ONGOING ACTIVITIES

Steve Sachs

Environmental Activities

UNESCO and the National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS-France), in partnership with Indigenous Peoples of Africa Coordinating Committee and Tebtebba, organized an international conference on indigenous knowledge and climate change, 2-4 November 2016, Marrakesh, Morocco in conjunction with the UN Climate Conference (COP-22). For go to www.indigenous2016.org.

     The Center for Biological Diversity, "Historic Petition: End New Fossil Fuel Leasing on Public Lands," Endangered Earth, July 14, 2016, http://www.biologicaldiversity.org/news/press_releases/2016/keep-it-in-the-ground-07-12-2016.html, reported,"This week the Center for Biological Diversity led more than 250 climate, community and tribal organizations in filing a landmark legal petition calling on the Obama administration to halt all new fossil fuel leasing on federal lands -- a step that would align U.S. energy policies with its climate goals and keep up to 450 billion tons of greenhouse gas pollution from entering the atmosphere.
We're calling on Interior Secretary Sally Jewell to place an immediate moratorium on new leases for federally managed, publicly owned oil, gas, tar sands and oil shale, and to expand the current moratorium on new coal leases. It's a critical step to ensure the United States does its part to meet the global climate commitments we made last year in Paris."

        350.0rg in Australia, http://act.350.org/signup/pfpp-brisbane/?akid=14384.51426.2xTj3p&rd=1&t=4, and http://act.350.org/go/11718?t=6, reported June 24, 2016, "The Pollution Free Politics Push has begun! Around the country, hundreds of Australians are taking bold and powerful action to hold their politicians to account for the damage they are doing to our climate and our future.
Just three days in and with the election looming, already we’ve seen everyday people take extraordinary action at electorate offices from coast to coast. Here’s a taster:
On Tuesday, mothers, GPs, priests, students and retirees peacefully occupied Resources and Energy Minister Josh Frydenberg’s electorate office, whilst outside community members re-branded the pro-fossil fuels Minister’s office a climate crime scene.
On Wednesday, over 50 Perth residents queued-in at Finance Minister Mathias Cormann’s office whilst over a dozen people occupied the foyer to call-out Cormann’s pro-coal, anti-climate action agenda. The entire office was locked down in response.
Then today, in the nation’s capital, dozens of Canberrans blocked the entrance to climate blocker Senator Zed Seselja’s office and dropped a banner from above to highlight his climate inaction, as passers-by watched on.
Inspired? If you’re in Brisbane or Sydney, it’s not too late to join more actions like this:

Tomorrow Brisbane residents will take a powerful message to climate action blocker Peter Dutton’s office - click here to join them .And on Saturday, Sydney-siders will stand with Pacific Islanders as they kayak from Western Sydney to Malcolm Turnbull’s home where they’ll call on him to keep fossil fuels in the ground, for good - click here to join them .

      The consequences of our politicians’ obstructionism and denial cannot be understated. You can see it in the mass coral bleaching of the Great Barrier Reef, the tightened chests of children who’ve grown up surrounded by coal, the contaminated water of farmers whose land has been drilled by gas companies, the homes struck down by devastating fires spurned by the heat of a thousand mines and wells.
When our politicians fail us, we must step up and find the audacity to set things straight. And what better way to do that in the tradition of peace and non-violence, with our bodies and hearts, taking our messages direct to the places and spaces frequented by those dragging us towards a miserable future.
A minority of people are holding us back but a majority of people are ready to do something about it. It’s a beautiful thing and we thank all of you for being a part of it.
We’ll be in touch next week with a full wrap of the week’s events. In the meantime, you can follow the updates live at:

Pollution Free Politics Push LIVE The 350 Australia Facebook page#PollutionFreePolitics

     For climate justice,
Charlie for the 350 team"

       350.org, https://peoplesclimate.org/pledge/?source=350&utm_medium=email&utm_source=actionkit, announced on January 2, 2017, that April 29, 2017, is "the date of the People’s Climate Mobilization, a major march in Washington, D.C., when we will come together with hundreds of thousands of people to reject Trump’s attack on our communities and climate, and push forward with our vision of a clean energy economy that works for all.
We believe that in this moment of division, turmoil, and fear, it's important to put forward an alternative vision that inspires and connects. If we don't put forward our own vision -- of an economy built on justice and powered by clean, renewable energy -- then we let fossil-fuel-soaked nationalism, xenophobia, and hatred win. We need to show that more people still believe in our shared vision for the future than in Donald Trump's."

         Nika Knight, " Bolstered by New Proof of Asthma Link, Anti-Fracking Groups Plan 'Massive' March at DNC: Our country's leaders 'must take a hard look at the data, acknowledge the harms of drilling and fracking, and stop it before other people become ill'," Common Dreams, July 19, 2016, http://www.commondreams.org/news/2016/07/19/bolstered-new-proof-asthma-link-anti-fracking-groups-plan-massive-march-dnc, reported, "
Researchers from Johns Hopkins University have conclusively shown that living close to fracking operations significantly increases asthma sufferers' risks of attacks, adding urgency to the battle against fracking within the Democratic Party as it prepares to convene in Philadelphia next week.
The study , published Monday in JAMA Internal Medicin e, looked at 35,000 medical records in Pennsylvania from 2005 to 2012. The state has long been host to a controversial fracking boom, and many have clamored for politicians to pay attention to the industry's irreversible damage to the land and human health.
'This study's findings confirm what we have known for years—that fracking is an inherently hazardous process that threatens human health and safety every day. More than 17 million Americans live within a mile of a fracking site, and they are all at risk,' said Wenonah Hauter, founder and executive director of Food and Water Watch.
Indeed, this latest research joins more than 480 peer-reviewed studies that have shown increased health risks and harm from the fracking industry, noted Larysa Dyrszka, a medical doctor and co-founder of Concerned Health Professionals of New York, during a press call Tuesday.
These results were thus 'alarming but not surprising,' Dyrszka said.
Locally and nationwide, leaders "must take a hard look at the data, acknowledge the harms of drilling and fracking, and stop it before other people become ill,' Dyrszka added.
And so a large coalition of groups—including environmentalists, labor organizers, peace activists, protesters against nuclear power and "free trade" agreements, public health advocates, and representatives from local communities—are preparing a massive 'March for a Clean Energy Revolution' to converge on the eve of the Democratic National Convention on July 24. Organizers predict that thousands will participate.
'As the national spotlight shines on Pennsylvania, it's important to recognize that this state is one of the most fracked in the U.S. and has faced some of the most devastating impacts,' said Hauter.
And fracking is 'not just a threat to the millions who live within one mile of an active well—the majority of whom are people of color,' said Karuna Jaggar, executive director of public health advocacy group Breast Cancer Action, pointing out that dangerous chemicals used in fracking seep into soil, taint water supplies, and are dispersed by the wind.
'Fracking threatens the basic necessities of life: our food, our water, our air,' Jaggar said. 'For women's health advocates and environmental activists alike, the time to act is now.'
Russell Greene, a prominent climate activist behind the declaration of a climate emergency that was included in the Democratic Party platform earlier this month, argued that the declaration is 'a moment for us to build upon,' and hopes the march will provoke real, tangible action from Democratic leaders.
Labor, too, is joining the battle: 'Unions are deeply concerned with environmental justice,' said Jon Forster, vice president of the American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees (AFSCME) District Council 37, based in New York City.
'Climate change discriminates. It impacts poor communities and communities of color, and those are the communities with fewest resources to recover, Forster said, adding that the march next week will push "against the unbridled greed that is leading to this disaster."
Margaret Flowers, an organizer with the anti-'free trade' advocacy group Stop the TPP, explained that her organization is taking part in the march to raise awareness of the Trans-Pacific Partnership's (TPP) Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) process in which corporations are able to sue countries in private tribunals for passing laws they dislike. The ISDS provision will have "a chilling affect on [climate] laws," Flowers argued.
Stop the TPP is also staging a 'No Lame Duck Uprising' during the march, Flowers said, to protest President Obama's plan to submit the TPP for congressional approval after the November election.
The Democratic Party platform committee refused to include language against the TPP in the platform, angering many activists. 'Our message is that the TPP represents climate catastrophe,' Flowers explained.
Meanwhile, fracktivists also took their fight to the Republican National Convention (RNC) currently happening in Cleveland, scaling the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame on Tuesday morning to hang a banner demanding the RNC not "Trump" local communities.
'We must remember that fracking often targets low income communities of color, often many of which are immigrants such as the Central Valley of California, where over 95% of fracking occurs in California,' said Shane Davis, an activist who was forced from his home in Colorado after being exposed to the harmful impacts of fracking, in a press statement.
'We cannot stand by and accept a political system in which both candidates support the toxic fracking industry, and one candidate freely uses violent racialized language against immigrant communities,' Davis added."
Food and Water Watch confirmed, July 24, " Yesterday, we held the largest anti-fracking march in U.S. history. More than 10,000 of us marched in the streets of Philadelphia for a Clean Energy Revolution! We were calling on our political leaders to act quickly to ban fracking now, keep fossil fuels in the ground, stop dirty energy, transition to 100% renewable energy and ensure environmental justice for all."

      "Indigenous Environmental Network Responds," July 26, 2016, "The United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) has granted the final permit needed by Dakota Access Pipeline, LLC to begin construction of its Bakken oil pipeline, Dakota Access. Under the terms of the Department of the Army Nationwide Permit No. 12, the Corps has approved construction of the crude oil pipeline across significant waterways, placing critical water habitats, rivers and drinking water at risk.
   The Indigenous Environmental Network offers the following response:
We are saddened to hear of this permit approval but knew the writing was on the wall. The Corps has a long history of going against the wishes and health of Tribal nations. This decision will not deter the resistance against the dirty Bakken pipeline. This decision merely highlights the necessity for the Corps of Engineers to overhaul the Nationwide Permit No. 12 process, which has been used by Big Oil to further place our lands, Indigenous rights, water and air at greater risk for disaster. We demand a revocation of this permit and advocate for the rejection of this pipeline."

       Deirdre Fulton, " Worse Than Keystone XL? TransCanada's Terrifying "Plan B": 'TransCanada's Energy East proposal is truly Keystone XL on steroids," says Natural Resources Defense Council," Common Dreams , July 26, 2016, http://www.commondreams.org/news/2016/07/26/worse-keystone-xl-transcanadas-terrifying-plan-b, reported, " The pipeline giant TransCanada, stymied in its attempt to drive Keystone XL through America's heartland, is facing renewed opposition to its "new and equally misguided proposal" to build the Energy East pipeline across Canada and ship tar sands oil via tankers along the U.S. East Coast to refineries in the Gulf of Mexico.
In partnership with a number of Canadian and U.S. environmental groups, the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC)—a major player in the fight to defeat Keystone XL—on Tuesday released a new report outlining how Energy East would 'effectively create a waterborne tar sands pipeline with hundreds of new oil tankers traversing the Atlantic coastline, making vast areas of the Eastern Seaboard vulnerable to a dangerous tar sands spill.'
Indeed, the group notes that the Gulf of Maine, Acadia National Park, and the Florida Keys are all in the pipeline's 'crosshairs,' as well as iconic marine species and billion dollar commercial fisheries on the East Coast, including New England and Atlantic Canada's lobster and sea scallops fisheries.
And that's on top of the pipeline's climate impacts; according to the NRDC analysis, Energy East would bring a significant increase in carbon pollution—equivalent to the annual emissions of as many as 54 million passenger vehicles—and lock in high-carbon infrastructure expected to operate for at least 50 years.
'TransCanada's Energy East proposal is truly Keystone XL on steroids,' said Joshua Axelrod, a co-author of the report and NRDC policy analyst. 'It's all risk and no reward for millions of Canadians and Americans, iconic landscapes, valuable fisheries and our climate.'
With the report, entitled Tar Sands in the Atlantic Ocean: TransCanada's Proposed Energy East Pipeline (pdf), the NRDC joins a chorus of existing Energy East opponents.
The project is currently under consideration by the National Energy Board (NEB), with hearings expected to begin in Saint John, New Brunswick, on August 8.
In making its argument, the NRDC leans on a 2016 study by Canada's National Academy of Sciences (NAS), which found that large portions of diluted bitumen—which Energy East would transport—can be expected to sink if spilled in water. The same report found that current regulations and spill response techniques are incapable of managing the unique behavior and higher risks of tar sands diluted bitumen spill in water.
A press statement (pdf) from Greenpeace Canada notes that the NEB refused to consider the same NAS study in its Kinder Morgan pipeline analysis.
'To be at all credible, the National Energy Board must give the NAS study a central role in its review of Energy East,' said Matt Abbott of the Conservation Council of New Brunswick.
Meanwhile, the NRDC is calling for a tar sands oil tanker moratorium in U.S. and Canadian waters until appropriate spill response techniques are developed to address a diluted bitumen spill into water.
But beyond that, many say the pipeline simply should not be built. Pointing to the devastating pipeline leak that flooded the North Saskatchewan River with 200,000 liters of tar sands crude last week, the Council of Canadians on Monday warned that spills are 'inevitable and permanent consequences of transporting oil."
'When thinking about the future we want, let us remember that the proposed Energy East pipeline crosses 90 watersheds, nearly 3000 waterways, and puts the drinking water of over 5 million people at risk along its route," wrote energy and climate justice campaigner Daniel Cayley-Daoust.'"

        Jack Healy, "Occupying the Prairie: Tensions Rise as Tribes Move to Block a Pipeline," The New York Times, August 23, 2016, http://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/24/us/occupying-the-prairie-tensions-rise-as-tribes-move-to-block-a-pipeline.html?ref=todayspaper&_r=0, reported on the Dakota Access Pipeline Protest "Horseback riders, their faces streaked in yellow and black paint, led the procession out of their tepee-dotted camp. Two hundred people followed, making their daily walk a mile up a rural highway to a patch of prairie grass and excavated dirt that has become a new kind of battlefield, between a pipeline and American Indians who say it will threaten water supplies and sacred lands.
The Texas-based company building the Dakota Access pipeline , Energy Transfer Partners , calls the project a major step toward the United States’ weaning itself off foreign oil. The company says the nearly 1,170-mile buried pipeline will infuse millions of dollars into local economies and is safer than trucks and train cars that can topple and spill and crash and burn.
But the people who stood at the gates of a construction site where crews had been building an access road toward the pipeline viewed the project as a wounding intrusion onto lands where generations of their ancestors hunted bison, gathered water and were born and buried, long before treaties and fences stamped a different order onto the Plains.
People have been gathering since April, but as hundreds more poured in over the past two weeks, confrontations began rising among protesters, sheriff’s officers and construction workers with the pipeline company. Local officials are struggling to handle hundreds of demonstrators filling the roads to protest and camp out in once-empty grassland about an hour south of Bismarck, the state capital.
More than 20 people have been arrested on charges including disorderly conduct and trespassing onto the construction site. The pipeline company says it was forced to shut down construction this month after protesters threatened its workers and threw bottles and rocks at contractors’ vehicles."
Morton County Sheriff Kyle Kirchmeier stated at a news conference that he had received reports of weapons and gunshots around the demonstration, and that protesters were planning to throw pipe bombs at officers posted between a rally and the construction site.
Leaders from the Standing Rock Sioux tribe, whose reservation lies just south of the pipeline’s path, say the protests are peaceful. Weapons, drugs and alcohol are prohibited from the protest camp. Children march in the daily demonstrations. The leaders believed the reports of pipe bombs were a misinterpretation of their calls for demonstrators to get out their wooden chanupa pipes — which have deep spiritual importance — and pass them through the crowd.
The conflict may reach a crucial moment on Wednesday in a federal court hearing. The tribe has sued to block the pipeline and plans to ask a judge in Washington to effectively halt construction," as the pipeline would cross waterways."

       The International Treaty Council stated, August 24, 2016, " Standing Rock Sioux Tribe and IITC file an Urgent Communication to the United Nations Citing Human Rights Violations Resulting from Pipeline Construction, Ft. Yates, North Dakota, United States: On Thursday, August 18, 2016 the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe and the International Indian Treaty Council (IITC) jointly submitted an urgent action communication to four United Nations (UN) human rights Special Rapporteurs. It cited grave human rights and Treaty violations resulting from the construction of the Dakota Access crude oil pipeline in close proximity to the Standing Rock Reservation by the United States Army Corps of Engineers and Dakota Access LLC, a subsidiary of Texas-based Energy Transfer.
The Standing Rock Sioux Tribe (SRST) stands in firm opposition to the Dakota Access Pipeline. The pipeline would carry nearly half a billion barrels of crude oil a day, and would cross the Missouri River threatening the Tribe’s main water source and sacred places along its path including burials sites. The urgent communication was submitted to UN Special Rapporteurs on the situation of human rights defenders; the Rights of Indigenous Peoples; the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation; and Environment and Human Rights, as well as the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights. It requests that they urge the United States to halt the human rights violations and uphold its human rights and Treaty obligations to the Standing Rock Tribe. It was also forwarded to key officials in the U.S. State Department, Department of Interior and the White House.
The urgent communication focuses on violations of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the 1868 Ft. Laramie Treaty and other International human rights standards to which the United States is obligated. It also cites actions against human rights defenders, including arrests and other forms of intimidation, violations of the human right to water, and lack of redress and response using domestic remedies. The submission noted that this action violates Article 32 of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, which affirms the obligation of States to obtain Indigenous Peoples’ free prior and informed consent before development projects affecting their lands, territories or other resources are carried out. The Lakota and Dakota, which includes the SRST, were part of the Sovereign Sioux Nation, which concluded the 1868 Ft. Laramie Treaty with the United States. The United States has legally-binding obligations based on this Treaty to obtain the Lakota and Dakota’s consent before activities are carried out on their Treaty lands.
The urgent communication also highlights environmental racism in violation of the International Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination Convention (ICERD) to which the US is legally obligated. It notes that the United States has permitted Energy Transfer to divert the pipeline’s route from near the mainly non-Indigenous population of Bismarck, ND to disproportionately impact the SRST.
A primary concern expressed by the Tribe is potential devastating effects on its primary water source. SRST Chairman Dave Archambault II, who was among those arrested and is also being sued by the company for obstructing the pipeline’s construction, stated on August 15th 'I am here to advise anyone that will listen, that the Dakota Access Pipeline is harmful. It will not be just harmful to my people but its intent and construction will harm the water in the Missouri River, which is the only clean and safe river tributary left in the United States.'
In response to the Tribe’s opposition, Dakota Access LLC, the developers of the $3.8 billion, four-state oil pipeline, has waged a concerted campaign to criminalize and intimidate Tribal leaders, Tribal members and their supporters who have consistently been peaceful and non-violent. The IITC and SRST are calling upon the UN Rapporteur on Human Rights Defenders to call upon the United States to immediately cease all arrests and other forms of intimidation, drop any pending lawsuits, and ensure that all legal charges against these human and Treaty Rights defenders be lifted. The urgent action communication cited this case as an example of the criminalization of Indigenous human rights defenders around the world, as noted by various UN bodies. 
Despite 28 arrests reported to date, the peaceful protesters have succeeded in temporarily halting the pipeline’s construction. A hearing is currently scheduled for next week in federal court to consider the Tribe’s request for an injunction. Construction has reportedly been halted until the hearing, providing an important initial victory for the Tribe and their supporters.
The joint urgent UN communication requests the intervention of these UN human rights mandate holders to call upon the United States to uphold its statutory, legal, Treaty and human rights obligations and impose an immediate and ongoing moratorium on all pipeline construction until the Treaty and human rights of the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, including their right to free prior and informed consent, can be ensured. •
For additional information contact:Steve Sitting Bear, Standing Rock Sioux Tribe External Relations, ssittingbear@standingrock.org tel: +(701)-854-8500,Roberto Borrero, IITC Communications Coordinator, communications@treatycouncil.org, +(917)334-5658, www.iitc.org."

       The peaceful demonstrations against the Dakota Access Pipeline were continuing in early September, facing harassment by the the Dakota Access, LLC, including turning dogs on the demonstrators. On September 8, MoveOn.org was circulating the following petition, http://petitions.moveon.org/sign/tell-the-state-of-north?%3Fsource=mo&akid=169348.1653571.9iAro4&rd=1&t=2. "Tell the State of North Dakota to Investigate the Security Guards Who Commanded Their Dogs to Attack DAPL Protesters,"Petition by Matthew A Hildreth, to be delivered to Francine Johnson, Executive Director, NDPISB, " By turning their dogs loose on protestors, the security guards hired by Dakota Access, LLC acted in a reckless and inhumane manner. The guards had no uniforms, drove vehicles with out-of-state plates, and appeared to have little or no training. It's unclear whether or not they're even licensed to operate in the state.
The North Dakota Private Investigation and Security Board must investigate the actions of the private security guards hired by Dakota Access and ensure they are properly trained and licensed to operate in North Dakota."

