Expanding the Circle: Developing an American Indian Political Theory for Living Well in the Twenty-First Century

Authors

  • Stephen Sachs

Abstract

The public affairs of the world are greatly out of balance, at this writing in the fall of 2013. In the United States, and many places across the globe, people are deeply divided, with massive peaceful demonstrations in numerous nations, violence at varying levels in others. Relations among people and with the Earth are often seriously out of harmony. From an Indigenous point of view, there is too much emphasis on, and struggle for, power as control, and not enough on empowerment. The causes are many. Some have to do with overly narrow views of economics and development, while others have to do with upbringing, teaching and learning, how we come to view the world and guide our actions in it. These topics are considered elsewhere. All of these are interrelated with the political, which is the focus of this paper.

References

“1992 Presidential Debate with George HW Bush, Bill Clinton & Ross Perot, “(2008) C-SPAN, October 06, 2008, http://MOXNews.com/ and http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jg9qB_BIjWY.

Adizes, Ichak (1971). Industrial Democracy: Yugoslav Style, The Effect of Decentralization on Organizational Behavior. New York: The Free Press.

ADR Resources (accessed January 4, 2014). http://adrresources.com/adr-news/328/hooponopono-hawaiian-traditional-dispute-resolution-philosophy'

ancient huna.com (2011), http://www.ancienthuna.com/ho-oponopono.htm.

Argyris, Chris (1957). "The Individual and the Organization, A Problem of Mutual Adjustment," Administrative Science Quarterly, 2.

Aristotle (1985). The Politics, Translated with an Introduction, Notes and Glossary by Carnes Lord. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Atkin, Nicholas (2004). The Fifth French Republic. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Barber, Benjamin R. (1984). Strong Democracy: Participatory Politics for a New Age. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.

Becker, Theodore Lewis and Christa Daryl Slaton (2000). Future of Teledemocracy. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers.

Bernstein, Paul (1980). Workplace Democratization: Its Internal Dynamics. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Books.

Beth, Richard S. (1995). "How Transformationalists Think About Transformation: Themes and Implications," Proceedings of the 1995 American Political Science Association Meeting. Washington, DC: The American Political Science Association.

Blauner Robert (1964) Alienation and Freedom. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Blinder, Alan S., Ed. (1990), Paying for Productivity: A Look at the Evidence. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution.

Bluehouse, Philmer and James Zio (1996). "Hozhooji Naat'aanii: The Navajo Nation Justice and Harmony Ceremony," in Neilson, Marianne O. and Robert A. Silverman, Native Americans, Crime and Justice. Boulder: CO, Westview Press, 1996, pp. 181—182.

Boothe, Ivan (2012), “The Occupy Movement: What Democracy Looks Like,” Nonviolent Change, 26: 2, winter 2012.

Bourdieu, P. and L.J.D. Wacquant (1992). An Invitation to Reflexive Sociology. Chicago, University of Chicago Press.

Bowen. Glenn A. (2008). “An analysis of citizen participation in anti-poverty programmes," Community Development Journal, 43:1, January 2008 pp. 65–78.

Brinson, J. and T.A. Fisher (1999). "The Ho'oponopono Group: A Conflict Resolution Model for School Counselors." Journal for Specialists in Group Work, 24:4, pp. 369-382.

Britten, Thomas A. (2014). The National Council on Indian Opportunity: Quiet Champion of Self-Determination. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.

Brown, Lee P. (1989). Community Policing: A Practical Guide for Police Officials. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.

Cahn, Edgar (2000). No More Throw-Away People: The Co-Production Imperative. Washington, DC: Essential Books.

“California Enterprise Zones,” (2013). California Department of Housing and Community Development, http://www.hcd.ca.gov/fa/ez/.

California Victim Compensation Program (CalVCP) (2013). http://www.vcgcb.ca.gov/victims/.

“Campaign Finance: Comparative Summary” (2009). Washington, DC: Library of Congress, http://www.loc.gov/law/help/campaign-finance/comparative-summary.php.

Campbell, Alastair, et al, (1977). Worker Ownership: The Mondragon Achievement. London: Anglo-German Foundation for the Study of Society.

Citizens Power (1992). 18: 2, Fall 1992, published by Citizens Action Coalition, 3951 N. Meridian St., Suite 300 Indianapolis, IN 46208.

