Elders Teachings: Wisdom We Need for Addressing Social Exclusion and Building Better Relationships in Society

John George Hansen, Rose Antsanen

Abstract


Indigenous social exclusion is a significant topic for Indigenous communities and governments. This article discusses Indigenous social exclusion as it relates to Indigenous ways of developing positive relationships in schools and communities. We outline the Indigenous experience of colonization, and the perception of ‘lack of social opportunity’ for Indigenous peoples in Canadian society.  Since many Indigenous communities turn to Elder’s for guidance, six Cree Elders were interviewed on traditional teachings and culture. The findings reveal that life in Indigenous communities and schools can be improved by utilizing traditional teachings, cultural values and Indigenous knowledge. 


Full Text:

PDF

References


Adams, H. (1975). Prison of grass: Canada from the native point of view. Toronto: New Press.

Antsanen, R., & Hansen, J.G. (2012). Stories of culture and justice in the North. In S. Matheson & J. Butler (Eds.), The Fictional North: Ten discussions of stereotypes and icons above the 53rd Parallel. (Pp. 7-16). Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Briggs, P. D. (1999). Community Development with Indigenous Communities: Facilitating the Creation of Appropriate Environments (Doctoral dissertation, The University of Guelph).

Cajete, G. (2000). Indigenous knowledge: The Pueblo metaphor of indigenous education. In M. Battiste. (Ed.), Reclaiming indigenous voice and vision. Vancouver.BC: UBC Press

Chadwick, K. (2004) Improving Schools through Community Engagement. Corwin Press, Thousand Oaks, California.

Champagne, D. (2015). Indigenous nations within modern nation states. Vernon, BC: J Charlton Publishing Ltd.

Charlton, J. & Hansen, J.G. (2016) Visualizing Indigenous Perspectives of how the Saskatoon Community Arts Program (SCYAP) Addresses Social Exclusion. The Annual Review of Interdisciplinary Justice Research. Volume 5. University of Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. http://media.wix.com/ugd/bab59a_76b042fed3174b31803d21cdf7248eb0.pdf

Commission on First Nations and Métis People. (2004). Final Report Volume 1. Legacy of hope: An agenda for change. Retrieved from www.justicereformcomm.sk.ca

Denzin, N. K. (1989). Interpretive Biography. Sage: London.

Frank, F. & Smith, A. (1999) The Community Development Handbook: A Tool to Build Community Capacity. Human Resources Development Canada

Hansen, J. G. (2013). Swampy Cree justice: Researching the ways of the People. 2nd edition Vernon, BC, Canada: J. Charlton Publishing Ltd.

Hansen, J.G., Booker, T.A., & Charlton, J.E. (2014). Walking with Indigenous philosophy: Justice and addictions recovery. 2nd Edition. Vernon, BC, Canada: J. Charlton Publishing Ltd.

Hansen, J.G., & Antsanen. R. (2015) Urban Indigenous People: Stories of Healing in the City. JCharlton Publishing Ltd/ Brunswick Books: Vernon, B.C. Canada.

Hansen J. G. & Calihoo, N. (2014). How the Urban Aboriginal Community Members and Clients of the Friendship Centre in Saskatoon Understand Addictions Recovery. Aboriginal Policy Studies. Volume 3, No1-2, 2014. pp. 88-111. University of Alberta. http://ejournals.library.ualberta.ca/index.php/aps/article/view/21702

Hansen, J. (2015) Indigenous-Settler Incarceration Disparities in Canada: How Tribal Justice Programming Helps Urban Indigenous Youth. Indigenous Policy Journal Vol.XXV, No. 3 (Winter 2015). Pages. 1-16. San Pedro, NE, Albuquerque, NM. http://www.indigenouspolicy.org/index.php/ipj/article/view/290/281

Hansen, J.G. & Antsanen, R (2016). "Elders' Teachings about Resilience and its Implications for Education in Dene and Cree Communities. The International Indigenous Policy Journal volume 7, issue 1. Retrieved from: http://ir.lib.uwo.ca/iipj/vol7/iss1/2

Hart, M. A. (2010). Indigenous worldviews, knowledge, and research: The development of an indigenous research paradigm.

Hart, M. (2002). Seeking Mino-Pimatisiwin: An Aboriginal approach to helping. Halifax: Fernwood Publishing.

Hunter, B. (2009). Indigenous social exclusion: Insights and challenges for the concept of social inclusion, Family Matters, 82, 52-61.

Johnstone, G. (2002). Restorative justice: Ideas, values, debates. Portland, Oregon: Willan Publishing.

Ross, R. (1996). Returning to the teachings: Exploring aboriginal justice. Toronto: Penguin Books.

Sensoy, O, & DiAngelo, R. (2012). Is everyone really equal? An introduction to key concepts in social justice education. New York: Teachers College Press.

Silver, H. (2007) Social Exclusion: Comparative Analysis of Europe and Middle East Youth, Middle East Youth Initiative Working Paper. Available [Online]. http://www.meyi.org/uploads/3/2/0/1/32012989/silver_-_social_exclusion- comparative_analysis_of_europe_and_middle_east_youth.pdf

Statistics Canada. 2006. Report on the demographic situation in Canada 2003 and 2004.

Statistics Canada Catalogue number 91-209-XIE. Ottawa.

Tobia, V; Riva, P.; & Caprin, C. (2016). Who Are the Children Most Vulnerable to Social Exclusion? The Moderating Role of Self-Esteem, Popularity, and Nonverbal Intelligence on Cognitive Performance Following Social Exclusion. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology · July 2016. DOI: 10.1007/s10802-016-0191-3

Wheatley, M. (2005) Finding Our Way: Leadership for An Uncertain Time. Berrett-Koehler Publishers Inc. San Francisco, California.

Wotherspoon, T., & Hansen, J. (2013). The "Idle No More" Movement: Paradoxes of First Nations inclusion in the Canadian context. Social Inclusion, 1(1), 21–36.

Yee, J. (2005). Critical anti-racism praxis: The concept of whiteness implicated. In S. Hick, J. Fook and R. Pozzuto (Eds.), Social work, a critical turn, pp. 87–104. Toronto: Thom


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.