      Lauren McCauley, " Over 20 Arrested After Militarized Police Raid #NoDAPL Prayer Ceremony: Water protectors say that 'with state police protecting Dakota Access Pipeline,' President Obama's 'words are meaningless,'" Common Dreams, September 29, 2016, http://www.commondreams.org/news/2016/09/29/over-20-arrested-after-militarized-police-raid-nodapl-prayer-ceremony, reported " Twenty-one water protectors were arrested in North Dakota on Wednesday after a military-style raid interrupted a peaceful prayer ceremony at a Dakota Access Pipeline (DAPL) construction site.
Hundreds of demonstrators have been taking part in the prayer ceremony in recent days, according to the Red Warrior Camp, traveling to sacred sites that are being threatened by the pipeline construction, beginning Tuesday with the ancestral site where private security guards unleashed attack dogs on unarmed protesters earlier this month.
Construction was halted Tuesday as a result of the peaceful demonstration. On Wednesday, police helicopters and a circling crop-duster followed the caravan of cars south of Mandan, North Dakota.
According to the independent journalism outfit Unicorn Riot, which has been reporting live on the Dakota Access protest from the camps, after praying at the second site, 'a large amount of police vehicles arrived and blockaded the only exit on the public road leading to the DAPL work site.'
Unicorn Riot continued:
Dozens of militarized police with shotguns appeared with a Bearcat armored vehicle as well as a [Mine-Resistant Ambush Protected vehicle, also known as an MRAP]. The Bearcat was also brought out by police at yesterday’s action, but the MRAP, a larger tan colored armored vehicle, had not been seen at any DAPL sites until today.
After blockading the exit points, police vehicles sped across open fields towards the crowd of protectors as they left the site. Several arrests were made, as police brandished loaded shotguns, and assault rifles. The latest information we gathered is that there were up to 21 arrests.
The Sacred Stone Camp has started a legal defense fund to support those arrested and others involved in the direct action campaign.
Though images and videos of the raid were shared widely on social media, as others noted, there was no corporate media coverage of the arrests.
In the following video, posted on by the Red Warrior Camp, a Sacangua Lakota grandmother recalls the raid. 'The next thing I knew there were like 40 police and they were all dressed in riot gear,' she said. 'I've never in my life seen a gun in real life and I've never had a gun pointed at me and I went into shock. I think everybody went into shock.'
In another video posted by Thomas H. Joseph II, he describes how the prayer caravan was 'surrounded by cops' with 'their weapons out.' The protectors are seen chanting, 'We have no weapons! We are unarmed.'
'Today's action where uncalled for, the police were a direct threat to woman and children,' Joseph wrote online. 'We gathered in prayer un-armed, prayed, sang songs, and attempted to leave. No threats, No vandalism, No violence was taken on our part.'
On Facebook, Thomas encouraged viewers to 'share this,' and 'flood the White House with phone calls and demand Obama to act and enforce his previous declaration of no construction. With state police protecting Dakota Access Pipeline his words are meaningless.'
This is not the first time that North Dakota law enforcement have acted on behalf of the oil pipeline company. But, as many pointed out , this latest show of force appeared particularly egregious. Further, as Native in D.C. blogger Marie Jordan noted, Wednesday's raid was eerily reminiscent of other historic government assaults on tribal land.'"

      The Indigenous Environmental Network, November 26, 2016, https://www.mynewsletterbuilder.com/email/newsletter/1412797380, "Army Corps Threatens to Close Oceti Sakowin Camp on December 5th," reported and commented,
Contacts:Dallas Goldtooth, dallas@ienearth.org, (507)-412-7609, Jade Begay, jade@ienearth.org, (505)-699-4791.
Cannon Ball, ND - Today Colonel John W. Henderson of the United States Army Corps sent a letter to Dave Archambault II, the Chairman of the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, stating that on December 5th all lands north of the Cannon Ball River will be closed to the general public. This includes the Oceti Sakowin encampment where nearly eight thousand people are camping to resist the Dakota Access Pipeline. Henderson said, 'This decision is necessary to protect the general public from the violent confrontations between protestors and law enforcement officials.'
   In response to the Army Corps’ letter Chairman Archambault and the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe stated, 'the best way to protect people during the winter, and reduce the risk of conflict between Water Protectors and militarized police, is to deny the easement for the Oahe crossing, and deny it now.'
   The following is a statement from the Indigenous Environmental Network:
'We stand by our relatives of the Oceti Sakowin and reaffirm their territorial rights set in the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1851. If the Corps wants to keep people safe and prevent further harm, then deny the easement, rescind the permit, order a full Environmental Impact Statement, and send Department of Justice observers. This decision by the Army Corp and the United States is short-sighted and dangerous. We have already seen critical injuries cased by the actions of a militarized law enforcement. We implore President Obama and the White House to take corrective measures and to stop the Dakota Access Pipeline once and for all."

      Lauren McCauley, " This Ain't Over: Rallies in 100 Cities to Demand Obama Cancel DAPL: The Standing Rock Sioux won a temporary victory on Friday, but pipeline opponents say that the fight need not drag on," Common Dreams , September 12, 2016, http://www.commondreams.org/news/2016/09/12/aint-over-rallies-100-cities-demand-obama-cancel-dapl, reported, " The fight is not over, is the word from the tribes gathered at the Sacred Stone camp, whose months-long resistance against the Dakota Access pipeline (DAPL) has captured national attention. Heeding that call, more than 100 #NoDAPL solidarity actions are being held on Tuesday to put national pressure on U.S. President Barack Obama to revoke the pipeline's permits once and for all.
'To defeat a pipeline, it takes a movement of people from all corners of the nation,' reads the call to action.
'Right now, we're witnessing one of the most courageous stands against a fossil fuel project this country has ever seen,' it continues. 'Thousands of Indigenous activists have set up prayer camps along the pipeline route in a historic moment of nonviolent resistance. They're fighting with everything they have to protect their water, the land, their history, and the climate—and we need to fight with them.'
In Washington, D.C.'s Lafayette Square, former presidential candidate Bernie Sanders is scheduled to speak alongside Tara Houska with Honor the Earth, Chase Iron Eyes with the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, Van Jones, Reverend Lennox Yearwood, Cheyenne River Sioux Tribal Youth member Jasilyn Charger, and other native leaders from North Dakota.
The Standing Rock Sioux won a temporary victory on Friday when the Obama administration suspended construction on Army Corps land bordering or under Lake Oahe until further review. The statement further called on the pipeline company to halt construction within 20 miles of that site.
But pipeline opponents say that the fight need not drag on, and that Obama can revoke the permit granted by the U.S. Army Corps—just like he rejected Transcanada's Keystone XL pipeline.
Further underscoring the dangers of the project, a new analysis on Monday by the fossil fuel industry watchdog Oil Change International found that the 1,172-mile crude oil pipeline would lock-in yearly emissions equivalent to 30 coal-fired power plants and would make it impossible to meet the targets set forth in the Paris climate agreement.
'The Dakota Access pipeline would be with us decades into the future,' wrote Lorne Stockman, research director with Oil Change International.
'Once built and operating the economic incentives to keep it going will be hard to overcome. Every year it will be the source of carbon emissions equivalent to nearly 30 coal plants. Even though it may be the case that those emissions would anyway occur this year or next year, or five years from now, it cannot be the case that those emissions can occur in 20, 30 or 40 years from now. Building Dakota Access would be yet another barrier to the path to climate safety.'
Tuesday's Day of Action follows similar events over the weekend—from Maine to Arizona to Massachusetts —during which local tribes came together with hundreds of supporters to 'stand in unity and solidarity, to protect the protectors," as articulated by Michael Rossi, a member of the Lakota Nation and the organizer of the Phoenix, Ariz. rally.'"

      As the effort adjacent to Standing Rock to block the DAPL continued into late November, the police authorities were becoming more aggressive against peaceful demonstrators. While, reports from participants indicate that everyone joining the demonstration on site has been given a lengthy orientation about acting non-violently, the law authorities have become more violent. Daily Kos, "Call the DOJ: Demand an investigation into Morton County's brutal attack on Standing Rock water protectors,"November 22, 2016,https://www.dailykos.com/campaigns/forms/call-the-morton-county-sheriff-to-stop-the-violent-attacks-at-standing-rock-immediately?detail=actionDKLL&link_id=0&can_id=2304a48b2891e77b9b6c14d1ce535f4f&source=email-the-doj-must-investigate-the-horrific-police-attack-on-standing-rock-protectors&email_referrer=the-doj-must-investigate-the-horrific-police-attack-on-standing-rock-protectors___135827&email_subject=over-300-injured-in-police-attacks-against-standing-rock-water-protectors-please-read, reported and commented, "On November 20th the Morton County Sheriff's office put Standing Rock water protectors in grave danger . Over 160 people were injured , including an elder who went into cardiac arrest and several people treated for rubber bullet injuries to the face. One person faces amputation after a 'less-than-lethal' projectile ripped through her arm.
Police fired water cannons at the protectors for at least six hours in below freezing temperatures, exposing them all to hypothermia. Medical professionals at the camp called for a cessation of this tactic because of the real threat that people could die. And Morton County law enforcement just kept drenching water protectors in water, tear gassing them, firing concussion grenades and using sonic weapons against them.
Call the Department of Justice: Demand an investigation into Morton County's brutal attack on Standing Rock water protectors."
The International Indian Treaty Council (IITC) condemns the use of Deadly Force by Law Enforcement against Standing Rock Water Protectors, calls for additional UN action," November 22, 2016, http://hosted.verticalresponse.com/1383891/5613cddd14/545546365/aa063f1824/, stated, "The International Indian Treaty Council (IITC) offers this statement on the occasion of today’s press conference to provide updates on the condition of Ms. Sophia Wilansky. She was injured as a result of deadly force used by Morton County North Dakota Sherriff’s Department against water protectors from the Oceti Sakowin Standing Rock Camp on the night of November 20th, 2016. IITC, first and foremost, offers our thoughts for her and her family, and our prayers for her recovery.
Ms. Wilansky’s arm was severely injured when she was reportedly struck by a concussion grenade fired at several hundred unarmed water defenders opposing the construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline (DAPL). The multi-billion dollar oil pipeline threatens the water, Treaty rights and sacred sites of the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe. Due to the severity of her injuries, Ms. Wilansky, who is 21, was airlifted to Hennepin County Medical Center in Minneapolis where she has undergone several hours of surgery. IITC Board member Lisa Bellanger, based in Minneapolis, is in close contact with the family and we will continue to monitor her condition in that way.
In addition to concussion grenades, North Dakota law enforcement also used high pressure water cannons, mace, tear gas and rubber bullets against the water defenders who were attempting to cross a bridge near the DAPL construction site. Many suffered from hypothermia as a result of cold water directed at them at high velocity in sub-freezing temperatures with potentially life-threatening effects.
The IITC considers these actions as constituting use of deadly force. New reports indicate that over 300 water protectors were injured in this incident, and 27 were taken to hospitals including some with broken bones and head injuries. Photos, videos and eyewitness accounts were widely circulated on social and other media. The IITC strongly condemns this escalating violence used against peaceful human, Treaty and environmental rights defenders opposing the DAPL.
The IITC has reported this latest incident and the escalation of police violence it represents to the United Nations (UN) human rights system including the UN Rapporteurs on Human Rights Defenders, Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Right to Freedom of Peaceful Assembly and Association, members of the UN Working Group on Human Rights and Multinational Corporations, the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues and the UN Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. IITC has requested that UN human rights bodies immediately contact the United States government to call for an immediate halt to the increasing human rights violations including the use of deadly force against these unarmed defenders.
As a result of information and reports submitted by IITC which documented the actions of law enforcement at Standing Rock up to that time , on November 15th 2016 the UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Peaceful Assembly Mr. Maina Kiai issued a statement, reported in the Washington Post, Indian Country Today and the UN Press, calling the use of the tactics used by "law enforcement officials, private security firms and the North Dakota National Guard up to that time as 'unjustified' and 'excessive force'. However, the tactics used in the November 20th incident far exceeded those used previously which were addressed by the Rapporteur.
IITC worked with the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe (SRST) to organize an official visit by Grand Chief Edward John, member of the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (UNPFII) in late October to observe the continued impacts of the Dakota Access Pipeline (DAPL) construction such as threats to water, Treaty rights and sacred areas. His report included the escalating levels of repression, violence and intimidation against Tribal members and their supporters by state law enforcement, private security and the National Guard. Roberto Borrero representing the IITC accompanied him as a human rights observer.
IITC and the SRST also submitted two joint urgent actions to the UN Human Rights system, including four UN Special Rapporteurs, in August and September of this year. This submission highlighted a number of human rights violations and requested that these UN human rights mandate holders call upon the United States to uphold its commitment, including to the Tribes’ right to Free Prior and Informed Consent, under the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and the 1868 Ft. Laramie Treaty. Primary concerns expressed by the SRST included the potential devastating effects on the Missouri River, its primary water source as well as on sacred sites and burial grounds. The Standing Rock Sioux Tribe has also extended an invitation to Victoria Tauli-Corpuz, UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights of indigenous Peoples, which is currently in process.
IITC has also recently received very disturbing reports of suspected pesticides or other toxic chemicals being sprayed over the Oceti Sakowin camp, possibly by airplanes during the night, causing immediate health effects. The use of chemicals by private individuals or law enforcement has not been confirmed, but a growing number of on-site reports indicate that there is cause for serious concern. IITC calls on local law enforcement, the State of North Dakota, the United States Department of Justice and Environmental Protection Agency to determine if such chemicals have been used in this way, obtain samples of suspicious droplets found on vehicles and tents, and report their chemical contents and known or suspected heath impacts without delay. Such applications in this situation, including exposure of the many children in the camp, may constitute the use of chemical weapons under international law. This must be investigated, confirmed or denied without delay.
For more information or to provide testimony regarding human rights violations contact: Andrea Carmen, IITC Executive Director, (520)273-6003, andrea@treatycouncil.org; Roberto Borrero, IITC Communications Coordinator, communications@treatycouncil.org, (917)334-5658; Lisa Bellanger, IITC Board of Directors member (612) 730-8935, azgah1@gmail.com."

      Deirdre Fulton, " Citing Environmental Risks, Scientists Back Tribes in Dakota Access Fight: Meanwhile, a Reuters investigation finds pipeline spill detection system severely flawed," Common Dreams , September 30, 2016, http://www.commondreams.org/news/2016/09/30/citing-environmental-risks-scientists-back-tribes-dakota-access-fight, reported, " Close to 100 scientists have signed onto a letter decrying "inadequate environmental and cultural impact assessments" for the Dakota Access Pipeline (DAPL) , and calling for a halt to construction until such tests have been carried out as requested by the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe.
Lead signatories Stephanie Januchowski-Hartley, Anne Hilborn, Katherine Crocker, and Asia Murphy drew attention to the missive in a letter to the journal Science published Friday.
'The DAPL project is just one of many haphazard approaches to natural resource extraction that overlook broader consequences of oil development,' they wrote.
Furthermore, the open letter (pdf) states, 'We as scientists are concerned about the potential local and regional impacts from the DAPL, which is symptomatic of the United States' continued dependence on fossil fuels in the face of predicted broad-scale social and ecological impacts from global climate change." Specifically, they cite the Standing Rock Sioux's concerns that the pipeline project threatens biodiversity and clean water.
Underscoring those concerns, a Reuters investigation into the nation's pipeline system published Friday reveals that 'sensitive technology designed to pick up possible spills is about as successful as a random member of the public...finding it, despite efforts from pipeline operators.'
In fact, according to the Reuters analysis of U.S. Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) data, '[o]ver the last six years, there have been 466 incidents where a pipeline carrying crude oil or refined products has leaked. Of those, 105, or 22 percent, were detected by an advanced detection system.'
Even more troubling, the data 'shows the leak detection systems have caught small leaks and missed some of the largest,' Reuters reports, with six out of the largest 10 pipeline spills in the U.S. since 2010 going undetected by these systems.
Beyond its potential for local devastation, DAPL will make it nigh impossible for the U.S. to meet its commitments under the Paris Agreement to limit global warming, the scientists said in their letter.
As Bill McKibben said Friday on Democracy Now! of the Standing Rock Sioux and their allies: 'They're holding the line against something that threatens not only their reservation, but threatens the whole planet. We do not—we cannot pump more oil. We've got to stop opening up new reserves.'"

       Jack Healy "Ranchers Tote Guns as Tribes Dig In for Long Pipeline Fight," The New York Times, October 10, 2016, http://www.nytimes.com/2016/10/11/us/tribes-protest-oil-pipeline-north-dakota.html?ref=todayspaper, reported,
"Ranchers are arming themselves before they climb onto tractors or see to their livestock. Surveillance helicopters buzz low through the prairie skies. Native Americans fighting to prevent an oil pipeline near the Standing Rock Sioux Reservation are handing out thick blankets and coats and are building maple-pole shelters that can withstand North Dakota’s bitter winter.
As the first deep freeze looms, many here are bracing for a long fight as the company behind the Dakota Access pipeline races to finish the $3.7 billion project by January, and thousands of protesters tucked into tents, tepees and trailers in prairie camps vow to stop it."

       Nika Knight, "Impacted Communities Take Fight Against Dakota Access to Corporate Heads:Protesters from oil-impacted communities around the country are descending on Houston, Texas, for prayer action at Dakota Access Pipeline company offices," Common Dreams , October 12, 2016, http://www.commondreams.org/news/2016/10/12/impacted-communities-take-fight-against-dakota-access-corporate-heads, reported, " Activists from oil-impacted communities around the country are descending on Energy Transfer Partners' corporate offices in Houston, Texas, to protest the company's Dakota Access Pipeline and other controversial pipeline projects.
Despite ongoing, growing protests against the Dakota Access Pipeline and the federal government's repeated requests that Energy Transfer Partners halt its construction, the company has reiterated its intention to continue building the pipeline, undaunted.
Wednesday's action is a part of nationwide protests against the corporate powers behind Dakota Access. The demonstration will see members from communities affected by the fossil fuel industry from Richmond, Calif., Chicago, Ill., the Gulf Coast, and others joining local Texas organizers to voice their collective opposition to Energy Transfer Partners' pipeline projects, and to push for a just transition to renewable energy.
'Energy Transfer Partners has drawn national attention for driving both the Dakota Access Pipeline and the equally controversial Trans Pecos Pipeline, that has also violated the rights of Indigenous peoples in West Texas, and poses significant threat to the water and land for many communities in Texas,' Grassroots Global Justice Alliance, an organizer of the demonstration, noted in a press statement.
The protesters will gather for a prayer action that is set to begin at 1:30pm Central Time.
The scene on the streets in #HoustonTX at @BEA4Impact & @tejasbarrios #solidarity action calling @EnergyTransfer to demand #NODAPL #NOTPPL pic.twitter.com/dE7MT8pU7o
— Delaware Sierra Club (@desierraclub) October 12, 2016
'From Chicago to Houston we stand with all of our communities impacted by the oil and gas industry in fighting back. It took us twelve years to shut down the two coal plant[s] in Chicago and we commit to fighting until our communities have justice," said Kim Wasserman of Little Village Environmental Justice Organization (LVEJO) in Chicago. "While these companies think they have only money and stocks to lose we have to remind them it's our lives and world at stake.'
'We stand in deep solidarity with our Indigenous brothers and sisters banded together to resist the Dakota Access Pipeline,' added Radical Arts and Healing Collective member Jayeesha Dutta, from New Orleans. "Our fights are quite literally one: the Gulf South is where that Bakken crude oil will eventually end up for refining and transportation."
'We are already on the frontline of environmental disasters, like the BP oil catastrophe, which we are still recovering from,' Dutta said. 'It is time to put an end to extractive energy production, and the exploitation of our land and labor that comes along with that.'
'Clean water is a basic human right that should be afforded to everyone. No treaty, law or structure should have to reinforce a necessity, yet we understand that we live in a world driven by corporate greed that sacrifices sacred lands, vulnerable populations and people of color,' said Yvette Arellano of Texas Environmental Justice Advocacy Services (TEJAS). 'I am humbled by the solidarity and courage grassroots, big greens and supporting organizations from all over the country are demonstrating to face Energy Transfer Partners at their doorstep in the house of the largest petrochemical complex of the nation.'
'Together we press forward, rise, and demand a clean world for future generations in our struggle to survive,' Arellano said."