Carroll, Rory (2013). “Activists protest Koch brothers' links to purchase of Los Angeles Times,” The Guardian, May 14, 2013, http://www.theguardian.com/media/2013/may/14/los-angeles-times-los-angeles.

Cartwright, D. and Z. Zander, Eds. (1953), Group Dynamics. Evanston, IL: Row, Peterson.

Center for Nonviolent Communications, 2013, http://www.cnvc.org/.

Chanel 97, City of Stockton, CA, downloaded October 11, 2013, http://www.stocktongov.com/government/departments/manager/pub97.html.

Chandola, M. Varn (1992-93). “Affirmative Action in India and the United States: The Untouchable and Black Experience.” 3 Ind. Int'l & Comp. L. Rev. 101, http://heinonline.org/HOL/LandingPage?collection=journals&handle=hein.journals/iicl3&div=7&id=&page= (1992-1993).

Clark, Wilson (1975). Energy for Survival. Garden City, NY: Anchor Books.

Cloward, Richard A. and Francis Fox Piven, “The Weight of the Poor: A Strategy to End Poverty,” Nation, May 2, 1966.

Coch, L. and J.R.P. French (1953). "Overcoming Resistance to Change," in Cartwright, D. and Z. Zander, (Eds.), Group Dynamics. Evanston, IL: Row, Peterson.

Coleman, Veronica, Walter C. Holton, Jr., Kristine Olson, Stephen C. Robinson and Judith Stewart (1999). "Using Knowledge and Teamwork To Reduce Crime", National Institute of Justice Journal, No. 88, October 1999.

Davies, Gareth (1996), From Opportunity to Entitlement: The Transformation and Decline of Great Society Liberalism. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1996.

Dewey, Caitlin (2012). “How the Middle East uses social media, in four charts,” Washington Post, December 19, 2012, http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/worldviews/wp/2012/12/19/how-the-middle-east-uses-social-media-in-four-charts/.

Dowling, William F. (1973). "Job Redesign on the Assembly Line: Farewell to Blue Collar Blues?" Organization Dynamics, 2, pp. 51-67.

Downes, James F. (1972) The Navajo. New York: Holt Reinhart and Winston, Inc.

Drucker, Peter F. (1989). The New Realities. New York: Harper and Row.

Drucker, Peter F. (1993). Post Capitalist Society. New York: Harper and Row.

Econ Matters, “Is Speculation the Reason for High Oil and Gasoline Prices (2011). Econ Matters, May 6, 2011, http://www.econmatters.com/2011/05/speculation-does-not-explain-high-oil.html.

Elizar, Daniel (1973). American Federalism. New York: Thomas Crowell Co.

Emery, F.E. and Einar Torsrud (1969), Form and Content in Industrial Democracy. London: Tavistock Institute.

“Executive Order - Establishing the White House Council on Native American Affairs” (2013). Office of the Press Secretary, Press Release, June 26, 2013.

"EPA, Quale, Committee Head for Showdown" (1991). The Indianapolis News, November 21, 1991. pp. Al & A4.

Executive Order 13647 of June 26, 2013 Establishing the White House Council on Native American Affairs, 39539 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 126/Monday, July 1, 2013/Presidential Documents.

The Fair Elections Act (2013). http://dianerussell.nationbuilder.com/fair_elections_act.

Farole, Jr., Donald J., Nora Puffett, Michael Rempel, and Francine Byrne (2005). “Applying the Problem-Solving Model Outside of Problem-Solving Courts,” Judicature, 89:1, July – August 2005.

Fellowship of Reconciliation Peacemaker Training Institute: http://www.forusa.org/programs/pti/default.html.

“Financial Speculation Tax,” (2013). Northland Democratic Club, http://www.northlanddem.org/Financial_Speculation_Tax.php.

“Financial Transfer Tax” (2013). CEPR, http://www.cepr.net/index.php/issues/fst/.

Fischer, Louis (1990). American Constitutional Law, Third Edition. Durham: Carolina Academic Press.

"The Freedmen's Bureau, 1865-1872”, African American Heritage, U.S. National Archives and Records Administration, http://www.archives.gov/research/african-americans/freedmens-bureau/.

