of the Amazon. The banks that finance this destruction are complicit in the genocidal threat to our peoples and an existential threat to humanity and our planet. We call on all institutions that finance oil extraction and the oil trade in the Amazon to make bold decisions to stop bankrolling environmental pollution and climate change. Their investments must be based on sustainable economic alternatives for our countries and communities.'
     This report comes on the heels of our
August 2020 investigation revealing that European banks financed the trade of 155 million barrels of Amazon oil from the headwaters region of Ecuador and Peru to refineries in the U.S. for a total of $10 billion.
     Although this led to commitments by top banks to uphold their policies and end oil trade financing in that region, Amazon Watch and Stand.earth investigators decided to address the continued flow of capital to the companies drilling and significantly impacting the forest and Indigenous peoples territories
. Therefore, this new report looks at 14 U.S. and European banks providing both trade and corporate finance for oil activities across the Amazon biome. Spoiler alert: Not a single bank profiled is living up to its Environmental and Social Risk (ESR) commitments. Only an Amazon-wide exclusion will stop Amazon oil expansion and destruction.
      Along with several other banks listed in the report, Goldman Sachs and JPMorgan Chase hold hundreds of millions of dollars in bonds issued to PetroEcuador (formerly PetroAmazonas), Ecuador's national oil company. These bonds are bankrolling oil expansion into Yasuní National Park, a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve, where new roads to well sites are being carved through the forest, and bringing drilling closer to Indigenous peoples living in voluntary isolation. The company is responsible for thousands of oil spills over the last decade, and is currently at the center of a major corruption scandal that has several senior government officials and Petroecuador executives in jail awaiting trial.
     JPMorgan Chase is dragging its heels on implementing sound ESR policies, including in the Amazon. It's the biggest banker for the fossil fuel industry worldwide, and it continues to fund Brazil's national oil company, Petrobras, which is ranked one of the largest fossil fuel expansion companies globally.
     Citi, Goldman Sachs and many European banks provide revolving credit facilities (RCFs) to problematic oil traders including Gunvor and Vitol, which have been implicated in recent bribery scandals. All banks have policies in place to nominally prevent the financing companies linked to corruption, yet only view it as a business risk and do not include it in ESR frameworks. RCF's also make it difficult for clients to know whether their money is being used to fund corruption.
      Since the report was finalized, Amazon Watch investigators have learned that JPMorgan Chase and Credit Suisse, along with another bank not listed in this report, recently helped arrange the issuance of a $150 million dollar bond for GeoPark, a Chilean oil company currently operating in the Colombian Amazon that is allegedly paying paramilitary groups to ensure the continuation of its operations on and near the territories of Indigenous groups that opposed oil operations.
     It's time to start winding down oil production, halt oil expansion, and End Amazon Crude. Even the International Energy Agency (IEA), the world's leading authority on the oil and gas industries, has delivered a sweeping call for nations around the world to stop investing in new fossil fuel supply. There simply is no room for new oil expansion.
     This new report reveals that most banks continue to rely on policies that don't curb oil expansion in the Amazon, preferring instead to influence them to slowly reduce their emissions over time — rather than divest or defund from them. The Amazon, like the Arctic, is an ecosystem that functions across political boundaries, and needs to be off limits to oil and gas extraction and the funding that enables it. Net zero pledges, false solutions, and piecemeal exclusions by country won't get us there. The Amazon could continue to be a draw for oil financing under bank decarbonization strategies as some of the high cost or carbon intense crude is curtailed in other regions."

      Kenny Stancil, "Greenpeace Activists to Canadian Banks: 'Stop Funding Climate Chaos and Injustice:' 'We are not going to let bank CEOs ignore the deadly consequences of their actions,'" Common Dreams, December 7, 2021, https://www.commondreams.org/news/2021/12/07/greenpeace-activists-canadian-banks-stop-funding-climate-chaos-and-injustice, reported, " Climate justice advocates suspended fellow activists from 15-foot-tall tripods in Toronto's financial district on Tuesday, blocking entrances to the Royal Bank of Canada's corporate headquarters as part of a campaign to pressure the nation's five biggest banks to 'stop funding climate chaos and injustice.'
     'Bankers' business-as-usual... is destabilizing the climate, destroying biodiversity, and violating Indigenous rights.' [It is also very risky investment that should be prohibited as an unreasonable risk to bank stockholders].
      According to Greenpeace Canada's latest report on fossil fuel financing, Canada's five largest banks are among the world's top 25 funders of coal, oil, and gas. Collectively, Canadian banks have provided more than $820 billion to fossil fuel corporations since the 2015 signing of the Paris agreement, which seeks to curb greenhouse gas pollution in order to avert catastrophic global warming. That sum is over 13 times more than the $60 billion the federal government has invested in climate action during the same period".

      Andrea Germanos, "World's Biggest PR Firm Urged to Stop Enabling 'Ecosystem Destruction:’ 'Edelman is in fact actively contributing to fossil fuel emissions through its marketing activities,' according to a new letter," Common Dreams, November 8, 2021, https://www.commondreams.org/news/2021/11/08/worlds-biggest-pr-firm-urged-stop-enabling-ecosystem-destruction, reported, " A group of over 100 climate justice advocates and creators on Monday publicly called on the world's largest public relations firm—Edelman—to drop ExxonMobil and other fossil fuel companies as clients.
     'Advertising for fossil fuel companies obstructs urgently needed government action on climate change and impedes climate justice solutions
      'Edelman's fancy ads are giving ExxonMobil social license to operate, and to thereby destroy our climate,' Dr. Ayana Elizabeth Johnson, a marine biologist and co-founder of the All We Can Save Project, said in a statement."With this campaign," said Johnson, "culture-makers are using their own social clout to say 'not on my watch.'"
     Johnson is one of the organizers of a new letter that says Edelman often invites "people like us to join sustainability campaigns on behalf of their clients." While the values of some of those clients line up with those of the signatories, that's far from the case with ExxonMobil and Shell, companies the letter says Edelman works with extensively.
     'In fact,' the letter states, 'Edelman does more work for fossil fuel interests than any PR agency on earth.'"

     "Help hold BlackRock accountable for its new $15 billion pipeline deal," Stop the Money Pipeline, December 8, 2021, https://blackrocksbigproblem.com/action-tweet-at-blackrock/?link_id=0&can_id=2304a48b2891e77b9b6c14d1ce535f4f&source=email-green-pipelines-arent-a-thing&email_referrer=email_1379044___subject_1814597&email_subject=blackrocks-latest-climate-strategy-greenwashing-a-pipeline, stated, " BlackRock has been talking big on climate over the last few years, and CEO Larry Fink has worked hard to portray himself as a climate leader. But actions speak louder than words.
     This week, major oil & gas company Saudi Aramco announced that it signed a $15 billion deal led by BlackRock. BlackRock and a handful of other investors now own half of Aramco’s Gas Pipeline Company, a newly formed subsidiary of Saudi Aramco focused on the maintenance and development of fossil fuel pipelines
. This new investment will provide Aramco with fresh capital to expand its fossil business, something that is clearly incompatible with limiting warming to 1.5C according to the Paris Accords. Fink just returned from COP26 in Glasgow where he shared the stage with world leaders and touted his climate commitments; this new fossil fuel deal is a slap in the face.
     Fink and BlackRock want to frame this deal as somehow permissible, but we know better. That’s why this is a key moment to spread the word about BlackRock’s dirty new investments. Use this form to send a tweet that points out BlackRock’s climate hypocrisy and helps disrupt their leadership’s greenwashing narrative."

     350.org stated in a December 9, 2021 E-mail, " A new analysis from the progressive advocacy group Public Citizen just revealed that the Biden administration has approved more oil and gas drilling permits on public lands per month than Donald Trump’s administration did during the first three years of his presidency.
     Source: Washington Post
      The Biden Administration may blame this solely on a federal court’s decision to block a pause on leasing. But we know that President Biden has been slow to ban new leases on public lands — which he could do with the stroke of a pen today if he wanted to.
     It's up to us to make sure he knows that the climate movement is watching. Can you add your name today to our petition calling on Biden to ban new leases on public lands?: https://act.350.org/sign/biden-no-drilling-public-lands/.

     Amazon Watch stated in an October 13, 2021 E-mail, https://amazonwatch.org/news/2021/1012-flying-over-the-amazon-in-flames " In partnership with Brazilian allies, Amazon Watch organized a flight over the Amazon rainforest with experts and key journalists to expose fires, deforestation, illegal mining, and cattle ranching.
     We flew over Rondônia and southern Amazonas, a region considered the "new Amazon deforestation frontier." Unfortunately, as expected, we documented massive destruction surrounded by immense areas of intact rainforest.
     The images showed large areas of deforested rainforest that had already been consumed by fire and deep scars from mining activities within protected areas, along with illegal landing strips, large plots of land being prepared for planting, and cattle grazing alongside recent fires.
     We saw all the stages of the deforestation process one after another. The extraction of high-value timber, followed by the burning of vegetation to grow pasture, and then cattle herds occupying areas that until recently had been covered by intact forest."
     The photos are at: https://amazonwatch.org/news/2021/1012-flying-over-the-amazon-in-flames.

     "Statement from the Indigenous Environmental Network in Support of the Wet’suwet’en Peoples, November 20, 2021, Indigenous Environmental Network, stated, " The Indigenous Environmental Network condemns the actions of Canada as it inflicts settler violence against the Wet’suwet’en peoples, hypocritically breaking both Wet’suwet’en and Canadian law to push TC Energy’s illegal Coastal Gaslink pipeline through unceded territories.
      By entering sovereign Wet’suwet’en territory with RCMP, dogs and assault rifles we are witnessing state-sanctioned violence on behalf of an Oil company, and such barbarous acts of violence inflicted upon Indigenous peoples cannot be defended. These attacks by RCMP are nothing less than Human Rights violations as defined by the United Nations, and acts of extreme detriment to the inherent sovereignty of the Wet’suwet’en. The Wet’suwet’en have asserted self-governance over their territories since time immemorial, and it is their inherent right to defend their lands, resources and bodies from foreign aggressors. They have signed no treaties nor have they relinquished title to their lands. They are not part of so-called Canada and have not consented to bearing the burden of the world’s dependence on an extractive industry such as oil.
     We will continue to support the Wet’suwet’en in their struggle and call on others to join us in supporting our relatives. From disrupting business as usual to divesting from banks funding the theft of Indigenous lands, there are steps we can all take to stand with our relatives. These barbarous acts of violent aggression must cease and the inherent right to self determination must be upheld.
     How You Can Help:
     Over the past two days heavily militarized RCMP tactical team have descending on Coyote Camp with snipers, assault rifles, and K9 units,
      In total, eleven people were arrested at Coyote Camp, including Gidimt'en Checkpoint spokesperson, Sleydo', and Dinï'ze Woos' daughter, Jocey. Four more were arrested at 44km later that day, including Sleydo's husband, Cody.
     Solidarity actions began immediately. Now is the time. Plan, organize or join an action where you are.
      🔥Issue a solidarity statement from your organization or group and tag us.
      🔥Host a solidarity rally or action in your area.
      🔥Pressure the government, banks, and investors. http://yintahaccess.com/take-action-1
      🔥Donate. http://go.rallyup.com/wetsuwetenstrong
      🔥Spread the word. #WetsuwetenStrong #AllOutForWedzinKwa #ShutDownCanada
      More information and developing stories:
     Website: Yintahaccess.com
     IG: @yintah_access
     Twitter: @Gidimten
     Facebook: @wetsuwetenstrong
     Youtube: Gidimten Access Point
     TikTok: GidimtenCheckpoint
     The Wet'suwet'en Hereditary Chiefs represent a governance system that predates colonization and the Indian Act which was created in an attempt to outlaw Indigenous peoples from their lands.
     The Wet'suwet'en have continued to exercise their unbroken, unextinguished, and unceded right to govern and occupy their lands by continuing and empowering the clan-based governance system to this day. Under Wet'suwet'en law, clans have a responsibility and right to control access to their territories.
The validity of the Wet'suwet'en house and clan system was verified in the Delgamuukw and Red Top Decisions that uphold the authority of the hereditary system on Wet'suwet'en traditional territories.
     At this very moment a standoff is unfolding, the outcome of which will determine the future of Northern “BC” for generations to come. Will the entire region be overtaken by the fracking industry, or will Indigenous people asserting their sovereignty be successful in repelling the assault on their homelands?
     The future is unwritten. What comes next will be greatly influenced by actions taken in the coming days and weeks. This is a long-term struggle, but it is at a critical moment. That is why we say: The Time is Now. If you are a person of conscience and you understand the magnitude of what is at stake, ask yourself how you might best support the grassroots Wet’suwet’en."

     "Help Secure Justice for Those Exposed to Radiation from Nuclear Weapons Activities," UCS Science Network, October 26, 2021, https://secure.ucsusa.org/a/2021-justice-for-exposed-radiation-nuclear-weapons, stated, " Since the earliest days of the nuclear age, US nuclear weapons testing and uranium mining has killed and sickened tens to hundreds of thousands of people across the country.
     Because of this history of harm, the United States established the
Radiation Exposure Compensation Act (RECA) in 1990, which provides restitution to individuals with illnesses likely caused by nuclear weapons testing and uranium mining. RECA is a valuable program, but it still has serious flaws and is set to expire in July 2022. This cannot be allowed to happen. The good news is that legislation has been introduced to extend and expand RECA .Write today and tell your member of Congress to fully support legislation to provide justice for communities impacted by radiation exposure from nuclear weapons testing and production."
     The basic letterm which canbe edited by those sending it, reads,
     "As your constituent, I would like to sincerely thank you for cosponsoring HR 5338, the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act (RECA) Amendments (of 2019 or 2021). For generations, radiation-exposed individuals have suffered for the medical harms they endured due to US nuclear weapons policy, and thanks to you, they now have the chance to receive the assistance they need and deserve.
     Passing this bill would extend RECA to allow those who are currently eligible to apply, and would allow thousands of radiation-exposed individuals to apply for the first time by expanding the eligibility to additional uranium workers and nuclear testing downwinders in Idaho, Montana, Colorado, Guam, New Mexico, and in additional counties in Utah, Nevada, and Arizona.
     RECA is a life-changing program that can help those who have been most harmed by US nuclear weapons activities to get the care they so desperately need. Thank you for your support of extending and expanding this program. I hope you will continue to fully support this legislation by encouraging your colleagues to cosponsor it as well and by voting in favor of the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act Amendments (of 2019 or 2021) - HR 5338/S 2798."

     "Protect Indigenous Sacred Sites Now, President Joe Biden, Congressional Leaders," Action Network, sponsored by numerous groups, July 16, 2021, https://actionnetwork.org/petitions/support-and-uphold-native-peoples-free-prior-informed-consent, stated, " For too long, Native peoples have been forced to the frontlines to defend their lands, waters, and resources, from destruction and degradation for all of us. Sacred sites across Indian Country have been desecrated by resource extraction and industrial development projects that move ahead without the consent of affected Native Nations or communities.
     This has created a very real and growing crisis
     There is no time to waste to protect the most sacred places where Indigenous peoples pray, gather traditional foods and medicines, get drinking water, and visit to remind themselves of the ways their ancestors lived since time began
      We call on President Biden to issue an executive order directing all federal agencies to require the engagement and consent of affected Native Nations, early in the planning process, and before a project is approved.
     Native Nations must be a part of the decision process. No more oil pipelines threatening reservation water supplies without the consent of tribes. No more oil and gas drilling at Indigenous burial sites, without the express permission of Native Nations and Indigenous Peoples. No more moving ahead on large-scale projects without Native Nations’ early participation in planning processes and consent in decision-making.
     The U.S. must uphold the rights of Native Nations and Indigenous Peoples to Free, Prior & Informed Consent, as guaranteed by the United Nations’ Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
     Sign our petition telling President Biden and Congressional leaders to recognize the traditional, legal, and moral rights of Native Nations and Indigenous Peoples to protect sacred places."

     "Urge COP26 Climate Negotiators to Make a Binding Commitment to Source Transition Minerals Responsibly," Cultural Survival, October 14, 2021, https://www.culturalsurvival.org/news/urge-cop26-climate-negotiators-make-binding-commitment-source-transition-minerals-responsibly, stated, " Urge COP26 Climate Negotiators to Make a Binding Commitment to Source Transition Minerals Responsibly
     The 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference, or COP26, will be held between November 1-12 in Glasgow , Scotland. During those two weeks, there will be a lot of necessary momentum around climate targets and climate justice. At this key juncture, we urge decision-makers, climate activists and clean energy advocates to also center and respond to the human rights and environmental justice impacts of mining for battery minerals and renewable energy technologies.
      We are looking for organizational support for a joint declaration, below and linked here, which calls on climate negotiators at COP26 to make a binding commitment to source transition minerals responsibly, and urges climate justice allies and clean energy advocates to join us in ensuring a clean, just and equitable energy transition.
      Minerals demand for renewable energy technologies is projected to skyrocket , particularly for battery metals being used in electric vehicles - and the associated environmental and human impacts are likely to rise steeply as well. Metals mining is one of the world’s dirtiest industries, responsible for at least 10% of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions .
     Please sign on no later than 5pm ET, November 1, 2021.
      We know that this is a critical moment for the climate, and it is essential we center on clean energy solutions that are clean, equitable & just for all - including communities, workers and ecosystems affected by mining. Without these conversations, we risk repeating many of the same injustices these solutions seek to fix.
Please add your organization to the sign on letter here.
      Declaration on Mining and the Energy Transition for COP26
     We, the undersigned organizations, support a just and rapid transition away from fossil fuels and towards a renewable energy system. We are concerned about the impacts of extracting minerals, such as lithium, cobalt, nickel and copper for renewable energy technologies on communities, workers and ecosystems around the world.
      Minerals demand for renewable energy technologies is projected to skyrocket, particularly for battery metals being used in electric vehicles - and the associated environmental and human impacts are likely to rise steeply as well. Metals mining is one of the world’s dirtiest industries, responsible for at least 10% of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. Mining is linked to environmental destruction, freshwater contamination and depletion, human rights abuses, forced displacement, loss of livelihood, violent conflict, unsafe working conditions, and illicit financial flows in many parts of the world. It increasingly poses threats to ocean health through the risky practices of mine waste dumping and deep-sea mining.
     Dangerous mine waste storage and disposal have led to deaths and catastrophic destruction of downstream environments as well as the contamination of fragile marine ecosystems, fisheries and coastal communities. Mining for battery minerals such as cobalt, lithium and nickel causes disproportionate harm to Indigenous peoples.
     Our transition to renewable energy sources must be just and equitable and accompanied by a simultaneous transformation away from irresponsible mining by:
     Centering the human rights of Indigenous, frontline communities, and workers at mining, recycling, reclamation, manufacturing and renewable energy projects, by prioritizing the right to Free, Prior and Informed Consent, including the right to withhold consent as aligned with the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
     Prioritizing low-impact circular economy solutions that reduce the overall demand for primary metals such as reuse, reduction, recycling, and design for disassembly while ensuring health and safety protections for workers and communities.Ensuring responsible minerals sourcing at existing mining operations, by demanding mandatory human rights due diligence and adherence to all legal requirements and stringent international environmental and human rights standards with independent, third-party verification of compliance (such as the IRMA Standard for Responsible Mining).
     Implementing transformative, rather than merely technological, solutions that shift away from disposable consumption and private transportation to more equitable access to services and low-carbon public transit.
     We call on climate negotiators at the UNFCCC COP26 to make a binding commitment to source minerals responsibly. We call on businesses, financial institutions, investors and governments to ensure a clean, just and equitable energy transition by implementing these measures and urge clean energy advocates and climate justice allies to echo these demands in climate change platforms.
      A truly clean, just and equitable energy economy will require not just a transition to cleaner sources of energy, but transformation on an individual and collective level. We urge you to join us and ensure that the move to clean energy doesn’t recreate the same systems it aims to destroy and helps to build climate change solutions that put communities, workers and the environment first."