      Oil and gas companies have been rushing to build multiple pipelines in the United States and Canada in the hope of putting the investors in the pipelines in the position of having to support oil and gas extraction in spite of global warming. Environmental groups have been countering by pressuring banks and other financial institutions not to fund pipelines. The leading example is with the Dakota Access Pipeline. "Global Call on Banks to Halt Loan to Dakota Access Pipeline," Cultural Survival, November 30, 2016, https://www.culturalsurvival.org/news/global-call-banks-halt-loan-dakota-access-pipeline, reported, " Open letter of over 400 civil society organisations demands immediate halt to financing the DAPL
Over 400 civil society organisations from more than 50 countries today issued a joint open letter to the seventeen banks providing a US$2.5 billion project loan to Dakota Access LLC. The letter, endorsed by the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, demands that the banks involved immediately halt all further disbursements of the loan and require the project sponsor to stop construction work until all outstanding issues are resolved to the full satisfaction of the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe. The letter and the full list of signatories can be found below.
To:
Mr. Takashi Oyamada, CEO Bank of Tokyo Mitsubishi UFJ,
Mr. Michael Corbat, CEO Citigroup,
Mr. Nobuhide Hayashi, CEO Mizuho Bank,
Mr. Bob Dorrance, CEO TD Bank,
Mr. Johannes-Jörg Riegler, CEO BayernLB,
Mr. Carlos Torres Vila, CEO BBVA
Mr. Jean-Laurent Bonnafé, CEO BNP Paribas,
Mr. Philipppe Brassac, CEO Crédit Agricole,
Mr. Rune Bjerke, CEO DNB Norway,
Mr. Jiang Jianqing, CEO ICBC,
Mr. Ralph Hamers, CEO ING,
Mr. Carlo Messina, CEO Intesa SanPaolo, Mr. Laurent Mignon, CEO Natixis, Mr. Takeshi Kunibe, CEO SMBC,
Mr. Frédéric Oudéa, CEO Société Générale,
Mr. William H. Rogers Jr., CEO SunTrust,
Mr. Timothy Sloan, CEO Wells Fargo
Concerning: Halt your support to the Dakota Access Pipeline
November 30, 2016
Dear Sir,
The undersigned organizations are writing to you to share our deep concern about your participation in a credit agreement led by Citibank with Dakota Access LLC and Energy Transfer Crude Oil Company LLC, to borrow up to $2.5 billion to construct the Dakota Access Pipeline (DAPL) and the Energy Transfer Crude Oil Pipeline in the United States.
As you are aware, the proposed 1,172 mile-long DAPL is the subject of a huge international outcry, led by the Standing Rock Sioux tribe, but supported by the tribal governments of over 280 other tribes and allies from all over the world. This growing global resistance opposes DAPL because the pipeline trajectory is cutting through Native American sacred territories and unceded Treaty lands, and because it threatens air and water resources in the region and further downstream.
Since last April, an ever growing number of Native water protectors and their thousands of allies have converged peacefully at Standing Rock in the pipeline construction area to halt further construction of the project. In response to this strictly-peaceful, on-site resistance, police from multiple U.S. states and agencies, members of the U.S. National Guard, and armed private security forces working for project sponsors have used military equipment, tactics and weapons to intimidate, assault, arrest and otherwise commit grievous human rights violations against water protectors and their allies. Indiscriminate use of attack dogs, rubber bullets, concussion grenades, Tasers and mace are reported, while journalists covering the assault have been arrested. The violence unleashed on the protesters by security forces has already left hundreds severely injured. Last week, protesters were attacked with water cannons used in sub-zero temperatures, leading to life threatening situations. One protester faces a possible amputation of her arm after being hit with a concussion grenade. Protesters that have been arrested have also been subjected to inhumane treatment that involved, among other things, being locked up naked, or cramped without food and warmth into dog kennels.
As the loan syndicate is led by four banks that are signatory to the Equator Principles, this project loan is subject to these Principles. Given that Indigenous rights commitments are presumed to be respected by the Principles, specifically the right of indigenous communities to withhold consent to projects affecting their ancestral lands (FPIC), it is for us inexplicable that the clear and long standing opposition to the project by the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, as well as widely documented gross violations of Native land titles, threats to water sources and the desecration of burial grounds have not been identified early on as reasons for participating banks to not provide funding for this project. Harm to Native areas has now already occurred when DAPL personnel deliberately desecrated documented burial grounds and other culturally important sites. Native American opponents to the project have emphasized throughout that the DAPL struggle is about larger Native liberation, self-determination and survival at the hands of colonial corporations and compliant government actors.
The undersigned organizations are closely watching how the banks providing financial support to the project are acting on the ever worsening situation on the ground, including your bank. Given your stated commitment to respect indigenous rights and the contrast with the harsh reality on the ground we demand that:
all further loan disbursements to the project are immediately put on hold;
banks involved in the loan demand from the project sponsor that all construction of the pipeline and all associated structures is put on hold until all outstanding issues are resolved to the full satisfaction of the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe;
in case such a resolution of outstanding issues is not achieved with the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, your bank fully withdraws from the loan agreement;
a public statement is made by your bank on how you will act on the issues identified above.
We all stand with the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe in defending their ancestral lands from the impact of this project and are fully prepared to take further campaign steps in case we consider your response on this call unsatisfactory. Given the urgency of the matter we seek a response from you on this letter as soon as possible, but no later than December 5.
Sincerely,
BankTrack, Netherlands - Johan Frijns, Director
1Earth Institute INC, United States - Eva Willmann de Donlea, Executive Director & Co-Founder
350 Central Maine, United States - Richard Thomas, Co-leader
350 Colorado, United States - Micah Parkin, Executive Director
350 San Antonio, United States - Kathy Glass, Representative
350.org, United Kingdom - Nicolò Wojewoda, Europe Team Leader
350.org Japan, Japan - Shin Furuno, Japan Divestment Campaigner
350NJ.org, United States - Rosemary Carey, President
Acción por la Biodiversidad, Argentina - Carlos Vicente, Coordinador
Action Non-Violente COP21, France - Jon Palais, Équipe d'animation
ActionAid Netherlands, Netherlands - Ruud van den Hurk, Director
Advocates for Springfield, NY, United States - Tara Sumner, Vice President
AFM Local 1000, United States - John O'Connor, Secretary Treasurer Emeritus
AKIN, Austria - Matthias Neitsch, Treasurer
Aktionsgruppe Indianer & Menschenrechte e.V., Germany - Monika Seiller, Chair person
Alaska Wilderness League, United States - Leah Donahey, Senior Campaign Director
Aldeah, France - Raquel Neyra, Member
Almáciga, Spain - Eva Sáinz, Coordinadora
Alofa Tuvalu, France - Gilliane Le Gallic, President
Alternatiba, France - Fanny Delahalle, Representant
lternativa intercanvi pobles indígenes, Spain - Esther, Project Management
Amazon Watch, United States - Christian Poirier, Program Director
Amigos de la Tierra (FoE Spain), Spain - Hector de Prado, Head of climate and energy unit
Andy Gheorghiu Consulting, Germany - Andy Gheorghiu, Owner
Arctic Consult, Norway - Dmitry Berezhkov, Director
Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact, Thailand - Joan Carling, Secretary General
Asociación Perifèries del Món, Spain - Rafael Maurí Victoria, Presidente
ATTAC CADTM Maroc, Morocco - Omar Aziki, General Secretary
Attac France, France - Maxime Combes, Spokerperson
BALLE, United States - Sandy Wiggins, Chairman
Barn Owl Foundation, Hungary - Ákos Klein, Managing director
Bassetlaw against fracking, United Kingdom - David Larder, Chairman
Bay Area Labor Committee for Peace & Justice, United States - Michael Eisenscher, Coordinator
BBVAren aurkako Plataforma /Plataforma contra el BBVA, Basque Country - Martin Mantxo, Coordinator
Bergen Save the Watershed Action Network, United States - Lori Charkey, Director
Beyond Extreme Energy, United States - Gabriel Shapiro, Organizer
Bi lebenswertes Korbach e.V., Germany - Andy Gheorghiu, Member of Board
\BI Umweltschutz Lüchow-Dannenberg, Germany - Günter Hermeyer, Board Member
Biofuelwatch, United States - Rachel Smolker, Codirector
Bioland, Germany - Andreas Kothe, Sales Assistant
Birgit Breuer Huforthopädie, Germany - Birgit Breuer, CEO
Bisbee & Cochise People for Community and Environmental Rights, United States - Maggie Kohanek, Organizer
Bizi!, Basque Country - Jon Palais, Groupe international
Bold Alliance, United States - Jane Kleeb, President
Bootshaus Zeuthener See, Germany - Hartmut Zeeb, Owner
Both ENDS, Netherlands - Danielle Hirsch, Director
BP or not BP?, United Kingdom - Danny Chivers, Co-founder
Brighton Action Against Fracking, United Kingdom - Atlanta Cook, Equal
Brighton Downlanders, United Kingdom - Charlie Flint, Secretary
Bruno Manser Fund, Switzerland - Johanna Michel, Campaigner
Buffalo Nickel, United States - Thomas Ryan RedCorn, CEO
BUND Berlin e.V, Germany - Matthias Krümmel, Consultant for climate protection policies
BUND Naturschutz in Bayern (Friends of the Earth Bavaria), Germany - Richard Mergner, Director, Policy
Bürgerinitiative gegen CO2-Endlager e,V., Germany - Karin Petersen, Vorstand
Business Alliance for Local Living Economies, United States - Jessica Daniel, Director of Fellowship
\Cadena de Derechos Humanos Honduras, Germany - Daniela Dreissig, PR Coordinator
Carson Connected, United States - Lori Noflin, Volunteer / Founder
Casabel, Belgium - Pauline Delgrange, LawyerCAUGE, Scotland - Janette McGowan, Member
Center for Economic Democracy, United States - Aaron Tanaka, Director
Center for Environment/Friends of the Earth BiH, Bosnia and Herzegovina - Igor Kalaba, Energy and Climate hange Program Coordinator
Center for Justice, United States - Rick Eichstaedt, Executive Director
Center for support of indigenous peoples of the North, Russia - Rodion Sulyandziga, Director
Centre for Support of Indigenous Peoples of the North, NGO, Russia - Nikita Vronski, Project coordinator
CGT Saysep Palencia Spain, Spain - Javier Escudero, Coordinator
Chichester Antifracking Forum, United Kingdom - John Houston, Owner admin
Chino Cienega Foundation, United States - Stephen Nichols, President
Citizen Action of New York, United States - Bob Cohen, Policy Director
Citizen United for Renewable Energy (CURE), United States - Georgina Shanley, Co-Founder
Class Action, United States - Anne Phillips, Executive Director
Clean Air Council, United States - William Fraser, Outreach coordinator
Climate Justice Program, Sweden - Karl Andreasson, Co-Founder & Trainer
Climate Justice Project, United States - Julie Maldonado, Member
Climate Movement of Denmark, Denmark - Thomas Meinert Larsen, Spokesperson
ClimateMama, United States - Harriet Shugarman, Executive Director
CliMates, fossil-free.ch, Switzerland - Alexandra Gavilano, Founder, Project leader
Climaximo, Portugal - Sinan Eden, Member
Coalition Marocaine pour la Justice Climatique, Morocco - Noura El Ouardi, Coordinator
CoFED (Cooperative Food Empowerment Directive), United States - Hnin Hnin, CoFED (Cooperative Food mpowerment Directive)
Collectif 07 Stop au gaz et Huile de Schiste, France - Christophe Tourre, Coordinator
Collectif 38 France STOP Hydrocarbures GHRM, France - bruno Morant, Référent
Collectif Causse Méjean - Gaz de Schiste NON!, France - Tardy, Member
Collectif relais d'informations et actions citoyennes, France - Bob Pilli, President
Columbus Community Bill of Rights, United States - Greg Pace, Co-founder
Comité Citoyens et Citoyennes pour la Protection de l'Environnement Maskoutain, Canada - Jacques Tétreault, Président
Community Allies, United States - Ellen Shepard, CEO
Community Empowerment and Social Justice (CEmSoJ) Foundation, Nepal - Prabindra Shakya, Chairperson
Community Reinvest, United Kingdom - Joel Benjamin, Director
Community Sourced Capital, United States - Rachel Maxwell, CEO
Complete It Cuomo, United States - Christine Macpherson, Founder
Compressor Free Franklin, United States - Donald Hebbard, President / Founding Member
Concerned Burlington Neighbors, United States - Suzy WInkler, Co-founder
Concerned Citizens of Otego, United States - Dennis Higgins, Secretary
Concerned Citizens Ohio, United States - Gwen Fischer, Co-cordinator
Concerned Residents of Oxford, NY, United States - Trellan Smith, Co-founder
Congregation of Sisters of St. Agnes, United States - Sister Sally Ann Brickner, Coordinator of Justice, Peace and Integrity of Creation
Consultants for Sustainable Development, Hungary - Kinga Horváth, Co-chair
Corporate Europe Observatory, Belgium - Pascoe Sabido, Researcher and Campaigner
Croatan Institute, United States - Joshua Humphreys, President
CSIA-Nitassinan , France - Edith Patrouilleau, Co-founder and vice-president
Cultural Survival, United States - Suzanne Benally, Executive Director
dangerous drums / dub interventions / KKDWberlin, Germany - Corin Arnold, Self employed
Debt Resistance UK, United Kingdon - Ludovica Rogers, Co-ordination group member
Defund DAPL, Oceti Sakowin - Adam Elfers, Co-Founder
Disclosure Network New York, United States - Nick Curto, Director & Co-Founder
Divest Aachen, Germany - Gary Evans, Organizer
Divest Uni Kassel, Germany - Kerstin L, Member
DivestInvest Individual, United States - Vanessa Green, Director
DivestInvest Philanthropy, United States - Clara Vondrich, Director
Don't Gas the Pinelands, United States - Dr Bob Allen, Co-Chair
Earth Action, United States - Mary Gutierrez, Executive Director
Earth First UK, United Kingdom - Sylvestre, Collective member
Earth Guardians, United States - Russell Mendell, Campaign Coordinator
Earth in Brackets, United States - Rachael Goldberg, Member
Earth Peoples, International - Rebecca Sommer, President
Ecologistas en Acción, Spain - Samuel Martín-Sosa, International Coordinator
EcoNexus, United Kingdom - Helena Paul, Co-Director
ECOTERRA Africa, Tanzania - Prof. J. Bauer, CEP & PDG
ECOTERRA e.V., Germany - Angelika Lotz, Spokesperson
ECOTERRA Intl., Germany - Dr. Hans-Juergen Duwe, Speaker
Ecumenical Office for Peace and Justice, Germany
Eerlijke Bankwijzer, Netherlands - Peter Ras, Projectleader
EKBO Evangelische Kirche, Germany - Johanna Melchior, Pastor
Ekologistak Martxan, Basque Country - Martin Mantxo, Responsable de Internacional
Elmirans & Friends Against Fracking, United States - Doug Couchon, Co-founder
End Ecocide on Earth, France - Valérie Cabanes, Spokeperson
Energy Democracy Project, United Kingdom - Sakina Sheikh, Campaigner
Entrepueblos/Entrepobles/Entrepobos/Herriarte, Catalonia - Àlex Guillamón, Coordinator
Environmental Institute of Munich, Germany - Christina Hacker, Member of the board of directors
Equal Exchange, United States - Phyllis Robinson, Education and Campaigns
Equivicentinos, Portugal - Nídia Barata, Manager
ETC Group, Mexico - Silvia Ribeiro, Latin America Director
EUROMEETING - European Support Groups for Indigenous Peoples in North America, Switzerland - Helena Nyberg, Member
European Water Movement, Europe - Thierry Uso, Communication officer
Executive Coaching, United States - Karen Metzger, Principle
ExtrACTION Topical Group, SfAA, United States - Jeanne Simonelli, Convenor
Facing Finance e.V., Germany - Thomas Kuechenmeister, Managing Director
FairFin, Belgium - Frank Vanaerschot, Research coordinator
Fern, Belgium - Julia Christian, Forest Governance Campaigner
Films for the Earth, Switzerland - Kai Pulfer, CEO
Finance & Trade Watch, Austria - Thomas Wenidoppler, Director
First Nations Oweesta Corporation, United States - Chrystel Cornelius, Executive Director
Focus, Slovenia - Živa Kavka Gobbo, Chair
Food & Water Europe, Belgium - Frida Kieninger, Campaign Officer
Food & Water Watch, United States - Hugh MacMillan, Senior Researcher
FORCE: Upsetting Rape Culture, United States - Hannah Brancato, Co-Founder and Co-Director
Forest Peoples Programme, United Kingdom - Tom Griffiths, Responsible Finance Coordinator
Former California State Senate Candidate, United States - Jack Lindblad, Founder
Fossielvrij NL, Netherlands - Liset Meddens, National coordinator
Fossil Free Amsterdam, Netherlands - Sven Jense, Initiator
Fossil Free Augsburg, Germany - Christian Schön, Campaigner
Fossil Free Berlin, Germany - Meike Schützek, Volunteer
Fossil Free Freiburg, Germany - Tamara Nausner, Member
Fossil Free München, Germany - Maiken Winter, Member
Fossil Free Münster, Germany - Leandra Praetzel, Member
Fossil Free Oldenburg, Germany - Anna Deckert, Member
Fossil Free SOAS, United Kingdom - Julia Christian, Campaigner
Fossil Free Stuttgart, Germany - Carolin Jaschek, PR
Fossil Free Uppsala, United Kingdom / Sweden - Guy Finkill, President
Fossil Free The Hague, Netherlands - Femke Sleegers, Campaiger/coordinator
Fossil-free.ch, Switzerland - Edwin Moser, Branch Manager
Foundation Article 25, Poland - Aleksandra Antonowicz-Cyglicka, Chairperson
Frack Free Lancashire, United Kingdom - Ian Roberts, Member
Frack Free Mickle Trafford, United Kingdom - Stephen Allman, Part of the community group
Frack Free North East England, United Kingdom - Edith Carli, Support
Frack Free Storrington and West Chiltington, United Kingdom - Martin Dale, Admin
Frack Free Sussex, United Kingdom - Steve Nethercott-Cable, Facebook Group Admin
Frack Free Upton, United Kingdom - Joanne Sparke, Member
Frack Free Wales, Wales - Keith M Ross, Co-ordinator
Frack Free Worthing, United Kingdom - Steve Nethercott-Cable, Chairman
Frack Off London, United Kingdom - Lorraine Inglis, Campaigner
FrackFree Malpas, United Kingdom - Giles Tayler , Founder
Frackfreesomerset, United Kingdom - Andy Andrews, Volunteer
Framtiden i våre hender, Norway - Gustavo Parra de Andrade, Project manager
France Libertes - Fondation Danielle Mitterrrand, France - Marion Veber, Program leader
Frente de Defensa de Cajamarca, Peru - Nicanor Alvarado, Member
Freshwater Accountability Project, United States - Lea Harper, Managing Director
Freshwaters Illustrated, United States - Jeremy Monroe, Director
Freunde der Naturvölker e.V., Germany - Arne Salisch, Chairman
Freunde der Naturvölker e.V. (German section of fPcN - friend of Peoples close to Nature), Germany - Bernd
egener, Chairman
Friends of Peoples close to Nature (fPcN-interCultural), Switzerland - Friedericke Bienert, Speaker
Friends of the Earth Europe, Belgium - Colin Roche, Extractive Industries Campaigner
Friends of the Earth Germany, Germany - Prof. Dr. Hubert Weiger, President
Friends of the Earth International, Global - Dipti Bhatnagar, Climate Justice & Energy Program Coordinator
Friends of the Earth Japan, Japan - Hozue Hatae, Development Finance and Environment Team
Friends of the Earth NL / Milieudefensie, Netherlands - Evert Hassink, Sr. campaigner energy
Friends of the Earth Scotland, Scotland - Mary Church, Head of Campaigns
Friends of the Earth US, United States - Doug Norlen, Director, Economic Policy Program
Friends of the Landless - Finland, Finland - Taru Salmenkari, Board member
Friends of the Siberian Forests, Russia - Andrey Laletin, Chairman
Fundación M´Biguá, Ciudanía y Justicia Ambiental, Argentina - Jorge Oscar Daneri, Abogado
Fundación para el desarrollo alternativo Jenzera, Colombia - Efraín Jaramillo, Director
Fundacja "Rozwój TAK - Odkrywki NIE", Poland - Kuba Gogolewski, Deputy Director
Future instead of coal / Zukunft statt Kohle, Switzerland - Markus Keller, President
GAIA - Global Alliance for Incinerator Alternatives, United States - Christie Keith, International Coordinator
GegenStroemung - CounterCurrent, Germany - Heike Drillisch, Board
GenderCC - Women for Climate Justice, Germany - Lisa Goeldner, Project Coordinator
Global Climate Convergence, United States - Timeka Drew, Coordinator
\Global Justice Now, United Kingdom - Kevin Smith, Press officer
Global Witness, United States - Zorka Milin, Senior Legal Advisor
GRAIN, International - LB, Researcher
Greater Bristol Alliance, United Kingdom - Alison Allan, Chair
Green America, United States - Fran Teplitz, Executive Co-Director
Green Blob, United Kingdom - Stephen Jackson, Owner
Green Sanctuary Committee, CCNY, UU, United States - Gusti Bogok, Chair
GreenDependent Sustainable Solutions Association, Hungary - Edina Vadovics, President
GreenLatinos, United States - Mark Magana, President & CEO
Greenpeace International, International (based in the Netherlands) - Daniel Mittler, Political Director
Greenpeace Netherlands, Netherlands - Joris Thijssen, Executive Director
Greenpeace USA, United States - Annie Leonard, Executive Director
GroenFront!, Netherlands - Karel Boom, Member
Grupo de Apoio aos Jovens Indigenas do MS, Brazil, Brazil - Maria de Lourdes Beldi de Alcantara, President
Guernsey County Citizens Support on Drilling Issues, United States - Greg Pace, Administrator / Founder
Healing Revolution, United States - Jeff Ethan Au Green, Chief Executive Organizer
Health, Scotland - Caroline McManus, Direct contact
Highlander Research and Education Center, United States - Susan Williams, Education team
Hip Hop Caucus, United States - Nakisa Glover, National Climate Justice Organizer
Historischer Westernverein Hameln und German Internet Radio Association, Germany - Uwe Klinge, Moderator und Reporter
HondurasDelegation, Germany - Daniela Dreissig, person responsible for press and lobby
Human Rights 3000 / Menschenrechte 3000 e.V., Germany - Gudrun Wippel, Board Member
Human Rights-Racial Justice Center, United States - King Downing, Founder
Hungarian Climate Alliance, Hungary - Csaba Lajtmann, Executive
ICRA International, France - Hervé Valentin, Chargé de mission
Idle no more, Germany - Gabriele Weber, Member
Inclusive Development International, United States - David Pred, Managing Director
Indigenous Concerns Resource Center, Kenya - Ben Koissaba, Team Leader
Indigenous World Association, United States - Petuuche Gilbert, President
INOCHI / Safe Energy Project, United States - Claire Greensfelder, Director
Institut für Ökologie und Aktions-Ethnologie e.V. (INFOE), Germany - Johannes Rohr, Member of the board
Institute for Policy Studies, Global Economy Project, United States - John Cavanagh, Director
International Indian Treaty Council, International - Andrea Carmen, Executive Director
International Rivers, United States - Monti Aguirre, Latin America Program Coordinator
International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA), Denmark - Kathrin Wessendorf, Climate Program Coordinator
Irreducible Productions, United States - Michael Gogins, Composer
Isle de Jean Charles, United States - Albert Naquin, Chief
IWGIA, Denmark - Alejandro Parellada, Programe coordinator
Keep Billingshurst Frack Free, United Kingdom - Martin Dale, Admin
Keep Kirdford and Wisborough Green, United Kingdom - Jill Sutcliffe, Chair
Kentucky Environmental Foundation, United States - Heather Warman, Executive Director
Khalif A. Williams Consulting, United States - Khalif Williams, Owner
Kleiner Fratz GmbH, Germany - Grit Nierich, Management
KyotoUSA, United States - Tom Kelly, Executive Director
LAQAF, Canada - Albert Geuzaine, President
Late Bloom Farm, United States - Kristin Pursell, Co-owner
Leave it in the Ground Initiative (LINGO), Germany - Kjell Kühne, Founder
Les Amis de la Terre France - FoE France, France - Lucie Pinson, Finance campaigner
Liberate Tate, United Kingdom - Kevin Smith, Member
Liberty Tree Foundation, United States - Ben Manski, President
Lifted Voices, United States - Kelly Hayes, Co-founder
Livelihoods Knowledge Exchange Network, United States - Mary Hufford, Director, Arts and Humanities
Local 1000, United States - Tret Fure, President
Local Futures/ISEC, United States - Sean Keller, Outreach Coordinator
lpsg, Germany - Christine Brelowski, Member
MANA, France - Mignotte, Founder
Mangrove Action Project, United States - Alfredo Quarto, Co-director
\Markets For Change, Australia - Peg Putt, Chief Executive Officer
Markwells Wood Watch, United Kingdom - Emily Mott, Founder
Medicine Tribe Water Warriors, United States - Michelle Gottreich , Founder
MGE, United States - Albert Mitchell, Vice President Sales
MGPA, Australia - Robyn King, Member
Milford Doers/Residents of Crumhorn, United States - Otto Butz , Founder
Milieudefensie - Friends of the Earth Netherlands, Netherlands - Freek Kallenberg, Campaigns manager
Move Your Money UK, United Kingdom - Fionn Travers-Smith, Campaign Manager
Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People (MOSOP), Nigeria - Legborsi Saro Pyagbara, President
Musée de l'Homme, France - Duda Romain, PhD
Naropa University Sustainability Council, United States - Jeff Ethan Au Green, Member
National Association of Professional Environmentalists, Uganda - Frank Muramuzi, Executive Director
National Lawyers Guild, United States - Robin Martinez, Midwest Region Vice President
National Society of Conservationists - Friends of the Earth Hungary, Hungary - István Farkas, Executive president
National Toxics Network, Australia - Dr Mariann Lloyd-Smith, Senior Advisor
National Young Farmers Coalition: Catskills, United States - tianna kennedy, President
Natur og Ungdom (Young Friends of the Earth Norway), Norway - Ingrid Skjoldvær, Chair
NDPoint Strategies, United States - Nikki Daruwala, President
NEA, United States - Elizabeth Brown, Member
Nebenrolle Natur, Switzerland - Marius Lochbihler, Vice-President
New Energy Economy, United States - Mariel Nanasi, Executive Director
New Mexico Story Power, United States - Maya Rommwatt, Editor
NINJAN.news, United States - Rebecca Em Campbell, Principal
No Canton Gas Pipeline, United States - Jennifer Wexler, Founding member
No Fracking in Balcombe Society, United Kingdom - Charles Metcalfe, Member
No Sharon Gas Pipeline, United States - Birgitta McAlevey, President
NOOSFERA, Tajikistan - Tatiana Novikova, Project coordinator
Northern New Mexico Climate Activists, United States - Nomi Green, Coordinator
Northwest Watershed Institute, United States - Peter Bahls, Executive Director
Norwegian Saami Association, Norway - Beaska Niillas, Chairman
Nostromo Research, United Kingdom - Roger Moody, Director
Notre affaire à tous, France - Marie Toussaint, President
NTFP Exchange Programme, Philippines - Femy Pinto, Asia Executive Director
OBRA (One Billion Rising Austria), Austria - Kazuko Kurosaki, Head of the associatio
Observatorio de Multinacionales en America Latina - Paz con Dignidad, Spain - Erika Gonzalez, Resercher
Occupy Democracy London, United Kingdom - George Barda, Member
ODG, Catalonia - Alfons Pérez, Member
Oil Change International, United States - Stephen Kretzmann, Executive Director
ONCA, United Kingdom - Laura Coleman, Director
Oregon Physicians for Social Responsibility, United States - Kelly Campbell, Executive Director
OTN-Hydroconsult, Netherlands - Teunis H. op ten Noort, Director
OVEC (Ohio Valley Environmental Coalition), United States - Vivian Stockman, Vice Director
Pacific Environment, United States - Alex Levinson, Executive Director
Pakistan Fisherfolk Forum, Pakistan - Saeed Baloch, General Secretary
Peacemakers of Schoharie County, United States - Wayne Stinson, Action Committee lead
People & Planet, United Kingdom - Andrew Taylor, Co-Director, Campaigns & Communications
People of Albany United for Safe Energy - PAUSE, United States - Diana Wright, Facilitator
People, Not Pipelines, United States - Colleen McKinney, Co-founder
Perkumpulan Prakarsa, Indonesia - Victoria F, Research manager
Plataforma Algarve Livre de Petróleo, Portugal - Rosa Guedes, Member
Platform, United Kingdom - Mika Minio-Paluello, Campaigner
Plymouth Friends of Clean Water, United States - Peter Hudiburg, Founder
Power Shift Network, United States - Lydia Avila, Executive Director
PowerShift, Germany - Michael Reckordt, Member
Preservar Algarve, Portugal - Celine Jacinto Rodrigues, Coordinator
Project21, Switzerland - Marie-Claire Graf, Executive board
Protect Orange County, United States - Pramilla Malick, Chair
Protect the Forest, Sweden, Sweden - Elin Götmark, Spokesperson
Protect the planet, Germany - Dorothea Sick-Thies , Founder
PUSH Sweden, Sweden - Ahmed Al-Qassam, President
Radical Independence Campaign East Kilbride, Scotland - Frances Sinclair, Campaign and event co-ordinator
RAFT, United States - Ann Law, Member
Rainforest Action Network, United States - Amanda Starbuck, Climate & Energy Program Director
Raus aus der Steinkohle , Germany - Michael, Head
Re:Common, Italy - Elena Gerebizza, Energy campaigner
Reflex Environmental Association, Hungary - Ferenc Horváth, Executive
Regroupement vigilance hydrocarbures Québec, Canada - Odette Sarrazin , Désinvestir
Renourish, United States - Eric Benson, Founder
RepaNet Austria, Austria - Matthias Neitsch, Managing Director
Réseau Action Climat France, France - Morgane Créach, Director
Residents Action on Fylde Fracking (RAFF), United Kingdom - Ian Roberts, Chairman
Resolution Meida Fund, United States - mark Lichty, Board member
Resource Generation, United States - Jessie Spector, Executive Director
Retenergie Coop, Italy - Daniela Patrucco, Vice-presidente
Rio Arriba Concerned Citizens, United States - William Clark, President
River Network, United States - Nicole Silk, President
River Source Inc., United States - Richard Schrader, Director
Robin Wood, Germany - Philip Bedall, Energy Campaigne
Rochester Defense Against Fracking, United States - Patricia Chana Lunior, Stop all Pipelines
Roxbury Arts Group, United States - David Capps, President, Board of Directors
Sacred Stone Camp, Oceti Sakowin - Ethan Au Green, Supporter
Sacred Stone Camp UK Solidarity Network, United Kingdom - Suzanne Dhaliwal, Member of the collective
Salva la Selva, Spain - Klaus Schenk, Director
Samiparliament , Sweden - Stefan Mikaelsson , Chairperson
SAPE, United States - Susan McDonnell, Co-founder
Save The Hills Alliance, Inc., United States - Cheryl Miller, President
SaveGreekWater, Greece - Maria Kanellopoulou, Coordinator
SCALE, Incorporated, United States - Anthony Flaccavento, President
ShareAction, United Kingdom - Catherine Howarth, Chief Executive
Sheffield People & Planet, United Kingdom - Chris Saltmarsh, Fossil Free Co-ordinato
Sierra Club, United States - Nicole Ghio, Senior Campaign Representative
Sisters of St. Francis of Philadelphia, United States - Nora M. Nash, Director Corporate Social Responsibility
Social Entrepreneurs for Sustainable Development Liberia, Liberia - Daniel Krakue, Director
Society for Threatened Peoples Switzerland, Switzerland - Christoph Wiedmer, Co-Director
Society for Threatened Peoples/Germany, Germany - Yvonne Bangert, Indigenous Peoples Dpt.
SOS Liverpool Plains, Australia - Nicola Chirlian, Committee
SpeziaPolis, Italy - daniela patrucco, Owner
SpeziaViaDalCarbone, Italy - Daniela Patrucco, Speaker
Spokane Riverkeeper, United States - Jerry White Jr., Director
Stand for Mauna Kea, United States - Cha Smith, Member
Stichting Schaliegasvrij Nederland, Netherlands - Ko van Huissteden, Chair
Stop Ecocide, Netherlands - Katy Olivia van Tergouw, Directer
Stop NY Fracked Gas Pipeline, United States - Becky Meier, Co-Founder
Stop Petroleo Vila do Bispo, Portugal - Ana Carla Cabrita, Member
Stop the Algonquin Pipeline Expansion, United States - Suzannah Glidden, Co-founder
Story of Stuff Project, United States - Michael O'Heaney, Executive Director
Sullivan Area Citizens for Responsible Energy Development. (SACRED), United States - Larysa Dyrszka MD, Co-founder
Sussex Hampshire Awareness Fracking Trust. (ed), United Kingdom - Stephen Jackson, Owner
Sustainable Economies Law Center, United States - Chris Tittle, Director of Organizational Resilience; President
Sustainable Endowments Institute, United States - Emily Flynn Pesquera, Associate Director
Sustainable Tompkins, United States - Gay Nicholson, PhD, President
Swiss Youth For Climate, Switzerland - Marie, Member
System Change, not Climate Change!, Austria - Magdalena Heuwieser, Activist
Taiga Research and Protection Agency, Russia - Alexander Arbachakov, Director
The Corner House, United Kingdom - Nicholas Hildyard, Co-Director
The Crane Hill Organic Farm, United States - Ellen.sokolow@gmaik.com, Farmer
The Democracy Collaborative, United States - John Duda, Director of Communications
The Land Is Ours, United Kingdom - Tree, Collective member
The Palestine BDS National Committee (BNC), Palestine - Riya Hassan, Europe Organiser
The Woodland League, Ireland - Andrew St Ledger, PRO
Three Squares Inc., United States - Jaime Nack, President
Tightshift Laboring Cooperative, United States - Allison Basile, Member
Tokata-LPSG RheinMain e. V., Germany - Dr. Michael Koch, Director
Towards Sustainability Association, Hungary - Ákos Éger, President
Transition Express Campaign, United States - Priscilla Rich, Executive Director
Transnational Institute, Netherlands - Fiona Dove, Executive Director
UCSOND, Ghana - Wisdom Quaiku, Executive Director
UK Tar Sands Network, United Kingdom - Suzanne Dhaliwal, Coordinator
Ulu Foundation, United States - Stephanie Fried, Executive Director
United for Action, United States - Edith Kantrowitz, Board Member
Unternehmensberatung TEMP GbR., Germany - Rudolf W. Hege, President
Unterstützung nordamerikanischer Indianer, Germany - Claudia Ehlers, Member
Up To Us, United States - Ethan Au Green, Member
Uper Valley Affinity Group, United States - Frederick Wolfe, Member
Upper Mooki Landcare Inc, Australia - Nicola Chirlian, Chairman
Upper Valley Affinity Group, United States - Geoffrey Gardner, Communications Director
Urgenda, Netherlands - M. Minnesma, Director
Urgewald, Germany - Regine Richter, Campaigner
US Labor Against the War, United States - Reece Chenault, National Coordinator
Utah Moms for Clean Air, United States - Cherise Udell, Founder
VABÖ - Verband Abfallberatung Österreich, Austria - Matthias Neitsch, Managing Director
Vamos e.V. Münster, Germany - Stefanie Neumann, Campaigner
Védegylet Egyesület, Hungary - Györgyi Újszászi, Secretary general
Verein zur Unterstützung nordamerikanischer Indianer, Germany - Karl-Heinz Prestel, Member
Walkin´Sagres, Portugal - Ana Carla Cabrita, Owner/Nature Guide
Wall of Women Colorado, United States - Paddy McClelland, Manager
Water Protectors Legal Collective, United States - Bruce Ellison, Board Liason, Criminal Defense Coordinator
We Are Seneca Lake, United States - Peter Drobny, Liaison, Coordinating Council
WECAN (Women's earth and climate action network), United States - osprey-orielle lake, Founder and ED
\Welsh National Freedom News, United Kingdom - John Houston, admin
WeMove.EU, Europe - Oliver Moldenhauer, Executive Director
Winter Oak Press, United Kingdom - Jon Harvey, Editorial co-ordinator
WissenLeben e.V., Germany - Dr. Maiken Winter, Director
Women Emancipation and Survival Fondation, Ghana - Winfried Donkor, Executive Director
Women's Media Center, United States - Julie Burton, President
Working Circle Indians of North America (AKIN), Austria - Peter Schwarzbauer, Chairman
Worthing Climate Action Network, United Kingdom - Emma Cameron, Chair
Worthing Downlanders, United Kingdom - Steve Nethercott-Cable, Committee Member
XminY hét actiefonds, Netherlands - Doron Joles, Regional Coordinator
Xun Biosphere Project, United States - Jon Anderholm, Director
Zeeb Kommunikation, Germany - Hartmut Zeeb, CEO
Zelenite (The Greens), Bulgaria - Borislav Sandov, Campaign coordinator
Zwei Welten Fachverlag, Germany - Antje Small Legs, Owner
Возрождение Казаса и шорского народа, Russia - Владислав Таннагашев, Chairman
Фонд саамского наследия и развития, Russia - Andrei, Director
Please find the PDF version of the letter at: http://www.banktrack.org/download/letter_from_from_420_organisations_to_17_banks_on_their_loan_for_the_dakota_access_pipeline/161130_final_letter_all_dapl_banks_1.pdf."