Friedland, Lewis A. (1996). “Electronic Democracy and the New Citizenship,” Media, Culture and Society, 18, pp. 185-212, Reprinted on CPN, http://www.cpn.org/crm/contemporary/electronic.html.

Fritschler, A. Lee (1969). Smoking and Politics: Policy Making and the Federal Bureaucracy New York: Appleton Century Crofts.

Galbraith, Jay (1973). "Information Processing Model", in Galbraith, Jay Designing Complex Organizations. Reading, MA: Addison Wesley Publishing Company.

Gebser, Jean (1953). The Ever Present Origin. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press.

Georgakas, Dan and Marvin Surkin (1975). Detroit I Do Mind Dying: A Study in Urban Revolution. New York: St. Martin's Press.

Goldman, Irving (1937). “The Kwakiutl of Vancouver Island,” in Mead, Margaret, ed., Cooperation and Competition Among Primitive Peoples. New York: McGraw Hill Book Company, pp. 180-209.

Goldstein, Herman (1988). "Toward Community Oriented Policing: Potential, Basic Requirements and Threshold Questions," Crime and Delinquency, 33, pp. 6-30.

Greene, Jack R. and Stephen D. Mastrofski, eds (1988). Crime and Delinquency. New York: Praeger.

Greenstone, David and Paul E. Peterson (1973). Race and Authority in Urban Politics: Community Relations and the War on Poverty. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Grodzins, Morton (1966). The American System: A New View of the Government of the United States. New York: Rand McNally.

Grossman, Richard S. (2013). WRONG: Nine Economic Policy Disasters and What We Can Learn from Them. New York: Oxford University Press.

Gutierrez-Johnson, A. (1978). “Compensation, Equity and Industrial Democracy in the Mondragon Cooperatives," Economic Analysis and Workers' Self-Management, 12, 1978, pp. 267-289.

Gutierrez-Johnson, A. and William Foote Whyte (1977). "The Mondragon System of Worker Production Cooperatives," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 31: 1, October 1977, pp. 18-30.

Hanley Duncan, Susan and Ida Dickie (2013). "Family group conferencing: A pilot project within the juvenile court system in Louisville, Kentucky," The Prevention Researcher, 20/1, pp. 11-14, http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/integratedresearchsrvcs/pr_201302/#/16.

Hantzopoulos, Maria (2013). "The Fairness Committee: Restorative justice in a small urban public high school," The Prevention Researcher, 20: 1, pp 7-10, http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/integratedresearchsrvcs/pr_201302/#/12.

Harris, LaDonna, Stephen M. Sachs and Barbara Morris (2011). Recreating the Circle: The Renewal of American Indian Self Determination. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.

Howard, John and Stephen Deutsch (1970). Where It's at: Radical Perspectives on Sociology. New York: Harper and Row Publishers.

http://www.bing.com/search?q=ho'oponopono&form=APMCS1, accessed December 28, 2013.

Hunius, Gerrry G. David Garson and John Case (1973). Workers' Control: A Reader on Labor and Social Change. New York: Random House.

IGA (2013) http://www.iga.com/consumer/default.aspx.

Jacobs, Andrew (2013). “Plans to Harness Chinese River’s Power Threaten a Region,” The New York Times, May 4, 2013, http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/05/world/asia/plans-to-harness-chinas-nu-river-threaten-a-region.html?ref=todayspaper.

Johnson, Ian (2013). “China’s Great Uprooting: Moving 250 Million Into Cities,” The New York Times, June 15, 2013, http://www.nytimes.com/2013/06/16/world/asia/chinas-great-uprooting-moving-250-million-into-cities.html?ref=todayspaper.

Johnston, Kirsty (2013). "Alternative road for victims of sex crime," Fairfax New Zealand News, December 22, 2013, http://www.stuff.co.nz/national/9544771/Alternative-road-for-victims-of-sex-crime.

Junn, Jane (1995). "Participation in Liberal Democracy: What Citizens Learn from Political Activity," Proceedings of the 1995 American Political Science Association Meeting. Washington, DC: The American Political Science Association.

Kids Health from Nemours (2013). http://kidshealth.org/parent/positive/family/tv_affects_child.html.

Kluckhohn, Clyde and Dorothy Leighton (1974). The Navaho. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

"Keeping Current" (1990). Labor Relations Today, November/December, 1990.