     "Combatting the Climate Crisis, Recognizing Indigenous Peoples Rights and Knowledge: Some Shortfalls And Some Advances At Cop 26," The International Treaty Council, November 21, 2021, http://hosted.verticalresponse.com/1383891/5f10cff502/545546365/aa063f1824/, reported, "As in past years, the most recent United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Conference of the Parties (COP), which concluded November 13 in Glasgow, Scotland, fell short of achieving the strong commitments needed from State Parties (countries) to halt the growing climate crisis.
      But there were also some advances. The COP 26 outcome document affirmed that greenhouse gas emissions must be significantly reduced to levels that will limit the global temperature increase to no more than 1.5 degrees centigrade over pre-industrial levels. The scientific community has confirmed that if this level is exceeded, the extinction of a million species, the decimation of many ecosystems, and the destruction of Indigenous Peoples’ traditional lifeways and food systems cannot be averted.
      The final COP decision adopted on November 13 by consensus of the State Parties also recognized for the first time that fossil fuels were the primary driver of the climate crisis and committed to cut back on government subsidies for non-sustainable energy production. However, after two weeks of hard negotiations among almost 200 State Parties, China and India waited until the final plenary session to object to draft language regarding coal, the dirtiest of fossil fuels, insisting that the language be changed from 'phasing out' to “'phasing down'. Many Parties, including the European Union and the Small Island Developing States, expressed their disappointment with the watered-down language and lack of transparency in the decision-making, but could do little about it since the outcome document had to be agreed by consensus of all the State Parties. 'They decided to accept progress over perfect' in the words of one Indigenous observer who witnessed the process until its conclusion.
      Other issues of great concern to the over 150 Indigenous Peoples’ delegates from all regions of the world were kicked down the road until COP 27, which will take place in Egypt in 2022. This included compensation for Loss and Damage caused by climate change, including 'non-economic losses' such as sacred sites and culturally-important places, cultural practices, and traditional food and ecosystems.
      Indigenous Peoples achieved a significant victory in the final hours of COP 26 after a 6-year battle to achieve recognition of their rights in Article 6 of the Paris Rulebook, which provides the details for implementation of the 2015 Paris Agreement. Article 6, the last section to be agreed, addresses market and non-market approaches and international cooperation for the mitigation of climate change. Of great concern to many Indigenous Peoples are its provisions regarding market mechanisms such as carbon trading and forest offsets, which they see as false solutions.
      Indigenous Peoples were firmly united regarding the need to ensure the inclusion of rights safeguards in Article 6 to prevent negative impacts on Indigenous Peoples as a result of projects initiated through this process. Those could include mega projects such as dams and plantations, forced relocations, and forest protections in some regions being used by states and corporations to 'offset' destructive development projects impacting Indigenous Peoples in other regions. At the end of the day, Indigenous Peoples and their allies from a range of rights-based constituencies as well as many of the State Parties insisted on including safeguards for human rights and the rights of Indigenous Peoples in the text. The language that was already agreed in the Paris Agreement preamble states in part that 'Parties should, when taking action to address climate change, respect, promote and consider their respective obligations on human rights, the right to health, the rights of indigenous peoples…' This language was inserted as a 'chapeau', or opening paragraph, in the final adopted text of Article 6 and was also referenced in several of its provisions as the criteria that a 'supervisory body' will use to approve projects carried out under this Article. There is also a grievance mechanism for Indigenous Peoples and others who have suffered damages as a result of such projects.
     Ghazali Ohorella from Maluku, Pacific region, was one of the leaders for the International Indigenous Peoples Forum on Climate Change (the Indigenous caucus) on this issue. He pointed out that while we achieved the inclusion of Indigenous Peoples’ rights in the 2015 Paris Agreement preamble, we were not able to get it into the operative sections due to the opposition of some states. 'This language is now included in the operative sections of the Paris Rulebook, a big advance for us in this process,' he stated.
      The Indigenous Caucus was disappointed, however, that they were not able to achieve stronger language regarding a consultation provision under paragraph 6.4. The language that was adopted by the States provides for consultation with Indigenous Peoples and others who might be affected according to 'applicable domestic arrangements'. Indigenous delegates worked to include a reference to international standards to ensure compliance with the right of Indigenous Peoples to free, prior, and informed consent but were not able to gain the support of all State Parties for this addition as required in this consensus-based State negotiating process.
     In another notable advance, the COP 26 President announced a new $1.7 billion fund to support Indigenous Peoples in the protection of tropical forests through contributions from States and private funders. Details regarding the timeline and the process for applications and distributions were not provided. Indigenous Peoples, while recognizing the global importance of the tropical forests, requested that it be provided directly to Indigenous Peoples, rather than passing through the States; include support for Indigenous Peoples in other types of forests (boreal, etc.) and other vital ecosystems; be available to Indigenous Peoples from all regions, and include Indigenous Peoples in its development and implementation.
     In what was perhaps the most historic achievement at COP 26, the Local Communities and Indigenous Peoples Platform’s Facilitative Working Group (FWG), a UNFCCC constituted body made up of 7 representatives of Indigenous Peoples and 7 representatives of State Parties, organized a Global Gathering of 28 Indigenous Knowledge Holders, 4 from each of the 7 regions. The two-day activity included a closed meeting for Indigenous Peoples in which the knowledge holders, which included elders, youth, women, spiritual leaders, and traditional food producers, shared their wisdom, insights, lived experiences, and traditional understandings about climate change. On the second day, they met with a number of State Parties as well as the COP Presidency to share their recommendations and solutions. These included strong messages to the State Parties about the urgent need to begin living in ways that respect and safeguard the natural world and that also respect the rights, lands, waters, food, and knowledge systems of Indigenous Peoples as an essential part of the solution.
     Andrea Carmen, Yaqui Nation, Executive Director of the International Indian Treaty Council and one of the three FWG co-leads for this activity, shared the challenges of bringing 24 knowledge holders from around the world, some from very remote locations, while dealing with the COPs’ strict COVID-19 measures, on the ground logistics and a range of languages spoken. But she confirmed that 'the outcomes, especially the closed meeting for Indigenous Peoples with the knowledge holders where they could share directly among themselves, was so inspiring, emotional, and informative for us all. It was well worth all the struggles it took to make it happen'.
     A core aspect of this activity was the inclusion of 7 Indigenous youth from North America, Africa, Latin America, Russia, and Arctic regions among the 24 knowledge holders who attended in person (4 shared virtually due to language and COVID-19 concerns). Chris Honahnie, a traditional Hopi youth farmer, stated, 'It was an honor to attend the LCIPP activities of COP 26 as an invited Indigenous youth knowledge holder from North America. I left the COP with more confidence in our Indigenous youth than I have in the States to take meaningful and effective action in adapting to Climate Change. It is us, the Indigenous youth, who will continue to experience the worst effects brought on by Climate Change, and it is us who will take the most effective action in addressing this global crisis.'
     Anders Oskal, a Sámi from Norway and Secretary-General of the Association of World Reindeer Herders, was one of the knowledge holders selected to participate in this activity by the Arctic region. He shared with the other knowledge holders and with the States the Sámi traditional teaching for resource use which is “to not take more than you need, use all that you take, and share what you have” as a principle that could be applied by the States in solving the climate crisis based on a sustainable relationship with Nature. He also affirmed the importance of bringing Indigenous traditional food producers and knowledge holders together to share information and experiences with each other, and in doing so, also provide guidance for the deliberations of the States. Anders added, 'I sincerely hope that the UNFCCC will continue and expand this type of engagement in future COPs because Indigenous Peoples can provide real solutions.'”

      Kenny Stancil, "Shell Slammed for Plan to Blast South African Coastline for Oil and Gas During Whale Season, 'We cannot allow climate criminals, like Shell, to plunder in the name of greed,' said Greenpeace," Common Ground, November 29, 2021, https://www.commondreams.org/news/2021/11/29/shell-slammed-plan-blast-south-african-coastline-oil-and-gas-during-whale-season, reported, " Environmentalists responded with outrage to reports that oil giant Shell plans to spend the next several months conducting underwater explosions to search for deep-sea oil and gas reserves off South Africa's coastline—a move that threatens to worsen the fossil fuel-driven climate crisis, undermine the livelihoods of fishers, and harm marine life."

     "NCAI President Fawn Sharp's Statement on California Oil Spill," National Congress of American Indians (NCAI), October 4, 2021, https://www.ncai.org/news/articles/2021/10/04/ncai-president-fawn-sharp-s-statement-on-california-oil-spill, stated, "NCAI President Fawn Sharp's Statement on California Oil Spill:
      'The large oil spill that occurred this weekend off the coast of California is an environmental catastrophe whose devastating impacts on millions of people, animals, fish, plants – all of the living things that make up the Pacific ecosystems – may last for years to come. As Native people, we are charged with sacred duties to respect and live in harmony with all of creation, and as nations in the American family of governments, we have a responsibility to take care of our environment as it takes care of us. We are inextricably linked and when our waters suffer, we all suffer; tribal and coastal economies suffer.
      NCAI supports swift, aggressive, and continued action to clean up the contaminated areas of the Pacific coast, and urges the federal government and other actors to take this opportunity to engage with Tribal Nations to protect our natural resources and find solutions to prevent these devastating events from happening again.'”
     Environmental Defense Fund stated in a July 8, 2021 E-mail, " Health News,
month’s highlights include: Six influencers set out to end beauty’s toxic equity problem; Getting chemical safety back on track five years after reform;New momentum in the fight to get rid of lead pipes;
     And don’t forget to scroll to the bottom for rapid-fire news

      Six influencers set out to end beauty’s toxic equity problem
     Last month, EDF launched its first-ever influencer campaign on clean beauty justice. Six Black and Latina beauty influencers shared personalized ad content on Instagram to help raise awareness about the disproportionate amount of toxic ingredients in beauty and personal care products marketed to women of color.
     Over the course of a month, the influencers are using their networks to tell over 5 million young women of color that they deserve the same access to safer beauty products as white women. They deserve #cleanbeautyjustice.  
Check out the website. Take a stand. And demand #cleanbeautyjustice
      Getting chemical safety back on track five years after reform
     Five years ago, President Obama signed into law the Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act , which overhauled the country’s chemical safety law to better protect people from toxic chemicals. In a welcome change to the dismal anniversaries of the law’s passage during the Trump administration, this year we are able to highlight some signs of progress we have seen from the Biden EPA that are getting chemical safety back on track.
     Here are 5 ways the Biden EPA has started to turn things around on chemical safety:Naming leaders committed to scientific integrity and public health protection,Closing loopholes and committing to strengthen the new chemicals program,Refusing to use the Trump EPA’s deeply flawed approach to reviewing scientific studies of chemical risks,Committing to improve transparency and public access to chemical information, and
     Advancing the scientific assessment of cancer-causing formaldehyde.
     Get the full details in the latest EDF Health blog.
momentum in the fight to get rid of lead pipes
     It's clear that replacing lead pipes is a priority for both the White House and Congress. This is welcome news for our health, the country’s infrastructure, and the economy. Watch EDF’s new animated video that explains why lead pipe replacement is important and why Congress should fund this work!
     With bills in both the House and the Senate focusing on funding lead pipe replacement, it’s important we keep pushing to ensure the federal government follows through on getting the lead out of our drinking water.
     Watch our new animated video and take action to tell Congress to fund lead pipe replacement."

     "'A total halt to new Protected Areas': campaigners issue Marseille Manifesto for the future of conservation," Survival International, October 14, 2021, https://www.forestpeoples.org/sites/default/files/documents/HR%20Env_signatory%20letter_english.pdf, reported, " Participants in the world’s first Congress to decolonize conservation have released a manifesto (https://assets.survivalinternational.org/documents/2019/211013-olon-manifesto-en-es-fr.pdf) calling for a total halt to new Protected Areas which exclude Indigenous and local communities.
     The 'Marseille Manifesto: a people’s manifesto for the future of conservation' has been released today by many Indigenous and non-Indigenous activists and experts who gathered for last month’s ground-breaking 'Our Land Our Nature' congress.
     They also demand:
     - that governments 'fully respect, protect and uphold Indigenous peoples’ land and forest rights, respect collective customary land and forest use by local communities, to ensure protection of that land in accordance with their wishes' as the primary means of protecting the world’s biodiversity
     - 'Governments and conservation organisations must acknowledge the huge toll that strictly protected conservation areas have taken on the lands, livelihoods and rights of many communities worldwide; they must make concrete plans for reparations of past wrongs, including through transferring control back to the historical and local guardians'
     - 'High income countries… must cease funding conservation programmes which destroy local people and livelihoods, including by failures of
FPIC , irrespective of whether this is intentional or not.'
     The manifesto calls for 'a conservation model that fights against the real causes of environmental destruction and is prepared to tackle those most responsible: overconsumption and exploitation of resources led by the Global North and its corporations
     The demand for a radical change to the current model of conservation has grown louder in recent months. The UN’s Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and the Environment released a strongly-worded policy brief (https://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Issues/Environment/SREnvironment/policy-briefing-1.pdf) in August, arguing that achieving environmental goals 'demands a dramatic departure from ‘conservation as usual’.' His brief calls instead for a radically different, rights-based approach.
      Many organizations and institutions, however, claim to endorse these calls while simultaneously promoting aggressive 'fortress conservation' projects. The European Commission, for example, talks in its Biodiversity Strategy of 'strengthen[ing] the links between biodiversity protection and human rights … and the role of indigenous peoples and local communities' – but continues to fund conservation projects in Africa that exclude them.
     Likewise, 150 NGOs recently published an open letter (https://www.forestpeoples.org/sites/default/files/documents/HR%20Env_signatory%20letter_english.pdf) calling on world leaders to put human rights at the centre of environmental policy – but the group included WWF, whose 'secret war' of funding “vicious paramilitary forces” has been the subject of multiple media exposés and human rights investigations."

     Mike Phelan, Progress America, August 25, 2021, https://actionnetwork.org/forms/sign-the-petition-to-congress-support-the-polluters-pay-climate-fund-act, stated, " Tell Congress: Polluters must pay to help clean up the mess they caused. Support the Polluters Pay Climate Fund Act.
     Exxon has known for decades that climate change was real, and that their product was one of the main causes. But instead of acting to protect us, they spent millions on lobbying and dark money campaigns to empower climate deniers and keep their profits rolling in.
     Now, after the UN’s International Panel on Climate Change has made it clear that we have no choice but to stop burning fossil fuels, who should pay for the transition? The answer is clear: Make polluters pay
      The corporations that caused the climate crisis have enriched themselves massively they must use their blood money to fund a transition toward clean energy.
      SIGN NOW: Congress must pass the Make Polluters Pay Act and force Big Oil to clean up its mess!
     Democratic U.S. Sens. Chris Van Hollen, Bernie Sanders, Ed Markey, Sheldon Whitehouse, Elizabeth Warren, and Jeff Merkley announced the Polluters Pay Climate Fund Act. U.S. Rep. Jamaal Bowman will sponsor the House companion legislation.
      Their plan would raise an estimated $500 billion by collecting fees from corporations for their past pollution and establish a Polluters Pay Climate Fund that directs the money towards the advancement of clean energy infrastructure, climate projects, and more.
     It’s time to make these big polluters pay for the damage they’ve done. The Polluters Pay Climate Fund would be a move in the right direction, which is why groups across the country have endorsed the plan and are pushing Democrats to include it as part of their budget reconciliation package. Sign the petition: Polluters must pay to help clean up the mess they caused. Support the Polluters Pay Climate Fund Act (https://actionnetwork.org/forms/sign-the-petition-to-congress-support-the-polluters-pay-climate-fund-act)."

      Kari Hamerschlag, Christopher D. Cook, "Banks Worldwide Must End Funding of Factory Farms to Halt Climate Damage: Public development banks are directly undermining UN and Paris climate goals by channeling billions of taxpayer dollars into multinational meat corporations," Common Dreams, October 20, 2021, https://www.commondreams.org/views/2021/10/20/banks-worldwide-must-end-funding-factory-farms-halt-climate-damage, " As the climate crisis boils over, new research shows that reducing methane emissions is our best hope to rapidly stem the crisis. It's time to turn up the heat on the industrial meat industry and dramatically curtail its climate harm, which includes 32% of global methane emissions . Yet instead development banks are using public funds to expand this sector that generates 16.5% of total greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs).
     On 19 and 20 October, hundreds of public development banks (PDBs) will gather for the second Finance in Common Summit to make pledges to advance Paris climate and UN sustainable development goals (SDGs). The summit—which will also focus on agriculture and agribusiness transformation—presents a vital opportunity for these banks to put their money where their mouth is and align their agriculture investments to meet these goals.
      Development banks on every continent are directly undermining the UN SDGs and Paris goals by channeling billions of public dollars into multinational meat corporations. While undermining the livelihoods of small-scale producers, this heavily polluting industrial meat system is fueling the climate crisis, destroying precious ecosystems, promoting animal cruelty and increasing the risk of antibiotic resistance and future pandemics .
     With vast documented evidence of factory farming's destructive effects, a new global campaign, Divest Factory Farming, is calling on PDBs to immediately stop financing industrial livestock operations and shift their investments towards a more equitable and sustainable food system

"347 Organizations Sign Letter To Protect Rooftop Solar Power In California: Influential grassroots organizations across the state and sectors come together in asking Governor Newsom and CPUC to prioritize rooftop solar and storage for a more equitable and resilient energy grid," CleanTechnica, September 5, 2021, https://cleantechnica.com/2021/09/05/347-organizations-sign-letter-to-protect-rooftop-solar-power-in-california/, reported, " 347 organizations (list: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1eB85J3qRSeFn6dz5mPG_un34s7Q5IJ4c/edit) representing a true grassroots movement—spanning business to housing to environmental advocacy groups, issued a statement of support to protect rooftop solar in California.
     The open letter signed by a diverse coalition of organizations, sent to Governor Newsom and the California Public Utilities Commission, demands state leaders keep solar affordable in California as the Newsom Administration considers changes to 'net energy metering' (NEM), the state policy that defines how solar users send energy back to and interact with the electric grid."
     Some builders and developers had complained that requiring rooftop solar would make construction too expensive.

     "Indigenous leaders from India denounce Modi over coal hypocrisy," Survival International, November 9, 2021, https://www.survivalinternational.org/news/12692, reported, " Representatives of India’s Adivasi (Indigenous) people have denounced PM Narendra Modi for proclaiming his green credentials at COP , whilst simultaneously planning a massive expansion of coal mining on their lands .
     The lands and livelihoods of tens of thousands of tribal people will be destroyed under Modi’s plan to open 55 new coal mines, expand 193 existing ones, and produce 1 billion tonnes of coal a year. Eighty per cent of the new mines will be on Adivasi land
      Vast areas of tribal forests are being sold off without the people’s consent. Corporations including Adani, Jindal and Vedanta are snapping up coalfields which are being auctioned as part of Modi’s coal rush.
      One of the areas targeted is the priceless Hasdeo Forest in Chhattisgarh, home to twenty thousand Adivasis. Two mines are already operational there, and a third, Parsa, has just been approved . The Parsa mine will be operated by mining giant Adani, whose subsidiary was recently announced as a sponsor of London’s Science Museum.
     Shakuntala, an Oraon leader from Hasdeo, said: 'If the mine comes to Hasdeo forest, the entire region, including the Adivasi villages will be destroyed. The forest gives us everything we need – if the mine is opened there will be nothing left. Everything will be uprooted. The Earth is our Mother. We are the sons and daughters of the Earth. So how can we watch anyone destroy our Mother? We are ready to give our lives for Mother Earth.
     'Whenever the government wants, it gives our land away for industries and coal mining. So we Adivasis are not free. We do not accept this slavery. We will give everything we have to resist this slavery: our bodies, our souls, our lives, but we will never accept it. We will not give our forests and lands away. If we do, the Adivasi existence will be lost forever.'Phillip, an Oraon activist. His people’s land (behind him) has been sliced in two by a giant coal mine.
     Phillip, an Oraon activist from Jharkhand, said: 'We Adivasi people can save the Earth… but they see no value for this. They just want us to be dead… That waste dump you see behind me, that is how Modi sees us Adivasis. I want to say to Modi: You cannot sit in power long. To Adani and Ambani: big corporations like you people need to also pay attention. We Adivasi people will not just leave our lands to you. Because, if anything can save the world, it is the worldview of the Adivasi people. There is no other way. You are destroying the environment, which is Adivasi people’s life, by mining. Hear me straight: Change yourself, or nature will change you for the better.'
     Athram, a Gond lawyer and leader from Andhra Pradesh, said: 'Now, there is a world COP summit going on, and I want to warn the COP leaders attending the summit: You talk about environmental protection, but Adivasi people are the real protectors of the environment. The government is bringing in so many projects to destroy Adivasi people. The environment is getting destroyed. Our culture, our lifestyle and our forests are being destroyed by this government.
     'The same leaders of the government go to these summits, to lie that ‘I save the environment’ and so on. How big a lie can they get away with? Destroying our communities and destroying environment by imposing destructive projects on our lands, is against the [Paris] agreement. Here you are destroying our people and there [Glasgow] you are speaking about environment protection as if you are protecting it on your own. Why are you lying like this? We Adivasis… can take care of our lands; we know how to protect it. We want our lands, our territory. Who are you? You sit somewhere in Delhi and then go to meetings like this and speak as if you are a “great environmental protector.' Don’t lie like this.'
     And Mukesh, a Ho activist from Jharkhand, said: 'I want to send this message to the COP leaders who are of the opinion that they can save our environment, while also continuing to push mining and industrialization. Because of mining, our forests will be deforested, our rivers silted up. If our forests and ecosystems, which are our schools, are destroyed, then our knowledge will also be destroyed. If our knowledge gets destroyed, the future of the planet will be in danger. So, that’s why, to save the planet, you have to save the Adivasi people living in their ecosystems.'
     Survival recently launched, in collaboration with Adivasi representatives, its Adivasis Against Coal campaign (https://www.survivalinternational.org/campaigns/adivasisagainstcoal), to press the Indian authorities to stop coal mining on Adivasi land without their consent."

     Earth Justice stated in a September 5. 2021 E-mail, " The toxic legacy of uranium mining from the Cold War era continues to haunt communities throughout the American West. Hundreds of mines were dug, especially on Indigenous lands. Many of the miners themselves were from tribes such as the Navajo, and few were given sufficient protection, or warnings about the toxins they blasted out of the rock, inhaled and brought into their homes after work. Today, water wells in these areas contain hazardous levels of uranium beyond the federal limit considered safe for drinking water. High levels of uranium persist in the soil, which is linked to everything from autoimmune diseases to reproductive problems to lung and bone cancer.
     Millions of federal dollars have yet to make a dent in implementing adequate clean-up plans for Indigenous communities — so why attempt to revive a polluting industry with even more tax dollars and put even more Indigenous communities at risk of more contamination?
     In 2020, the Trump administration endorsed spending millions on creating a uranium stockpile to boost domestic mining after years of industry lobbying. Now, Biden’s Department of Energy is following through on that proposal even though it conflicts with the White House Environmental Justice Advisory Council’s recommendations to do no harm to frontline communities
      Another uranium boom is not what our communities need, nor what our already parched earth needs. Not only does uranium mining pollute water, it also uses up water that plants and animals depend on for survival.
     We cannot use tax dollars to subsidize uranium companies that have already perpetrated environmental injustices toward Indigenous communities and polluted our precious water resources. Please urge the Department of Energy not to create a uranium reserve

     The Nuclear Information Service stated in an October 8, 2021 E-mail, " We cannot allow the federal government to continue to harm Indigenous communities impacted by the toxic dangers of uranium mining.
Protect Indigenous Communities and the Environment - Stop New Uranium Mining
      The Biden administration is moving forward with a Trump-era proposal to establish a nuclear fuel stockpile — otherwise known as a strategic uranium reserve (SUR) — that would encourage more mining and put many frontline Indigenous communities and treasured, sacred places like the Grand Canyon, Bears’ Ears, and the Black Hills at risk from uranium contamination.
President Biden promised voters to invest in environmental justice and clean energy, but uranium mining would undermine both.
      Take Action! Demand that the Biden administration prioritize environmental justice, NOT subsidies for uranium companies (https://nirs.salsalabs.org/nouraniumreserve/index.html?eType=EmailBlastContent&eId=03b742b2-e460-4941-82fa-289ee31af023).

      Hannah Grover, "Navajo group alleges U.S. violated human rights in uranium mine licensing," New Mexico Political Report, October 22, 2021, https://nmpoliticalreport.com/2021/10/22/navajo-group-alleges-u-s-violated-human-rights-in-uranium-mine-licensing/, reported, " With historic uranium mine sites already polluting communities, members of the Navajo Nation have been fighting for 27 years to stop a new mining initiative from starting in the Crownpoint and Church Rock areas.
     On Thursday, the Eastern Navajo Diné Against Uranium Mining took that fight to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, arguing that the United States and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission’s approval of Hydro Resources Inc. mines violated the human rights of Navajo Nation residents."

      Andrea Germanos, "Scientists Warn Experimental Nuclear Plant Backed by Bill Gates Is 'Outright Dangerous': 'Gates has continually downplayed the role of proven, safe renewable energy technology in decarbonizing our economy,'" Common Dreams, November 17, 2021, https://www.commondreams.org/news/2021/11/17/scientists-warn-experimental-nuclear-plant-backed-bill-gates-outright-dangerous, reported, "Officials announced Tuesday that the small city of Kemmerer, Wyoming would be the site of a new Bill Gates-backed nuclear power project—an initiative whose proponents say would provide climate-friendly and affordable energy but which some scientists warn is a dangerous diversion from true energy solutions.
     'Gates has continually downplayed the role of proven, safe renewable energy technology in decarbonizing our economy.'
      The experimental Natrium nuclear power plant will be at the site of the coal-fired Naughton Power Plant, slated for retirement in 2025, though siting issues are not yet finalized. The company behind the project is TerraPower. Gates, who helped found TerraPower, is chairman of the board.
     'Mr. Gates,' nuclear expert Arnie Gundersen wrote in an open letter in August, Natrium 'is following in the footsteps of a 70-year-long record of sodium-cooled nuclear technological failures. Your plan to recycle those failures and resurrect liquid sodium again will siphon valuable public funds and research from inexpensive and proven renewable energy alternatives.'
     The project in October received an $80 million U.S. Department of Energy grant."