      Christorpher Mele, "Veterans to Serve as ‘Human Shields’ for Dakota Pipeline Protesters,"
The New York Times, November 29, 2016, http://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/29/us/veterans-to-serve-as-human-shields-for-pipeline-protesters.html?ref=todayspaper, reported, " As many as 2,000 veterans planned to gather next week at the Standing Rock Sioux Reservation in North Dakota to serve as "human shields" for protesters who have for months clashed with the police over the construction of an oil pipeline, organizers said.
The effort, called Veterans Stand for Standing Rock, is planned as a nonviolent intervention to defend the demonstrators from what the group calls "assault and intimidation at the hands of the militarized police force."
The veterans’ plan coincides with an announcement on Tuesday by law enforcement officials that they may begin imposing fines to block supplies from entering the main protest camp after a mandatory evacuation order from the governor. Officials had warned earlier of a physical blockade, but the governor’s office later backed away from that, Reuters said.
Protesters have vowed to stay put ."

        "The International Indigenous Peoples` Forum on Climate Change Condemns the Construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline," Cultural Survival, November 10, 2016, https://www.culturalsurvival.org/news/international-indigenous-peoples-forum-climate-change-condemns-construction-dakota-access, reported, The IIPFCC stated that it is in solidarity with Standing Rock Sioux Tribe.
"We call upon all member states, to condemn the destruction of our sacred places and to support our nation’s efforts to ensure that our sovereign rights are respected. We ask that you call upon all parties to stop the construction of the Dakota Access pipeline and to protect the environment, our nation’s future, our culture and our way of life."
- Standing Rock Sioux Tribe Chairman Dave Archambault II
The International Indigenous Peoples ‘Forum on Climate Change (IIPFCC) condemns the construction of the Dakota Access pipeline and stands in solidarity with our sisters and brothers of the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe and all Water Protectors in opposition to this project.
Human Rights and the Indigenous Rights Perspective
The Dakota Access pipeline is being built on the un-ceded treaty lands of the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, without their free, prior and informed consent, as is described in the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples in Articles 18, 19, and 32. The pipeline is also being constructed through sacred areas and ancestral burial grounds of the Standing Rock Sioux and other Indigenous Peoples of the area. This massive construction project does not respect the Standing Rock Sioux's Treaty rights, sovereignty, or their right to self-determination. It is an outright violation of their rights over their lands and resources as Indigenous Peoples, and does not respect the human rights of Indigenous Peoples.
Climate Perspective
The Dakota Access pipeline will transport 470 000 – 570 000 barrels of oil every day, which will release emissions of 101,4 million tons CO2, as much as 30 American coal power plants, every year. This is not consistent with the State Parties’ obligations and commitments under the Paris Agreement or the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The continued production of fossil fuels only assures that global temperature will rise well above 2°C in the immediate future and threaten the lives and livelihoods of Indigenous Peoples around the world. The potential for a major oil spill from the Dakota Access pipeline is immediate. The pipeline is scheduled to cross underneath the Missouri River, which is the main source for drinking water for the Standing Rock Sioux Reservation and for millions of people who live downstream. Sunoco Logistics, the operating company of the pipeline, alone has experienced over 200 oil spills in 6 years, and the US had in total over 3300 leaks since 2010, polluting rivers, ground waters, land and air, and both human lives, health and livelihoods has been lost.
The IIPFCC calls upon the US to halt the construction of the Dakota Access pipeline and to enter into serious consultations with the Standing Rock Sioux, and other tribes affected by this project, respecting the right of the Tribes to free, prior and informed consent.
The state owned Norwegian Oil Fund is heavily invested in the pipeline. The IIPFCC calls upon Norway to divest from the Dakota Access pipeline Project.
We also call on all States to ensure the protection of Indigenous Peoples´ territories across the world as a critical action in the implementation of the Paris Agreement and in achieving the SDGs."