Kocieniewski, David (2013) “A Shuffle of Aluminum, but to Banks, Pure Gold,” The New York Times, July 20, 2013, http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/21/business/a-shuffle-of-aluminum-but-to-banks-pure-gold.html?_r=0.

Korten, David (1995). When Corporations Rule the World, West Hartford, CT: Kumarian Press.

Kozal, Jonathan (1991). Savage Inequalities: Children in America's Schools. New York: Crown Publishers.

Kretzmann, J.P. and J.L. McKnight (1993). Building Communities from the Inside Out: A Path toward Finding and Mobilizing a Community's Assets. Chicago: Center for Urban Affairs and Policy Research/Acta Press.

Kropotkin, Peter (2010). Mutual Aid: A Factor in Evolution. www.digireads.com: Digireads.com Publishing.

Lawler III, Edward E., Susan Albers Mohrman and Gerald E. Ledford, Jr. (1992). Employee Involvement and Total Quality Management: Practices and Results in Fortune 1000 Companies. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.

Lederach, John Paul (2003). The Little Book of Conflict Transformation. Good Books.

Lederach, John Paul (2003a). “Conflict Transformation,” Beyond Intractability, http://www.beyondintractability.org/essay/transformation/.

Lesieur, Frederick (1958). The Scanlan Plan: A Frontier in Labor Management Cooperation. Cambridge, MA: M.I.T. Press.

Li, Bingqin and David Piachaud (2004), Poverty and Inequality and Social Policy in China. London: Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics.

Mails, Thomas (1997). The Hopi Survival Kit. New York: Stewart, Tabori and Chang, Media Holdings, Inc.

Mansbridge, Jane (1980). Beyond Adversary Democracy. New York: Basic Books.

Mayer, Jane (2010). “Covert Operations: The billionaire brothers who are waging a war against Obama.” The New Yorker, August 30, 2010, http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2010/08/30/100830fa_fact_mayer.

Maystre, Nicholas (2011). Econ Matters, May 6, 2011, http://www.econmatters.com/2011/05/speculation-does-not-explain-high-oil.html

McChesney, Robert and John Nichols (3013). “Dollarocracy: How big money undermines our democracy and how we can take it back,” The Nation, September 16, 2013, posted on Common Dreams, http://www.commondreams.org/view/2013/09/16-8.

McGregor, Douglas (1967). "The Human Side of Management," Management Review, 1967, reprinted in Ott, J. Steven (1989). Classic Readings in Organizational Behavior. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole Publishing Co.

MacKenzie, G. Calvin and Robert Weisbrot (2008). Washington and the Politics of Change in the 1960s.(New York, Penguin Books.

Mead, Margaret, ed. (1937). Cooperation and Competition Among Primitive Peoples. New York: McGraw Hill Book Company, Inc.

Medanie, Germal (1983). "Mondragon: Your Add Is About to Run Out," Grassroots Economic Organizing Newsletter, No. 10, September/October, 1983.

Melman, Seymour (1958). Decision Making and Productivity. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Melton, Ada Pecos (2005). "Indigenous Justice Systems and Tribal Society," in McCaslin, Wanda D., ed (2005). Justice as Healing: Indigenous Ways, Writings on Community Peacemaking and Restorative Justice from the Native Law Centre. St. Paul: Living Justice Press.

Miami Herald Publishing Co. v. Tornillo, 418 U.S. 241 (1974).

Miller, Bruce G. (2001). The Problem of Justice: Tradition and Law in the Coast Salish World. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

Mollner, Terry (1984). Mondragon: A Third Way. Shutesbury, MA: Trustee Institute, Inc.

Moore, Mark Harrison (1992). "Problem-Solving and Community Policing," in Tonry, M. and N. Morris (1992). Modern Policing. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Morse, Nancy (1953). Satisfaction in the White Collar Job. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Move On.org: moveon.org.

Nalbantian, Haig R, ed.. (1987). Incentives, Cooperation, and Risk Sharing: Economic and Psychological Perspectives on Employment Contracts. Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Litlefield.

National Coalition for Dialogue and Deliberation, http://ncdd.org.

National Council of State Legislatures (2013), “Absantee and Early Voting”. http://www.ncsl.org/legislatures-elections/elections/absentee-and-early-voting.aspx.