      Julia Conley, "Despite Outcry, Japanese Prime Minister Urges Swift Release of Fukushima Wastewater Into Sea: South Korea has said the release of the radioactive wastewater poses a 'grave threat' to marine life.," Common Dreams, October 18, 2021, https://www.commondreams.org/news/2021/10/18/despite-outcry-japanese-prime-minister-urges-swift-release-fukushima-wastewater-sea, reported, " A South Korean official on Monday denounced Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida's call to begin releasing contaminated wastewater from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant into the sea starting in 2023.
     Kishida, who took office last month,
visited the plant over the weekend and said the plan to release more than one million tonnes of water into the sea over 30 years should not be delayed.
      The radioactive wastewater has continued to accumulate at the power plant site since three nuclear reactors melted down after the March 2011 tsunami, forcing the evacuation of more than 150,000 people.
     'Japan's decision was made without enough consultation with the neighboring nations.'
     'I felt strongly that the water issue is a crucial one that should not be pushed back,' Kishida told reporters.
      According to The Times , South Korean officials, who continue to ban seafood imports from the region due to safety concerns, were not consulted by Kishida's government before the announcement.
     'Japan's decision was made without enough consultation with the neighboring nations,' a South Korean diplomat told the outlet.
      According to the prime minister, the government will make extensive efforts to ensure the water is safe, despite the fact that the Advanced Liquid Processing System used by the Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) to treat the wastewater is not able to remove tritium, a radioactive isotope of hydrogen.
     Experts say tritium is only harmful to humans in large doses, but South Korean officials have said the release of the water poses a 'grave threat' to marine life in the Pacific Ocean
     The plan to move forward with the release of wastewater represents a 'radioactive assault' on the ocean 'and all those who share its shores,' tweeted Alex Mihailovich, a correspondent for RT America."

      Jessica Corbett, "New Legal Campaign Aims to Protect People and Nature From Polluters' 'Irreparable Damage:' 'States must listen to communities' demands to recognize the human right to a healthy environment and better regulate businesses with respect to the impacts of their operations,'" Common Dreams, September 23, 2021, https://www.commondreams.org/news/2021/09/23/new-legal-campaign-aims-protect-people-and-nature-polluters-irreparable-damage, reported, " Frontline communities in Latin America and advocacy groups on Thursday announced a new global campaign that targets major polluters and aims 'make the right to a healthy environment an internationally recognized human right' through court action.
     Launched ahead of United Nations climate talks scheduled for next month, the campaign kicked off with a pair of lawsuits filed in Chile and Colombia by the Paris-based International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) and member organizations in each country.
     ' #SeeYouInCourt (https://twitter.com/hashtag/SeeYouInCourt) is not just a hashtag or a publicity campaign," FIDH said in a statement. 'It launches a series of actions to hold companies accountable for their harmful practices that prevent tens of thousands of communities around the world from living in a healthy, safe, and clean environment.'
     A campaign video released Thursday calls out polluters for not only disregarding human rights and the environment but also pressuring governments "to conduct business at any cost."

      Kenny Stancil, "'Unconscionable': Despite Outcry Over Lead Poisoning, New Asphalt Plant Approved in Flint, Michigan: 'Our community, our families, our children, cannot and should not take more chemical pollution,'" Common Dreams, November 15, 2021, https://www.commondreams.org/news/2021/11/15/unconscionable-despite-outcry-over-lead-poisoning-new-asphalt-plant-approved-flint, reported, " Less than a week after a federal judge approved a $626 million settlement for thousands of lead poisoning victims in Flint, Michigan, state officials on Monday rubber-stamped an air permit for a new asphalt plant in the city despite strong opposition from residents and advocates, who denounced the decision as another manifestation of environmental injustice.
      'The plant will be an additional source of air pollution in a community of color that already has one of the highest rates of asthma hospitalizations in the state.'
      According to Earthjustice, ' The Ajax asphalt plant will be located in Genesee Township, less than 1,600 feet from public housing in a low-income Black neighborhood in Flint that is already overwhelmed by high levels of air toxics, particulate matter from the concentration of industrial activity. Nearby facilities include Genesee Power Station, Universal Coating, Inc., Ace-Saginaw Paving Company, Buckeye Terminals, Superior Metals, RJ Industrial Recycling, and many others.'"

     Hannah Grover, New Mexico Political Report, November 11, 2021, https://mailchi.mp/nmpoliticalreport.com/environment-wrap-up-474782?e=cde7993ced " Groundwater flow into the Colorado River is expected to decline by about 30 percent over the next 30 years, according to a study recently published in the journal Geophysical Research Letters.
     This study comes as levels in Colorado River Basin water reservoirs decline to historic lows, putting hydropower generation in jeopardy and leading to water shortages.
     Amid these impacts of climate change, U.S. Senators Martin Heinrich and Ben Ray Luján reintroduced legislation that would protect the Gila River as a wild and scenic river. The Gila River starts in New Mexico and eventually joins the Colorado River near Yuma, Arizona. However, the river is mostly dry and intermittent in Arizona below a dam.
     The wild and scenic river designation would prevent large diversions and dams that would impact the Gila’s free-flowing characteristics.
      While reservoirs are often used to store water for communities, Heinrich said aquifers are a better place for storage. Read my story here: https://nmpoliticalreport.com/2021/11/05/heinrich-lujan-seek-wild-and-scenic-river-designation-for-the-gila/."

      Brett Wilkins, "'Half-Measures Are No Longer Enough': Haaland Urged to Sign Order to Halt Extinction Crisis: "The United States can restore its position as a global leader in conservation and prevent many of these extinctions, but it must take swift action that matches the extent and scale of the problem," Common Dreams, October 18, 2021, https://www.commondreams.org/news/2021/10/18/half-measures-are-no-longer-enough-haaland-urged-sign-order-halt-extinction-crisism reported, "Noting that a million species around the world face extinction in the near future, more than 100 conservation groups on Monday implored U.S. Interior Secretary Deb Haaland to issue a secretarial order "that sets concrete action" to "stem the extinction crisis and restore abundant wildlife and plant populations" worldwide.
      'The massive challenge of confronting the global wildlife extinction crisis requires the United States to take bold, transformative action," the groups wrote in a letter led by the Center for Biological Diversity.
     'The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service recently made a heartbreaking announcement that it is proposing to remove 22 animals and a plant from the endangered species list because of extinction,' the letter continued. 'An additional one million animal and plant species here and around the world are facing extinction within the coming decades. Millions more are declining.'
     'The United States can restore its position as a global leader in conservation and prevent many of these extinctions, but it must take swift action that matches the extent and scale of the problem,' the signers wrote.
      The proposed secretarial order includes the following steps the letter's signatories say will avert extinction:
     Restoring healthy ecosystems to address habitat loss and degradation by establishing new protected areas, expanding existing ones, and increasing connectivity between them;
     Recovering endangered species and rebuilding populations by using emergency authority to protect any species where there is a "significant risk" to its wellbeing, and implementing protections for all other animals and plants that warrant safeguarding under the Endangered Species Act no later than the end of 2023;
     Accounting for climate change in the recovery of endangered species by requiring the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to update or develop recovery plans that integrate greenhouse gas emissions reductions to avoid extinctions; and
     Cracking down on the global wildlife trade.
     'This is a pivotal moment for the Biden administration,' Stephanie Kurose, a senior policy specialist at the Center for Biological Diversity,
said in a statement. 'We're watching so many unique animals and plants disappear before our very eyes. Policy half-measures are no longer enough. Our leaders need to commit to doing everything they can to save life on Earth.'
     'Secretary Haaland cares deeply about protecting our natural heritage,' she added, 'so we're hopeful that she'll do the right thing and sign this secretarial order.'
     However, conservationists lamented the
conspicuous absence of the United States from last week's United Nations Biodiversity Conference in China, as well as the fact that the U.S. is the only nation on Earth that hasn't ratified the Convention on Biological Diversity.
     'It reinforces the notion,'
said one critic, 'that the U.S. is a fair-weather partner when it comes to environmental conservation, including issues of climate change.'
     Our work is licensed under Creative Commons (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0"

     Mighty Earth wrote in a November 4, 2011, E-mail, "BREAKING NEWS: Mighty Earth, together with the Financial Times exposed the British conglomerate Jardine Matheson as driving the rarest orangutan in the world further to the edge of extinction.
     BUT – we've heard this story has provoked worry inside Jardines. This means our actions are working. Our secret intel tells us the company is getting nervous and on the brink of finally committing to protecting this rare species.
      Let's make them really scared. Can you add your voice to our petition?
     The Financial Times named and shamed Jardines and their subsidiaries for continuing to clear Tapanuli orangutan forest to extract gold from the open pit Martabe mine, saying that “'they cut down areas where there were orangutans, that were within their known range'.This could be our moment. We need one more big people-powered effort and we can push the company over the line, and help save the Tapanuli orangutan.
      Can you please sign this petition and add your voice demanding Jardine Matheson acts?Thanks for standing mighty,
     Martin, Julian and the rest of us at Mighty Earth
     More Information:
     Mighty Earth: https://www.mightyearth.org/2021/11/02/jardines-caught-clearing-forest-now-in-rare-orangutan-habitat/Financial Times: https://www.ft.com/content/74d17c47-fc3f-47db-a717-e1a2780986fb
     Original Email
      The Tapanuli orangutan, the rarest great ape in the world, is on the brink - there are less than 800 of these charismatic primates left and their habitat is under attack. Jardine Matheson, a British conglomerate, is expanding a gold mine into the habitat of the Tapunuli orangutan putting at risk the entire species.
     The next few months are going to be critical to help protect this species. If Jardine Matheson manages to keep this issue out of the limelight, then it will most likely get away with the expansion. But if we can raise a storm and force this secretive firm out into the glare of public accountability – we have got a really good chance of stopping the expansion.
      Can you help by signing this people-powered petition saying “we know what you’re doing and we’re here to stop you” (https://actionnetwork.org/petitions/jardine-matheson-protect-the-tapanuli-orangutans/.
      Since early 2019, the Martabe mine has destroyed at least 40 hectares of Tapanuli orangutan rainforest habitat -- an area of the Batang Toru forest equivalent to 75 football fields.
     Jardine Matheson could act to save this beautiful species, and be seen as a global leader in species protection. But instead, it only thinks about its bottom line.
     Mighty Earth was created to stop egregious companies from exploiting our tropical forests, so critical to life on earth, from destruction. When our global community rises up, we can achieve incredible things. Can you help us now defend the habitat of the Tapanuli orangutan?
      Jardine Matheson STOP clearing rainforests and protect the Tapanuli orangutan habitat NOW."

      Andrea Germanos, "'Ban Neonicotinoids Right Now,' Say Conservationists After EPA Pesticide Review: 'The EPA doesn't need any more proof,' said one expert after agency analyses detailed threat to endangered species," Common Dreams, August 27, 2021, https://www.commondreams.org/news/2021/08/27/ban-neonicotinoids-right-now-say-conservationists-after-epa-pesticide-review, "Environmental and food safety advocates highlighted Thursday the decline in iconic pollinators following new analyses released by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency showing three widely used neonicotinoid insecticides are 'likely to adversely affect" the majority of the endangered plants and animals the agency assessed.
     'These extremely toxic pesticides are causing drastic ecological harm, both the collapse of bee populations as well as putting literally hundreds of endangered species at extinction risk across the country
      'Now the EPA can't ignore the fact that these popular insecticides are wiping out our country's most endangered plants and animals,' Lori Ann Burd, environmental health director at the Center for Biological Diversity, said in a statement.
     'Neonicotinoids are used so widely, and in such large quantities,' she said, 'that even the EPA's industry-friendly pesticide office had to conclude that few endangered species can escape their toxic effects.'
     Burd's comments came in response to draft biological evaluations for three neonicotinoids, or 'neonics,' which are: clothianidin, imidacloprid and thiamethoxam. The evaluations, which now face a 60-day public comment period, were required by settlements the agency reached earlier this year with NRDC and the Center for Food Safety (CFS).
      Neonics have come under the repeated scrutiny of environmental watchdogs and scientists, with previous studies linking their use to harm to insects , including bees and butterflies, as well as birds and freshwater marine species .
     In its Thursday statement, the Center for Biologicical Diversity summarized the EPA's damning findings on the neonics' adverse impacts to threatened species and their habitats :
      Nearly 80% of all endangered species—1,445 different kinds of plants and animals—are likely to be 'adversely affected'
imidacloprid , and the pesticide will adversely modify the designated critical habitats of 658 species. For thiamethoxam , 1,396 (77% of all) endangered species are likely to be adversely affected, and the pesticide will adversely modify the designated critical habitats of 644 species. About two thirds of all endangered species, 1,225, are likely to be adversely affected by clothianidin , and the pesticide will adversely modify the designated critical habitats of 644 species.
      CFS also noted the "remarkable levels of harm" the evaluations found with regards to the neonics.
     According to George Kimbrell, legal director of the group, the analyses 'confirm what scientists have told EPA and industry for over a decade: These extremely toxic pesticides are causing drastic ecological harm, both the collapse of bee populations as well as putting literally hundreds of endangered species at extinction risk across the country.'
     In light of that confirmation, Kimbrell urged the Biden administration 'to complete its process with all due speed in order to start protecting these iconic species.'"

     The Pew Charitable Trust asks in, https://www.pewtrusts.org/en/trust/archive/summer-2021/can-we-protect-the-ocean-by-2030, September 9, 201, " Can We Protect the Ocean by 2030? Trust Magazine, " From pervasive plastic pollution to illegal fishing, threats to ocean health are becoming more and more urgent. An ambitious conservation goal is emerging—but what's actually needed to conserve 30% of our global ocean by 2030?"

     Wild Earth Guardians wrote in a December 14, 2021 E-mail, " Tell the Bureau of Land Management to stop a new highway through Red Cliffs National Conservation Area Four-lane highway is incompatible with the conservation area,"
     "Despite receiving thousands of letters of opposition from many of you, the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) has so far ignored our call to withdraw a right-of-way across public lands in southwest Utah.
     The right-of-way had been granted by the Trump administration, just before it left office, through the Red Cliffs National Conservation Area outside St. George—a rapidly sprawling city. Trump’s BLM did this despite clear instruction from Congress in 2009 that Red Cliffs was designated to conserve and protect the plants and wildlife, including the threatened Mojave desert tortoise, that live where the Mojave Desert, Great Basin, and Colorado Plateau converge.
     This past June, Guardians and our partners sued BLM for failing to uphold its responsibilities to manage the Red Cliffs. Construction hasn’t started on the four-lane highway—yet—so the Biden administration still has an opportunity to correct this terrible decision by its predecessors.
      To get the Biden administration’s attention, Guardians and allies have created a shared website asking the public to join together to voice its opposition to this destructive and unnecessary highway across fragile desert habitat.
     The overall goal is 80,000 signatures. With the help of Guardians’ great supporters, I’m confident we can reach that goal.
     Please take action and tell the BLM that the Red Cliffs National Conservation Area is too valuable to destroy with a highway (https://www.protectredcliffs.com)."

      Kenny Stancil, "Plastic Pollution in Waterways Could Triple by 2040, Warns UN: 'This assessment provides the strongest scientific argument to date for the urgency to act, and for collective action to protect and restore our oceans from source to sea,' Common Dreams, October 22, 2021, https://www.commondreams.org/news/2021/10/22/plastic-pollution-waterways-could-triple-2040-warns-un, reported, " As the global pollution crisis continues to endanger the world's ecosystems, people, and climate, the United Nations warned Thursday that 'a drastic reduction in unnecessary, avoidable, and problematic plastic'—achieved through a rapid transition from fossil fuels to renewable energy and a shift to more sustainable patterns of production and consumption—is key to cutting down on waste at the needed scale.
     'Continuing with business-as-usual is simply not an option.'
      From Pollution to Solution: A Global Assessment of Marine Litter and Plastic Pollution (https://www.unep.org/resources/pollution-solution-global-assessment-marine-litter-and-plastic-pollution), a new comprehensive assessment and visualization from the U.N. Environment Program (UNEP), shows that plastic pollution in aquatic ecosystems has risen substantially in recent years and is projected to more than double by 2030, exacerbating detrimental ecological, public health, and economic consequences.
     'This assessment provides the strongest scientific argument to date for the urgency to act, and for collective action to protect and restore our oceans from source to sea,' Inger Andersen, executive director of UNEP, said in a statement. 'A major concern is the fate of breakdown products, such as microplastics and chemical additives, many of which are known to be toxic, and hazardous to both human and wildlife health, and ecosystems.'
      Plastic accounts for 85% of marine litter, the report notes, and without meaningful interventions, plastic pollution in waterways and on coastlines could nearly triple by 2040—with 23 to 37 million metric tons of plastic waste flowing into seas each year, up from the current annual volume of 11 million metric tons."

     "Greenpeace USA Responds to New NOAA Report on Global IUU Fishing," Greenpeace USA, August 13, 2021, https://www.commondreams.org/newswire/2021/08/13/greenpeace-usa-responds-new-noaa-report-global-iuu-fishing, stated, "Yesterday, t he National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) issued its new report to Congress (https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/feature-story/noaa-issues-2021-report-global-iuu-fishing-and-bycatch-protected-marine-life-resources) on international illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing and bycatch. The report, which identifies 31 nations with vessels engaged in illegal, unreported, or unregulated fishing activities on the high seas, is the next installment in a series of publications regarding international fisheries management improvement. It additionally references cases documented in Choppy Waters— Greenpeace East Asia’s landmark report on forced labor and illegal fishing in Taiwan’s distant water fisheries.
     In response, Greenpeace USA Senior Oceans Campaigner J. Park said:
      'NOAA’s report to Congress confirms that pirate fishing is a global problem that implicates the US seafood market. As investigations from Greenpeace and others have documented for years, the use of forced labor is closely linked to illegal fishing. In order to protect people and the planet from the commercial fishing industry, Congress needs to take action and pass the Illegal Fishing and Forced Labor Prevention Act. As long as the US market remains open to illegal, unreported, and unregulated seafood, widespread human rights and environmental violations will continue to occur at sea.
     'While bycatch is certainly a serious concern in the 29 countries identified in NOAA’s report, it should be noted that US fleets also have a lot of progress to make on this front. US fisheries must tackle the problem of reducing bycatch and habitat damage from bottom trawling and other destructive fishing methods
      Illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing is a top contributor to the loss of marine biodiversity and the depletion of the world’s fisheries, and is connected to human rights abuses of people around the globe. Greenpeace USA and its allies are calling on Congress to pass the Illegal Fishing and Forced Labor Prevention Act, an imperative step for the United States’ leadership in tackling illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing and human rights abuses in the commercial fishing sector."

      Jenna Mcguire, "Industrial Fishing Ban Needed, Says Renowned Ocean Defender Sylvia Earle, "All of that wildlife taken out of the ocean not only affects biodiversity and fosters extinctions at an accelerated rate. It breaks the carbon cycle—the nutrient chain that maintains the fabric of life on Earth." Common Dreams, November 10, 2021, https://www.commondreams.org/news/2021/11/10/industrial-fishing-ban-needed-says-renowned-ocean-defender-sylvia-earlem reported, " Renowned oceanographer Sylvia Earle is calling for world leaders at the United Nations climate summit to support a ban on industrial fishing in international waters to \safeguard the blue heart of the planet.\
      'All of that wildlife taken out of the ocean not only affects biodiversity and fosters extinctions at an accelerated rate. It breaks the carbon cycle—the nutrient chain that maintains the fabric of life on Earth,' said Earle, who was at COP26 this week, The Guardianreported Wednesday.
     The deep-sea researcher said tackling the issue of overfishing is as important to the climate crisis as curbing fossil fuel emissions. A industrial fishing ban, said Earle, would help protect oceans 'in a stroke.'
     Due to poor management and regulation, overfishing occurs when fish species are removed from the ocean at such high rates they become too depleted to recover, destroying fish populations around the world. Commercial fishing also employs tactics that perpetuate unnecessary waste, when massive amounts of unwanted fish and animals are caught in nets and then discarded.
     According to a 2018 report by the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization, a third of commercial fish populations are being harvested at biologically unsustainable levels and the world's fisheries are in deep trouble .
      While three billion people worldwide rely on wild-caught or farmed seafood as a food source, Earle noted that just five nations were 'benefiting disproportionately on an industrial scale from the wild animals that live [in international waters],' for means of profit. Earle argued that the coastal communities who survived on fishing could do so within national waters.
     Eighty-six-year-old Earle, president of Mission Blue, an organization that aims to establish marine protected areas (MPAs), welcomed COP26's '30x30' initiative to secure at least 30% of world's oceans by 2030, but says the proposal does not go far enough.
     'We must protect nature as if our lives depend on it,' she said. 'Achieving 30% of full protection for land and sea… doesn't mean we can trash the rest.'
     Our work is licensed under Creative Commons (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)."

      Kenny Stancil, "Groups Tell UN Food Agency to Ditch 'Toxic Alliance' With Pesticide Association: 'This partnership with CropLife is in direct conflict with FAO's mandate as a U.N. institution to fulfill human rights to health, adequate food, clean water and environment, and safe working conditions,'" Common Dreams, December 3, 2021, https://www.commondreams.org/news/2021/12/03/groups-tell-un-food-agency-ditch-toxic-alliance-pesticide-association , reported, "A global coalition of food justice advocates on Friday urged the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization to sever ties with CropLife International, a trade association representing agrochemical corporations.
     In a letter (https://www.panna.org/sites/default/files/Petition%20to%20FAO%20RE%20CropLife%20Partnership_FINAL.pdf) addressed to FAO Director-General Qu Dongyu and attached to a petition signed by more than 187,300 people from 107 countries, nearly a dozen groups wrote that 'CropLife's sole purpose is to advocate for use of its members' products."
      Those products, says the letter, 'are both antiquated chemical solutions and techno-fixes (genetically modified seeds) that lock farmers into ever-escalating use of pesticides, in conjunction with proprietary seeds that have systematically undermined the rights and welfare of the majority of the world's food producers.'
      'A partnership with CropLife represents a perpetuation of this deeply unjust and unsustainable system,' said the coalition, whose members include the petition organizers—Pesticide Action Network (PAN) International, the Center for International Environmental Law, and Friends of the Earth—plus several other groups fighting for food sovereignty, trade justice, and workers' rights."

     The Democratic Conservation Alliance stated, September 24, 2021, https://secure.democraticconservationalliance.com/a/deb-haaland-recycling, reported on an effort to have significant federal support for recycling, following a statement calling on the need for it by Secretary of the Interior Deb Haaland, " Interior Secretary Deb Haaland is calling on the E.P.A to BOOST funding for local recycling programs and SAVE our planet!
     Recycling is one of the easiest ways Americans can positively impact the environment
. So we’re standing strong with Sec. Haaland to DEMAND the E.P.A take action and fund recycling programs. If you’re with us, sign on before midnight. 10,000 SIGNATURES NEEDED: SIGN NOW.
      Fact: Only 32% of Americans recycle their waste.
     Fact: 91% of plastic is NOT recycled -- tons of recyclable goods go to landfills every year.
     Fact: Communities across the country lack funding for recycling plants -- they can’t properly recycle plastics!