       Deirdre Fulton, " Ten Activists Arrested for Helping Shut Down US-Canada Tar Sands Pipelines: 'My love for the beauties of this world is far greater than my love of an easy life,' said one of those arrested, 50-year-old Emily Johnston," Common Dreams ,  October 12, 2016,  http://www.commondreams.org/news/2016/10/12/ten-activists-arrested-helping-shut-down-us-canada-tar-sands-pipelines, reported, " Ten activists have been arrested for shutting down five tar sands pipelines in four states on Tuesday, an act of non-violent direct action taken to avert climate catastrophe and in support of the call for International Days of Prayer and Action for Standing Rock.
According to Climate Direct Action, the group coordinating the shut-down, not only were the five activists who manually turned off the pipelines taken into custody, but also five support team members and videographers.
In Anacortes, Washington, authorities arrested Ken Ward for turning the wheel on an emergency shut-off valve for a Kinder Morgan pipeline, as well as documentarians Lindsay Grizzel and Carl David. According to the local NBC affiliate, the Skagit County Sheriff's office charged them with burglary and criminal sabotage.
Michael Foster, Sam Jessup, and documentary filmmaker Deia Schlosberg were arrested in North Dakota for shutting down Transcanada's Keystone pipeline; and Leonard Higgins was taken into custody in Montana after tampering with the valve on a Spectra line. Reed Ingalls was also detained for questioning in Montana.
Meanwhile, Climate Direct Action reported on Facebook that Emily Johnston and Annette Klapstein, who turned off the valves on Enbridge lines 4 and 67 in Leonard, Minnesota, had appeared in court Wednesday morning and would be held at Clearwater County Jail until they reached bail—a combined $15,000.
To the participants in Tuesday's shut-down, the consequences are worth it. As Johnston said ahead of the action: 'For years we've tried the legal, incremental, reasonable methods, and they haven't been enough; without a radical shift in our relationship to Earth, all that we love will disappear. My fear of that possibility is far greater than my fear of jail. My love for the beauties of this world is far greater than my love of an easy life.'
Indeed, filmmaker Josh Fox—whose colleague, Schlosberg, was one of those arrested in North Dakota—declared on Twitter:
The Climate Disobedience Action Fund, which supported Tuesday's ' unprecedented' action, is raising funds for the activists' legal fees."

      Vincent Schilling, "Energy Transfer Opposed in Texas, Too, As Celebs and Landowners Fight Local Pipeline," ICTMN, September 10, 2016, https://indiancountrymedianetwork.com/news/native-news/energy-transfer-opposed-in-texas-too-as-celebs-and-landowners-fight-local-pipeline/, reported, "A plan for an extensive pipeline costing hundreds of millions of dollars that would run through a scenic–and some say sacred–area of natural beauty is vociferously being opposed by a dedicated alliance of local residents and environmental activists, causing headlines and headaches for Dallas, Texas-based Energy Transfer Partners."

      Wild Earth Guardians ("A Force for Nature"), announced, September 7, 2016, "Victories to KeepMore Coal in the Ground(Cause That’s Where it Belongs!)," http://wg.convio.net/site/MessageViewer?em_id=23393.0&dlv_id=40934, "WildEarth Guardians’ Climate and Energy Program is tearing it up for the climate, this time securing three rulings that promise to keep millions of tons of coal in the ground and millions more tons of carbon out of our atmosphere.
It’s plain and simple. You and me, we’re winning. Because as much as we’re getting the job done, we can’t possibly keep our coal in the ground without your support and belief in our ability to get that job done.
In the past two weeks, the success has been immense (http://www.wildearthguardians.org/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=12633&news_iv_ctrl=-1#.V881NZMrL3Q).
We overturned an expansion of Peabody’s Twentymile coal mine in northwestern Colorado.
We derailed Pacifiorp’s plans to expand the Bridger coal mine in southern Wyoming.
Topping it off, we secured a court ruling ordering the Obama Administration to conduct an unprecedented environmental review of the San Juan coal mine in northwest New Mexico.

We’re not just saying "Keep it in the Ground," we’re making it happen. In doing so, we’re protecting our public lands, keeping our climate safe, and opening the door for clean energy to flourish."

      As of September 8, 2016 , an increasing number of Indian tribes had stated support for the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe in opposing the Dakota Access Pipeline (including the Southern Ute Tribe, as stated in the weekly issue of the Southern Ute Drum), while thousands of people, including members of numerous tribes, had been arriving to support the anti-pipeline demonstrations (Jack Healy, " I Want to Win Someday’: Tribes Make Stand Against Pipeline," The New York Times, September 8, 201, http://www.nytimes.com/2016/09/09/us/dakota-access-pipeline-protests.html?ref=todayspaper).

      Physicians for Social Responsibility (PSR), psr.org, inn late August, was involved in two additional environmental campaigns:

" Tell Gov. Brown: No Oil Wastewater on Our Crops
Agricultural growers in California are buying wastewater from oil wells to irrigate food crops. The water is treated before use, and the oil companies that sell the water say it is safe, as they are in compliance with their wastewater discharge permits. But does that really assure safety? Some evidence suggests otherwise. One researcher collected irrigation water samples containing solvents used to degrease equipment or soften thick crude oil. Sign PSR's petition telling California Governor Jerry Brown: Potentially toxic wastewater should not be permitted on food crops.
PSR Speaking Tour on Climate & Health
PSR board member and senior scientist Alan Lockwood, MD will be visiting seven states this fall to present on climate change and how it damages our health. The occasion: publication of his new book, Heat Advisory, published by MIT Press. See the calendar of events (http://www.psr.org/news-events/events/heat-advisory-speaking-tour.html) scheduled for Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, North Carolina and Florida."

       350.org reported, October 19, 2016, https://www.eventbrite.com/e/climate101-toronto-kingston-bus-tickets-28543556546?utm_medium=email&utm_source=actionkit, " On October 24th, throngs of young people from across Canada will risk arrest for the Climate 101 action in Ottawa to call on Prime Minister Trudeau to reject the Kinder Morgan pipeline.
Across Canada, people are grilling the Trudeau government in the lead up to the Kinder Morgan decision in December. Just last week, hundreds in Winnipeg confronted the Natural Resources Minister Jim Carr calling for a rejection of the Kinder Morgan pipeline. Now, weeks before the next round of UN climate talks, young people will bring this fight to the capital city."

      "10 years after Phulbari Massacre, Open Pit Coal Mine in Bangladesh Remains Stalled," Cultural Survival
December 20, 2016, https://www.culturalsurvival.org/news/10-years-after-phulbari-massacre-open-pit-coal-mine-bangladesh-remains-stalled, reported, "On Thursday, December 15, 2016, Bangladeshi protesters from the Phulbari region were joined by climate activists in London outside of the annual general shareholders meeting of Global Coal Management (GCM) Resources Plc, a British mining company who wants to build a massive open cast coal mine by forcibly displacing 130,000 people in Phulbari , Bangladesh .
Both outside and inside the shareholder’s meeting, anti-coal and human rights activists called to shut down GCM Resources. The company does not have a valid license for business with Bangladesh, but continue to sell shares in London and committing abuse and human rights violations against Indigenous Peoples, farmers and local businessmen in Phulbari. Protesters chanted "CGM, out out", "Gary Lye, blood on your hands"; 2016 marked the tenth anniversary of Phulbari massacre, in 26 August in 2006, when three people were shot dead and two hundred injured in a demonstration of 80,000 people for opposing plans by the company’s Bangladesh subsidiary, Asia Energy. Gary Lye is the current CEO of GCM Resources. "The Bangladesh government withdrew the mining license in the wake of GCM’s atrocity but the company continues its dodgy attempts to raise funds for the operation of a perilous project. CGM is selling shares in the name of the Phulbari project in London," stated Akhter Sobhan Khan of Committee to Protect Resources of Bangladesh.
Using the strategy of shareholder advocacy, a delegation of dissidents was able to attend the shareholder’s meeting and powerfully interrogated the company directors who failed to show evidence of any valid license for business.
Read London Mining Network's report from inside the shareholder's meeting.
The meeting was poorly attended with only 10 shareholders including the company PR and excluding the six dissident voices. The meeting was quickly closed by the Chairman, Michael Tang, who was unable to answer any question from the floor. Investment in GCM reached its lowest point ever in 2016, with stock prices dropping to $3.57 in April.
Seven UN human rights experts have called for an immediate halt to the project, on the grounds that it threatens the fundamental human rights of hundreds of thousands of people, including entire villages of Indigenous people, and poses "an immediate threat to safety and standards of living." Rumana Hashem of Phulbari Solidarity Group and an eye-witness to the killings in 2006 said:
The company’s CEO, Gary Lye, has been systematically abusing local opponents of the project. Earlier [in 2016] Lye has filed multiple arbitrary cases against 26 frontline local opponents, farmers, and small business entrepreneurs against mining in Phulbari and Dinajpur. This is incredible, and human rights abuse facing the innocent people and their families who never had anything to do with violence before this company inflicted violence in Phulbari.
Scientists have determined that extracting and burning the world’s remaining coal reserves would tip the scales towards irreversible climate change. Coal is the world’s single biggest contributor to global warming. Whereas most of the developed world has abandoned coal, governments in poorer countries like India and Bangladesh are trying to squeeze out what they can out of the natural resources, despite damning effects on air contamination that have already made their cities among the most polluted and unlivable in the world: Delhi’s air is already three times more toxic than Beijing’s; Dhaka city’s air was measured to have the highest density of lead in the world. Despite this, Bangladesh is also hoping to increase its coal production by 2030.
Thursday’s picket event was co-organized by Phulbari Solidarity Group and the Committee to Protect Oil, Gas, Mineral Resources, Power and Ports in Bangladesh. Action outside and inside the AGM was joined by transnational activists from Foil Vedanta, London Mining Network, Coal Action Network, UK, Plane Stupid, Reclaim the Power, Socialist Party of England and Wales, and many Bangladeshi community protesters from Tower Hamlets and East London in the UK. Protesters say that they will not sleep until the company has closed its office in Dhaka and left Bangladesh."

      Nadia Prupis, "'Won't Accept Destruction': Global Communities Line Up to Ban Fracking: 'This decision proves the power of grassroots advocacy. Individuals have won over powerful and influential mining companies'" Common Dreams , August 30, 2016, http://www.commondreams.org/news/2016/08/30/wont-accept-destruction-global-communities-line-ban-fracking, reported, " Around the world, resistance is growing to hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, as more and more communities line up to ban the controversial fossil fuel extraction method from their lands.
On Tuesday, Victoria, Australia's Premier Daniel Andrews announced that the state is set to introduce a permanent ban on all onshore unconventional gas exploration, including fracking and other methods like gas mining, making it the first state in the nation to do so.
The Department of Premier and Cabinet said, 'It is clear that the Victorian community has spoken. They simply don't support fracking.' The government will introduce legislation for the ban later this year, and the Herald Sun added that it would also extend the current moratorium until June 30, 2020.
According to one organizer, about 1.4 million hectares of land were threatened by some form of onshore gas mining like coal seam gas, underground coal gasification, and shale gas.
The government also said the ban would help protect Victoria's agricultural sector and pacify Australian farmers' concerns over the potential health impacts of fracking, which has been linked to cancer, birth defects, migraines, and fatigue, among other maladies.
'The fracking industry continues to lose friends all over the world. Community opposition to the fracking and unconventional gas industry has been fierce right across Australia and thankfully the Victorian Government has listened to these concerns,' said Dr. Richard Dixon, Scotland director at the environmental group Friends of the Earth.    'From a global climate change perspective, it is encouraging to see fossil fuels being kept in the ground. Developed nations need to rapidly move away our reliance on these dirty, destructive energy sources and embrace clean, safe renewables.'
Ellen Sandell, the Australian Green Party's energy spokesperson, said the decision is 'a relief to communities that have fought the threat of fracking for years.'
'This decision proves the power of grassroots advocacy. Individuals have won over powerful and influential mining companies,' Sandell said, though she added that it was "disappointing the government is leaving the door open to conventional gas drilling after the next state election."
"We won't stop fighting until all onshore gas drilling is banned," she said.
And just a day earlier, the climate advocacy group 350.org noted that more than 70 Brazilian cities have also approved fracking bans, culminating in a total of 72 cities prohibiting the extraction method since the launch of the No Fracking Brazil campaign in 2013.
'It is important to show the fracking entrepreneurs that people will not passively accept the destruction caused by the fossil fuel industry,' Nicole Figueiredo de Oliveira, 350.org's Latin America regional team leader, said in a statement on Monday. "We will continue empowering the local communities to resist this government's offensive and urging public officials to invest in renewable energy projects instead of expanding fossil fuel extraction, so that we can have a sustainable, secure future.'"

       Environmental Action, "Protect the Gulf - Stop the Dumping of Toxic Fracking Wastewater, January 4, 2016, https://environmental-action.webaction.org/p/dia/action3/common/public/?action_KEY=19308&utm_source=Salsa&utm_medium=Email&utm_campaign=EAC4-FFRK-1116&utm_content=EM0:03A:0BH-AGP&uid=1385161, stated, "Right now, US policy allows offshore drilling operations to dump unlimited toxic wastewater from their platforms into America’s waters in the Gulf of Mexico — along with chemicals like arsenic, benzene, cadmium, lead, formaldehyde, chlorine, and mercury that have been associated with cancer, developmental disabilities and reproductive harms.
These chemicals can contaminate Gulf seafood and poison the imperiled sea turtles, dolphins, and other marine wildlife that rely on Gulf waters for their survival. Environmental Action is committed to protecting these natural treasures."

       Care2Petitions, was involved in a campaign in mid September 2016, "Stop PacRim Coal and Protect Cook Inlet Whales," http://www.thepetitionsite.com/236/951/169/?z00m=28372863&redirectID=2179334228, " A Delaware corporation is trying to dig up 14 miles of a thriving salmon river that feeds into the Cook Inlet in Alaska. The river is home to all five species of pacific salmon, which the whales of the inlet rely upon. Sign Marcy's Care2 petition demanding Alaska's leaders reject PacRim Coal's horrible strip mine!
The runs of the Chuitna are critical to the wildlife of Cook Inlet, including an endangered Beluga whale population, as well as orca pods. Approving this strip mine would be a terrible decision for these whales, and all who rely on the salmon.
The Chuitna River is also important to a couple of small communities that rely on the salmon runs. Care2 member Marcy Valka is a member of the Dena'ina Athabaskan tribe and lives in the native village of Tyonek, which would be devastated by the impacts of PacRim's strip mine.
Marcy is so concerned about the future of the Chuitna River and the salmon her community relies upon that she started this petition to urge Alaska's governor and Department of Natural Resources Commissioner to protect the Chuitna.
If PacRim is allowed to proceed it would set a horrible precedent for Alaska; this would be the first time the state allowed the wholesale removal of a salmon stream. Salmon runs across the state would be at risk of future mining, drilling and development."

        Barbara Fraser for Mongabay, "Another Pipeline Spill Reported in Peruvian Amazon as Indigenous Protests Enter Eighth Week," Cultural Survival, October 26, 2016, https://www.culturalsurvival.org/news/another-pipeline-spill-reported-peruvian-amazon-indigenous-protests-enter-eighth-week, reported, " Hundreds of people gathered since September 1 in Saramurillo, an Indigenous community on the bank of the Marañón River in Peru's northeastern Loreto region, have blocked transportation on the river to press for their demands.
The protesters are calling for a state of emergency to be declared in two districts of the lower Marañón Valley where a series of oil spills has affected five Indigenous communities.
Underlying the protest, however, is a call for a national debate on whether oil drilling should continue in the Peruvian Amazon.
Saramurillo, Peru — As a protest by Peruvian Amazonian Indigenous communities against oil pollution on their lands entered its eighth week, tensions rose on October 23 after a new pipeline oil spill and a shooting incident in which at least one protester was wounded.
Hundreds of people gathered since September 1 in Saramurillo, an Indigenous community on the bank of the Marañón River in Peru’s northeastern Loreto region, have blocked transportation on the river to press for their demands. The protesters are calling for a state of emergency to be declared in two districts of the lower Marañón Valley where a series of oil spills has affected five Indigenous communities.
They also seek an independent inspection of the network of pipelines serving the oil fields and replacement of corroded sections; remediation of polluted sites and ecosystem restoration; compensation for damages; an environmental monitoring law; and a "truth commission" to conduct an in-depth study of oil operations and their impact on communities and the environment.
Underlying the protest, however, is a call for a national debate on whether oil drilling should continue in the Peruvian Amazon.
'We want a discussion about the viability of oil production in the Amazon, because the way it’s done now is not viable," said José Fachín, 35, a Kichwa law student and adviser to the leaders of the Indigenous organizations supporting the protest.
The protesters lifted the river blockade — allowing passenger and cargo vessels to pass, but not oil and fuel barges — for about a week before and a week after a two-day meeting with government negotiators in Saramurillo on October 11 and 12.
They resumed the blockade on October 20, saying the government’s initial response to their demands, on October 18, was inadequate. Officials sent a more complete response on October 21. Two days later, people on a passenger boat attempting to pass the blockade fired at protesters, injuring a man in the hand.
The protesters stopped the vessel and posted photographs on social media showing three men whom they identified as employees of the transportation company being held in a community building in Saramurillo until legal investigators arrived.
Also on October 23, Petroperú , the state-owned company that operates the pipeline that carries crude from Amazonian oil fields across the Andes Mountains to the coast, reported that vandals had cut the pipeline in Nueva Alianza, spilling oil into a stream that flows into the Marañón River.
Petroperú communications chief Luis Zapata and community leaders said some oil had reached the river.
Nueva Alianza was the site of two spills reported on August 21 that dumped about 4,000 barrels of oil into a canal built to contain the pipeline. Cleanup of that oil was under way when the new breach was reported. The August spills helped trigger the protest in Saramurillo.
The newest spill is the ninth this year from the pipeline. Petroperú has attributed the last six to vandalism, although Osinergmin, the government agency responsible for overseeing energy infrastructure, has not ruled on them.
Some observers have suggested that contractors hoping to snag cleanup work could be vandalizing the pipeline, while Fachín said the cuts could be an effort to discredit the protest. Two spills — reported in the communities of Monterrico on September 25 and the community of 6 de Julio on October 14 — occurred after the protest began. Both communities are just upstream from Nueva Alianza.
Nueva Alianza, Monterrico, and 6 de Julio were not among the almost 47 communities that Fachín said had sent villagers to participate in the protest.
Saramurillo, where the protest is centered, is a cluster of wood-frame, thatch-roofed buildings on the bank of the Marañón River beside the pumping station that marks the beginning of the 845-kilometer Northern Peruvian Pipeline, which was built in the 1970s.
The capuccino-colored river is fouled by mine tailings, sewage, and solid waste as it flows down the eastern slope of the Andes Mountains and joins the Ucayali River in Peru’s Loreto region to form the Amazon River.
It also receives pollution from Peru’s oldest Amazonian oil fields, now known as Block 192 and Block 8, which began operating in the 1970s. The fields straddle the Corrientes, Pastaza, Tigre, and Chambira rivers, are crisscrossed by aging pipelines, and are inhabited mainly by Achuar, Kichwa, Awajún, Urarina, and Kukama-Kukamiria people.
Except for a few dozen communities that now have temporary water treatment plants, villages lack potable water and sanitation systems. Villagers must rely on river water or rainwater for drinking, cooking, bathing, and washing.
Government agencies have a list of at least 1,000 polluted sites in the two oil fields that require remediation, but Indigenous organizations in the region say there could be more than twice that number.
Protests over pollution have led to various agreements between Indigenous federations and the government in recent years, including one, the "Dorissa Act," which was signed 10 years ago this month.
That agreement forced Pluspetrol, the Argentina-based company that was operating Blocks 192 and 8 at the time, to re-inject wastewater from pumping back underground, reducing pollution.
Except for the re-injection agreement, however, those pacts have gone largely unfulfilled, leaders of the current protest say. They also complain about the sluggish pace of most negotiations with the government.
Rolando Luque, the chief government negotiator at the meeting in Saramurillo, promised 'rapid and timely' action on the protesters’ demands. He said the National Office of Dialogue and Sustainability, which he heads, will also follow up on agreements to ensure compliance.
As part of an agreement on immediate humanitarian aid, the government delivered drinking water and food to Saramurillo, Nueva Alianza, and Monterrico on October 21 and 22. Zapata said the deliveries were to be one-time assistance.
He also said Petroperú plans to hire an outside auditor to evaluate the pipeline and determine what additional repairs are needed in order to resume operation, which was suspended in February after two spills. The company expects that process to take about four months, while an overhaul of the pipeline could take four years, he said.
Luque said possible future meetings between the protest leaders and government negotiators will be mapped out once the Indigenous leaders respond to the government’s most recent letter.
Leaders of the protest say the negotiating team lacks the power to make decisions on the spot and are insisting that government ministers travel to Saramurillo to meet with them.
Officials set a precedent in a different case on October 22, when Martín Vizcarra, Peruvian vice president and minister of transportation and communications, and Justice Minister Marisol Pérez Tello traveled to the southern Andean region of Apurímac to meet with people protesting a new copper mine’s use of roads on their lands. A local man had been shot to death in that protest.
Besides facing off against the government, the leaders in the Saramurillo protest are also challenging Indigenous organizations in the oil-affected watersheds that have been involved in negotiations with the government over the past two decades.
Four organizations — one each in the Corrientes, Pastaza, Tigre, and Marañón watersheds — have taken the lead in those talks in the past, but have stayed away from Saramurillo.
Fachín and other leaders of the protest in Saramurillo say there are at least 15 organizations that represent communities in the watersheds affected by oil operations, as well as some unaffiliated communities, and all should have a seat at the negotiating table.
He said the four federations that have long been considered the main representatives of the watersheds, as well as other organizations that have taken a wait-and-see stance, have been invited to join the protesters’ cause."