Naylor, Larry L. (1997). Cultural Diversity in the United States. Indianapolis: Greenwood Publishing

National Science Foundation, www.nsf.gov.

Network for Peace Through Dialogue, http://ncdd.org/.

Neilson, Marianne O. and Robert A. Silverman, Native Americans, Crime and Justice. Boulder: CO, Westview Press, 1996.

Oakeshott, Robert, (1975). "Mondragon: Spain's Oasis of Democracy," in Vanek Jaroslav, ed, Self-Management: The Economic Liberation of Man. Baltimore: Penguin Books, Inc.

Obradovic, Josip and William Dunn (1978). Workers' Self-Management and Organizational Power in Yugoslavia. Pittsburgh: University Center for International Studies, University of Pittsburgh.

Osborne, David and Ted Gaebler (1993). Reinventing Government: How the Entrepreneurial Spirit Is Transforming the Public Sector. New York: Penguin Books.

Ott, J. Steven (1989). Classic Readings in Organizational Behavior. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole Publishing Co.

Ouchi, William (1981). Theory Z Corporations: How American Business Can Meet the Japanese Challenge. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.

Pateman, Carole (1970). Participation and Democratic Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Pavelka, Sandra (2013). "Practices and policies for implementing restorative justice within schools," The Prevention Researcher 20: 1. pp. 15-17.

Pinchot, Gifford and Elizabeth Pinchot (1993). The End of Bureaucracy and the Rise of the Intelligent Organization.(San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.

“Pilot Program Saves County $151,000” (1982), Workplace Democracy, 9:3, Spring 1982.

Pranis, Kay, Barry Stuart and Mark Wedge (2003). Peace Making Circles: From Crime to Community. Saint Paul, MN: Living Justice Press.

Putnam, R.D. (1994). “Bowling Alone: America's Declining Social Capital,” Journal of Democracy, 6: 1: 6-78.

Ravichandran, Padma and Brandel France de Bravo, MPH (2012).” Young Children and Screen Time (Television, DVDs, Computer).” National Research Center for Women and Families, http://center4research.org/child-teen-health/early-childhood-development/young-children-and-screen-time-television-dvds-computer/.

Ray, Paul H. (1996) The Integral Culture Survey, Sauselito, CA: The Institute for Noetic Sciences.

Raynor, Doug (1985). "W.L. Gore: Creating a Business Without Bosses," Workplace Democracy, 12: 2, Fall, 1985.

Research.gov.

"Restorative Justice in the Workplace" (2011). Mediation Services, April 27, 2011, http://mediationserviceswpg.wordpress.com/2011/04/27/restorative-justice-in-the-workplace/.

Riddell, David (1970) “Social Self-Government in Yugoslav Socialism,” in Howard, John and Stephen Deutsch, Where Its at: Radical Perspectives on Sociology. New York: Harper and Row Publishers.

Ross, Rupert (1996). Returning to the Teachings: Exploring Aboriginal Justice. Toronto: Penguin, Canada.

Rousseau, Jean Jacques (1950). The Social Contract and Discourses. New York: E.P Dutton and Company.

Roethisberger Frederick J. (1941). "The Hawthorne Experiments," in Management and Morale. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Rusmich, Ladislav and Stephen M. Sachs (2003). Lessons from the Failure of the Communist Economic System. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.

Russell, Diane, 2013, http://dianerussell.nationbuilder.com/fair_elections_act.

Sachs, Stephen M. (1977, 1981). "Some Reflections Upon Workers' Self-Management in Yugoslavia," Journal of the Hellenic Diaspora: Critical Thought on Greek and World Issues, 4:1, March 1977. Reprinted as Workplace Democracy Paper #4 (Washington, D.C.: Association for Workplace Democracy, 1981).

Sachs, Stephen M. (1984). "Uncertain Verdict: In the Auto Industry the Participation and Quality of Worklife Programs Have Mixed Results," Workplace Democracy, 11:2, Fall, 1984.

Sachs, Stephen M. (1987). "Educating for Workplace and Economic Democracy," International Conference on the Politics of Economic Democracy, International Sociology Association, Research Committee 10.

Sachs, Stephen M. (1991). "Workplace Revolution, Education and Political Transformation," Proceedings of the 1991 American Political Science Association Meeting. Washington, DC: American Political Science Association.