      If we were able to reach a 75% recycling level in the U.S, it would be the equivalent of taking 50 million cars off the road each year!
      With fully-funded recycling programs, we could drastically reduce greenhouse gas emissions, decrease ocean and landfill waste, and create over a MILLION new jobs.
      If you agree with us, sign now to stand with Sec. Haaland and DEMAND the E.P.A fund recycling programs."

     Friends of Earth Action wrote in an October 29, 2021 E-mail, "Animals need YOU to stand up to Big Ag.
     As you read this, giant corporations like Tyson, Marfrig, and Smithfield Foods are profiting off factory farms where animals live in filthy, crowded, inhumane conditions
     Calves are taken from their mothers and put into crates where they can’t move, hens are CRAMMED into tiny cages where they can't spread their wings, pregnant mother pigs are kept in metal pens so small they’re unable to turn around.
      Factory farming is one of the worst perpetrators of animal cruelty, air and water pollution, public health harm, and climate-harming emissions. ...., please add your name NOW to demand an end to all public support for factory farms and the harm they cause to animals, people, and the planet."

     "Lesser prairie-chickens need the safety net of the Endangered Species Act," Food and Water Watch, August 19, 2021, https://secure.wildearthguardians.org/site/Advocacy?cmd=display&page=UserAction&id=1171, stated, " WildEarth Guardians has been fighting for more than two decades to get Endangered Species Act (ESA) protections for the lesser prairie-chicken, a charismatic grassland bird that now occupies approximately 15% of its historic range and has seen its numbers dwindling toward extinction.
     Thanks to our efforts—and following our 2016 listing petition and 2019 settlement agreement—the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) has announced its proposal to provide ESA protections to the lesser prairie-chicken. The proposed rule includes listing the lesser prairie-chicken in two distinct population segments (DPS), with the Northern DPS—encompassing Kansas, Texas, Colorado, and Oklahoma—proposed to be listed as 'threatened' and the Southern DPS—consisting of birds in New Mexico and Texas—proposed to be listed as 'endangered.'
     USFWS is accepting public comments on their proposal until September 2, so please sign this petition urging the USFWS to provide the strongest ESA protections possible and provide the critical habitat these iconic dancing birds need to survive and thrive."

      With the support of the Duwamish Nation, activists in Washington State - mostly non-Native - were carrying out a floating protest to have dams removed on the snake River in order to "save the salmon," in fall 2021("Paddling to Save the Salmon," In These Times, October 2021).

     "Speak Up For Nature and Stand With The Wilderness Society," The Wilderness Society, October 17, 2021, https://act.wilderness.org/a/wilderness_bill_of_rights_nl, stated, " Our nation's public lands—national parks, wildlife refuges, national forests, deserts and grasslands, as well as state and local parks—are vital for creating a livable future for us all: they provide clean air and water, support valuable outdoor recreation and tourism economies, are important cultural and spiritual places for communities, give us opportunities to connect with nature and the many health benefits it provides, and are the home of precious wildlife.
     Now is the time for all of us to speak up about the many ways the places we share and treasure can help answer the tough challenges facing our natural world.
Show your support for conserving our nation's public lands and wild places by signing your name to the Nature Bill of Rights.
      Add your name now to the Nature Bill of Rights.
     I. We are part of nature and must protect the ecosystems that sustain us.
     II. Public lands should benefit all people, and everyone must have equitable access to them.
     III. The federal government must prioritize the needs and rights of tribes, people of color, working-class communities and others who have been historically excluded from public lands decision-making.
     IV. Our nation's public lands need to transition away from fossil fuel development that degrades lands and waters, to sustainable energy solutions that increase their fighting power against climate change.
     V. Public lands and waters can be a solution to the climate crisis and should capture and store as much or more climate change emissions than they produce.
     VI. Public leaders must work with communities to restore, protect and connect at least 30 percent of U.S. lands and waters by the year 2030 to absorb climate-changing emissions, help the hardest hit communities adapt to the impacts of a changing climate and sustain wildlife."

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U.S. Activities

     "Two National American Indian Organizations Message to Senate on Reauthorization of VAWA: “We Cannot Afford to Wait,” Native News Online, October 6, 2021, https://www.nativenewsonline.net/currents/two-national-american-indian-organizations-message-to-senate-on-reauthorization-of-vawa-we-cannot-afford-to-wait, reported, "In a joint statement issued on Wednesday, the National Congress of American Indians and the National Indigenous Women’s Resource Center called in the United States Senate to pass the reauthorization of the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA).The bill passed the House of Representatives in March 2021.
     “ Every day a bipartisan VAWA bill is not passed is another day that our women and children remain vulnerable in their own homes. The time to act is now. We cannot afford to wait,” the two national American Indians tells the Senate."
      Here is the text of the full joint statement:
     The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) and the National Indigenous Women's Resource Center (NIWRC) are encouraged by the bipartisan calls to modernize, reauthorize, and strengthen the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) made during the U.S. Senate Committee on the Judiciary’s hearing yesterday.
     A key component of VAWA reauthorization must be reaffirming Tribal Nations’ jurisdiction to prosecute non-Indians who commit crimes of sexual violence, child abuse, elder abuse, stalking, sex trafficking, and assaults against law enforcement officers in Indian Country. Since VAWA’s reauthorization in 2013, Tribal Nations have successfully prosecuted non-Indian perpetrators in Indian Country, making their communities safer for American Indian and Alaska Native women, as well as the non-Indians who live among and with them.
     However, Tribal Nations have identified jurisdictional gaps, which continue to leave many Native victims of violence vulnerable and without access to justice. To truly modernize and strengthen VAWA, we must build on the success of the 2013 VAWA tribal provisions by closing these gaps and increasing resources available to Tribal Nations to protect their communities.
     We thank members of the Committee who shared their experiences listening to domestic violence survivors and victim service providers and called for VAWA legislation that would protect all victims including those that are citizens of Tribal Nations. Senators, from both sides of the aisle, called for child predators to be brought to justice and spoke at length about how child abuse victims must receive much needed support. We agree, as true justice will not be achieved until tribal criminal jurisdiction over anyone who abuses an Indian child on tribal lands is fully restored.
     VAWA reauthorization must also include additional resources and reimbursements for Tribal Nations. As U.S. Deputy Attorney General Monaco shared, “demand is outpacing supply” when we look at domestic violence resources and services. Today, the high demand for resources, services, and justice can be found all across Indian Country.
     In March 2021, the House of Representatives passed H.R. 1620, a bipartisan VAWA reauthorization bill with strong tribal provisions that builds on the restoration of tribal criminal jurisdiction, which began in VAWA 2013. The Senate must do the same and act quickly to support victims and survivors across the country.
     NCAI and NIWRC call on the Senate to ensure that VAWA is modernized, reauthorized, and strengthened by reaffirming tribal jurisdiction and increasing resources for Indian Country, in 2021. Every day a bipartisan VAWA bill is not passed is another day that our women and children remain vulnerable in their own homes. The time to act is now. We cannot afford to wait."

     "Amicus Briefs Filed to Uphold the Indian Child Welfare Act and Support Indian Children and Families in Brackeen v. Haaland (formerly Brackeen v. Bernhardt)," National Congress of American Indians (NCAI), October 12, 2021, https://www.ncai.org/news/articles/2021/10/12/amicus-briefs-filed-to-uphold-the-indian-child-welfare-act-and-support-indian-children-and-families-in-brackeen-v-haaland-formerly-brackeen-v-bernhardt, stated, "On Friday , 180 tribal nations and 35 Native organizations, 25 states and the District of Columbia, and Casey Family Programs and 10 child welfare and adoption organizations filed briefs to protect the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) before the United States Supreme Court. These three amicus briefs were filed in support of the United States and tribal intervenors’ petitions asking the United States Supreme Court to review the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals’ decision in Brackeen v. Haaland , a case challenging the constitutionality of ICWA.
     The briefs provide important context for the Court’s decision, expected by early to mid-January, about whether to review the lower court’s ruling. The Tribal Amicus Brief focuses on the Indian child welfare crisis that led Congress to enact ICWA. The States’ Brief (https://sct.narf.org/documents/cherokee_v_brackeen/cert_amicus_california.pdf) describes how ICWA has become a critical tool for protecting Indian children and fostering state-tribal collaboration. And the Casey Family Programs Brief (https://sct.narf.org/documents/cherokee_v_brackeen/cert_amicus_casey.pdf) highlights how ICWA exemplifies child welfare best practices and leads to better outcomes for Indian children.
      The Protect ICWA Campaign advocates to uphold ICWA and its critical protections for Indian children and families who are in state court child custody proceedings. For more than 40 years, ICWA has helped tens of thousands of Indian children and families by supporting the role of tribal governments in determining the best interests of Indian children and keeping Indian children connected to their family, community, and culture whenever possible.
     Copies of all of the petitions and amicus briefs can be found on the Tribal Supreme Court Project website (https://sct.narf.org/caseindexes/cherokee_v_brackeen.html)."

     "FY 2022 Indian Country Budget Request:" Restoring Promises," National Congress of American Indians (NCAI), December 2021, https://www.ncai.org/resources/ncai-publications/indian-country-budget-request/fy2022, stated, " This Fiscal Year (FY) 2022 Budget Request outlines federal programs and services that are critical components of strong tribal governments, economies, and communities. The programs highlighted in this document are an integral part of fulfilling the federal government’s treaty and trust obligations. They have been identified by experts from across the country and through federal budget formulation processes between tribal leaders and federal agencies.
     A section on supplemental appropriations in response to COVID-19 is included in this year’s publication. While pandemic response legislation has included Indian Country, the duration and severity of the COVID-19 pandemic necessitates significantly more resources to protect and preserve human life and address the grave social and economic impacts faced by tribal nations as they close government operations and tribal enterprises to protect the health of their citizens and surrounding communities.
      Restoring Promises:
     Tribal nations seek only those things promised to them and their citizens by the solemn treaties and agreements reached between tribal nations and the United States. Tribal nations paid in full for the federal promises exchanged when they ceded millions of acres of land that made the United States what it is today. Tribal nations are resilient and have demonstrated their resolve and dedication since time immemorial; however, tribal nations are uniquely reliant on the federal government to fulfill the promises made in exchange for the land that is the foundation of the bounty and wealth of the United States.
     The federal trust responsibility, one of the most important doctrines in federal Indian law, derives from the treaties between tribal nations and the U.S. government. It is the obligation of the federal government, including all of its branches and agencies, to protect tribal self-governance, tribal lands, assets, resources, and treaty rights, and to carry out the directions of federal statutes and court cases. The Supreme Court has defined this trust responsibility as a “moral obligation of the highest responsibility and trust” (Seminole Nation v. United States, 1942).
     Funding this trust responsibility is critical to the fulfillment of the fiduciary relationship of the United States with tribal nations. This funding supports the express support of the United States for tribal self-determination and self-governance, which is critical to redressing the socio-economic disparities experienced by American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ ANs). In support of this collective goal, tribal nations call for the inclusion of the following recommendations in FY 2022 appropriations.
      Download the FY 2022 document (PDF) : https://www.ncai.org/resources/ncai-publications/NCAI_IndianCountry_FY2022_BudgetRequest.pdf."

     "NCAI Encouraged by President Biden’s Support for Bipartisan Infrastructure Framework," National Congress of American Indians (NCAI), June 24, 2021, https://www.ncai.org/news/articles/2021/06/24/ncai-encouraged-by-president-biden-s-support-for-bipartisan-infrastructure-framework, stated, " The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) is encouraged by the Biden Administration’s support for the $1.2 trillion Bipartisan Infrastructure Framework (https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/statements-releases/2021/06/24/fact-sheet-president-biden-announces-support-for-the-bipartisan-infrastructure-framework/), in what would be a historic, long-term investment in clean solutions for transportation, water, broadband, and power infrastructure. For decades, the federal government has recognized that Indian Country has substandard and chronically underfunded (https://www.usccr.gov/files/pubs/2018/12-20-Broken-Promises.pdf) infrastructure in every sector.
     'We are encouraged to hear of the Biden-Harris Administration’s support for the Bipartisan Infrastructure Framework, which has the potential to bring transformational change to the crumbling infrastructure which plagues Indian Country and many other communities,' said NCAI President Fawn Sharp. 'The Administration’s recent investment in tribal broadband is a positive step forward, and the American Jobs Plan and the funding it would provide to fix and build roads, water systems, schools, hospitals, and all the other things we need to foster thriving tribal communities, is significant and long-overdue.'
     On April 13, 2021, NCAI and 30 American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) organizations, which collectively serve more than 574 federally recognized tribal governments, sent a letter to Congress and the White House requesting resources to urgently address neglected and dilapidated infrastructure that requires improvements to meet the health, safety, welfare, and development needs of AI/AN communities. On May 28, 2021, the President released his Fiscal Year 2022 budget request to Congress. This budget proposal included substantial investments in tribal infrastructure, which Tribal Nations are urging Congress to include in any upcoming budget negotiations."

     Lakota People's Law Project stated in a July 1, 2021 E-mail, "I’ve just returned from a productive, week-long trip in Washington, D.C. At the behest of Carol Gokee, president of the International Leonard Peltier Defense Committee, I joined people from around the nation in taking action to raise awareness about Leonard’s imprisonment, in hopes that he’s eventually freed. I encourage you to watch a speech ( https://lakotalaw.org/resources/free-leonard-chase-dc) I gave on a Black Voters Matter stage in D.C., in which I express our solidarity for all political prisoners everywhere. Watch: I talk to the crowd about Leonard from the Black Voters Matter stage in D.C.
     The events in the capital were scheduled around this past Saturday, which marked the 46-year anniversary of the shooting deaths of two FBI agents at Pine Ridge, for which Leonard was falsely convicted and sentenced in 1977. I have met with Leonard — an enrolled member of the Turtle Mountain Chippewa Tribe and an original American Indian Movement activist who fought hard to combat racism and police brutality. I visited him in Coleman, FL, at the federal prison where he has been incarcerated for more than 43 years. He is a good man.The movement to free Leonard is strong, and people showed up from all around the U.S. this past weekend.
     Though President Obama denied his petition for clemency in 2017, the list of those who have voiced support for Leonard’s freedom includes the Dalai Lama, Mother Teresa, Bishop Desmond Tutu, Nelson Mandela, and Amnesty International. 55 members of Congress and counting have also called for his clemency, as has our first Indigenous U.S. Secretary of the Interior, Deb Haaland. After Robert Redford visited Leonard in prison, he made the powerful documentary “Incident at Oglala — the Leonard Peltier Story,” which I strongly recommend you watch, if you have not already done so.
      It’s a grave miscarriage of justice that Leonard remains behind bars, even after the FBI admitted that nobody knows who actually killed the agents. And it’s not right that Leonard was never allowed to present evidence about 57 unsolved murders of Native people at Pine Ridge, a true reign of terror against AIM during the early 1970s. That’s why I and Lakota Law will continue to work with a diverse coalition of partners — including Carol and her committee, Leonard’s lead counsel, Kevin Sharp, and AIM activist Jean Roach — to ensure we’re doing everything possible to get him out. Wopila tanka — thank you for standing with us for fairness!
Chase Iron Eyes
Co-Director and Lead Counsel
The Lakota People’s Law Project"

      Susan Dunlap, "Coalition of Native women urge the public to keep wearing masks," New Mexico Political Report, July 6, 2021, https://nmpoliticalreport.com/2021/07/06/coalition-of-native-women-urge-the-public-to-keep-wearing-masks/?mc_cid=0fc426ff4d&mc_eid=cde7993ced," reported, "On Thursday the state ended COVID-19 restrictions, including mask mandates, but Indigenous leaders with the Coalition to Stop Violence Against Native Women urge the public to keep wearing the mask."
     "Angel Charley, Laguna and executive director of CSVANW, said ... 'It requires a lot of sacrifice from all of us as individuals; it’s how we made this much progress,” she said. “But until we reach herd immunity, until there is vaccination access for kids under 12, until there is true equitable access to vaccinations then we’re asserting this is a safety precaution.'
     The World Health Organization recommended that vaccinated people continue to wear masks, especially in light of the spread of the Delta variant of COVID-19, which is more contagious than other variants. Charley said the Navajo Nation is following WHO guidance and is continuing its mask mandate."

     "NCAI Reiterates Longstanding Opposition to Atlanta Braves’ Mascot and 'Tomahawk Chop' Fan Ritual as Team Plays in World Series," National Congress of American Indians (NCAI), October 27, 2021, https://www.ncai.org/news/articles/2021/10/27/ncai-reiterates-longstanding-opposition-to-atlanta-braves-mascot-and-tomahawk-chop-fan-ritual-as-team-plays-in-world-series, stated, "T oday, the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) issues the following statement in light of the Atlanta Braves’ participation in the World Series and yesterday’s comments by Major League Baseball Commissioner Rob Manfred condoning the team’s continued use of its mascot and performance of its 'tomahawk chop' fan ritual:
     'Yesterday, Commissioner Manfred stated that the question of whether the ‘Braves’ mascot and ‘tomahawk chop’ fan ritual are offensive to Native people is only a local issue . He similarly asserted the league does ‘not market our game on a nationwide basis.’ Nothing could be further from the truth. Major League Baseball is a global brand, it markets its World Series nationally and internationally, and the games played in Atlanta this weekend will be viewed by tens of millions of fans across the country and around the world. Meanwhile, the name ‘Braves,’ the tomahawk adorning the team’s uniform, and the ‘tomahawk chop’ that the team exhorts its fans to perform at home games are meant to depict and caricature not just one tribal community but all Native people, and that is certainly how baseball fans and Native people everywhere interpret them,' said NCAI President Fawn Sharp. “Consequently, the league and team have an obligation to genuinely listen to Tribal Nations and leaders across the United States about how the team’s mascot impacts them. NCAI, a consensus-based congress composed of hundreds of Tribal Nations from every region of this country, has made its categorical opposition to Native ‘themed’ mascots abundantly clear to sports teams, schools, and the general public for more than five decades. In our discussions with the Atlanta Braves, we have repeatedly and unequivocally made our position clear – Native people are not mascots, and degrading rituals like the ‘tomahawk chop’ that dehumanize and harm us have no place in American society. NCAI calls on the team to follow the example set by the Cleveland Guardians , and we call on Major League Baseball and the FOX Broadcasting Company to refrain from showing the ‘tomahawk chop’ when it is performed during the nationally televised World Series games in Atlanta.'”

     "Advance the Massachusetts Indigenous Legislative Agenda!" Cultural Survival, September 27, 2021, https://www.culturalsurvival.org/news/advance-massachusetts-indigenous-legislative-agenda, reported, " ACTION ALERT: A bill to change Columbus Day to Indigenous Peoples Day is currently under consideration at the Massachusetts State Legislature and we need your help to write to the Joint Committee on State Administration and Regulatory Oversight to show your support! While some cities and towns across the state have been passing Indigenous Peoples Day resolutions and celebrating the holiday, there is an immense need for this statewide bill to pass locally, and be a part of the growing movement of changing this holiday across the United States. On September 28, the Committee will host a hearing on this important bill from the MA Indigenous Legislative Agenda: H.3191/S.2027 An Act establishing an Indigenous Peoples Day. If you are a Massachusetts resident, the Committee needs to hear your voice in support of H.3191/S.2027, both leading up to and after this hearing. Send your letter today!
      Steps you can take now:
     Go to the Action Network link https://bit.ly/IPDMA2021 where you will find the text of the bill, an automated letter that you can send to legislators, and information about how to send your own letter if you do not want to use the automated Action Network letter. Please plan to modify the Action Network letter to tell the legislators why this bill is so important to you -- personalization helps a lot! Sending this will only take a few minutes of your time.
      Support 651/S.382: An Act relative to celebrating and teaching Native American culture and history
     The time is long overdue for Massachusetts public schools to educate all students about Native American cultures, histories, and current issues, and we need your help to get this act passed!
     Steps you can take now:
     1. Go to the Action Network link and find the text of the bill, an automated letter that you can send to legislators, and also information about how to send your own letter if you do not want to use the automated Action Network letter. Please plan to modify the Action Network letter to tell the legislators why this bill is so important to you -- personalization helps a lot! Sending this will only take a few minutes of your time.
     Please go to MAIndigenousAgenda.org for information about all five legislative priorities this session, including eliminating Native American mascots, honoring Indigenous Peoples Day, celebrating and teaching Native American culture & history, protecting Native American heritage, and supporting the education and futures of Native youth."

     "Statement: NCAI President Sharp’s Statement of Support for Juneteenth," National Congress of American Indians (NCAI), June 17, 2021, https://www.ncai.org/news/articles/2021/06/17/statement-ncai-president-sharp-s-statement-of-support-for-juneteenth, stated, "NCAI President Sharp’s Statement of Support for Juneteenth:
      'Today, we honor and celebrate Juneteenth as a national holiday. On June 19th, 1865, Union troops arrived in Galveston, Texas with the news the Civil War ended and slaves were now free.
     A Civil War continues to this day and it never really ended. Truth be told, we remain sharply divided as a country and, along with our Black brothers and sisters, we have yet to break free from the shackles of centuries of systemic and institutional racism, oppression, and marginalization.
     Our day of freedom and emancipation will no doubt come. Until then, we will continue to speak our painful truths, demand justice and equality for all, and rise toward God’s perfect glory for each of us, individually, and this great nation, collectively.'”

     Monique “Muffie” Mousseau, Via the Lakota People’s Law Project. E-mail, August 9, 2021, stated, "I write to you today to share both some hard facts and some good news. I’m sure you’re aware that, because of systemic issues that go back centuries, being Native in America comes with many extra challenges. That’s even more true here in Rapid City, South Dakota, where — rather than being 100 percent dedicated to the service of our community — police commonly use racial profiling to subjugate Native people.
     I recently gave an interview to CNN to help get the word out on a wider scale. Please read this article (https://www.cnn.com/2021/08/05/us/racial-profiling-native-americans-south-dakota/index.html). It details a case where an officer (since let go) saw what he believed was a Native person driving a Mercedes — and that was enough for him to follow the vehicle and report suspicious activity.
     This mirrors my own experience perfectly, except in my case, the extra measure was also taken of pulling me over and bringing me to the station. During a period of just a couple years, I was stopped more than 11 times, brought in twice, and given drug and alcohol tests despite being completely sober and showing no outward signs of intoxication
     And I’m a former police officer! It eventually got to the point where I insisted on having my day in court. I’m happy to say that the judge took my side and wound up passing along my concerns to the Highway Patrol. After that, a lieutenant called me to apologize. Of course, he wouldn’t admit that racial profiling was involved — but those cops were reassigned. I find the local police want nothing to do with me now. I wish all Native people around here could say the same!
     As long as I have your attention, I’d also like to give you two great updates on the work my wife, Felipa, and I continue to do on behalf of LGBTQ2S rights. First, we’ve been invited to speak and participate in an induction ceremony of the Montana Two Spirit Society — a huge honor! And second, we expect our hate crime legislation to pass a final vote at the Sisseton-Wahpeton Tribal Council meeting in early September. We recently were on the phone for the first vote, which went our way unanimously.
     This is a wonderful step, since we continue to see way too much violence toward Native and two spirit people — even at the hands of those meant to protect us. As I asked the judge after all those stops: who is policing the police? Maybe it has to be us. So, while Felipa and I can’t be everywhere at once, we won’t stop doing everything we can to spread the word, get good laws on the books, and protect our relatives.
     Wopila tanka — thank you for standing with us!"