      "Peru’s New President Must Act on Oil Clean Up, say Indigenous Federations of the Amazon," Cultural Survival, October 23, 2016, https://www.culturalsurvival.org/news/perus-new-president-must-act-oil-clean-say-indigenous-federations-amazon, reported, "On September 26, traditional Indigenous leaders of Peru travelled to Lima to meet with new Kuczynski administration officials regarding the remediation of contamination in their territories . Communities are concerned that the new administration of Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, who was sworn in as president in July after winning on a campaign of equality and social change, has not given an adequate response to the Indigenous federations who for decades have participated demonstrations, strikes, and roundtable negotiations to demand adequate clean-up for oil contamination. The Indigenous federations made their demands clear to the new administration during a meeting in July after he took office, and said that since then, state officials have not prioritized the problems in the Indigenous Amazonian territories regarding their right to live in a safe environment in an effective and encompassing way.
In their September meeting, Apus or traditionally elected leaders from Indigenous federations of FECONACO, FEDIQUEP, OPIKAFPE, and ACODECOSPAT were following up on agreements signed on August 22 nd to clean up Lots 192 and 8, where petroleum companies have operated for 45 years leaving a toxic and growing legacy of contamination.
Over a year ago, the Peruvian government’s Environmental Fund approved 50 million soles (14.9 million USD) to clean up a number of specific areas, but the work has yet to commence. The federations are now specifying additional sites of contamination that must be included in plans for remediation, including Ushpayacu, an expansive area that was improperly remediated by the previous operator of the oil wells, Pluspetrol. Ushpayacu is just one of the over two thousand contaminated sites identified in Lot 192.
Apu Aurelio Chino Dahua, president of FEDQUEP believes President Kuczynski must respect the negotiations that we began with the Ollanta Humala administration. "We have signed agreements and many of them have not been carried out," said Apu Aurelio to LaMula.pe.
'The new authorities know very little about our struggle, our demands, and our reality. Will we start where we left off, or will we need to start from scratch? We cannot go backwards. The new government says that it’s going to bring attention to Indigenous Peoples. This shouldn’t be something exciting and new, this should be the norm. We are Peruvians, just like everyone else… We are Indigenous and we deserve respect. Just like the people in Lima who want to live in peace, we do too. Just like they worry about the future for their children, we do too.'
Just in the past few months, at least nine spills have taken place. Two were reported by Peru's Environmental Evaluation Body, OEFA on August 22 nd and two more on September 24 th. The latest was just last week on October 14th. The 45 year-old pipeline infrastructure that runs across the traditional hunting and fishing lands of the Indigenous communities in the Amazon in many places is rusted, damaged, and urgently needs repair. But the company negligently ignored these needs, and when spills inevitably happened, hid the evidence by covering oil spills with fresh dirt, rather than extracting the oil and remediating the area. This has led to deep contamination of the groundwater as well as flora and fauna that the communities use for their daily consumption.
Today children and families in the area have no other choice than to eat contaminated food and drink, wash, and bathe in contaminated water. The magnitude of the contamination is overwhelming.
In September, an Indigenous Quechua mother from Peru spoke to the UN Commission on the Rights of the Child in Geneva. 'I come here in representation of our children in contaminated zones, that each day are eating contaminated fish, and contaminated meat,' said Imelda Chung, of FEDIQUEP, before a special general debate session at the United Nations focusing on children and the environment on September 23 rd.
She presented her intervention along with other populations affected by the presence of contamination and toxic waste in their territories and communities. 'We cannot avoid the contamination, and yet the oil spills continue to happen. The hydrocarbons, lead, and cadmium are in our bodies. I grew up in an era of contamination- I am contaminated. But I don’t want my children or my grandchildren to continue being contaminated. 'We don’t have health services, and our children need adequate care,' she denounced. Her intervention concluded with a demand to the President of Peru, Pedro Pablo Kuczynski: 'I don’t know how to tell the President another time, that he come to visit us and see for himself the situation that we are living, for the past 45 years no one from the government has come to visit, except to install oil companies. I want the contamination to end and for remediation to begin; I want to be certain that there will be no more contamination,' she concluded.'"

      Nadia Prupis, "Alliance of 600,000 British Doctors Calls for 'Imperative' Coal Phase-Out:Doing so would constitute 'double win for tackling the twin health threats of air pollution and climate change,' report states," Common Dreams , October 19, 2016, http://www.commondreams.org/news/2016/10/19/alliance-600000-british-doctors-calls-imperative-coal-phase-out, reported, " A coalition representing Britain's 600,000 doctors and health workers on Wednesday called for a rapid phase-out of coal , saying it was an 'imperative' measure and that climate change and air pollution were both ‘major health threats."
"Ending the use of coal is a simple, no-regrets public health intervention. The rapid phase-out of coal fired stations is an imperative first step. Coal is the most carbon-intensive source of power generation, and is a key focus for reducing the risks of climate change," the U.K. Health Alliance on Climate Change said in a report.
'Climate change and air pollution are both major health threats,' the report, A Breath of Fresh Air, states. "They share a common driver: the combustion of fossil fuels. Pollution from coal plants alone costs the U.K. as much as £3.1bn [roughly $3.8bn] each year in human health impacts."
Pollution also disproportionately impacts children and can cause diseases ranging from lung cancer to stroke, killing 40,000 people a year in the country. In a press release (pdf) for the report, Royal College of Pediatrics and Child Health fellow Jonathan Griggs calls it the "silent killer," and notes that the phasing out of coal would constitute a "double win for tackling the twin health threats of air pollution and climate change ."
Although the U.K. government promised almost a year ago that it would phase out coal by 2025, the groups raised concerns over the seeming lack of preparation to do so, with no consultation documents published since the plan was announced, the groups note.
Dr. Richard Horton, editor-in-chief of the medical journal The Lancet, said the phase-out of coal use "is an essential step towards creating a sustainable energy policy for the U.K. It is also a vital co-benefit for health—ending coal use will deliver long-lasting health and environmental dividends for the British population. Life expectancies will be prolonged, disease and disabilities reduced, and future risks to health diminished. This is an opportunity to be seized."
The report calls for replacing coal with renewable energy sources like wind and solar, which are beneficial to both air quality and climate safety, which in turn is "advantageous to health," the report states. "Indeed, joining up policies on health, air pollution, and climate change can offset the costs of climate mitigation policies through the health benefits that they bring."
Added Janet Davies, chief executive and general secretary of the Royal College of Nursing, 'Cutting air pollution from coal will greatly benefit the lives of many people with long-term chronic health conditions and help to protect the health of future generations. Tackling air pollution and climate change will have numerous health benefits but it requires a joined-up approach from government to ensure the health impacts are better recognized and fully realized'."

       The First Nation's people living near the construction site of the giant Muskrat Falls hydroelectric dam have been vehemently protesting its construction, because all over Canada the reservoirs behind dams build up high levels of methyl mercury, poisoning people who eat fish and game downstream (Ian Austen, "Canada’s Clean Energy Might Not Be So Clean," The New York Times, November 23, 2016).

      Whale and Dolphin Conservation (WSC) commented, September 26, 2016, http://wdc-nawhaleanddolphinconservationnorthamerica.cmail20.com/t/ViewEmail/j/AE478659EAE2E229/A01551233679361B9A8E73400EDACAB4, "WHAT MANY HAIL AS A VICTORY RAISES SERIOUS CONCERNS," " Not everyone is celebrating the recent announcement by NOAA’s National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) that it will remove federal protections from 9 global populations of humpback whales including humpbacks that feed off the east coast of the US and Canada. Based on a White House, this decision is 'evidence that U.S. efforts to protect and restore thousands of endangered animals and plants are working.' However, WDC believes this decision is premature for some populations of humpback whales, in particular the humpback whales in the Gulf of Maine. NMFS itself has http://wdc-nawhaleanddolphinconservationnorthamerica.cmail20.com/t/j-l-khkhujl-uujycild-j/ that '(t)here are insufficient data to reliably determine current population trends for humpback whales in the North Atlantic overall',and ignored recently published pointing to more than one breeding stock for Western North Atlantic humpbacks."

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U.S. Activities

     "NCAI Applauds the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Announcement Recognizing Tribal Sovereignty and Cooperative Management," June 17, 2016, CONTACTncaipress@ncai.org, http://www.ncai.org/news/articles/2016/06/17/ncai-applauds-the-u-s-army-corps-of-engineers-announcement-recognizing-tribal-sovereignty-and-cooperative-management, commented, " Today, the United States Army Corps of Engineers announced two major changes to improve the partnership between the Corps and tribes to manage water resource projects and activities and further protect tribal natural and cultural resources.First, Secretary of the Army delegates their authority under Section 1031(b) of the Water Resources, Reform and Development Act 2014 to enter into cooperative agreements with federally recognized tribes to protect fish, wildlife, water quality, and cultural resources to all divisions and districts of the Army Corps. Bringing this process to the local level allows for more tribes to enter in to cooperative agreements, share management responsibilities, protect their resources using culturally appropriate practices, and further build economic capacity of tribes to expand their management practices.The Army Corps also announced that it is removing the legal requirement that a tribe must waive its sovereign immunity when entering into a legally binding agreement for the construction of a water resources project with the Corps. This requirement was a major obstacle for tribal participation and often the reason many projects were not planned or built.NCAI President Brian Cladoosby said, "Indian Country applauds the Army Corps for listening to the concerns of our tribal nations, honoring tribal sovereignty, and supporting cooperative management agreements to help protect our valuable tribal resources. Today’s decisions are important not just for the many tribes with Army Corps projects near their homelands, but it demonstrates the positive impact of tribal consultation and true Nation-to-Nation partnership."

        Mary Annette Pember", Sovereignty, Prosperity and a Defining Moment: Cladoosby Opens 73rd NCAI Convention," ICTMN, October 12, 2016, https://indiancountrymedianetwork.com/news/native-news/sovereignty-prosperity- and-a-defining-moment-cladoosby-opens-73rd-ncai-convention/, reported, "Sovereignty, prosperity and unity—these themes and more emerged as National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) President Brian Cladoosby recognized Phoenix as an especially fitting venue for the NCAI’s annual gathering.," at an NCAI annual convention than in Phoenix, Arizona!.
"The conference has a packed agenda with government-to-government listening sessions scheduled to discuss consultation over infrastructure projects such as the Dakota Access oil pipeline with U.S. officials; strategy sessions on the gaming industry; a task force to address violence against women, and a panel on how to inculcate interest in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) to develop a tribal workforce for the future."
"Cladoosby described the Indian Trust Asset Management Reform Act as the major accomplishment of the U.S. Congress so far.
'The Act promises tribal decision-making about our own homelands and places critical resources at local tribal levels,' he said.
He praised the Act for including the creation of an undersecretary of the BIA, a brand-new position whose purpose is to avoid a silo relationship between the BIA and Office of Special Trustee. This new position will create a single line of authority for delivering trust programs and service to tribal communities.
Cladoosby recognized the historic 2004 Gila River Indian Community Water Rights Settlement Act. The largest in U.S. history, the tribe’s claim for water damages took almost 100 years of litigation and 20 years of negotiations to settle.
'The Act is an incredible example of the patience and determination of tribes and how we live in accordance with our indigenous values that keep future generations in mind,' he said. 'Putting decisions about tribal lands into tribal hands is key to all of our prosperity. During this convention we are going to have robust conversations about infrastructure projects on tribal lands. One such project, the Dakota Access Pipeline, (DAPL) has become our defining moment.'
The NCAI President warned the U.S. President that his legacy will reflect what happens with the DAPL.
'We must send a unified message to President Obama. Don’t let DAPL be your administrative legacy. We are telling our trustees to do the right thing. We ask them to conduct a full Environmental Impact Statement and deny all permits,' Cladoosby said.
'As we stand together, we have shown the world that an attack on one tribe’s sovereignty is an attack on every tribal nation,' he continued. 'Our friends and relatives at Standing Rock know now that we won’t rest until this disaster-in-waiting has been stopped.'"
"He noted that one of the goals during this week’s convention is to deliver a strong and unified message to the federal government about the importance of tribal consultation during listening sessions with the departments of Interior, Justice and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers."
" Cladoosby also recognized tribal participation in the DOJ’s Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) pilot project that increases the ability of tribes to prosecute non-Native offenders in domestic and dating violence acts.
'The project has also revealed troubling limitations in the ability of tribes to protect Native children in these cases,' he said. 'NCAI continues to work to reaffirm tribal jurisdiction in child abuse and drug cases.'
Cladoosby cited the work of the Confederated Tribes of Umatilla, who have reshaped their child welfare system so that 70 percent of the tribe’s children are now thriving with their families in home communities. He also noted the success of the Salish Kootenai Tribe’s new skills training, job placement and professional mentoring program that has cut tribal unemployment in half.
Cladoosby described the work of tribes in South Dakota whose members have come together to protect Bear Butte from the degradation that would ensue if construction of the 'world’s biggest biker bar' at a campground on the fringe of the sacred site is approved.
'And we support the land-into-trust process for tribes in Alaska, finally! Like all tribes in the nation, they need to have their land protected for their inherent rights,' he said.
Cladoosby noted the importance of this year’s Presidential election, which will have a lasting impact on tribes especially when it comes to Supreme Court appointments. 'Get out the vote—not just for yourselves but also for your children and grandchildren,' he said."
"Cladoosby closed by noting that Indian country is "embarking on a period of change, but change creates opportunity to educate our federal partners and modernize relationships. As we look at the opportunities tribes have created with the Obama administration over the past eight years, we have set a new standard for government-to-government relations.
'We will continue to remind the federal government that we are 21st-century tribal governments; we know best how to serve our families and communities,' he said. 'We will remind the federal government that we want a partner, not a parent; we want a trustee worthy of our trust. We demand that the promises made to us be kept. If we continue to build on the legacy of the Obama administration, our best days are yet to come.'"

        National Congress of American Indians (NCAI), "Comments in Support of Procedures for Reestablishing  Formal Government-to-Government Relationships with the Native Hawaiian Community," September 23, 2016, http://www.ncai.org/news/articles/2016/09/23/comments-in-support-of-procedures-for-reestablishing-a-formal-government-to-government-relationship-with-the-native-hawaiian-community, commented, " T he National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) is pleased that the federal government has proposed procedures for reestablishing a government-to-government relationship between the United States and the Native Hawaiian community. NCAI has fully supported the Native Hawaiian people in their quest for self-determination and self-governance for many years. NCAI Resolutions PHX-03-004, PSP-99-042, MSP-00-032, and SPO-01-087 all support the sovereign rights of Native Hawaiians and recognize the need to develop a true government-to-government relationship with the Native Hawaiian community.
Native Hawaiians will now be afforded the basic self-governance rights afforded other major Indigenous peoples in the United States under federal law. Native Hawaiians have suffered through similar colonial policies and the dispossession of lands, resources and culture, and we expect the federal government will now demonstrate meaningful respect by engaging Native Hawaiians as a sovereign Indigenous nation.
As noted in the Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, Congress has enacted more than 150 statutes expressly affecting Native Hawaiians, and it is these laws that define the scope of Federal programs and services for Native Hawaiians.
We urge the Department of the Interior to take action on this process that will support the self-determination and economic self-sufficiency of Native Hawaiian people. Like all of the nation’s indigenous peoples, Native Hawaiians lived on their homelands and governed their own affairs before the first contact with Europeans. Like all of the Indigenous peoples of the United States, Native Hawaiians deserve the right to determine their own future and maintain their culture, language, and identity. This is a purpose that all Americans can support, and we urge swift action by the Administration."

       "NCAI Applauds Department of the Interior for Recognizing Tribal Role in Managing Federal Lands and Natural Resources," October 21, 2016, http://www.ncai.org/news/articles/2016/10/21/ncai-applauds-department-of-the-interior-for-recognizing-tribal-role-in-managing-federal-lands-and-natural-resources, commented, " NCAI applauds the U.S. Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell as she announced a Secretarial Order encouraging cooperative management opportunities between the Department’s land managers and federally-recognized tribes. Through this effort, the Department of the Interior is recognizing enhanced management through collaborative partnerships and the integration of tribal knowledge, practices, and concerns into the management of federal lands and natural resources where there is a connection to tribal communities.
According to the Order, agencies are directed to identify opportunities, engage in consultation with tribal governments, and to undertake efforts to develop collaborative partnerships with tribes in the management of resources.
NCAI has long supported and advocated for the advancement of cooperative relationships that foster and integrate traditional indigenous knowledge and practices into the management of natural resources that affect tribal lands, empowering tribal self-determination and resiliency of tribal communities. NCAI will continue to work with tribes to ensure equitable participation by tribes in the co-management of traditional and customary resources for the continued well-being of their peoples and appropriate co-management agreements.
NCAI Executive Director Jacqueline Pata said, 'The Order announced today sets up a process and identifies the need for cooperative relationships that will benefit tribes in their efforts to manage natural resources. This also supports the exercise of our rights, and provides recognition of essential indigenous knowledge.""