Sachs, Stephen M. (1992). "The Putney School: John Dewey Is alive and Well in Southern Vermont,” Democracy & Education, 6: 3, Spring 1992, pp. 35-41.

Sachs, Stephen M. (1994), "Building Trust in Democratic Organizations," Psychology, 31: 2.

Sachs, Stephen M. (1994a). "Los Angeles and Somalia: Community Service Policing and Community Empowerment," Nonviolent Change, Vol. VIII, No. 2-3, Winter-Spring, 1994, reprinted in The Consortium on Peace, Research, Education and Development, COPRED Peace Chronicle, 19: 2, December, 1994.

Sachs, Stephen M. (1997). "The Interaction of Forces for and Against Political and Social Transformation," Proceedings of the 1997 American Political Science Association Meeting (Washington, DC: American Political Science Association, 1997).

Sachs, Stephen M. (2008). “Climate Change, Environmental Decay and Indigenous People: Indigenizing the Greening of the World.” Indigenous Policy, 19: 2, Summer 2008.

Sachs, Stephen M. (2011). “Remembering the Traditional Meaning and Role of Kinship In American Indian Societies, To Overcome Problems of Favoritism In Contemporary Tribal Government,” Proceedings of the 2011 Western Social Science Association Meeting, American Indian Studies Section, in Indigenous Policy, 22:2, Fall 2011.

Sachs, Stephen M. (2013). “We Face a Critical Moment As the World Moves Into a New Period,” Nonviolent Change, 27: 1, Fall 2013.

Sachs, Stephen M. (2013a). “Honoring the Circle, The impact of American Indian Tradition of Western Political Thought and Society,” Indigenous Policy, 24: 2, Fall 2013.

Sachs, Stephen M. and Nahoma Sachs (1974), “Political Participation in a Macedonian Village.” Chicago: Midwest Political Science Association Meeting.

Sanders, Bernie (2012). “Wall Street greed fueling high gas prices,” CNN, February 28, 2012, http://www.cnn.com/2012/02/28/opinion/sanders-gas-speculation/index.html.

Sanders, Senator Bernie (2013). http://www.fedupusa.org/2012/09/senator-bernie-sanders-we-need-public-funding-of-elections/ and http://www.sanders.senate.gov/legislation/issue/campaign-finance.

Schaur, Helmut (1973). "Critique of Co-Determination," in Hunius, Gerrry, G. David Garson and John Case, Workers' Control: A Reader on Labor and Social Change. New York: Random House.

Schillinger, Raymond (2011). “Social Media and the Arab Spring: What Have We Learned,” The Huffington Post, September 20, 2011, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/raymond-schillinger/arab-spring-social-media_b_970165.htmll.

Search for Common Ground, www.sfcg.org.

Search for Common Ground’s defusing of the abortion issue, go to: http://search.freefind.com/find.html?id=77561039&pageid=r&mode=ALL&n=0&_charset_=&bcd=%C3%B7&query=Abortion.

Shafritz, Jay M. and J. Stephen Ott (1992). Classics of Organization Theory, Third Edition.(Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole Publishing Co.

Shapiro, Gary (1999). "The Neighborhood Facilitators Project in Bosnia Post-War Community Peacebuilding, from the Bottom Up, Excerpts from the Executive Summary" Parts I and II, in Nonviolent Change, 13: 3, Spring 1999, pp. 17-20, and 14: 1, Fall 1999, pp. 17.

Shook, Victoria (2002). Ho'oponopono: Contemporary Uses of a Hawaiian Problem Solving Process. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.

Simmons, John and William Mares (1983). Working Together. New York: Knopf.

Simanovsky, Natalia (2012). "Multiculturism in Canada: A Model for Other Countries," Nonviolent Change, 26/3, Spring 2012. This article was written for the Common Ground News Service (CGNews, www.commongroundnews.org), March 12, 2012, who distributed it with copyright permission granted for publication.

Smith, Jeff (1991). "Traditional Foes Agree on Gasoline Formula," Indianapolis Star, 89: 73, 1991, pp. 1, 7.

Smith, Hedrick (1995). Rethinking America. New York: Random House.

Sumrall, Shannon (accessed January 4, 2014). Ho'oponopono, http://www.healthsurvey.com/hoopono.htm.