     Seth Gladstone, sgladstone@fwwatch.org, "White House Climate Czar Gina McCarthy Must Resign: Her support for “all-of-the-above” energy policy is dangerous and absurd," Food & Water Watch, August 19, 2021, https://www.commondreams.org/newswire/2021/08/19/white-house-climate-czar-gina-mccarthy-must-resign, stated, " In public comments made on Tuesday in California, White House National Climate Advisor Gina McCarthy clearly stated the Biden administration’s support for natural gas as part of an “all-of-the-above strategy” for power generation in the country. She went on to state that the administration wound not be “picking and choosing winners” when it came to prioritizing particular types of energy. This comes on the heels of a report from the UN’s International Panel on Climate Change, released last week, that stressed the depth and urgency of the climate crisis. The 'all-of-the-above'reference was also used by President Obama more than a decade ago to describe his administration’s support for fossil fuels like coal and gas as part of the nation’s power generation mix. In response, Food & Water Watch Executive Director Wenonah Hauter issued the following statement:
      'When Gina McCarthy stated her support for an ‘all-of-the-above’ energy plan, she knew exactly what she was saying. She was clearly and consciously endorsing filthy, polluting fossil fuels as a part of our country’s energy future. Given all we know about the disastrous impacts of coal, oil and gas on our perilous climate condition, such a statement is dangerous and absurd. Ms. McCarthy must take responsibility for this unacceptable policy position and resign immediately.'”

     "New Mexico deserves stronger rules for cleaner air," Environmental Defense Fund, September 7, 2021, https://act.edf.org/kjqxokc, stated, " New Mexico is ground zero for oil and gas development in the country. Every year, these industries release more than 337,500 tons of smog-forming pollution and 1.1 million tons of methane — an incredibly powerful climate change pollutant.
     That’s why the New Mexico Environment Department’s rule to slash oil and gas pollution is so important. By enacting stronger rules New Mexico can significantly reduce air and methane pollution from the most prominent offenders — clearing the air for our state to meet Governor Lujan Grisham’s ambitious climate goals
     Send a powerful message to the EIB demanding strong rules that cut harmful pollution from oil and gas now."

     "What We’re Listening To: Grappling with the Land Grant Truth," This Week@First Nations, August 20, 2021, via E-mail, reported, " First Nations is working with leaders at The Ohio State University to examine the dispossession of tribal lands at this land-grant university and the effects it has had on the economic, educational, and health disparities of Ohio’s Native peoples. A recent episode of The Ohio State University Inspire Podcast talks about this project to acknowledge and rectify the taking of Native lands through the Morrill Act of 1862. Listen to the podcast on Podbean (https://ohiostateuniversityinspire.podbean.com/e/grappling-with-the-land-grant-truth/), and to learn more, register for the October 6, 2021, webinar ' Land-Grab Universities: Owning the Truth and Sharing the Path to Making Amends' (https://u.osu.edu/landgranttruth/speaker-series/)."

     Madonna Thunder Hawk, Cheyenne River Organizer, The Lakota People’s Law Project, said in an October 16, 2021 E-mail, "Many thanks to all of you who, over the past months, read our blog about the discoveries of mass graves of Indigenous children at Indian boarding school campuses. Thanks also to you who signed our petition to the president and Congress to form a Truth and Healing Commission. Today, I write to you with some good news and a follow-up action to take!
     On Sept. 30 — the National Day of Remembrance for Native American Children — Sen. Elizabeth Warren and Reps. Sharice Davids and Tom Cole reintroduced a bill that will form just such a commission. This bill was formerly introduced by Sen. Warren and U.S. Interior Secretary Deb Haaland (when she was a N.M. congresswoman). Now, it’s time for all of us to make sure this important legislation gets passed! Please write to your congressional reps and tell them: vote to enact the Truth and Healing Commission on Indian Boarding School Policies in the United States Act!
     Stolen babies: Generations of Native children were forced to attend boarding schools like the Carlisle Indian Industrial School, which stripped them of their cultures and identities — and, too often, their lives.
     I shared with you a couple months ago about my own familial experiences with boarding schools. I told you about the horrific practices that endangered and took the lives of Native children across Turtle Island. Now, against the backdrop of these mass grave discoveries, we must do all we can to ensure lawmakers take genocide seriously. It’s time to begin an official reckoning with America’s true history and a process that can aid in the healing of our tribal communities.
     Please show your solidarity with me, my ancestors, and the generations to come. Your advocacy matters. Together, we can begin to make things better."

     "NCAI Heartened by Conversation, Actions Surrounding Federal Indian Boarding Schools on the National Day of Remembrance," National Congress of American Indians (NCAI), September 30, 2021, https://www.ncai.org/news/articles/2021/09/30/ncai-heartened-by-conversation-actions-surrounding-federal-indian-boarding-schools-on-the-national-day-of-remembrance, stated, " On a day recognized by many as the National Day of Remembrance for Indian Boarding Schools , federal, congressional, and community partners took action toward truth and reconciliation for Indian Boarding Schools. On this Day of Remembrance, the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) solemnly acknowledged the occasion and was heartened by these actions.
     'Today we join our relatives in Canada to recognize September 30, 2021, as a National Day of Remembrance for Indian Boarding Schools, and reaffirm our commitment to truth and reconciliation for Tribal Nations,' said NCAI President Fawn Sharp. 'We, along with the National Native American Boarding School Healing Coalition and our brothers and sisters across the continent, pay homage to our elders and the losses they were forced to endure. We mourn for our communities, our cultures and languages, and the innocence that was stolen. NCAI will continue to work to ensure that none of our American Indian and Alaska Native children are ever forgotten and to ensure the wrongs imposed upon both past and present generations will never be repeated.'
     Today, in one of several actions taken on to reconcile with the legacy of federal boarding schools, the U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI) released a Dear Tribal Leader Letter announcing three tribal consultations on the implementation of the Federal Indian Boarding School Initiative. The Initiative will culminate in a report due to the Secretary of the Interior by April 1, 2022. In June, Secretary Deb Haaland announced the Department of the Interior’s Federal Boarding School Initiative to review the legacy of federal boarding school policies on American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities at the NCAI 2021 Mid-Year Conference.
      NCAI applauds this historic first step from DOI and calls upon Congress to take further action and conduct an official Congressional Truth and Healing Commission on Indian Boarding School Policies.
     In this vein, Senator Elizabeth Warren, alongside Representatives Sharice Davids and Tom Cole, introduced mirror, bipartisan legislation to establish a commission to investigate Indian Boarding School policies and practices, protect unmarked graves, support repatriation, and stop modern-day assimilation practices.
     'The Truth and Healing Commission on Indian Boarding School Policies in the United States Act would provide an important avenue for an investigation about the losses that occurred through the Indian Boarding School Policies and the lasting consequences of the violence of this attempted genocide,' said Juana Majel Dixon, NCAI Board Secretary and Traditional Councilwoman of the Pauma Band of Mission Indians. 'Only through a formal investigation which includes meaningful consultation with Tribal Nations and significant input from survivors and their descendants, can the U.S. begin to reconcile with the past and can tribal communities begin to move toward healing from the egregious abuses which occurred.'
     Additionally, Senator Lisa Murkowski introduced a concurrent formal resolution to officially designate September 30, 2021, as a National Day of Remembrance for U.S. Indian Boarding Schools to recognize, honor, and support the lost children, survivors, and their families. In her remarks on the Senate floor, Senator Murkowski acknowledged the lasting impact of federal boarding school policies on AI/AN communities.
     'Our Nation’s history and the treatment of Native American people is not an easy one to tell, it's not easy to hear, or to acknowledge, but our discomfort in sharing painful collective history probably pales in comparison to the lived experience and the realities that so many Native people continue to face today… The impact of these actions authorized by our government upon Native American people and cultures is something that we never can truly make whole. In many respects, Native cultures were gutted by the impact and loss of Native children, and that is something that we as American people need to acknowledge, learn from, and reckon with in order to support Indian self-determination and healing.'
     NCAI will host a session to further discussion on this topic titled “Boarding Schools: Our Truth, Our Reconciliation” on October 11, 2021 during its 78th Annual Convention."

     "NCAI Commends Announcement by Major League Baseball’s Cleveland Franchise of Its New Name 'Guardians,'" National Congress of American Indians (NCAI), July 23, 2021, https://www.ncai.org/news/articles/2021/07/23/ncai-commends-announcement-by-major-league-baseball-s-cleveland-franchise-of-its-new-name-guardians, stated, " The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) commends today’s announcement by the Major League Baseball (MLB) franchise in Cleveland of its new team name and mascot, the “Guardians.” The announcement by the Cleveland Guardians comes seven months after its decision to retire its long-used “Indians” name and mascot, a decision it reached following an extensive process to engage with and learn from tribal leaders, leading scholars, local and national Native organizations, and community stakeholders.
     'With today’s announcement, the Cleveland baseball team has taken another important step forward in healing the harms its former mascot long caused Native people, in particular Native youth,” said NCAI President Fawn Sharp. 'We call on the other professional sports teams and thousands of schools across the country that still cling to their antiquated Native ‘themed’ mascots to immediately follow suit. NCAI also looks forward to continuing its work with the Cleveland Guardians to help grow the national movement of respect for Tribal Nations, cultures, and communities, a movement that values, teaches, and validates who Native people are today, what makes us unique, the many important contributions we make to this country, and our rightful place in the diverse mosaic that is America.'
     NCAI is the oldest, largest, and most representative national organization serving American Indian and Alaska Native Tribal Nations and their citizens. It has been leading Indian Country’s movement to eradicate offensive Native “themed” mascots from sports and popular culture for more than 50 years."

     "NCAI Supports the Nomination of Charles Sams III as Director of National Park Service," National Congress of American Indians (NCAI), August 20, 2021, https://www.ncai.org/news/articles/2021/08/20/ncai-supports-the-nomination-of-charles-sams-iii-as-director-of-national-park-service, stated, " NCAI Supports the Nomination of Charles Sams III as Director of National Park Service
     On August 18, 2021, the White House announced its intention to nominate Charles 'Chuck' Sams III, a citizen of the Confederated Tribes of Umatilla with 25 years of experience in tribal and state conservation and land management, as Director of the National Park Service. The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) recognizes Sams as a uniquely qualified candidate, and supports his nomination as it moves to the U.S. Senate for consideration.
     'Chuck Sams knows the importance of protecting our precious natural resources, wildlife, and habitats while balancing the challenges of welcoming millions of visitors per year to our pristine National Parks,' said NCAI President Fawn Sharp. 'As the Park Service’s first Native American director, Chuck is well-positioned to balance recreational uses and stewardship with our Tribal Nations’ needs to maintain our traditional and ancestral ties to these lands.'
     Writers and historians have called our National Parks 'America’s best idea,' saying their values of conservation, environmental stewardship and historic preservation 'reflect us at our best rather than our worst.' Likewise, the nomination of Sams as the first Native American to lead the National Park Service and its first permanent director in more than four years is another excellent idea.
     NCAI urges the Senate to swiftly confirm President Biden’s nomination of Charles “Chuck” Sams III as the National Park Service Director. The department deserves his thoughtful brand of leadership and vision to continue earning the title of America’s Best Idea.'”

     "NCAI Congratulates Bryan Newland on Confirmation as Assistant Secretary-Indian Affairs," National Congress of American Indians (NCAI), August 9, 2021, https://www.ncai.org/news/articles/2021/08/09/ncai-congratulates-bryan-newland-on-confirmation-as-assistant-secretary-indian-affairs, "Statement from National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) President Fawn Sharp:
      'The confirmation of Bryan Newland as the Assistant Secretary-Indian Affairs is an important step forward in strengthening the nation-to-nation relationship between the United States and Tribal Nations, and we congratulate the Assistant Secretary on this achievement. We are in a time of great opportunity to make inroads on critical issues such as growing tribal economies, developing infrastructure, building healthy communities, and protecting sovereignty. This confirmation places someone with the experience and a unique understanding of these issues into this key role and NCAI looks forward to working closely with Assistant Secretary Newland on advancing Indian Country’s priorities.'”

     Morgan Lee, Associated Press, "Native Americans Aim To Boost Voting Power In New Mexico: New Mexico's Pueblos Propose Redrawing New Mexico's Political Map," The Paper, September 21st, 2021, https://abq.news/2021/09/native-americans-aim-to-boost-voting-power-in-new-mexico/, reported, Map

Description automatically generatedNew Mexico Native American Redistricting Map Proposal
     " A coalition of Native American communities has proposed redrawing New Mexico’s political map to boost Indigenous voters’ influence in elections.
proposed changes from New Mexico’s 19 Native American pueblos and the Jicarilla Apache Nation, outlined Monday, would reshape a congressional swing district where Republicans regained control in 2020. They would also bolster Native American majorities among eligible voters in six state House and three Senate districts in northwestern New Mexico."
      Hannah Grover, "State House passes redistricting map supported by Indigenous communities, New Mexico Political Report, December 10, 2021, https://nmpoliticalreport.com/2021/12/11/new-mexico-house-passes-redistricting-map-supported-by-indigenous-communities/?mc_cid=72c726df50&mc_eid=cde7993ced, reported, By Map

Description automatically generated Proposed state House map as part of HB8 in the 2021 second special legislative session.
      The New Mexico House of Representatives passed a bill Friday night adopting a redistricting map based on a consensus from Native American communities including Navajo Nation and the Pueblos."
     The Bill was passed on to the New Mexico Senate. See Tribal Governments and State and Local Governments, below, for update.

     Justin Schatz, "Tribal Leaders Call For LESC Director To Step Down: Tribal Leaders And New Mexico Legislators Make Message Loud and Clear," The Paper, July 30th, 2021, https://abq.news/2021/07/tribal-leaders-call-for-lesc-director-to-step-down/, reported that in New Mexico, "The All Pueblo Council of Governors hosted a press conference that boasted a number of prominent legislators, tribal leaders, and education advocates who came together in unprecedented numbers to call for the Legislative Education Study Committee (LESC) Director Rachel Gudgel to step down after allegations of racist, homophobic and sexist remarks surfaced."

     Organize For, visited October 15, 2021, https://campaigns.organizefor.org/petitions/black-and-indigenous-farmers-need-emergency-debt-relief-now/, Campaign created by National Black Food Justice Alliance, stated, "To: President and Secretary of Agriculture, Thomas Vilsack & the Democrats on the Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry, Black and Indigenous farmers need emergency debt relief now.
      We urge Secretary Vilsack and the Democrats on the Senate Committee on Agriculture to continue its vigorous defense of the USDA emergency debt relief program for Black farmers, Indigenous farmers and farmers of color.
     Click here to read NBFJA's full public comment to the USDA in support of the program: https://docs.google.com/document/d/18rDgNMAVvRVzfA0Dj4c8xRi5wkrAtl6O1SYqd-Ex5s0/edit
      Why is this important?
     Black farmers need emergency debt relief now. Over the past century, Black people have lost over 12 million acres of land and today, Black farmers account for less than 2% of all land-owning producers in the United States. And in the midst of a public health crisis that has sped up corporate greed and left millions of Black people houseless and food insecure, Black farmers continue to lose their land at faster rates than any other group. But we have the opportunity to change that. Black, Indigenous, and farmers of color continue to experience discrimination with respect to the requirements, availability, and timing of loans, as well as denial of access to USDA resources based on race. Billions of dollars in federal aid, including 97% of the most recent aid given in response to COVID-19, have gone disproportionately to large-scale white farmers, as well as to a handful of agribusiness corporations. As a result, many Black farmers and farmers of color still struggle to access and hold on to land, making it difficult for them to continue to get fair returns on their labor and investments. But this year, Congress created an emergency debt relief program that could be a crucial intervention -- allowing Black farmers, Indigenous farmers, and farmers of color to finally begin to see a fair return on their investment & labor. Debt relief helps small and medium farmers stay in business, keep their land and continue to feed nutritious food to communities across the country as we recover from the pandemic. If you believe in Black people’s right to self-determination, will you leave the Senate Committee on Agriculture a message of support for debt relief for Black farmers, and other farmers of color today?
     This is the message we’ll send:
     Dear Secretary Vilsack,
     As someone that believes that all people, no matter what we look like or where we come from, deserve a fair return on our labor and investment in our work, I am writing in support of debt relief for socially disadvantaged farmers. Section 1005 of the American Rescue Plan Act, stipulates that this debt relief is critical to Black, Indigenous, and other farmers and ranchers of color due to:
     -decades of racial discrimination in USDA programs;
     -the failure of the U.S. government to ensure adequate funding reached farmers of color in other relief efforts
     — even though billions reached White farmers; and -disproportionate COVID-19 impacts on farmers of color.
     Black, Indigenous, and farmers of color continue to experience discrimination with respect to the requirements, availability, and timing of loans, as well as denial of access to USDA resources based on race. As a result, many farmers of color still struggle to access and hold on to land, making it difficult for them to continue to get fair returns on their labor and investments.
     Debt relief helps small and medium farmers stay in business, keep their land and continue to feed nutritious food to communities across the country as we recover from the pandemic. I urge you to continue your support of initiatives like debt relief that call for greater equity in agriculture for Black, Indigenous, and other farmers of color."

     Supporters of having an official Asian American, Pacific Islander And Native Hawaiian Day in New Mexico, this fall, stated, "Support the Recognition of "Asian American, Pacific Islander And Native Hawaiian Day" for the state of New Mexico," https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSeO7PUSyX1KhUQ5K2DgNzveI_vbwfocAahq9GHKxFI_kgRo_w/viewform, " At this time, New Mexico does not recognize Asian American, Pacific Islander, and Native Hawaiian day in statute. There is proposed legislation for the 2022 state legislative session that would change this, ensuring we get closer to embracing NM as a multi-cultural state. Given the continued assaults against these communities as the pandemic continues, it is beyond time for the state to formally recognize and honor these communities. We are seeking wide-ranging individual and organizational support for this legislation.
     This below proposed bill is sponsored by Representative Kay Bounkeua, Senator Sedillo Lopez, and Senator Mimi Stewart.
     By completing this form, you are authorizing the bill sponsors and the New Mexico Asian Family Center (NMAFC) to include your organization name in a list of supporters of this bill.
     Your endorsement and support is greatly appreciated!Please find the draft of this proposed legislation below:
     SECTION 1. [NEW MATERIAL] ASIAN AMERICAN, PACIFIC ISLANDER AND NATIVE HAWAIIAN DAY.--The first Saturday of May of each year shall be known and celebrated as "Asian American,Pacific Islander and Native Hawaiian Day" in recognition of the many cultural and economic contributions and sacrifices Asian Americans, Pacific Islanders, Native Hawaiians, East Asians, Southeast Asians, South Asians and all other groups who have migrated from, have historical ties to or identify themselves as from Asia have made to New Mexico. This day shall be observed by the people of New Mexico in efforts and undertakings that celebrate the diversity of cultural heritage of New Mexicans; recognize that May is Asian American and Pacific Islander heritage month; honor all past, present and future leaders in New Mexico who are Asian American, Pacific Islander, Native Hawaiian, East Asian, Southeast Asian and South Asian and all other groups who have migrated from, have historical ties to or identify themselves as from Asia; and are in harmony with the general character of the day so established.
     SECTION 2. EMERGENCY.--It is necessary for the public peace, health and safety that this act take effect immediately."

     Richard Walker, "Journey Unites Generations, ICT, June 17, 2021, https://mcusercontent.com/ee83519a17075b9d5a2c44042/files/e0ecb8c6-e91e-41ae-c10c-224d5bda1087/6.17.21_The_Weekly.pdf, reported, " The effort to change the name of a Pacific Northwest waterway that now honors a 19th century U.S. Army general [Williams S. Harney] with a violent history against Black and Native peoples has gained the support of a notable ally.
     One of the general’s descendants [Paul Stover Soderman
] has joined the call."

      A new generation of Native Scientists has been exploring the governing and use Indigenous biological and cultural data in the U.S. ("Sabrina Imbler, "A New Generation of Indigenous Data Scientists," The New York Times, June 29, 2021).

      Travel destination themes with Native references for publicity purposes have become public issues when they are deemed offensive for Native people. For example, the chair and members of the Coconino County, AZ Indigenous People' Advisory Council complained for some months about a zoning change proposal for a 250 acre development outside Flagstaff until the Native American theme was removed (Karen Schwatz, "Is Travel Next in the Fight Over Profiting From Indigenous Culture," The New York Times, August 9, 2021).

     "Northwest Area Foundation CEO Talks About Investing in Native Communities," First Natins Development Institute E-mail, "November 13, 2021, reported, " At the Northwest Area Foundation, 40% of grant dollars go to Native-led groups. President and CEO Kevin Walker says this commitment is based on the foundation’s approach of engaging with Native communities in a respectful and sustainable way: showing up and building relationships; listening; honoring people’s expertise, values, and lived experience; recognizing assets; doing what you say you’re going to do; and giving instead of taking. Here: https://www.nwaf.org/2021/11/03/how-to-give-to-native-communities-its-about-good-grantmaking-and-partnership/, Kevin shares more insights about how funders can make the most of their relationships with Native nonprofits and tribal programs."

      Americans for Indian Opportunity (AIO) continues to collaborate with various Albuquerque, NM Indian organizations and people to develop a well working Indian network in the city. " Reciprocal Community-Building and Collaborative Networks," Americans for Indian Opportunity, 505-842-8677, aio@aio.org, www.aio.org, reported, " Drawing on 51 years of implementing an Indigenous values-based approach to community organizing, AIO is working to build capacity in the urban Indian community of our hometown—Albuquerque.
     In collaboration with the AIO-led Native Leadership Collective of ABQ (NLC), the community provided assistance jointly, we gave away Backpacks and school supplies to working Native families. Over the last couple of years, staff and volunteers found food and supply distributions very rewarding as we implement our values.
      AIO Ambassador alum Tracy Goodluck (Wisconsin Oneida/Muscogee Creek), who is working on detail to the White House, coordinated the first ever briefing on urban Indian issues for the White House Domestic Policy Council. Teaming up with AIO Ambassador alum, Janeen Comenote (Quinault/Hesquiaht/Oglala), Executive Director of the National Urban Indian Coalition (NUIFC), NUIF Chair Patricia Hibbeler, and several urban Indian leaders and activists, the high-powered group presented key challenges and proposed actions that the Biden Administration can take to help us address our concerns."
     " Cultivating Indigenous Values-Based Leaders," "When a diverse group of leaders envisioned the Ambassadors Program, Native Americans seeking to improve their leadership skills might be selected for a “mainstream” program. Usually the only Native person in their cohort, they learned leadership from a Euro-American perspective. AIO’s Indigenous values-based initiative can boast more than 350 Graduates, 150 Tribe, 40 States and 8 Countries.
     This year, AIO’s model was recognized by the Center for Creative Leadership and the American Express Foundation. Along with other premier POC leadership programs, AIO provide training for a special American Express Leadership Academy for social justice nonprofit leaders. Not only did AIO share our 'Medicine' with the national cohort, we also insured that 12 Native social justice leaders participated—probably the largest Native American participation in this type of training. " Redistributing Resources and Knowledge," "In 2021, we have been nearly overwhelmed with requests for AIO’s Indian 101--a transformative presentation of Native American history and our experience in the United States. AIO’s Indian 101 helps Natives and non-Natives overcome the mythology taught in U.S. schools. AIO presents the truth about our sophisticated ancient societies and our journey that shaped us into the contemporary peoples we are today.
     Because you support our work, this year, AIO has helped change the national narrative for hundreds of Americans who have transformed their understanding of Indigenous peoples and how we continue to influence American society."
     " Building Movement for Systemic Change in 2022," "In the coming year, we will continue to advance the rights of Indigenous peoples through our work toward regenerative systemic change and cultivating Indigenous values-based leaders. AIO will work with leaders to ensure that we implement our core values as we re-think biased systems, harmful institutions/policies, and outdated structures."