      NCAI, "President Obama Hosts 8th Annual White House Tribal Nations Conference," September 26, 2016, http://www.ncai.org/news/articles/2016/09/26/president-obama-hosts-8th-annual-white-house-tribal-nations-conference,  commented, "Today, Indian Country gathered in Washington, DC to thank President Barack Obama for fulfilling his promise to Native Americans. President Barack Obama, tribal leaders, and federal officials gathered today for the 8th Annual White House Tribal Nations Conference (WHTNC). Tribes gathered to celebrate the Obama Administration, and honor his commitment to Native Americans over the course of his presidency.
'President Obama expressed a deep commitment to Indian Country when he took office, and pledged to honor the government-to-government relationship with tribal nations,' said NCAI President Cladoosby. 'As a result, today was a convening of heads of nations. This Administration has set the bar higher than ever before.' Under the Obama Administration, great strides were made toward establishing a cohesive government-to-government relationship with tribal nations. The White House Council on Native American Affairs, the White House Tribal Nations Conference, and Native Americans filling key positions in the White House and Administration all contributed to a strengthened relationship with tribes.
  As a result, tribal leaders felt moved to thank and honored President Obama, who was gifted with a blanket.
  Exchanges between cabinet members and tribal leaders affirmed that no other President has done more for Indian Country. It also became clear that with 116 days remaining, we are still focused on getting the job done.
  'In a spirit of cooperation and mutual respect, we’ve made a lot of progress for Indian Country over the past eight years. And this moment highlights why it’s so important that we redouble our efforts to make sure that every federal agency truly consults and listens and works with you, sovereign to sovereign' said President Obama in his speech. "
'I want everybody in this auditorium and all the folks back home in your respective communities to know that this whole time, I've heard you. I have seen you. And I hope I've done right by you. And I hope I've set a direction that others will follow,' said President Obama."

      "NCAI Hopeful for New Opportunities to Protect Tribal Lands, Waters, and Sacred Places with the Scheduling of Federal Government-to-Government Tribal Consultation Sessions, September 23, 2016, http://www.ncai.org/news/articles/2016/09/23/ncai-hopeful-for-new-opportunities-to-protect-tribal-lands-waters-and-sacred-places-with-the-scheduling-of-federal-government-tribal-consultation-sessions, commented, " The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) looks forward to the tribal consultation sessions announced today by the Department of the Interior, the Department of Justice, and the Department of Army. These federal departments are taking the next step as outlined by their September 9, 2016 Joint Statement in setting a tribal consultation schedule, to address longstanding issues of ensuring meaningful tribal input into infrastructure-related reviews and decisions that impact tribal communities, resources, and lands.
'Tribal Leaders from across Indian Country have come together in an unprecedented show of support for the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, in the fight to protect their water and cultural places,' said NCAI President Brian Cladoosby, 'So many of our tribal nations have dealt with the same type of issues protecting our natural and cultural resources.'
NCAI encourages the advancement of tribal sovereignty, and anticipates these tribal consultations sessions as an opportunity for tribal nations to their take place as governments during the review and permitting process of projects that will impact tribal waters, lands, and sacred places."

        CREDO, " Tell Congress: Stop the modern day Native American land grab," October 7, 2016, https://act.credoaction.com/sign/land_grab?t=2&akid=20014.1313914.sZsKSm, stated, "It’s simply deplorable: For the first time in more than 100 years, the federal government could steal fragile, sacred land from Native American tribes and hand it over to the fossil fuel industry.
Utah Republican Reps. Rob Bishop and Jason Chaffetz along with Sen. Mike Lee recently introduced a bill that would strip away protections for 100,000 acres of Ute tribal lands to allow for oil drilling and uranium mining. The bill would also prevent President Obama from designating 18 million acres of unprotected land at Bears Ears a national monument.
This legislation is a massive giveaway to the oil and mining industry and an attack on the indigenous people who have lived on this land for more than 11,000 years. We must act now to stop this bill in its tracks."
"This legislation is another attempt by Rep. Bishop to advance his campaign against the Antiquities Act, a law that allows the president to designate land a national monument. It’s responsible for creating many of our national treasures including the Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona and Chimney Rock National Monument in Colorado. Most recently, at the urging of tens of thousands of CREDO activists and our allies, President Obama designated more than 87,000 acres in northern Maine a national monument, despite pushback from Rep. Bishop and other extreme, anti-conservation Republicans.
This time, Rep. Bishop is going even further by attempting to rip away ancestral homelands from the Ute Indian tribe and hand them over to the fossil fuel industry. As Eric Ewert, professor of geography at Weber State University in Utah, put it, Rep. Bishop’s legislation is 'a fossil fuel development bonanza and public land giveaway that significantly rolls back existing protections for Utah’s wildlands. It was written behind closed doors with county commissioners and industry developers' and 'would be devastating for our public wildlands and Utah’s tourism economy.'
Americans across the country, including hundreds of thousands of CREDO activists, have voiced their opposition to handing over Native lands to the corporate oil and mining industry at Oak Flat in Arizona and for the Dakota Access pipeline in the upper Midwest.
We must stand in solidarity with Native communities and allies on the ground who are risking life and limb to protect these lands from further destruction by the fossil fuel industry.
Tell Congress: Stop the modern day Native American land grab. Click the link below to sign the petition:
https://act.credoaction.com/sign/land_grab?t=6&akid=20014.1313914.sZsKSm."

      Kirk Johnson, "Old Treaties and New Alliances Empower Native Americans," The New York Times, 15, 2016, http://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/16/us/old-treaties-and-new-alliances-empower-native-americans.html?ref=todayspaper&_r=0, reported, " The simmering standoff between the police and Native Americans and their allies who oppose a giant oil pipeline project in North Dakota is the most visible sign of an emerging movement that is shifting the debate about how public lands across North America should be managed.
From the rocky, pebbled beaches north of Seattle, where the Lummi Nation has led the fight against a proposed coal terminal, to southern Utah, where a coalition of tribes is demanding management rights over a proposed new national monument, to the tiny wooded community of Bella Bella, British Columbia, 350 miles north of the United States border, Native Americans are asserting old treaty rights and using tribal traditions to protect and manage federally owned land."
" The force for change comes in part from tribes’ forming new alliances as they defend territorial claims and manage resources. In some places, the focus is on fossil fuels and pollution; in others, on an awareness that climate change could have a disproportionately harsh impact on tribal populations because of where they live, in coastal or forest areas, or their dependence on natural resources or foods."
" In southern Nevada, the Moapa Band of Paiutes is seeking federal protection for lands that now lie within the ranch owned by Cliven Bundy, the father of Ammon and Ryan Bundy, who were recently acquitted of criminal charges for their roles in the armed occupation of a wildlife refuge in Oregon this year.
In Idaho last summer, tribal representatives from 19 states met for what organizers said was the biggest Native American workshop on climate change, and they concluded that global environmental changes transcended national boundaries."

       American Indian leaders and environmentalists have been opposing the Bureau of Land Management offering leases for oil and gas drilling in the Chaco Canyon area, concerned that fracking may damage the culturally and historically important site (Susan Montoya Bryan, "Tribal leaders press BLM on Chaco-area oil, gas drilling," Albuquerque Journal, December 3, 2016; and Susan Montoya Bryan, "Leases near Chaco draw challenge," Albuquerque Journal, December 10, 2016).

      The Menomonee Nation of Michigan has been actively opposing the Black Forty sulfide mining project that would mine zinc and copper ore from under the Menomonee, and would disrupt several tribal burial grounds (Paul Demain, "Menomonee Nation holds rally against Black Forty sulfide mining project," NFIC, October 2016).

      " Major Initiative Is Launched to Transform Society's Views of Native Americans," Cultural Survival, August 29, 2016, https://www.culturalsurvival.org/news/major-initiative-launched-transform-societys-views-native-americans , reported, "An unprecedented national project was announced today to bring Native Americans out of the shadows of public consciousness. Reclaiming Native Truth: A Project to Dispel America’s Myths and Misconceptions is a two-year research and strategy-setting effort to create a long-term, Native-led movement that will positively transform the image of and narrative on Native Americans.
   Led jointly by First Nations Development Institute and Echo Hawk Consulting, Reclaiming Native Truth is funded by a $2.5 million grant from the W.K. Kellogg Foundation (WKKF).
   "Native Americans and their communities are blocked from reaching their full potential by harmful stereotypes, misperceptions, and lack of awareness," said Michael E. Roberts ( Tlingit), president and CEO of First Nations Development Institute and co-director of Reclaiming Native Truth. "This cultural indifference and injustice pervades our entire country, from the media and entertainment industry to thought leaders and pop culture overall."
   In recent decades, American society has made significant strides in viewing various racial, ethnic and social groups more accurately and respectfully. However, Native peoples have been largely left out of this overall trend of greater acceptance and inclusion.
Project co-director Crystal Echo Hawk ( Pawnee), president and CEO of Echo Hawk Consulting, explained the goals of Reclaiming Native Truth. "Over the next two years, this project is focused on understanding the true extent of society’s negative and inaccurate perceptions of Native Americans and finding the best means of overcoming them," she said. "Only then will we have the knowledge we need to design a broad campaign to solve this problem."
   A 20-person Advisory Committee comprised of Native leaders, influential stakeholders, and racial equity experts will offer oversight, expertise and leadership to guide the project. To date, confirmed committee members include:
· Cheryl Crazy Bull ( Sicangu Lakota), president, American Indian College Fund
· Ray Halbritter ( Oneida), Oneida Indian Nation representative and CEO of Oneida Nation Enterprises
· Jacqueline Pata ( Tlingit), executive director, National Congress of American Indians
· Sara Kastelic ( Alutiiq), executive director, National Indian Child Welfare Association
· Dr. Adrienne Keene ( Cherokee), scholar, writer, blogger, and activist
· Judith LeBlanc ( Caddo), director, Native Organizers Alliance
· Denisa Livingston ( Navajo), community health advocate, DinCommunity Advocacy Alliance
· Nichole Maher ( Tlingit), board chair, National Urban Indian Family Coalition and President of Northwest Health Foundation
· Erik Stegman ( Assiniboine), executive director, Center for Native American Youth
· Mark Trahant ( Shoshone-Bannock), editor of TrahantReports
"The Kellogg Foundation is committed to supporting efforts that express more complete and authentic stories of all children, families and communities," said La June Montgomery Tabron, WKKF president and CEO. "It is our hope that this project will share the truth in narratives of the first people, and ultimately improve the lives of our country’s five million Native Americans and their descendants."
   At the conclusion of the two-year project, Native leaders will develop a national campaign to improve awareness of and respect and equality for Native Americans. This campaign will seek to secure greater inclusion of Native Americans in government decision-making; address disparities in grant making to Native Americans; improve the accuracy of Native Americans’ portrayal in the media and entertainment; ensure the inclusion of accurate Native American history in educational curricula; and implement other solutions to the predominant bias.
About First Nations Development Institute
First Nations Development Institute is the only Native American-controlled nonprofit dedicated to building healthy economies in Indian Country based on putting Native American communities in control of their assets. Through mid-2016, this 36-year-old economic justice organization has successfully managed 1,162 grants totaling more than $25.95 million to Native American projects and organizations in 39 states, the District of Columbia, and U.S. territory American Samoa. For more information, visit www.firstnations.org.
About Echo Hawk Consulting
Echo Hawk Consulting offers expert services in executive nonprofit leadership, philanthropic giving, program design, fundraising, and marketing to tribes, grant makers, businesses, nonprofit organizations, and philanthropic individuals focused on strategic growth, social change, and investment in Indian Country. For more information, visit www.echohawkconsulting.com.
About the W. K. Kellogg Foundation
The W.K. Kellogg Foundation (WKKF), founded in 1930 as an independent, private foundation by breakfast cereal pioneer Will Keith Kellogg, is among the largest philanthropic foundations in the United States. Guided by the belief that all children should have an equal opportunity to thrive, WKKF works with communities to create conditions for vulnerable children so they can realize their full potential in school, work and life. WKKF is based in Battle Creek, Michigan, and works throughout the United States and internationally, as well as with sovereign tribes. Special emphasis is paid to priority places where there are high concentrations of poverty and where children face significant barriers to success. WKKF priority places in the U.S. are in Michigan, Mississippi, New Mexico and New Orleans; and internationally, are in Mexico and Haiti. For more information, visit www.wkkf.org.

        Earth Justice, "Restore Wild Salmon: Remove the Lower Snake Rive Dams," October 20, 2016, https://secure.earthjustice.org/site/Advocacy;jsessionid=00000000.app314b?cmd=display&page=UserAction&id=1902&utm_source=crm&utm_content=ResponsiveSidebarTakeActionButton&autologin=true&NONCE_TOKEN=0FC826B8FFFB6D4498E0CBCEBCF5F277, stated in a campaign, " We have a once-in-a-generation opportunity to restore wild salmon in the Pacific Northwest’s Columbia and Snake rivers, once the greatest salmon rivers in the world. We can do this by removing four outdated and expensive dams on the lower Snake River.
But we need your help.
For nearly 20 years, in spite of multiple court rulings that have found their actions illegal, the federal agencies that own these salmon-killing dams have refused to fully evaluate removing them. That changed last May when a federal court judge directly ordered the agencies to develop a plan for dam operations that will restore our wild salmon—and directed them to specifically consider dam removal.
Now the agencies are seeking the public’s input on what they should do. For years scientists have said that removing the four deadly dams on the lower Snake is the single biggest step we can take to restore wild salmon to the river basin.
Wild salmon, steelhead and pacific lamprey are dying by the thousands due to these four outdated dams: Ice Harbor, Lower Monumental, Little Goose and Lower Granite. Astonishingly, both taxpayers and rate-payers—you and me—lose millions of dollars operating and maintaining these dams every year even though they produce only about 3 percent of the region’s power and kill hundreds of thousands of baby salmon. Meanwhile, the electricity the dams produce can be economically replaced by carbon-free energy alternatives. The dams’ other primary purpose, providing barge transportation, has declined nearly 70 percent in 20 years and what little demand remains can be replaced by rail or other effective options.
Further, the dams exacerbate the effects of climate change on the few remaining salmon, trapping the fish in slack-water reservoirs that overheat and contribute to disease, mortality and increased predation. Removing these four dams would open up a pathway for salmon to thousands of miles of pristine cold-water streams in the wilderness of central Idaho—a concrete action to combat the worst effects of climate change on our wild salmon.
These salmon are an icon of the Pacific Northwest way of life. They are a keystone species that help keep the natural world healthy by bringing nutrients from the briny ocean back to the high mountain streams. They are a critical food source for many other species, including endangered orcas.
The time is now to remove the four outdated, low-value, deadbeat dams on the lower Snake River. If we free the Snake, we can save the salmon and bring about the biggest river restoration in history."

      Alaska Wilderness League stated October 13, 2016, http://act.alaskawild.org/sign/congress-co-sponsor-stop-arctic-ocean-drilling-act_copy/?t=2&akid=1616.80367.aFO8Th, " Last week, nearly-record low Arctic Ocean ice coverage forced about 6,000 walrus onto land, distancing them from their food source. It's time for the Senate to act by taking a stand against Arctic Ocean oil spills."

        Tanya H. Lee, "Tribes Call On Obama to Bar Uranium Mining in Grand Canyon Forever," November 22, 2016. https://indiancountrymedianetwork.com/news/native-news/tribes-call-on-obama-to-bar-uranium-mining-in-grand-canyon-forever/, reported, " The Havasupai, Hualapai, Navajo, and Hopi are among the tribes working with Rep. Raul Grijalva, D-Ariz., environmental groups and other lawmakers to designate 1.7 million acres bordering Grand Canyon National Park as the Grand Canyon Heritage National Monument.

  The designation would make permanent the 20-year federal moratorium on new uranium mining in and around the canyon put in place in 2012. At stake are a fragile watershed, extensive wildlife habitat and sacred and archaeological sites important to the tribes’ religious and cultural survival."

       Amanda Blackhorse, "Blackhorse: Sacred Prayer Items Banned From Public Meeting," ICTMN, September 29, 2016, https://indiancountrymedianetwork.com/news/native-news/blackhorse-sacred-prayer-items-banned-from-public-meeting/. reported, " Calling for the end to the pre-construction of a six-lane highway that will parallel and cut through the southwestern part of a sacred mountain, the Ahwatukee and the Gila River Indian community hopes to deliver a message to the Arizona Department of Transportation (ADOT) that the fight to protect Moadag Do’ag (South Mountain) in Phoenix, Arizona is far from over.
However, before they could share their views with the agencies involved, local authorities told community members — which included the Protecting Arizona Resources and Children organization, approximately 20 O’odham runners from the Gila River Indian Community and others — that their sacred prayer items would not be allowed into the ADOT community meeting."

      The Shoshone-Bannock nation of Idaho is seeking to have the state's legal jurisdiction under Public Law 280 repealed, to have control over decision making including in road management, juvenile justice and mental health services, which the state never provided (Kmberelee Krueise, " Shoshone-Bannock oppose Idaho's legal reach," NFIC, August, 2016).

      Marissa Armas,"Fight to Repeal Columbus Day Continues in State Where Holiday Was Born, ICTMN, October 10, 2016, https://indiancountrymedianetwork.com/news/native-news/fight-to-repeal-columbus-day-continues-in-state-where-holiday-was-born/, reported, "On Saturday, McLean and members of the American Indian Movement of Colorado held the Four Directions All Nations March and Rally in Denver to protest the holiday that members say promotes Christopher Columbus’ 'colonial legacy.'"

       Native protestors and supporters demonstrated at the Arizona Snow Bowl on the San Francisco Peaks, near Flagstaff Arizona, in July 2016, opposing the expansion of the ski area on the mountain sacred to many tribes. (Krista Allen, "Native protestors fight Arizona Snowbowl's new development," Navajo Times, July 7, 2016)

       Jennifer K. Falcon, " Cleveland AIM, Allies Protest Progressive Insurance’s Support of ‘Indians’ Mascot, ICTMN, June 20, 2016, https://indiancountrymedianetwork.com/news/native-news/cleveland-aim-allies-protest-progressive-insurances-support-of-indians-mascot-2/, reported, " Members of the American Indian Movement Cleveland protested outside Progressive Insurance headquarters against its support of the Cleveland Indians."

       The Hawai’I People’s Fund, peoples@lava.net (808)593-9969, reported in its newsletters that among the organization to which it has given grants are:
‘Aha ‘Aloha ‘Aina, ahaalohaaina.com "a peoples process: open and transparent education, consultation, dialogue, consent and unity." With nearly 500 members and 33 sponsoring groups, the organization is providing a cultural process on every island for community dialogue, training new members and building community.
Hanakehau Learning Farm, hanakehau.com, "In addition to plants, we want to grow consciousness of our lahui." The farm provides learning projects from creating traditional Hawaiian implements to hosting diverse political and social groups.
Malama Kaua’i, malamakauai.org, was launching an island-wide sustainable agriculture internship program.
Hapa, hapahi.org, is the Hawai’I Alliance for Progressive Action, which has "a strong commitment to supporting new leadership with a strategic focus on social change.
Ho’ola Hou Ia Kalauao is involved in transforming food systems throughout the islands, with a focus on restoring knowledge of Kalauao, and protecting this space in an urban area generally known as Pearl Ridge.
Hui Malama I ke Aka ‘Ulili (HuiMAU), alaulili.com: "…We see our efforts as a reawakening and reclamation of our kuleana (responsibilities and rights) to our ‘aina and to each other as kama’aina, to cultivate healing, transformation and social justice in Hamakua…"
Hawaii's Thousand Friends, hawaii1000friends.org, partnered with Conservation Council for Hawaii, in the summer of 2016, to bring diverse environmentalists together from all the islands.
World Can't Wait Hawai'i, theworldcantwaithawai.blogspot.com, "attempts to connect national policies to their efforts in Hawai'i and the larger Pacific through education and action." It "address issues including police murder and brutality, expanding wars, attacks on reproductive rights, climate change, and more."