Srewart, LaShonda M., Steven A. Miller and R.W. Hildreth (2014). “Participatory Budgeting in the United States: A Preliminary Analysis of Chicago’s 49th Ward Experiment,” New Political Science, Vol. 36, No. 2, June 2014.

Taylor, Federick (1916). "The Principles of Scientific Management,” in Jay M. and J. Stephen Ott (1992) Classics of Organization Theory, Third Edition. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole Publishing Co.

Taylor, Federick (1947). Scientific Management. New York: Harper and Row.

Tausky, Curt (1978). Work Organizations: Major Theoretical Perspectives, Second Edition. Ithaca, IL: F. E. Peacock Publishers.

Thomas, Henk and Chris Logan (1982). Mondragon: An Economic analysis. London: George Allen and Unwin.

Time Banks, 2012, http://timebanks.org/.

Time Dollar Institute, 2012, http://www.aecf.org/MajorInitiatives/MoreCaseyInitiatives/ProgramProfiles/TimeDollarIntro.aspx.

Tonry, M. and N. Morris (1992). Modern Policing. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Trojanowicz, Robert (1990) and Bonnie Bucqueroux. Community Policing: A Contemporary Perspective. Cincinnati, OH.

Tucker, Robert C. (1972). The Marx Engels Reader, Second Edition. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1972.

“UNCTAD: High Frequency Trading and Speculation Leads to Higher Prices,” The Real News.com, November 1, 2012, http://www.therealnews.com/t2/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=31&Itemid=74&jumival=8894.

University of Foreign Military And Cultural studies (2012). Red Team Handbook. April 2012 Distribution, http://usacac.army.mil/cac2/UFMCS/repository/RT_Handbook_v6.pdf.

"Uses Outside of Criminal Justice" (2013). Restorative Justice.org. http://www.restorativejustice.org/press-room/06outside?searchterm=restorative+justice+in+workpl.

U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Management Relations and Cooperative Programs (1990). ARMCO Steel's Quality Plus Program at Ashland Kentucky. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Management Relations and Cooperative Programs.

“U.S. Government Sponsored Collaborations,” 2013, Siemans, http://www.usa.siemens.com/en/about_us/research/home/government.htm.

van Biezen, Ingrid (2003), Financing political parties and election campaigns –guidelines. Council of Europe Publishing, printed in Germany, http://www.coe.int/t/dghl/monitoring/greco/evaluations/round3/Financing_Political_Parties_en.pdf.

Vanek, Jaroslav (1971). The Participatory Economy: An Evolutionary Hypothesis and a Strategy for Development. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Vanek Jaroslav, ed. (1975). Self-Management: The Economic Liberation of Man. Baltimore: Penguin Books, Inc.

Walker, Charles H. (1950), "The problem with the Repetitive Job," Harvard Business Review, Vol. 28, May 1950.

Weisheit, Ralph A., L. Edward Wells and David N. Falcone (1994) "Community Policing in Small Towns and Rural America", Crime & Delinquency, 40: 4, October 1994, pp. 549-567.

Wilson, James Q. and George L. Kelling (1989). "Making Neighborhoods Safe," Atlantic Monthly, 263: 2, February, 1989.

Wong, Edward, (2011). “Central China Hit by Drought, as Reservoirs Become ‘Dead Water’,” The New York Times, May 16, 2011, http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/17/world/asia/17drought.html?ref=world.

Wong, Edward (2011a). “Three Gorges Dam Is Said to Hurt Areas Downstream,” The New York Times, June 2, 2011, http://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/03/world/asia/03china.html?ref=todayspaper.

Zehr, Howard (2002). The Little Book of Restorative Justice. Intercourse, PA: Good Books.

Zion, Lames and Elsie B. Zion, “Hazho's Sokee' -- Stay Together Nicely: Domestic Violence under Navajo Common Law," in Nielsen, Marianne O. and Robert A. Silverman, Native Americans, Crime and Justice. Boulder: CO, Westview Press, 1996, pp. 170-178, pp. 96-102

Zsambok, Caroline E. (1995). Advanced Team Decision Making: A Model and Training Implications. ARI Research Note 95-02, Klein Associates, Inc., January 19, 1995, for the United States Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, October 1994, www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=ADA289855.

Downloads

Published

2014-08-02

Issue

Section

Proceedings