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International Activities

      Kenny Stancil, "Global People's Summit on Food Systems Kicks Off to Challenge 'Corporate Agenda' of UN Meeting: 'The people are hungry for real change, and are willing to do whatever it takes to fight for and reclaim their land, their rights, and the future of food systems,'" Common Dreams, September 21, 2021, https://www.commondreams.org/news/2021/09/21/global-peoples-summit-food-systems-kicks-challenge-corporate-agenda-un-meeting, reported, " Decrying the "corporate agenda" of the upcoming United Nations Food Systems Summit, thousands of farmworkers and food sovereignty advocates on Tuesday launched a three-day counter-mobilization 'to expose and oppose the control of big corporations over food and agriculture.'
     'Corporations are out to further consolidate their control of land, seeds, agricultural inputs, and markets by embedding themselves even deeper into policymaking processes of the U.N. and its member states.'—Sarojeni Rengam PAN Asia Pacific
     The Global People's Summit on Food Systems (GPS)—a series of online and in-person gatherings assembled by an international coalition of 22 civil society groups—is set to run through September 23, when the U.N. Food Systems Summit (UNFSS) is scheduled to take place in New York City."

     "AFN National Chief Archibald launches a strategic direction toward positive and evolutionary change for First Nations and all Canadians in 'The Healing Path Forward: 2021 Federal Priorities for Strengthening and Rebuilding First Nations,'” Assembly of First Nations (AFN), August 31, 2021, https://www.afn.ca/afn-national-chief-archibald-launches-a-strategic-direction-toward-positive-and-evolutionary-change-for-first-nations-and-all-canadians-in-the-healing-path-forward-2021-federal-priorities-fo/, stated, "Today, The Assembly of First Nations (AFN) National Chief RoseAnne Archibald launched 'The Healing Path Forward,”' a platform outlining the priority areas for strengthening, rebuilding and healing First Nations. The document identifies a series of commitments federal parties must make to First Nations in order to strengthen relationships and pursue nation-building.
     'On behalf of the AFN Executive Committee, I am pleased to relay the priorities of First Nations for the next general government, which offers a strategic direction toward positive and evolutionary change for First Nations and all Canadians,” said National Chief Archibald. “These priorities are set out in The Healing Path Forward: 2021 Federal Priorities for Strengthening and Rebuilding First Nations. First Nations priorities are an integral part of the national electoral narrative and should be top of mind for all the candidates and party platforms.'
     National Chief Archibald detailed the following five priorities as part of The Healing Path Forward, asking that the next federal government commit to taking action in these areas:
     1. Truth, Reconciliation and Healing for First Nations and all Canadians
     All levels of government must work with urgency on the issue of the burial sites across this country and in finding ways to heal the trauma that our peoples have experienced for generations. Each party must outline how they will stand shoulder-to-shoulder with First Nations to rebuild, recover, heal and move forward, together.
     2. Climate and Conservation Leadership with First Nations
     The AFN calls on all political parties and candidates to endorse commitments to reducing emissions, working with First Nations as full and effective partners in the implementation of the Government of Canada’s climate plan and related decision-making processes, and supporting the application of First Nations knowledge, among other things.
     3. Economic Growth, Prosperity and Wealth Building for First NationsThe economic impacts of the pandemic were devastating for many. First Nations, already among the most vulnerable, were particularly hit hard. The pandemic continues to affect new development projects, trade, natural resources development, human resources development, procurement, fisheries, tourism, agriculture, connectivity, transportation, and other sectors. Sustained investments are needed to support growth and sustainability.
     4. Promoting Peace by Respecting First Nations’ JurisdictionIt is time that Canada’s promises were made concrete through commitments to recognize, respect and promote First Nations rights while, at the same time, providing justice for First Nations citizens, both within Canada’s legal framework and through the recognition of First Nations laws.
     5. Rebuilding and Strengthening First Nations
     With respect to the many sectors that First Nations administer, the AFN calls on all political parties and candidates to endorse self-government, UNDRIP, Treaty rights, land rights and title, child wellbeing, and other facets of self-determination and success.
     'According to our internal polling, the Canadian electorate is more engaged and supportive of our priorities than ever before. Our research further indicates that First Nations voters will make a significant impact on the results of this election,' said National Chief Archibald.
     'I commit to working with all parties after the election to ensure that Canada does all it can to support healing and justice for our children. I know that all Canadians share in our vision of happy healthy children surrounded by the love and care of their families living in vibrant and safe communities. Strengthening and rebuilding First Nations will result in a strong, fair and better Canada for all of us. I call on all federal political parties – and all Canadians – to commit to a Healing Path Forward.'
      The Healing Path Forward: 2021 Federal Priorities for Strengthening and Rebuilding First Nations document, and other information on First Nations priorities and concerns, can be found on the AFN’s website at https://www.afn.ca/the-healing-path-forward/."

     "AFN National Chief Roseanne Archibald Says Throne Speech Vague on a True Healing Path Forward," Assembly of First Nations (AFN), November 23, 2021, https://www.afn.ca/afn-national-chief-roseanne-archibald-says-throne-speech-vague-on-a-true-healing-path-forward/, stated, " Assembly of First Nations (AFN) National Chief RoseAnne Archibald says today’s Speech from the Throne, the first from Governor General Mary Simon, lacks concrete actions and strong enough commitment to building a true healing path forward for First Nations and all Canadians.
      'While this Throne Speech provides commentary on a number of priority areas for First Nations, it is short on detailed action,' said AFN National Chief RoseAnne Archibald. “First Nations are on the cusp of transformative change and as everyone works to recover from the ongoing pandemic, today’s Speech from the Throne needed to chart a healing path forward for First Nations and all Canadians, and it fell short on that today.'
     The Throne Speech, titled Building a Resilient Economy: A Cleaner & Healthier Future for Our Kids was delivered in the House of Commons today, opening the first session of the 44thParliament.
     'The Government of Canada has prioritized housing and childcare, yet many First Nations require predominantly social housing and many even don’t have daycare centres in which to administer $10/day childcare. We will seek stronger commitments and specific action plans in those areas. We welcome promises made to addressing climate change and biodiversity loss, and the acknowledgement of the role of Indigenous traditional knowledge. At the same time, it’s a reasonable and fair expectation that the commitments on gender-based violence and the development of an anti-racism strategy will have First Nations involvement and perspectives. Ultimately, we look forward to working with the federal government on building joint action plans for First Nations priorities.'
      The commitments set out in today’s Speech from the Throne also include:
     Creating a Canada Water Agency to safeguard water resources
     Developing a National Adaptation Strategy to address environmental emergencies
     Accelerating work with Indigenous partners to end violence against Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women, Girls and 2SLGBTQQIA+ People
     Ensuring Indigenous communities have the support they need to keep families together and fair and equitable compensation to those harmed by the First Nations Child and Family Services Program
     During the recent general federal election, the AFN launched The Healing Path Forward: 2021 Federal Priorities for Strengthening and Rebuilding First Nations platform, which outlines the priority areas for strengthening, rebuilding and healing First Nations and can be found here: The Healing Path Forward | Assembly of First Nations (afn.ca)."

     "ASSEMBLY OF FIRST NATIONS BULLETIN – Child and Family Services Compensation and Fundamental Reform," Assembly of First Nations, December 15, 2021, https://www.afn.ca/assembly-of-first-nations-bulletin-child-and-family-services-compensation-and-fundamental-reform/, stated,
      The AFN is participating in negotiations for a global settlement with the Government of Canada on compensation and long-term reforms to the federal First Nations Child and Family Services (FNCFS) Program and Jordan’s Principle.
      The Government of Canada announced December 13, 2021 it has budgeted up to $40 billion to settle the class action lawsuit and the human rights complaint before the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal related to discrimination against First Nations children.
      The negotiations on a proposed settlement are ongoing and the completion of formal agreements will be subject to the approval of the Federal Court of Canada.
     Once an Agreement-in-Principle has been concluded, the AFN will schedule regional meetings regarding long-term reforms to ensure all aspects of a reformed FNCFS Program will be responsive to and reflect regional interests.
     The Assembly of First Nations (AFN) is pleased to share with Chiefs and First Nations a major step toward compensation for First Nations children who experienced discrimination in the federal government’s First Nations Child and Family Services (FNCFS) Program and its failure to properly implement Jordan’s Principle. The AFN, together with parties to a March 2019 class action lawsuit and the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal (CHRT) proceedings, are engaged in settlement discussions. The Government of Canada has budgeted up to $40 billion to implement a Final Settlement Agreement on compensation and long-term reforms of the FNCFS Program and Jordan’s Principle.
      The parties are finalizing an Agreement-in-Principle that will guide ongoing discussions toward reaching a Final Settlement Agreement. The Final Agreement(s) will require the approval of the Federal Court of Canada and the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal. The Final Settlement Agreements will outline the process in which direct compensation will be paid to the survivors of the federal government’s discriminatory practices.
     A framework will be shared with AFN Chiefs in Assembly for discussion and decision and will include regional processes and dialogue with First Nations.
     This major milestone for First Nations children and families was achieved by the long-standing advocacy of First Nations children and families, the AFN and its allies. AFN Regional Chief Woodhouse shared an update on this matter with AFN Chiefs in Assembly at the AFN Special Chiefs Assembly last week.
     In 2016, the CHRT ruled that the Government of Canada was discriminating against First Nations children in the FNCFS Program. In 2019 at the request of the AFN, the CHRT ordered Canada to pay compensation for First Nations children and their family members impacted by discriminatory practices and approaches of the FNCFS Program and its narrow application of Jordan’s Principle.
     The AFN filed a class action lawsuit in January 2020 aimed at securing compensation for harms inflicted on all First Nations children and families under the federal government’s discriminatory FNCFS Program and Jordan’s Principle. This included seeking compensation for First Nations children involved in the system since 1991 who were not included in the 2019 CHRT compensation order. The proposed settlement will allow for compensation to all children affected.
     The AFN will share additional information when available. For more information please contact fnchildcompensation@afn.ca."

     "Collaborative Study Urges Decision-Makers to Address First Nations Food Insecurity and Sovereignty," Assembly of First Nations (AFN), October 21, 2021, https://www.afn.ca/collaborative-study-urges-decision-makers-to-address-first-nations-food-insecurity-and-sovereignty/, stated, "The Assembly of First Nations (AFN) is pleased to announce the release of the Key Findings and Recommendations for Decision-makers of the First Nations Food, Nutrition and Environment Study (FNFNES). The 10-year study was led by principal investigators and researchers from the AFN, the University of Ottawa and Université de Montréal.
     Built on collaborative research with 92 First Nations across the country, the FNFNES highlights that traditional foods remain foundational to First Nations’ health and well-being, and that the quality of traditional food is superior to store bought food. However, due to environmental degradation, socioeconomic, systemic and regulatory barriers, many First Nations face three to five times the rate of food insecurity than the Canadian population overall. Families with children are affected to an even greater degree.
     The FNFNES partners urge decision-makers to use the key findings and recommendations, being released the week after World Food Day, to inform policies and programs to address First Nations food insecurity and sovereignty. The six primary recommendations are:
     Support initiatives
promoting First Nations rights, sovereignty, self-determination, values and culture.
     Prioritize protecting
the environment, First Nations lands, waters and territories.
     Build capacity
to eliminate barriers to proper nutrition, reducing food insecurity.
     Improve partnerships
, collaboration and communication between First Nations and all levels of government, as well as partnerships between First Nations to support sharing information about food, nutrition and the environment.
     Support continuing research
, education and public awareness.
     Create a First Nations-led joint national task force
or committee to plan how to implement these recommendations.
     'For First Nations, traditional food represents much more than nutrition, it plays important cultural, spiritual and ceremonial roles. There is an urgent need to address systemic problems and barriers relating to First Nations food systems, security and sovereignty in a way that honours First Nations knowledge, leadership and rights. New programs, policies and legislation must be created to protect the environment from further degradation and ensure that First Nations have access to a healthy diet, including traditional food,” says AFN Senior Director of Environment Lands and Water and FNFNES Principal Investigator Tonio Sadik.
     'This first of its kind study can only be accomplished because of the strong partnership between the AFN, the government officials and the academic researchers. In particular, we are grateful for the collective wisdom of the nearly 7,000 participants and team members from the 92 communities throughout the country over the last 10 years. We sincerely hope the findings of FNFNES will contribute to improving the nutritional quality of food and the health of First Nations for generations to come,' says Dr. Laurie Chan, FNFNES principal investigator, University of Ottawa professor and Canada Research Chair in Toxicology and Environmental Health.
     'This participatory research was possible because it emanated from a need expressed by First Nations to shed light on the nutrition and environmental situation in their communities. First Nations face disproportionate challenges in terms of access to healthy, culturally relevant food. FNFNES points to the need for guaranteeing improved access to traditional food which has a potential role in countering the rise in chronic disease and combating food insecurity,' says Dr. Malek Batal, FNFNES principal investigator, professor in the Nutrition Department of the Faculty of Medicine of Université de Montréal, and Canada Research Chair in Nutrition and Health Inequalities.
     Studies like the FNFNES can support First Nations to make informed decisions about nutrition, the environment and environmental stewardship, lead to further research and advocacy safeguarding First Nations’ rights and jurisdiction and provide a baseline for measuring environmental changes.
     Now complete, the FNFNES identified areas needing further study. Its core partners are collaborating on another multi-year research project called the Food, Environment, Health and Nutrition of First Nations Children and Youth (FEHNCY) study. Like the FNFNES, this study is being funded by Indigenous Services Canada’s First Nations and Inuit Health Branch."

     "National Chief Urges Thoughtful Dialogue, Not Destruction," Assembly of First Nations (AFN), July 2, 2021, https://www.afn.ca/national-chief-urges-thoughtful-dialogue-not-destruction/, stated, "Assembly of First Nations (AFN) National Chief Perry Bellegarde says thoughtful dialogue is the way through the frustration and anger many are feeling after the revelations of the past few weeks related to recoveries at residential school sites across the country.
     'As a Cree leader whose father and grandfather and several more family members attended Indian Residential Schools, I fully understand the frustration and anger many are feeling after the revelations of the past few weeks have laid bare the miseries of the Residential School system. These are tragedies of an almost unimaginable nature for most Canadians. We need to understand what happened and learn to speak openly about it. Destroying property will not help us build the peaceful, better and accepting Canada we all want and need. I believe in processes that unite rather than divide. Violence must be replaced by turning to ceremony and all that our old people taught us about peaceful co-existence and mutual respect. Thoughtful dialogue not destruction is the way through this.'
      The National Indian Residential Schools Crisis Line is available for support: 1-866-925-4419."

     "Horrific Discoveries Of Unmarked Graves Demands Urgent Action And Support From Allies Says National Chief, Assembly of First Nations (AFN), June 24, 2021, https://www.afn.ca/horrific-discoveries-of-unmarked-graves-demands-urgent-action-and-support-from-allies-says-national-chief/, stated, "Assembly of First Nations (AFN) National Chief Perry Bellegarde released the below statement following the announcement by Chief Cadmus Delorme about the work of Cowessess First Nation resulting in locating more than 600 unmarked graves on the grounds of the former Marieval Indian Residential School in Saskatchewan.
      'First Nations are greatly pained by this latest finding of unmarked graves on the site of an Indian Residential School. We grieve over the many children who never made it home after their forcible removal from their families and people.
     We must never forget our children were targeted and placed in a racist system purposely designed to stamp out every aspect of who we are – our languages, our cultures, our teachings. I support Chief Delorme in his call for healing and for an apology from His Holiness, Pope Francis
     The Assembly of First Nations supports all First Nations seeking the truth and the full implementation of all the Calls to Action of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission.
     I know that First Nations across this country will continue the work to find, honour and commemorate the lost little ones. I call on all governments to support First Nations governments in this work and for all governments and the Catholic Church to respond to calls for resources and for information in their possession.
     The families and the nations of all the children who never came home have the right to truth – and to know who lies in these unmarked graves and what happened to them.
     First Nations will continue our search for our little ones and to honour and commemorate them.
     I thank the many Canadians, and members of the international community, who have written to the Assembly of First Nations to express their condolences and concern. I pray for healing for all of those impacted by the loss and the discovery of our precious children.
     The Assembly of First Nations stands with all who are suffering at this time.'The National Indian Residential Schools Crisis Line is available for support: 1-866-925-4419."

     "Federal Legislation to Implement UN Declaration Major Step Toward Addressing Racism And Discrimination In Canada, Assembly of First Nations (AFN), June 16, 2021, Assembly of First Nations (AFN), stated, " Assembly of First Nations (AFN) National Chief Perry Bellegarde welcomes the passing of a federal bill to advance the implementation of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, urging its full implementation in Canada to meet standards necessary for the dignity, survival, and well-being of Indigenous peoples.“This is a major step forward for First Nations and for Canada – this is concrete action, this is history in the making,” said AFN National Chief Perry Bellegarde, adding the passing of this federal legislation comes after decades of advocacy by First Nations and indigenous peoples worldwide. 'This legislation to implement the UN Declaration on the Right of indigenous Peoples in Canada can be a pathway to reconciliation, guided by our inherent and Treaty rights. Its full implementation will see First Nations rights respected and implemented and is essential to addressing all forms of racism and discrimination in Canada.'
     The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Act passed June 16 by the Senate of Canada, will require the federal government to work collaboratively with First Nations and other Indigenous peoples to develop a National Action Plan to implement the UN Declaration, including measures to address prejudice and eliminate all forms of violence and discrimination against Indigenous peoples. While the UN Declaration already has legal effect in Canada, this new legislation requires that Canadian laws be reviewed and reformed in order to meet Canada’s international human rights obligations and explicitly rejects the racist doctrines of discovery and terra nullius. It also requires regular reporting to Parliament on progress.
     'The passing of bill C-15, now the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Act, means we now have a process that requires laws and policies to change so that First Nations rights are respected and implemented,' said National Chief Bellegarde. 'First Nations will determine their own priorities and how they wish to work with Canada. And I urge all governments in Canada to work to ensure full implementation of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.'
     The implementation of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples by all levels of government, including developing a national action plan, strategies, and other concrete measures to achieve the goals set out in the Declaration, is the focus of two of the Truth and Reconciliation Calls to Action and is also included in the Calls for Justice of the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls.
     The AFN is the national organization representing First Nations people in Canada. Follow AFN on Twitter @AFN_Updates."

     "AFN BULLETIN – August 5, 2021 – "Lac Seul Wins Supreme Court of Canada Appeal, Decision Sets Precedent for Equitable Compensation," Assembly of First Nations, on August 5, 2021, https://www.afn.ca/afn-bulletin-august-5-2021-lac-seul-wins-supreme-court-of-canada-appeal-decision-sets-precedent-for-equitable-compensation/,
      Lac Seul First Nation has won an appeal to have damages reviewed for historical flooding on its lands and confirming the Crown’s fiduciary duties to Indigenous peoples.The Supreme Court of Canada on July 16, 2021 ruled the Government of Canada breached its fiduciary obligation to protect the reserve land at Lac Seul First Nation when the governments of Canada, Manitoba and Ontario decided without consent or consultation with the community to flood the reserve with the construction of a hydroelectric dam in 1929.
     More than 11,000 acres of Lac Seul First Nation were flooded, destroying nearly one-fifth of the reserve lands. Homes and fields were destroyed. Graves were submerged and portions of the reserve were severed from one another.
     In an action initiated by Lac Seul First Nation in 1991, the community claimed damages from the Crown for losses caused to it and its members as a result of the flooding.
      Lac Seul First Nation is now entitled to equitable compensation for the lost opportunity to determine the use of their land at the time the hydroelectricity project was developed.
     The Supreme Court of Canada decision in Southwind v. Canada on July 16, 2021 marks an historic victory for Lac Seul First Nation located in Treaty 3 territory in northwestern Ontario and has profound implications for specific claims policy reform.
     The ruling comes 30 years after Lac Seul First Nation originally filed a claim in Federal Court when one-fifth of the reserve land was flooded as a result of a hydroelectric dam where Lac Seul drains into the English River. This decision could greatly increase compensation owed to First Nations for specific claims related to reserve lands.
     The 8-1 ruling confirmed the Crown’s fiduciary duties to Indigenous Peoples and that a previous award of $30 million was insufficient given the extensive damage and loss of land. The case has been ordered back to the Federal Court to reassess the compensation amount.In the July 2021 ruling, the Supreme Court determined that:
      The common law principles of expropriation law are not the appropriate framework to determine compensation to a First Nation for breach of fiduciary duty related to reserve land.
      Reserve land is not a commodity and First Nations’ interests in land are fundamentally different from other Canadians. First Nations have a special relationship with the land, which is at the centre of the relationship between the Crown and Indigenous Peoples.
      Equitable compensation seeks to restore a First Nation to the position it would have been in had the Crown not breached its fiduciary duty. Where restoring or returning the First Nation’s land to its original condition is not possible, equitable compensation must be provided.
     The Government of Canada had a duty to make the most favourable use of the property it holds in trust for the First Nation. If the government fails to carry out this duty, the courts must seriously consider whether the total award to the First Nation will be an effective deterrent for the government’s conduct, in addition to compensating lost opportunities.
     The impact of public projects, such as a dam, places a duty on the Government of Canada to capture the full potential value of the land for the land’s intended use.
     Lac Seul First Nation was entitled to compensation based on the best price that could have been obtained for the land’s use, namely generating hydroelectricity.
     The AFN intervened in Southwind v Canada to support the position that First Nations that are harmed when the Government of Canada fails to protect reserve land should be compensated for the land’s original value and the full potential value of the land’s use.
      AFN’s Specific Claims Policy Reform Work
     For decades, First Nations have advocated for the creation of a fully independent specific claims process to facilitate the resolution of claims.
     While the Southwind v. Canada decision went through the Federal Courts, the AFN anticipates implications for the specific claims process. There are claims related to unauthorized use of reserve land across Canada, including 18 specific claims and several civil claims relating to flooding of reserve lands in Treaty 3 where Lac Seul First Nation is located.
     The Supreme Court Canada Decision on Southwind v. Canada can be accessed on the Supreme Court of Canada website. You can find information on AFN’s Specific Claims Policy reform work online, and provide input on our proposed claims process.
     For more information please contact Jesse Donovan, Policy Analyst, Lands Sector, at jdonovan@afn.ca."