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International Activities

     "Joint Intervention on Indigenous Human Rights Defenders Presented at EMRIP," Cultural
Survival, July 13, 2016, https://www.culturalsurvival.org/news/joint-intervention-indigenous-human-rights-defenders-presented-emrip-0, reported, " A joint intervention by the International Indian Treaty Council (IITC), Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact, Consejo de Todas las Tierras, National Congress of American Indians, Native American Rights Fund, Cultural Survival, Alifuru Council, the Global Caucus of Indigenous Persons with Disabilities, Indigenous Bar Association of Canada, La Fundacion Paso A Paso and the Indigenous World Association was presented by Andrea Carmen of IITC at the United Nations Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples' 9th session taking place July 11th – 15th, 2016 under Agenda Item 10: Proposals to be submitted to the Human Rights Council.
'Thank you Mr. Chairman. We thank EMRIP for its important work and advice to the Human Rights Council.
We recognize the increasing numbers of death threats, intimidation, criminalization, imprisonment and outright killings of Indigenous Human Rights Defenders in many States around the world. The repression carried out in response to legitimate human rights activism of Indigenous Peoples opposing resource extraction and imposed development on their lands without their free, prior and informed consent as well as other rights recognized internationally as constituting the minimum standards for their dignity, well-being and survival of Indigenous Peoples as affirmed in the United Nations Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Repression of Indigenous Peoples exercising their recognized rights creates, contributes to and perpetuates conflicts around the world.
Indigenous Human Rights Defenders are sometimes labeled terrorists or criminals to justify violence and repression against them, further encouraging impunity by States, corporate security forces or private militia. Many reports of sexual violence, including gang rapes and trafficking carried out on against Indigenous women and girls in the context of such conflicts, as well as particular concerns regarding Indigenous human rights defenders with disabilities should also be highlighted.
The UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, in articles 27, 28, 37, 40 provides a framework for just, transparent, fully participatory and rights based processes for conflict resolution and redress in collaboration with States and Indigenous Peoples. To our knowledge these models have yet to be implemented. Likewise, the Human Rights Council has adopted a Resolution for the protection of human rights defenders of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights that was initiated by the government of Norway. A Study on this issue by the EMRIP would contribute significantly to the understanding and application of this resolution by the Council and its member States as well as to the work of the UN Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples in this regard.
We share the profound concern, sadness and outrage expressed by many Indigenous Peoples, the UN Special Rapporteur of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and UN experts during this session regarding the Indigenous Human Rights activists who have been recent targets of assassinations in areas of conflict. We note with great dismay that this assassination was carried out even after the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and the UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples called attention to the death threats against Berta and other members of her organization, COPINH, and called upon Honduras to ensure her safety along with others under similar threats in that country. Since that time, despite the international attention, we have been informed that two other members of COPINH have been killed.
There is an urgent need for ramped up action and attention on the situation of Indigenous Human Rights Defenders around the world. We therefor request that the next Study carried out by the EMRIP be on Indigenous Human Rights Defenders and the protection of their Human Rights as affirmed in the UN Declaration and other human rights standards. This study, which could be carried out in conjunction with the UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, and could include the causes and factors on the violation of the rights of human rights defenders, gaps in redress mechanisms and access to justice, and recommendations for the protection of Indigenous human defenders in relation to implementation HRC Resolutions, the UN Declaration and other Human Rights Standards.
We also request that the EMRIP invite the UN Special Rapporteurs on Human Rights Defenders and on Extrajudicial, Summary or Arbitrary Executions as well as the Rights of Indigenous Peoples to the 10 th session of the EMRIP to participate in discussions on strategies to protect Indigenous Human Rights Defenders.'"

        "Human Rights of Indigenous Peoples in Relation to Business Enterprises," Cultural Survival, July 12, 2016, https://www.culturalsurvival.org/news/human-rights-indigenous-peoples-relation-business-enterprises, reported , "On July 12, 2016, Dev Kumar Sunuwar delivered the following intervention under Agenda item 6: Human Rights of Indigenous Peoples in Relation to Business Enterprises during the 9th Session of the UN Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples in Geneva.
'Mr. Chair, distinguished representatives, Indigenous brothers and sisters.
I am Dev Kumar Sunuwar, pleased to make this intervention on behalf of indigenous peoples of Nepal.
Mr. Chair , the business ventures taking place in the ancestral lands, territories and natural resources of Indigenous Peoples are the prime causes of the human rights violations and the conflict in Nepal and elsewhere. In the course of implementation of 'business' related activities in their land and territories indigenous peoples have been facing multiple forms of human rights violations and abuses including torture, displacement, rape, killings etc.
Often funded by multinational corporations and business enterprises in the forms of development projects in Nepal have violated the indigenous peoples' rights massively, including their right to free, prior and informed consent. Indigenous communities who stood against such projects have often been detained, tortured and injured seriously, and are left without justice. The World Bank funded Nepal Power Development Project and ongoing serious violations of indigenous rights in Sindhuli district for construction of Khimti-Dhalkebar High-Voltage Transmission Lines, the deployment of the army by government of Nepal in the Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve, restricting the movement in the lands and territories of indigenous peoples in Western Nepal without conducting any consultations with indigenous peoples concerned, are some of the cases in point, how business venture in Nepal have violated the rights of indigenous peoples in Nepal.
Mr. Chair, Indigenous Peoples Human Rights Defenders who are documenting such abuses and the community media as well as journalists who have been communicating such human rights violations by big business, have been vulnerable, often been threatened and killed in Nepal, in Guatemala including in many parts of Asia, the situation of indigenous peoples and media is no different in other parts of globe.
The government of Nepal has introduced the concept of 'National Pride project (Rastriya Gaurab ka Ayojana) and deployed security forces including Military forces, to carry out a number of hydropower projects, which directly or indirectly target Indigenous Peoples. Indigenous Peoples have been portrayed as enemies of the nation and national interest project.
Mr. Chair, the concept of public interest, national pride project and the principle of 'eminent domain' have often prevented indigenous peoples from getting due justice against the violation of their rights. It is the fact that Indigenous Peoples are not against development or any business enterprises, they simply want that their rights are being respected. Moreover, they have distinct concept of sustainable and justifiable development that is what they want state and business enterprise understand. In this regard, we Indigenous Peoples of Nepal would like to recommend Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (EMRIP) to Conduct a study on the principle of Eminent domain and permanent sovereignty of indigenous peoples over land territories and natural resources in relation with concept of business and human rights. Similarly, we urge EMRIP to make recommendation to UN agencies, including states to support Indigenous Peoples Human Rights Defenders as well as Indigenous community media so that the media could help implement UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples as well as UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights so as to bring into the international attention of such grave violation of human rights of indigenous peoples' rights by business enterprises.
I thank you all for your kind attention.'
Presented by: Dev Kumar Sunuwar   On behalf of: Indigenous Media Foundation, Nepal, Lawyers' Association for Human Rights of Nepalese Indigenous Peoples (LAHURNIP), Cultural Survival, not-profit organization based in USA."

     The 42th Anniversary Treaty Conference, Waimanalo, Hawaii, September 7-8, 2016, agreed on the following resolutions, which are available at: http://www.iitc.org/2016-treaty-conference-resolutions/: IITC Declaration on Food Sovereignty: Shiprock, NM 2016 (published below in Dialoguing); IITC Declaration on Taro Conference 2016 ; IITC Resolution on Treaty Rights 2016 ; IITC Resolution on Standing Rock 2016 ; IITC Resolution on Cultural Rights and Sacred Sites 2016 ; IITC Resolution on Water 2016 ; IITC Resolution on Human Rights Defenders 2016 ; IITC Resolution on Environmental Health 2016 ; IITC Resolution on Restoring National Sovereignty, Achieving Decolonization and Building Economic Sovereignty 2016 .
The International Indian Treaty Council (IITC) is active in numerous areas, including climate change and environmental health, Treaties and Standard Setting, Food Sovereignty, and Defending Human Rights. Details on these programs are available at: http://www.iitc.org. The IITC November 9, 2016 Statement on the U.S. Election and the Inherent Rights of Indigenous Peoples is below, in Dialoguing, and on p. 167 of: http://cdn7.iitc.org/wp-content/uploads/AG07150E06_web.pdf.

     "Cultural Survival Announces New Strengthening Indigenous Women’s Leadership in Community Radio Initiative," Cultural Survival, December 19, 2016, https://www.culturalsurvival.org/news/cultural-survival-announces-new-strengthening-indigenous-womens-leadership-community-radio, reported, " Cultural Survival is pleased to announce the launch of our Strengthening Indigenous Women’s Leadership in Community Radio Initiative. The initiative will support a cohort of Indigenous women in Central America through a series of training and network-building workshops enabling participants to gain leadership and practical skills in investigative journalism, community radio production, and technical equipment operation.

By building a strong network of support for the women who will represent diverse Central American communities, the initiative will increase the visibility capacity, and leadership of Indigenous women and enable them to use community radio as a medium for advancing gender equality and for the empowerment of women and girls in their communities.

This initiative complements Cultural Survival’s overarching programmatic priority of amplifying diverse Indigenous voices in media and ensuring Indigenous media producers have the skills, support, and network opportunities to communicate Indigenous perspectives and share information between their communities and international Indigenous and mainstream spheres. The cohort members will also be involved in the production of radio programming for Cultural Survival’s Indigenous Rights Radio program, which works with over 1,600 community radio affiliates around the world, reaching an over 10 million listeners annually.
   'We are excited and committed to support Indigenous women in developing leadership in media, as for far too long women’s voices have been silenced and marginalized. Indigenous women face racism and discrimination: for being Indigenous, being women, and often for being impoverished economically. As mothers, sisters, wives, teachers, healers, and professionals, we have much to communicate," said Suzanne Benally, Cultural Survival Executive Director.'"

       "Will IUCN tackle conservation's shoot on sight problem?" Survival International, September 2, 2016, http://www.survivalinternational.org/news/11396, reported, " Survival International has urged the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) to address the spread of brutal shoot on sight conservation tactics at its world congress, which started yesterday in Honolulu, Hawaii.
Survival has asked the IUCN’s Director Inger Andersen to table the motion: 'We condemn extrajudicial killing and "shoot on sight' policies in the name of conservation.'
'Shoot on sight' conservation is spreading rapidly, and has been devastating for tribal peoples:
- In June 2016, in Kaziranga National Park in India, a seven-year-old tribal boy was shot and seriously injured by a park guard. 62 people have been executed there without trial in nine years. Tribal people face eviction to make way for the park’s expansion.
An Indian activist, said: 'These people should be the caretakers of the national parks, but the government policy has pauperized and alienated them. They have no livelihood and are living in a perpetual jail.'
- In Botswana, nine Bushmen were recently shot at by police from a helicopter for hunting antelope for food. They were then arrested, stripped naked and beaten. The country enforces a hunting ban which makes it hard for them to live, while big game trophy hunters are encouraged.
This is despite a 2006 court ruling which recognized the Bushmen’s right to live and hunt on their ancestral land.
The country’s Wildlife Minister recently said: 'Poachers should start carrying their IDs so that we can notify their next of kin. Yes, God will judge the poachers but it’s up to us to arrange the meeting.'
The spread of "shoot on sight" tactics is just one sign of how conservation is becoming militarized and increasingly brutal. The big conservation organizations are guilty of supporting this . They never speak out about evictions, arrests or shootings carried out in the name of conservation.
But there are signs of growing public concern. The UN Special Rapporteur on Indigenous Peoples recently published a report into the impact of conservation on indigenous peoples. And a slew of recent press reports have exposed the devastating impacts of conservation projects on tribal peoples worldwide.
Survival’s Director Stephen Corry said: 'Conservation would have better luck if it actually brought local communities on side instead of merely paying lip service to policies on indigenous peoples. Conservation initiatives should tackle the true poachers – criminals conspiring with corrupt officials. Instead, tribal people are being shot on sight while big conservation organizations stand by and watch. This is a humanitarian crisis and it’s scandalous that Survival is struggling to get them to condemn this scandal.'"

        Witness for Peace was engaged in a campaign in July 2016, https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSfwzhq0vVJKKFBMn_NEpsuFyir5F43N3jj-SJxFRKrhNOJuXg/viewform?link_id=3&can_id=2304a48b2891e77b9b6c14d1ce535f4f&source=email-national-call-in-day-for-berta-caceres-act-today-assassinations-continue-in-honduras&email_referrer=national-call-in-day-for-berta-caceres-act-today-assassinations-continue-in-honduras&email_subject=national-call-in-day-for-berta-c_ceres-act-today-assassinations-continue-in-honduras, saying, " Join us and activists across the US in calling your Representative NOW, to ask him/her to co-sponsor the Berta Cáceres Human Rights in Honduras Act, HR 5474. ( See the call script below the following text.)
Congressional Switchboard: (202) 224-3121
This week marks the three-year anniversary of the murder of Indigenous leader Tomás García by the Honduran military during a peaceful protest against the Agua Zarca Dam. A community leader and father of seven, Tomás is just one of far too many Hondurans persecuted and murdered by the Honduran security forces for simply standing up for their rights. Indigenous leader Berta Cáceres herself was arrested by the Honduran military on trumped up charges in an attempt to discredit and silence her. When that didn’t work, she was murdered.
Army Major Mariano Díaz - a graduate of the TESON special forces training course created by the US Army Rangers - has been arrested and charged in Berta’s murder, raising serious concerns regarding the chain of command. To that end, COPINH (the Civic Council of Popular and Indigenous Organizations of Honduras, which Berta co-founded) and Berta’s family insist there must be an international, independent investigation into the higher levels of the Honduran government and Armed Forces to ensure all those who ordered the murder are also prosecuted.
The Honduran security forces have also been linked to numerous murders of campesinos (small farmers) in the Bajo Aguán region of Honduras, and a recent article published in The Guardian reveals that Berta, as well as prominent campesino leaders in the Aguán, "appeared on a hitlist distributed to US-trained special forces units of the Honduran military."
After she won the 2015 Goldman Environmental Prize, Berta Cáceres met with members of the US Congress and asked them to stop financing and supporting the repressive Honduran government, including its security forces. A few weeks ago, Tomás Gómez Membreño, a close colleague of Berta's, traveled to Washington, DC to do the same, remarking that Berta had been in DC a year earlier to inform them about Tomás García and others who had been murdered. Now it was Tomás Gómez's turn to tell them about Berta’s murder. He mentioned that if the support for the Honduran regime didn’t stop, someone else would have to come next year with news of his murder. And he said they would keep coming and denouncing murder after murder of Indigenous and social movement leaders in Honduras until there was nobody left. And just days ago, yet another community leader actively opposing a major hydroelectric project in Lenca territory, Lesbia Yaneth Urquía, was murdered in the department of La Paz.
How many more people must be killed before Congress stops financing and training the repressive Honduran security forces?"

       "Survival complains to OFCOM over 'racist' Channel 4 News piece," Survival International, September 22, 2016, http://www.survivalinternational.org/news/11421, reported, Survival International has lodged a formal complaint to OFCOM over a Channel Four News report which alleged that many Brazilian tribes routinely kill disabled children, a claim widely attacked by experts.
The report focused on Atini, an evangelical mission in Brazil which takes in children from the Suruwaha and other tribal groups. It also expressed support for Muwaji’s Law, a measure proposed by evangelicals and conservative members of the Brazilian congress which could give authorities the power to break up indigenous families on suspicion of infanticide.
Survival’s legal team has lodged a complaint to OFCOM, the UK government’s broadcasting regulator, citing the report’s lack of impartiality and its failure to give viewers all the relevant facts.
In the complaint, Survival’s Director Stephen Corry said: 'Infanticide among the tribe to which Muwaji and her daughter belong, the Suruwaha, is extremely rare. Among isolated tribal communities in the Amazon generally, many anthropologists believe that infanticide is equally rare.
'Channel 4’s reporter made no reference at all to this body of opinion, either because he was not aware of its existence when he should have been or because he thought that this might reduce the dramatic impact of the story.'
At a conference on the issue of infanticide arranged by UNICEF in 2009, a Brazilian Indian said: 'The draft law [Muwaji’s Law] is racist because it does not consider or even mention that non-Indians kill their children much more. If the white people commit this crime more frequently than the Indians, why is a law just against Indians being pushed forward? The white people kill us and they are not detained. We face a racist law: our assassins are not incriminated by a specific law, but we are.'
Exaggerated reports of infanticide and other practices have long been used to undermine tribal peoples’ rights , even though they occur at least as frequently in industrial societies.
Muwaji’s Law is backed by evangelicals and conservative members of Brazil’s congress. It enables the authorities to take tribal children away from their families and requires all members of a community to tell the authorities about any pregnant woman in a 'situation of risk.' The law applies to everyone, including expectant fathers and other family members. All those who fail to report the pregnancy, whether real or merely suspected, commit a crime for which they can be prosecuted.
The mother and father are apparently to have few rights in this process. The proposed law does not allow them to challenge in court the potential decision to offer their child for adoption, once it has been taken away from them. It gives them no right to be told where their child has been taken, or to be provided with any other information about it, or even to maintain any relationship with it."

      "Indigenous People of Aotearoa Appeal to the United Nations," Cultural Survival, June 30, 2016, https://www.culturalsurvival.org/news/indigenous-people-aotearoa-appeal-united-nations, reported, "On June 28, 2016, the Indigenous people of Aotearoa (New Zealand) appealed to the United Nations and the UN Special Rapporteur on Indigenous Peoples’ Rights for recognition and acknowledgment of their sovereign rights of self-determination, self-government, and political autonomy. The Maui (Māori) ask to be invited to join the United Nations in order to make claims on behalf of the Indigenous Peoples of Aotearoa, and ask for assistance in presenting their cases to the General Assembly and other courts that may address the constitutional issues and charges made against the New Zealand government. The application lists several grievances against the government, including the government’s failure to consult the Indigenous Peoples of Aotearoa in regards to the Trans Pacific Partnership Agreement and numerous other agreements that affect their territories and lives. The application also charges John Key and the National Party Government, as well as others, with 'genocide' and 'arbitrary discrimination' against the Maui of Aotearoa. These claims present a situation in which the Indigenous Peoples have been disenfranchised and bullied by the government which refuses to protect them and acknowledge their rights as Indigenous Peoples.
The application was submitted by David James Nepia Swinton, the 'Kaitiaki,' or the guardian of the lands, territories, and autonomy of the people of Aotearoa. As a spokesperson for the Indigenous Peoples of Aotearoa, he asserts the Maui people’s right to own, manage and develop the ancestral lands, territories, waters, and resources that are vital to the survival of Indigenous culture.
Swinton, on behalf of the Indigenous Peoples of Aotearoa, invokes the right to self- determination that Article 3 of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples guarantees. The article states that "Indigenous Peoples have the right to self- determination" and to freely determine their own political status. Now, Swinton and the Nga Kaitiaki, or guardians of the land, refuse to enter into agreements with the Crown or New Zealand Incorporation until they agree to respect and engage with the Maui.
One major source of dispute between the Maui and the New Zealand government is the T rans Pacific Partnership Agreement . During negotiations over the agreement, the government did not consult with the Maui, violating their sovereign rights. The Trans Pacific Partnership Agreement is the most recent of many trade deals that have been negotiated without informing or consulting Indigenous representatives, despite the effects that these deals have on the lives of Indigenous people.
The agreement affects the rights of the Maui to intellectual property, biodiversity, and environmental law and policy. By not consulting with the Maui, the New Zealand government has violated their right to free, prior, and informed consent. This right is also violated by the treaty itself, which grants foreign investors rights that undermine the rights granted to Indigenous Peoples. By granting foreign investors these rights, the agreement forces the Maui to rely on the government for protection, even though they have no assurance of this protection by the treaty. New Zealand is violating Article 32 of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, which outlines the responsibility of the government to obtain consent before entering into an agreement that may affect Indigenous territory.
The application also charges the New Zealand Government with 'genocide' and 'racial discrimination,' saying that there is a coordinated effort to eliminate the Maui people by selling off their territory and resources and through racism in the justice system. The government has sold the water belonging to the Maui, and many indigenous families are living in extreme poverty or are homeless without government assistance. Indigenous people make up a disproportionately high amount of men and women in prisons. Over 50 percent of men and 63 percent of women in prison are Indigenous. Many Indigenous people have complained of racial profiling, bullying, and inhumane treatment by the New Zealand Police. They also have the highest suicide rate in New Zealand. The application also charges Helen Clark, the previous Prime Minister and leader of the labor party, with 'genocide' and 'arbitrary discrimination' for disenfranchising the Maui through legislation that alienates the Maui from their customary land. The unfair treatment of Indigenous Peoples reflects a concerted effort by the government to eliminate the Indigenous Peoples of Aotearoa.
In this application, Swinton, asks for guidance from the Special Rapporteur in achieving sovereignty and self- determination. Swinton also hopes to apply for help from sanctioned courts such as the International Court of Justice, The European Court of Human Rights, and the World Court at the Hague. Using these international legal mechanisms, the Indigenous Peoples of Aotearoa have hope that their rights will be respected, protected and fulfilled and justice will be served.
(Note on terminology: In the application, Swinton differentiates between the terms Māori and Maui. Though Māori is often used, Swinton calls it a "fictitious, abstract and misspelt label" and says that "Maui has been mispronounced and misspelled and called "Māori" ever since the arrival of the earliest maritime explorers and settlers, and has never been officially corrected until now.")

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