     "Assembly of First Nations Urges Swift Emergency Services to BC First Nations Impacted By Floods And Landslides," Assembly of First Nations (AFN), November 19, 2021, https://www.afn.ca/assembly-of-first-nations-urges-swift-emergency-services-to-bc-first-nations-impacted-by-floods-and-landslides/, stated, The Assembly of First Nations (AFN) calls for the Government of Canada to send emergency funding directly to the First Nations Emergency Services Society (FNESS) in British Columbia to ensure quick service to First Nations impacted by catastrophic flooding and landslides, resulting in many First Nations now being under evacuation order.
     'It is imperative that First Nations concerns are addressed by Emergency Management BC (EMBC), the provincial program contracted to provide emergency services to First Nations, without delay. We saw the devastation caused when municipal emergencies were prioritized over First Nations during the summer wildfires. Everyone’s life matters. First Nations have a reasonable request to be treated equally and equitably,' said AFN National Chief RoseAnne Archibald.
     The Province of BC signed a $29-million Emergency Services Agreement with Indigenous Services Canada in 2018 to provide emergency services to First Nations in BC through EMBC. This agreement included 28 Emergency Management Coordinator positions for First Nations, positions that have not yet been filled. EMBC contracted FNESS to provide emergency management and FireSmart training for wildfires, and to enact emergency plans for First Nations. Providing funding directly to FNESS will help ensure First Nations receive the help they need without delay.
      'First Nations jurisdiction must be recognized in all areas, including emergency management. We are the most at risk during these catastrophic climate events, which are sadly no longer isolated incidents but ongoing repercussions of climate change,' said British Columbia Assembly of First Nations Regional Chief Terry Teegee. The Province of BC declared a State of Emergency on November 17, 2021, one day after Regional Chief Teegee and other BC First Nations leaders called on the province to do so.
      First Nations are 18 times more likely to be evacuated due to emergencies than non-First Nations and are still battling COVID-19 on top of flooding, the aftermath of wildfires and infrastructure damage as they move into the winter season.
      'First Nations, especially remote, are often the first to directly feel the impacts of climate change. Sustainable planning for the future requires immediate and equitable investments that respond to our ever-changing climate. Our unique relation with the land and the water requires our voices to lead decision making required in response to this global emergency,' said AFN Yukon Regional Chief Kluane Adamek."

     "Help Wanted in the Journey for Life," Schools for Chiapas, July 14, 2021, https://schoolsforchiapas.org/teach-chiapas/travel/travel-application/ "Greetings, compañeras, compañeros, compañeroas... Since you last heard from us, so much has happened, new collaborations, delegations, and importantly, this is happening:
      The Zapatista maritime delegation, Squadron 421, aboard La Montaña, made landfall in Vigo , Galicia, and has now made its way to Paris and beyond! This brilliantly creative feat is causing a great stir in Europes of below and to the left, igniting new forms of organization and resistance. In the communities of Chiapas, this Journey for Life, as it is called, brings joy and hope - the feeling that they are not alone. We celebrate this marvelous initiative in all of its courage.
     However, daily life in several communities remains tenuous. In Nuevo San Gregorio , our June delegation heard testimonies of intimidation and the struggle to survive, due to ongoing threats by invaders.
     So friends, this is a call to action. Schools for Chiapas, working closely with FrayBa Human Rights Center, is hoping to help fill vital posts in its Civil Observation Brigades (BriCo's) in places like Nuevo San Gregorio. If you are interested in living and learning in select communities of Chiapas, we encourage you to fill out our travel application and or to share this call to action with your friends and comrades. (this can be done through the above web address)"

     Cesar Gomez (Maya Pocomam, CS Staff), "Indigenous Authorities in Guatemala Call Out Government for Lack of Access to Education, Justice, and Health," Cultural Survival, October 15, 2021, https://www.culturalsurvival.org/news/indigenous-authorities-guatemala-call-out-government-lack-access-education-justice-and-health, reported, " Indigenous Ancestral Authorities, civil society organizations, and a large portion of the general public have been expressing their dissatisfaction with the President of Guatemala, Alejandro Giammatei, and the head of the Public Ministry, Consuelo Porras. This discontent has been generated by the ungovernability, corruption, and the July 23 dismissal of Juan Francisco Sandoval, who was in charge of the Special Prosecutor Office Against Corruption (FECI), for investigating acts of corruption by senior officials.
     At a press conference, t he 48 cantons of Totonicapán spoke out against the removal of prosecutor Sandoval, calling on the population to paralyze the country from July 29, 2021. 'What overflowed the glass is the dismissal of the FECI prosecutor, (...) a person who was at the forefront of taking proceedings against corruption and through his dismissal we are left with the entire justice system breaking down,' said Aleizer Arana, Ancestral Authority of the Xinca Peoples.
     'Unfortunately we have a failed State, a State that does not represent us,' said Ana María Top, from the Association of the Integral Group of Women from San Juan (AGIMS), who was at kilometer 28 of the highway to San Lucas Sacatepéquez, next to the organizations Waqib 'Keej and the Social and Popular Assembly, on July 29. According to Top, 'They [the government] make laws for their benefit, that is why we Indigenous Peoples go out to raise our voices, we are covering the streets, demanding justice as our grandparents have taught us.
     Top adds, 'even though they tell us that we have nothing to do (…) although many times they tell us that there is someone who pays us, we are doing this; paralyzing the streets, (…) because of this failed state. The entire country knows that we do not have access to health care, in health centers there is no medicine. Where is the money approved in Congress through loans to mitigate the pandemic?'
     'This political and economic crisis is not from now, it has been ongoing forever,' emphasized Rolando López Crisóstomo, member of the Mam Council of the department of San Marcos. 'The only way to save the incipient democracy is through the resignation of Giammatei and Consuelo Porras, who do not represent the population but rather the corrupt pact.'
     López stated that the government is not responding to the demands of the people, 'It is not possible that the education sector has a minimum budget.' The pandemic has made education move online. “However, people do not have the technology and do not know how to use it,' emphasizes the Xinca authority, adding that, 'the family bonus promised by the government did not reach everyone. In my case, I received it, but… later I received a receipt for 350 quetzales for the electricity bill; usually, I pay between 90 to 110 quetzals a month.'
      Thousands of residents joined the call of the ancestral authorities, peacefully blocking the main roads of the departments of Alta Verapaz, Sololá, Huehuetenango, Escuintla, Chiquimula, Suchitepéquez, the capital city, among others, which lasted for several days. They displayed banners and shouted: 'Giammatei resign!' and "Consuelo Porras resign!'
     The Coordinating Committee of Agricultural, Commercial, Industrial, and Financial Associations (CACIF), in a statement dated August 9, 2021, demanded that the government, 'in accordance with the amparos filed and as ordered by the Constitutional Court, proceed to expedite the ways and citizen guarantees are respected. Likewise, it is necessary to investigate who is behind these mobilizations and what is the origin of their financing.'
     Days later, exporters also spoke out, pointing out losses of more than 270 million quetzals a day due to the blockades, highlighting the economic reactivation of the country. 'To some, it does not seem that we are protesting. They tell us that we are blocking development, however, the real blockages come from the State, which has blocked education, justice, health from us for 200 years,' highlighted Aleizer Arana.
     On August 13, 2021, the Indigenous representatives delivered a memorandum at the presidential palace in which they requested the immediate resignation of the President due to his poor management, which has generated the weakening of public institutions and the increase in corruption. 'He no longer represents national unity, he only represents the dispossession, exclusion and misery of the majority of the population and since he is not above the rights of citizens and the laws, he must resign,' stated the memo. They also traveled to the central offices of the Public Ministry, making the same request to Consuelo Porras, Attorney General of the Public Ministry, questioned for protecting officials involved in acts of corruption and interfering with criminal investigations.
      'Last year millionaire loans were approved for the purchase of vaccines; however, we are one of the most backward countries in the administration of vaccines,' stated the Xinca authority. 'The government has not invested any of the loans,' says María Top, 'they are only taking advantage of the pandemic to enrich themselves. They are not paying the doctors, the nurses, there are no supplies in the hospitals. The vaccines that are being administered are from donations.' The ancestral authorities blame Giammatei for the mismanagement of the COVID-19 pandemic. Thousands of people have died, hospitals are short of supplies; the medical staff is insufficient and the Russian vaccines have not arrived yet. 'There is no registry that tracks the linguistic community and Indigenous population that has been affected. Nor are there details of the number of deaths, how many have been vaccinated, and how many have overcome COVID-19 tracked. On the other hand, the State has not created information on the pandemic in Indigenous languages, much less has it provided guidance on ‘the importance of getting vaccinated,” explains Top.
     At a press conference on April 5, 2021, President Alejandro Giammatei announced the purchase of 16 million doses of the Sputnik V vaccine from Russia for the price of 160 million dollars, advancing 50 percent of the cost. On July 23, 2021, the Congress of the Republic reported on its website the progress in vaccination. In the first phase, the health agencies focused on reducing the mortality of medical personnel, nurses, firefighters, personnel who work in institutions, and funeral home workers. Next, people over 65 years of age and security agents were vaccinated, leaving the vaccination of people over 18 years old at the end.
     The Law for the Financing and Acquisition of Vaccines against COVID-19, Decree 1-2021, obliged the Ministry of Health to create the National Vaccination Plan against COVID-19, establishing the Personal Identification Document (DPI) as the only requirement for qualify for immunization. On its Twitter account, the Ministry of Health announced on September 20, 2021, that 6,148,726 vaccines had been administered, of which 2,031,786 were second doses. According to the National Institute of Statistics (INE), the population of Guatemala exceeds 14 million inhabitants, according to the latest census. That is only 14 percent of the population being fully vaccinated.
     'On September 8, 2021, without an adequate response from the President and almost a month after the beginning of the peaceful demonstrations, the 48 cantons, the Xinca Peoples, the Palin Indigenous Mayor's Office, among other organizations filed a criminal complaint against President Alejandro Giammatei in the Public Ministry, holding him responsible for the mismanagement of the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, he is accused of discrimination and the possible anomalous purchase of Russian vaccines, among other irregularities,' Martin Toc of the 48 cantons and representative of the towns pointed out. 'As long as the State does not respond to the demands of the population, the authorities will continue to call for the defense of human rights, collective rights, and governance. The authorities call on the population to take all health precautions because we must be healthy to continue fighting for our rights,' concludes Aleizer Arana."

     Amazon Watch and Some of Us stated, July 21, 2021, https://actions.sumofus.org/a/mps-protect-the-indigenous-people-and-scrap-draft-bill-490-2007-1/?akid=92302.1918087.yPBJr4&rd=1&source=fwd&t=9 "MPs: Protect the Indigenous People and SCRAP Draft bill 490/2007, " Brazilian President Bolsonaro wants to pass a new law to open up the heart of the Amazon to devastating industrial projects, and legalise the expulsion of isolated indigenous tribes from their ancestral lands.
     He’s pushing draft bill 490/2007 -- that will basically legalise genocide -- and it will be voted on in Congress any day now.
     But there is hope. Even the greediest politicians are worried about their image, and we can use that to support the Indigenous activists fighting this new law.
      If we can show Brazilian MPs that people from all over the world are against the genocide of indigenous people, and destruction of the Amazon, our pressure could tip the balance. Add your name now, and join 6,000 SumOfUs members in Brazil who are already resisting the proposed new law.
      More information
      Members of the ruralist caucus and allies to President Bolsonaro approve bill that paves the way for a new indigenous genocide
     Articulation of Indigenous Peoples of Brazil (APIB). 23 June 2021.
      Firing arrows, indigenous people in Brazil protest bill curtailing land rights
Reuters. 16 June 2021.
Brazil police use teargas and rubber bullets against indigenous protesters
The Guardian. 23 June 2021."

     Global Week of Action for the Amazon, September 5-11, "Amazon Watch, August 27, 2021, https://amazonwatch.org/get-involved/events/2021-global-week-of-action-for-the-amazon, stated, " The Amazon is in a state of emergency due to attacks on the rights, lives, and territories of Indigenous and forest peoples. In response, we're inviting you to join us and take action during the Global Week of Action for the Amazon.
     Join Indigenous organizations in Amazonía and allies around the world offering opportunities to get involved and collaborate with one another – all for the protection of the Amazon rainforest
. To create a stronger voice and presence, this year we're inviting you all to meet us on Noo.World, a site and app made for activists by activists that will allow us to unite worldwide. It's a trusted site created by partners in the resistance with you in mind. All the activist tools you could need, in one place.
     Join Indigenous Earth Defenders calling for immediate and urgent action to permanently protect the Amazon and our global climate. We need your solidarity to spread the message during this week! Sign up on any or all of the days during the Global Week of Action for the Amazon on the Noo.World app or website."

     "Global protests as Brazil’s Supreme Court set to begin landmark indigenous rights ruling," Survival International, August 25, 2021, https://www.survivalinternational.org/news/12635, reported, " Indigenous peoples from all over Brazil are protesting in a week-long action in Brasilia against the 'Marco Temporal' (or 'Time Limit Trick'), draft bill 490 known as the “Bill of Death”, and a series of other genocidal plans and actions by the Bolsonaro government.
     The ' Struggle for Life' ('Luta pela Vida') global action is led by APIB – the Association of Indigenous Peoples of Brazil .
      APIB have held a vigil outside the Supreme Court, which is due to restart voting on the Time Limit Trick , a proposal put forward by the agribusiness sector claiming that indigenous peoples only have the right to territory that they were physically occupying on October 5, 1988 – the day the current Constitution came into force.
      A series of actions have taken place across the globe, including in San Francisco and London, by protestors calling for an end to the genocidal attacks being waged by President Bolsonaro and his supporters against Brazil’s indigenous peoples.
      The Time Limit Trick poses a threat to hundreds of indigenous territories, hundreds of thousands of indigenous people and dozens of uncontacted tribes, including:
     - The
Xokleng : one of their territories is the subject of the Supreme Court which will judge the validity, or not, of the Time Limit Trick.
     Large parts of Xokleng land and other indigenous territories were allocated to
Europeans settlers encouraged by the Brazilian government early last century. The government also financed a so-called 'Indian-hunting militia', which accelerated the colonial land grab and the genocide of indigenous peoples.
     The Supreme Court could now set the effects of these and subsequent evictions in stone, establishing a precedent which would have far-reaching consequences for indigenous peoples in Brazil.
     - The
Guarani : nearly all their land was stolen before 1988 and is now used for agribusiness. They would be among the hardest hit. Their campaign to get their land back, already a mammoth battle, would become even harder and bloodier.
     - The
uncontacted Kawahiva : their existence and location was officially confirmed after 1988, like many other uncontacted tribes.
     - Many other uncontacted tribes, whose existence still hasn’t been officially confirmed by the government, despite plenty of evidence. There are 86 such cases, one of which is the uncontacted people of
Ituna Itatá indigenous territory , whose emergency Land Protection Order is due to expire imminently.
      If approved, the Time Limit Trick would set indigenous rights back decades and could wipe out whole uncontacted tribes. The indigenous movement and their allies are campaigning for it to be scrapped.APIB said: 'May the country listen to its indigenous peoples. Our lives are linked to the earth, as we live in communion with it. We are the guardians of the forests and all forms of life that live there. We are facing a Congress that continues to push its anti-indigenous agenda. We are fighting against the Time Limit Trick, scheduled to be voted by the Supreme Court on August 25th. We will resist!'
     Caroline Pearce, director of Survival International said today: 'This is the most critical court ruling for Brazil’s indigenous peoples for decades. The future of hundreds of thousands of people is at stake. It is also a crucial test of Brazil’s judiciary and democracy. It is up to the Supreme Court judges to uphold the constitution which recognizes indigenous peoples’ original rights to their lands as the country’s first inhabitants.'
     San Francisco protest on August 24 at Brazilian Consulate, 300 Montgomery Street, San Francisco, CA 94104-1901 by supporters of Brazil Solidarity Network, Women’s Earth and Climate Action Network, Survival International and Amazon Watch.
     London protest on August 25 at Brazilian Embassy, 14-16 Cockspur St, LONDON SW1Y 5BL by supporters of Amazon Rebellion, Brazil Matters, CAFOD, Greenpeace, Parents for Future and Survival International.For more information contact:Survival International: press@survivalinternational.org, Mobile: +447841 029 289;
Greenpeace UK: press.uk@greenpeace.org;
CAFOD: Frances Leach – fleach@cafod.org.uk, Mobile: +447584 349 426; OR Nana Anto-Awuakye – nanto-awuakye@cafod.org.uk, Mobile: +447799477541;
Amazon Rebellion: amazonreb@protonmail.com;
Brazil Matters: brazilmatters@gmail.com, Mobile: +44 7793 451311,"

     "Brazil: Only contacted member of threatened tribe denounces impending genocide," Survival International, August 12, 2021, https://www.survivalinternational.org/news/12626, reported, " The only contacted member of the Amazon’s Piripkura tribe has voiced her fears that loggers operating illegally inside her people’s territory will soon kill her relatives.
     Rita Piripkura is the only Piripkura person in regular contact with outsiders. In a unique interview released today by Survival International, she de scribes how nine of her relatives were massacred in one attack by loggers, and says that her brother and nephew, Baita and Tamandua, are known to still live inside the territory.
     Rita says: 'There are lots of land grabbers around… If they kill them, there won’t be anyone left.'The Piripkura’s forest was deforested more than any other uncontacted tribe’s territory in Brazil in 2020. It is believed other members of the tribe are also living in the territory, having retreated to the depths of the forest.
      The Piripkura’s forest is currently shielded by a Land Protection Order – an official order used to protect uncontacted tribes’ territories that have not been through the long process of official demarcation – but the order is due to expire on September 18.
     A judge recently ordered the authorities to remove farmers and loggers inside the territory, but like most such edicts requiring government action, little has been done to comply
      Six other tribal territories are currently protected by similar Land Protection Orders, and in total they cover 1 million hectares of rainforest. But President Bolsonaro and his allies want to open up these territories, which remain vulnerable until they are fully demarcated as indigenous lands, as part of his government’s all-out assault on indigenous rights.
      Sarah Shenker, head of Survival’s Uncontacted Tribes campaign, said today: 'Rita Piripkura’s harrowing and urgent appeal for the survival of her relatives should be heard far and wide. The Piripkura people have been decimated by decades of killings at the hands of outsiders. Now those few that are left face the same fate, as ranchers and politicians, boosted by President Bolsonaro’s genocidal actions and proposals, are trying to rip up all protection of the Piripkura’s forest.
      'The Land Protection Orders – and proper enforcement of them – are the only thing standing between uncontacted tribes like the Piripkura and total extinction. They must be renewed, all invaders evicted, and the land fully protected.'"

     "Sign the petition to Congress: Denounce Amazon’s plan to build a HQ on sacred Indigenous land!" Daily Kos, September 7, 2021, https://actionnetwork.org/forms/sign-the-petition-to-congress-denounce-amazons-plan-to-build-a-hq-on-sacred-indigenous-land, stated, " South African Indigenous peoples -- the Khoi and San -- have battled colonialism for over 500 years. The area is a source of pride and cultural heritage, which also survived decades of oppression under apartheid. The earliest to inhabit that land, the Khoi and San people are now facing a huge challenge to their right to existence -- they’re up against Amazon. Amazon is currently developing a new 70,000-square meter facility -- an African headquarters for U.S. retail giant.
     This continued American colonialism and borderline monopolistic behavior cannot stand. We will not sit by while major U.S. corporations bulldoze over sacred Indigenous land!
      Amazon didn't choose a sacred indigenous site by accident. They know it has historical, cultural, and environmental significance. They just want to destroy and build on it anyway. But since Amazon is a US company, they're particularly vulnerable to grassroots pressure here in the U.S.
     If U.S. elected officials publicly denounce this HQ project, Amazon will face an international political and PR nightmare. Activists here in the U.S. successfully blocked an Amazon HQ in New York City. Together we can show solidarity with Indigenous activists and help block this new Amazon HQ in South Africa.
     Sign the petition: Urge Congress to denounce Amazon's plan to build a HQ on sacred indigenous land in South Africa!
     Participating Organizations:
     Chesapeake Climate Action Network
     Civic Shout
     Daily Kos
     Demand Progress
     Green America
     The Juggernaut Project"

     Edson Krenak Naknanuk, "Second Indigenous Women’s March Takes Place in Brasilia," cultural Survival, September 17, 2021, https://www.culturalsurvival.org/news/second-indigenous-womens-march-takes-place-brasilia, reported, " 'We want peace in our territories,' shouted Indigenous women marchers in Brazil’s capital city of Brasilia on September 7-11, 2021.
      For the second time, Indigenous women from all over the country, representing their biomes and families, organized the Indigenous Women’s March in the capital city Brasília. The first march was held in 2019.
      With a cry against the violence of the Brazilian State and those who attack and threaten Indigenous territories, Indigenous women, the 'warrior women of ancestry', as they call themselves, took to the streets in Brasília in a large march that brought together more than 5,000 Indigenous leaders belonging to 172 Peoples.
     This was an extremely important moment, as the important case of the Marco Temporal (timeframe) is pending decision at Brazil’s Supreme Court. The case was brought by anti-Indigenous groups and agribusinesses which seek to limit the rights of Indigenous Peoples and their sovereignty over their lands, territories and natural resources. The case involving Xokleng Peoples’ territory carries the potential to set a precedent for stripping territorial rights that were not officially recognized when the Brazilian Constitution was approved in 1988.
     A young leader, Cristiane Pankararu (Pankararu) from APOINME (Northeast, Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo Indigenous People Articulation)-- a Cultural Survival Keepers of the Earth Fund grant partner, said the demand this year is for peace and healing in her territories. Pankararu says, "We want peace in our territories."
      The organization behind the women’s march is the National Articulation of Indigenous Women Ancestrality Warriors (ANMIGA) and is composed of Indigenous Women from all biomes in Brazil, bringing forth their shared knowledge, traditions, and struggles, which brought them together to fight for the rights and lives of Indigenous Peoples and their homes."

     Edson Krenak Naknanuk, "Indigenous Peoples Sue Bolsonaro at the Hague for Genocide and Get Ready for Mass Mobilizations in Brazil," Cultural Survival, August 20, 2021, https://www.culturalsurvival.org/publications/cultural-survival-quarterly/our-bodies-our-spirits-our-territories-indigenous-women, reported, "F or the first time in history, Indigenous Peoples from Brazil are going directly to the International Criminal Court (ICC) at The Hague, with their Indigenous lawyers to fight for their rights.
     On Monday, August 9, 2021, the Articulation of Indigenous Peoples of Brazil (APIB) filed a statement at the International Criminal Court to denounce the Bolsonaro government for genocide. On the date that marks the International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples, APIB is demanding that the prosecutor of the ICC examine the crimes committed against Indigenous Peoples by President Jair Bolsonaro since the beginning of his term in January 2019, with special attention to the period of the COVID-19 pandemic.
     International news agency, Aljazeera, also reported, 'Chief Raoni Metuktire filed a separate case to the ICC asking the court to investigate Bolsonaro for crimes against humanity, saying the ‘destruction of the Amazonian forest has accelerated without measure’ under his government.” This was, however, a case filed by an individual.
      What is different about the August 9th lawsuit is that the largest Indigenous organization in Brazil, representing the vast majority of the communities and other regional Indigenous organizations, the Articulation of Indigenous Peoples of Brazil (APIB), filed its own case at the ICC to denounce the Bolsonaro government for genocide. On the day that marks the International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples, APIB demanded that the prosecutor of the ICC examine the crimes committed against Indigenous Peoples by President Jair Bolsonaro since the beginning of his term in January 2019, with special attention to the period of the COVID-19 pandemic.
     Based on the Rome Statute, APIB is seeking an investigation for crimes against humanity such as extermination, persecution, and other inhuman acts, and genocide for causing severe physical and mental damage and deliberately inflicting conditions aimed at the destruction of Indigenous Peoples.
      The main argument presented by the APIB is that Bolsonaro`s policies towards Indigenous Peoples, widely informed and discussed in these previous articles , constitute crimes of genocide and ecocide. This step is important, especially, because of the inability of the current justice system in Brazil to investigate, prosecute, and judge the current government's conduct.
      Since the first day of his government , Bolsonaro has been dismantling public structures for social and environmental protection, such as IBAMA, and for Indigenous Peoples, such as FUNAI, instigating invasions onto Indigenous lands. Deforestation and arson in Brazilian forests, increased mining and illegal logging in the territories have affected entire biomes and destroyed thousands of acres of land, flora, and fauna.Indigenous Peoples in Brazil through their organizations, associations, and allies are steadily fighting for the right to exist.
      The Fight for Indigenous Rights in August 2021
      'The month of August will be marked by mobilizations of Indigenous Peoples in the fight for rights,' says APIB`s leader, Sonia Guajajara (Guajajara)
     For five centuries, Indigenous Peoples in Brazil have been fighting colonialism and oppressive policies. The predatory colonialism that started with European settlers centuries ago continues through extractive capitalism, where the State is privatized by corporations threatening Indigenous rights and lives.
     According to Sonia Guajajara, APIB`s Executive Director, the month of August (2021) will be marked by the mobilizations of Indigenous Peoples in the fight for rights. By the end of this month, the Supreme Court is expected to decide a key case involving Xokleng Peoples’ territory, which can set a precedent for stripping territorial rights that were not officially recognized when the Brazilian Constitution was approved in 1988, and the PL 490 , a bill threatening Indigenous land rights.
      The Xokleng Peoples are one of the most impacted communities in the southern region of the country. They have survived and resisted colonization, the advance of large farms, and urbanization on their territories-- a process that was so extremely violent that they had to hide in other lands and flee many times. This persecution and forced displacement explain why they were not in their traditional territory in 1988, at the end of the military government in Brazil.
     Cultural Survival is supporting several grassroots communities that are leaving their villages to go to the capital city of Brasilia, to join the Fight for Life Camp, which will take place on August 22-28, 2021. The Fight for Life Camp is a protest against the approval of the Bill PL 490/2007, which deals with the Marco Temporal (a Temporal Framework) to definitively interrupt the demarcation of Indigenous lands in Brazil in order to it easier for large scale agribusiness, mining operations, and dams to takes place on Indigenous lands.
      The planned mobilizations, protests, and manifestations will take place in cities, but the main manifestation will be in Brasilia, where more than 10,000 Indigenous people are expected to show up. Mobilizing crowds in the midst of a pandemic is risky and dangerous, but the federal government's anti-Indigenous agenda represents a more lethal threat than the COVID-19 virus. One Indigenous leader shared that he would prefer to die in Brasilia fighting for their territories than dying in his village observing Bolsonaro destroying nature.
      The Indigenous Women's Movement in Brazil
      Since 2019, in the context of debates and demonstrations in Brasília and other cities and villages, women representatives of more than 132 Indigenous Peoples created a movement called the March of Indigenous Women (A Marcha das Mulheres). They wrote a manifesto stating: 'We are totally against the narratives, purposes, and actions of the current government, which has been making explicit its intention to exterminate Indigenous Peoples, aiming at the invasion and genocidal exploitation of our territories by the capital.' Also, they state: 'We are responsible for the fertility and care of our sacred soil. We will always be warriors in defense of the existence of our Peoples and Mother Earth.'
     This year, A Marcha das Mulheres wants to make history by congregating the largest number of Indigenous women in Brasilia. Cultural Survival is supporting a group of 200 women from APOINME (Northeast Indigenous Association) to participate in the September 7th march.
      At the core of these struggles is the legal battle against the Brazilian government, the fight for self-determination, land rights, and survival. The street demonstrations in August and September are acts of courage on the part of Indigenous Peoples. This is still not enough, international pressure and alarm are key. We, Indigenous Peoples in Brazil, ask for an international mobilization to protect the guardians of the forests, guarantee their rights to live, and exist in the ecological and cultural diversity of their choice."

Indigenous Leaders Speak Out About Criminalization and Silencing by Putin Administration," Cultural Survival, October 13, 2021, https://www.culturalsurvival.org/news/indigenous-leaders-speak-out-about-criminalization-and-silencing-putin-administration, reported, " Indigenous organizations in Russia, allied organizations, and Cultural Survival have released an Open Letter to the Putin administration sounding an alarm about the growing intimidations and reprisals against Indigenous activists and rights defenders in Russia.
These attacks are exemplified by the recent illegal detention of activist Andrei Danilov (Sámi) in the Murmansk region . Danilov, Director of the Sámi Heritage and Development Foundation, was detained on August 29, 2021. His belongings were illegally searched by the police without witnesses, in violation of Russia’s Administrative Code. The activist was detained for two days, then charged with 'failure to comply with the lawful order of a police officer,' resulting in another five days of detention.
      Danilov’s arrest is just one of the latest i ncidents in a series of acts of harassment against Indigenous activists and rights defenders in Russia in recent years. Days before, another Indigenous rights defender Stepan Petrov was declared a 'foreign media acting as a foreign agent' in Yakutia on August 20, 2021. The 2012 Russian law on foreign agents, originally created to restrict international funding to Russian NGOs, is now being used to target individuals. Stepan Petrov (Yakut) is the first Indigenous person in Russia to receive the 'foreign agent' label. Petrov chairs the nonprofit group Yakutia – Our Opinion, which is well-known in the region of Yakutia for their human rights work. The activist submitted numerous appeals to the United Nations calling on the Russian government to adopt the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) and to support civil society in Russia.
     On July 26, 2021, I ndigenous activist Alexander Gabyshev (Yakut) was sentenced to compulsory treatment in a mental hospital in Yakutia . A well-known spiritual leader, Gabyshev has been detained numerous times since his spring 2019 march on Moscow. His detention in May 2020 resulted in his involuntary placement in a psychiatric program. The premier human rights group, Memorial, declared Gabyshev a political prisoner. After his release in July 2020, he was once again forced into hospitalization. In February 2021, Russia’s Investigative Committee opened a criminal case against Gabyshev under the pretense of violence against a government official, and the following month he was declared insane on the basis of a state psychiatric examination. In July 2021, a Yakutsk municipal court found him guilty of harming a police officer during an earlier arrest and sentenced him to compulsory treatment in a psychiatric clinic as a danger to others. Gabyshev will likely spend the next two years in a mental health institution as a tactic to silence his activism.
      Other cases of reprisals and harassment of Indigenous activists, rights defenders, and organizations in Russia are listed below:
     September 15, 2021: The authorities opened a criminal case against Sergei Kechimov (Khanty) in Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug. The local shaman and elder campaigns to protect the sacred lake Imlor from oil extracting giant, Surgutneftegaz. According to Kechimov, he was beaten by three company employees, yet he was the one charged by the police.
     August 31, 2021: Eiko Serotetto (Nenets), a reindeer herder and Indigenous activist from the Yamal Peninsula in the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, was sentenced to three months of personal restraint for fighting with another person in an Indigenous village. Despite the fact that Serotetto did not initiate the fight and that the brawlers subsequently reconciled, the police opened a criminal case against the activist. In 2019, Serotetto was investigated by police for organizing a meeting of Yamal reindeer herders where they discussed rights violations by oil companies.
     August 24, 2020: Vyacheslav Krechetov (Shor), a well-known filmmaker from Kemerovo Oblast, was detained by police for organizing a public event during which the Indigenous community of Cheremza protested a new coal facility near the village. Krechetov was found guilty and fined 20,000 rubles (275 USD) for filming the event. The fine and charges were later dismissed by a local court.
     August 10, 2020: Arsenty Nikolaev (Evenk), deputy of the Yakutia Republic regional parliament and head of the Indigenous Tyanya community association, was arrested and placed under house arrest for speaking out in opposition to the activities of the Neryungri Metallik gold-mining company. After almost a year of house arrest, the regional court freed Nikolaev. However, the court did not close the criminal case against him despite the appeal court’s finding that business relations among stakeholders were legal.
     November 2019: a Moscow city court ordered the closure of the Center for Support of Indigenous Peoples of the North/Russian Indigenous Training Center (CSIPN/RITC) on the grounds that its legal documentation was incomplete. CSIPN was the most important independent Indigenous rights group in Russia. Human rights defenders consider the organization’s closure as the final act in a long campaign by the authorities to silence the organization. CSIPN’s leader Rodion Sulyandziga (Udege) was arrested in 2016, preventing his participation in a seminar on Indigenous Peoples' rights in Moscow. Earlier in 2014, Russian border guards stopped Sulyandziga from participating in a UN conference on Indigenous peoples’ rights by damaging his passport at the airport. Several other Indigenous activists were also stopped from traveling to the same event under questionable circumstances.
      This list, though not exhaustive, shows the trend of government reprisal cases against Indigenous activists in Russia and an increasing pattern of intimidation and repression facing these activists and rights defenders. Cultural Survival and Batani Foundation also denounced this trend in a May 2021 report to the UN Commission for the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women, detailing cases of surveillance, censorship, arson, and the silencing of Indigenous women by obstructing their participation in the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Peoples in New York.
     The Open Letter, addressed to Putin as well as political representatives, UN officials, and human rights bodies across Russia, Europe, and the United States, demands an end to intimidation and harassment of Indigenous activists and Indigenous rights defenders in the Russian Federation."

     "Myanmar: Engage the International Criminal Court to Hold Military Perpetrators of Mass Atrocity Crimes Accountable: New report finds Myanmar’s National Unity Government can grant jurisdiction to ICC, Fortify Rights, August 19, 2021, https://mailchi.mp/fortifyrights/myanmar-engage-the-international-criminal-court-to-hold-military-perpetrators-of-mass-atrocity-crimes-accountable?e=24e6ca1455, stated, " The National Unity Government (NUG) of Myanmar can delegate jurisdiction to the International Criminal Court (ICC) to investigate and prosecute mass atrocity crimes that occurred in the country since 2002, according to a legal analysis published by Fortify Rights today. The NUG can do this in two ways: First, by lodging what is known as an “Article 12(3) declaration” with the ICC, and second, by formally acceding to the Rome Statute, the treaty that established the Court."

     Santosh Gedam, " Pachgaon Village in India Leads Action for Community Forest Management," Cultural Survival, August 19, 2021, https://www.culturalsurvival.org/news/pachgaon-village-india-leads-action-community-forest-management, reported, "T he village of Pachgaon is nestled in the forests of Central India's Gondpipari block of Chandrapur District. Of Pachgaon’s total population of 224 individuals, around 70 percent are from Indigenous communities identified as Scheduled Tribes in the Indian Census 2011. Chandrapur was earlier known as Chanda. The existence of several forts built by Indigenous kings several centuries ago is a testimony to the fact that Indigenous Peoples habited and ruled them. Amongst those Indigenous kings, the name of Khandkya Ballal Sah is very famous for his leadership and rule of the Indigenous territory. In the Chanda district, a renowned Indian railway junction is named by the name Ballar Sah, though the urban town Ballar Sah has been renamed Ballarpur by the political rulers recently.
     With the passage of time, Indigenous communities were left out of the development process and not much political attention was focused on the perpetual violations of their traditional rights. Therefore, the Indian Parliament enacted the Forest Rights Act (FRA) 2006 to undo historical injustice and recognize several individuals and community rights of forest-dwelling communities, which are overwhelmingly from Indigenous Peoples. However, recognition of forest rights was intensely opposed by the so-called conservationists, and the challenge to the Act is pending in the Indian Supreme Court. In this article, I present the case of Pachgan, which has illustrated how forest-dwelling communities can successfully protect wildlife by creating inviolate zones, conserve biodiversity by maintaining records, and support sustainable and equitable livelihood without any governmental support.
      Among hundreds of villages that were guaranteed community forest rights in Central India, the case of Pachgaon is unique on account of several firsts. A sense of ownership of traditional forest and duty towards conservation recognized under the Forest Rights Act motivate the village community (Gram Sabha) in initiating now visible processes and changes on the ground. Several other villages believe in Pachgaon's pathbreaking forest management initiatives and willingly participate in residential workshops at Pachgaon to learn and replicate in their villages. During one such visit I made in November 2020, I had the opportunity to interact with Gram Sabha representatives of Bhamaragad of nearby Gadchiroli District. Forty-odd participants from two Gram Sabhas of Bhamaragad had arrived for a two-day field immersion workshop to learn record-keeping and replicate practices to sustainably manage pristine forests of their villages in Bhamaragad.
      Pachgaon received title to 2,487 acres of forest land in 2012 . The story, as told by Sanjay Bhau (Bhau means elder brother in Marathi), a Gram Sabha member, is interesting and inspiring. Before 2012, it was the struggle for their regular livelihood that made them find work in the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA). However, they soon realized the physically demanding labour work offered by NREGS could not be continued due to the aging and health issues of villagers. As the awareness about the FRA was spreading in the region due to efforts of non-government organizations working in the livelihood and forest governance domain, Pachgaon Gram Sabha received a suggestion to apply for Community Forest Resource Rights (CFRR) under the FRA. As per Bhau, it took more than two years after claiming for the CFRR to formally receive the CFRR title from the District Level Committee. This period was marked by persistent efforts and some monetary contributions by the villagers with the hand-holding support of the NGO. He shares that in 2012, Pachgaon received only a part of the traditional forest which they had been using for generations. Having received no support from the Forest Department about the mapping of the recognized forest, Pachgaon Gram Sabha used the Global Positioning System (GPS) to accurately map the recognized forest and made soft-copies. The mapping of the forest with prominent places is reproduced as a large printed Google map, which is kept in the Gram Sabha office. The resolutions and micro-plans are discussed in the Gram Sabha and regularly sent to all government offices, including the Chief Minister's Office. Thus, ensuring complete transparency and invitation for coordination with the government departments.
     As wisdom says, there is nothing like seeing on the field and learning lessons. With the same spirit as we entered for the guided forest tour of the Pachgaon's forest, we were aptly informed by the guide that the entry of a name and other details of a visitor is mandatory as per Village Rules in the Visitor's register to enter the village forest. As Sanjay Bhau narrates, the registration process ensures that no unauthorized person enters the forest. Bhau explains how a Conservator of Forest (a local forest bureaucrat) once entered their forest without intimation, which led to tension between the forest department and the village. The conflict resulted in the filing of multiple police complaints, and the matter could be somehow settled after the intervention of a local MLA and minister.
     Of the total 63 households (Census 2011), every member of the identified age group is mandated to participate in a forest vigilance group to monitor forest activities and share observations on flora and fauna in India’s Observation Register. As we were led by Sanjay Bhau in the forest, we were broadly told about the management plan of the forest. The first thing that Pachgaon did after getting the CFRR title is to develop village-level rules for conservation and sustainable management of the forest. Out of almost 800 rules suggested by 63 households of the villages finally, 115 are accepted and ratified by the Gram Sabha in the democratic process. These rules are the cardinal guiding principles and reasons for the sustainable management of forests over the past eight years. Shalik Bhau, a guide leading during the forest tour, said that all processes originate from the village rules, and their compliance is strictly observed with appropriate sanctioning measures in the rules. Scholars doubt the management of the commons on the ground of over-utilization, but Pachgaon's rules are pathways showing how the commons can be conserved and managed sustainably if appropriate de jure rights are recognized by the government.
     As we entered a dense patch of forest, we were welcomed by a signboard cautioning visitors about the possible habitat of Tiger. We ventured deeper to visit workers paving a Kaccha road for the movement of extracted Bamboo during harvest seasons. Field interaction with workers allowed a deeper understanding of labour deployment for local needs to 40-odd visitors. The interaction was mostly in Marathi, but to facilitate understanding processes, Chinna, a representative of visitors from the Madia Indigenous community, took the lead. Chinna knows Marathi and Madia, an endangered language of a Tribe coming from Bhamaragad. Chinna asked questions in Marathi and explained to his clan people in Madia language. As I understood, Pachgaon gives labor work to any member of Pachgaon Gram Sabha on-demand and pays daily wages. Daily wages are fixed, and unlike NREGS work, which makes labor-based wages. The daily wages model accounts for the physical limitations of a villager demanding manual work. The workers on the field were engaged for days under the supervision of an appointed supervisor. The wage payments are promptly made to the workers in their respective bank accounts. Sanjay Bhau shares that there is no NRGES work in Pachgaon for many years and no receipt of any monetary support from the government. There is an obvious reason for preferring village-level manual work over NREGS’s labour work. He shares that the village is truly Atma-Nirbhar (self-reliant) and pays regular tax on revenue earned for many years.
     Pachgaon Gram Sabha has set aside around 85 acres of forest exclusively as inviolate zones called Devrai for the habitat of wild animals. They believe that wild animals also need separate and inviolate habitats; thus, the Gram Sabha identified, in the beginning, a suitable patch of inviolate forest. Sanjay Bhau narrates how despite incidences of a number of tiger attacks in Chandrapur district, their village has not witnessed a single case of a tiger attack on a human for many years. In the midst of the forest is a sacred place of all the villagers, Bhivgad. Bhau does not remember when it started but shares that it is much before his great grandfather. The deities of Bhivgad are visited by villagers to pray for rainfall during dry seasons to save crops or to pray for a solution to insect attack on standing crops during farming seasons. There is much folklore about how these processes have helped the village in the past, which sustains their belief in the supernatural power of their deity. As the sun was setting on a wintery evening, Bhau felt it was time to begin the return journey to reach the village boundary before the darkness fell.
     As we began returning, Bhau narrates that the Bamboo found in their village is not solid enough in its core so that it can only be used for a specific purpose effectively and not for pulp making by the papermill. He recounts how adherence to village rules has allowed rapid greening of the forest, particularly no incidence of forest fire has resurrected biodiversity than a government-promoted scheme of planting new saplings. His wisdom tells us that maintaining forest greenery by avoiding forest fire cannot be substituted by plating samplings for several reasons.
     Unlike previous practices, this year, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Pachgaon village used a web-based tendering process of Bamboo harvested from the forest. The new tendering process affected the local cartel of contractors who used to collude to keep bid prices deliberately low, thereby depriving fair income to the villagers. To equally harvest bamboo, the rules have specific instructions. The village rules mandate a specific quota of 50 bamboos per person (for age-group 18-60 years) for males and females to ensure equity in benefiting from the bamboo income. Any bamboo cut more than 50 is confiscated and becomes the property of the Gram Sabha. The rate for each harvested bamboo is fixed by the Gram Sabha, and weekly payments to beneficiaries' bank accounts are promptly made. Recounting his auctioning experience, Sanjay Bhau shares that this year (2020) due to the e-tendering of bamboo, the contractor nexus was broken, leading to the highest price this year for harvested Bamboo as compared to that of the last few years. He recounts his experience of one such physical auctioning of how manipulation of contractors led to the selling of Bamboo at merely 39 lakhs, which was quoted during the auction for 83 lakhs by a contractor. He remarks that the contractors are very shrewd. The adoption of village forest rules and their strict compliance and sanctioning of violation have ensured that now the Gram Sabha is with almost 3.5 crore of surplus in its bank account, which ensures sustainable livelihood and food securities even during the pandemic. Ramesh Tekam Bhau, a member of the Gram Sabha committee, shares how the rules of forest management have protected villagers during the pandemic when farmers elsewhere are suffering. In Pachgaon, recognition of CFRR has shown the case of how self-reliant a village can become insulating even from the volatility of the market economy. Tekam Bhau shares that now the focus is on value addition to harvested Minor Forest Produce (MFP), which they have in tons in their godown. They have purchased 5 acres of land adjacent to the village boundary for ₹ 500,000 for processing and value addition of MFP a few years before. Tekam Bhau shares the Gram Sabha's resolve to diversify sources of livelihood since bamboo-based income might decline in the future due to the cyclical nature of bamboo life. He believes that the village cannot afford to depend fully on bamboo income going forward. His insight and plans are grounded in his village and forest realities, which might be difficult to understand for planners sitting remotely.
      Villages in the vicinity of Pachgaon still could not access CFR rights under the FRA due to discouragement by the local elites as shared by Sanjay Bhau. Village-based local elites have the incentive to resist democratic and equity-based benefits distribution under the CFR rights. The immediate outcome of user access and withdrawal rights under the CFRR is a shortage of labour in villages for farm labour. This might increase wages for the labour which local elites don't want. Thus, they discourage attempts by relatively less empowered Indigenous households from even claiming CFR rights under the FRA. It is more likely that the village elites are non-Indigenous people who have settled on Tribal/Indigenous land. This has changed the power dynamics in the Tribal villages. The Indian Constitution, specifically for this reason to secure the interests of Tribal people from more sophisticated people from the plains, empower the Governor of the State with various provisions in the Fifth Schedule. The shifted village power dynamics could be one reason if the landmark legislation FRA remains short of undoing the historical injustice. Thus, policymakers, particularly the Governor, and courts need to act according to the FRA, which mandates local bureaucracy to actively ensure the spreading of awareness and hand-holding support to achieve the objectives of the FRA in letter and spirit."

     "Bangladesh: Investigate Assassination of Rohingya Human Rights Defender Mohib Ullah: Rohingya leader shot dead in refugee camp," Fortify Rights, September 29, 2021, https://mailchi.mp/fortifyrights/bangladesh-investigate-assassination-of-rohingya-human-rights-defender-mohib-ullah?e=24e6ca1455, " Bangladesh authorities should immediately investigate the assassination of Rohingya human rights leader Mohib Ullah, said Fortify Rights today. Between 8:00 p.m. and 8:30 p.m. today, at least one unidentified assailant entered the offices of the Arakan Rohingya Society for Peace and Human Rights (ARSPH) in Kutupalong refugee camp in Cox’s Bazar District, Bangladesh and reportedly shot Mohib Ullah multiple times in the presence of eyewitnesses."

     "Bangladesh and UNHCR: Revise and Release Bhasan Char MoU, Ensure Freedom of Movement for Rohingya Refugees: New MoU between UNHCR and Bangladesh kept private," Fortify Rights, October 15, 2021, https://www.fortifyrights.org/bgd-inv-2021-10-15/, stated, " The Government of Bangladesh and the U.N. Refugee Agency should revise and release their recent agreement regarding the provision of U.N. services to Rohingya refugees on Bhasan Char island, said Fortify Rights today. Both parties should ensure the right to freedom of movement to and from the island as well as the meaningful participation of Rohingya refugees in any decisions affecting them."

      New Zealand's Maori Party began a petition campaign, in September 2021, to change the name of the country to the Te Reo Maori name, Aotearoa, and to return all place names in Aotearoa to their original Te Reo Maori names ("Aotearoa/New Zealand: Maori Petition to change New Zealand's Name" Cultural Survival Quarterly, December 2021).}~~~---->>>>>>>-=+=-<<<<<<<----~~~{

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